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require 'active_support/core_ext/object/blank'
require 'date'
require 'set'
require 'bigdecimal'
require 'bigdecimal/util'

module ActiveRecord
  module ConnectionAdapters #:nodoc:
    # An abstract definition of a column in a table.
    class Column
      TRUE_VALUES = [true, 1, '1', 't', 'T', 'true', 'TRUE'].to_set
      FALSE_VALUES = [false, 0, '0', 'f', 'F', 'false', 'FALSE'].to_set

      module Format
        ISO_DATE = /\A(\d{4})-(\d\d)-(\d\d)\z/
        ISO_DATETIME = /\A(\d{4})-(\d\d)-(\d\d) (\d\d):(\d\d):(\d\d)(\.\d+)?\z/
      end

      attr_reader :name, :default, :type, :limit, :null, :sql_type, :precision, :scale
      attr_accessor :primary

      # Instantiates a new column in the table.
      #
      # +name+ is the column's name, such as <tt>supplier_id</tt> in <tt>supplier_id int(11)</tt>.
      # +default+ is the type-casted default value, such as +new+ in <tt>sales_stage varchar(20) default 'new'</tt>.
      # +sql_type+ is used to extract the column's length, if necessary. For example +60+ in
      # <tt>company_name varchar(60)</tt>.
      # It will be mapped to one of the standard Rails SQL types in the <tt>type</tt> attribute.
      # +null+ determines if this column allows +NULL+ values.
      def initialize(name, default, sql_type = nil, null = true)
        @name, @sql_type, @null = name, sql_type, null
        @limit, @precision, @scale = extract_limit(sql_type), extract_precision(sql_type), extract_scale(sql_type)
        @type = simplified_type(sql_type)
        @default = extract_default(default)

        @primary = nil
      end

      # Returns +true+ if the column is either of type string or text.
      def text?
        type == :string || type == :text
      end

      # Returns +true+ if the column is either of type integer, float or decimal.
      def number?
        type == :integer || type == :float || type == :decimal
      end

      def has_default?
        !default.nil?
      end

      # Returns the Ruby class that corresponds to the abstract data type.
      def klass
        case type
          when :integer then Fixnum
          when :float then Float
          when :decimal then BigDecimal
          when :datetime then Time
          when :date then Date
          when :timestamp then Time
          when :time then Time
          when :text, :string then String
          when :binary then String
          when :boolean then Object
        end
      end

      # Casts value (which is a String) to an appropriate instance.
      def type_cast(value)
        return nil if value.nil?
        case type
          when :string then value
          when :text then value
          when :integer then value.to_i rescue value ? 1 : 0
          when :float then value.to_f
          when :decimal then self.class.value_to_decimal(value)
          when :datetime then self.class.string_to_time(value)
          when :timestamp then self.class.string_to_time(value)
          when :time then self.class.string_to_dummy_time(value)
          when :date then self.class.string_to_date(value)
          when :binary then self.class.binary_to_string(value)
          when :boolean then self.class.value_to_boolean(value)
          else value
        end
      end

      def type_cast_code(var_name)
        case type
          when :string then nil
          when :text then nil
          when :integer then "(#{var_name}.to_i rescue #{var_name} ? 1 : 0)"
          when :float then "#{var_name}.to_f"
          when :decimal then "#{self.class.name}.value_to_decimal(#{var_name})"
          when :datetime then "#{self.class.name}.string_to_time(#{var_name})"
          when :timestamp then "#{self.class.name}.string_to_time(#{var_name})"
          when :time then "#{self.class.name}.string_to_dummy_time(#{var_name})"
          when :date then "#{self.class.name}.string_to_date(#{var_name})"
          when :binary then "#{self.class.name}.binary_to_string(#{var_name})"
          when :boolean then "#{self.class.name}.value_to_boolean(#{var_name})"
          else nil
        end
      end

      # Returns the human name of the column name.
      #
      # ===== Examples
      # Column.new('sales_stage', ...).human_name # => 'Sales stage'
      def human_name
        Base.human_attribute_name(@name)
      end

      def extract_default(default)
        type_cast(default)
      end

      class << self
        # Used to convert from Strings to BLOBs
        def string_to_binary(value)
          value
        end

        # Used to convert from BLOBs to Strings
        def binary_to_string(value)
          value
        end

        def string_to_date(string)
          return string unless string.is_a?(String)
          return nil if string.empty?

          fast_string_to_date(string) || fallback_string_to_date(string)
        end

        def string_to_time(string)
          return string unless string.is_a?(String)
          return nil if string.empty?

          fast_string_to_time(string) || fallback_string_to_time(string)
        end

        def string_to_dummy_time(string)
          return string unless string.is_a?(String)
          return nil if string.empty?

          string_to_time "2000-01-01 #{string}"
        end

        # convert something to a boolean
        def value_to_boolean(value)
          if value.is_a?(String) && value.blank?
            nil
          else
            TRUE_VALUES.include?(value)
          end
        end

        # convert something to a BigDecimal
        def value_to_decimal(value)
          # Using .class is faster than .is_a? and
          # subclasses of BigDecimal will be handled
          # in the else clause
          if value.class == BigDecimal
            value
          elsif value.respond_to?(:to_d)
            value.to_d
          else
            value.to_s.to_d
          end
        end

        protected
          # '0.123456' -> 123456
          # '1.123456' -> 123456
          def microseconds(time)
            ((time[:sec_fraction].to_f % 1) * 1_000_000).to_i
          end

          def new_date(year, mon, mday)
            if year && year != 0
              Date.new(year, mon, mday) rescue nil
            end
          end

          def new_time(year, mon, mday, hour, min, sec, microsec)
            # Treat 0000-00-00 00:00:00 as nil.
            return nil if year.nil? || year == 0

            Time.time_with_datetime_fallback(Base.default_timezone, year, mon, mday, hour, min, sec, microsec) rescue nil
          end

          def fast_string_to_date(string)
            if string =~ Format::ISO_DATE
              new_date $1.to_i, $2.to_i, $3.to_i
            end
          end

          # Doesn't handle time zones.
          def fast_string_to_time(string)
            if string =~ Format::ISO_DATETIME
              microsec = ($7.to_f * 1_000_000).to_i
              new_time $1.to_i, $2.to_i, $3.to_i, $4.to_i, $5.to_i, $6.to_i, microsec
            end
          end

          def fallback_string_to_date(string)
            new_date(*::Date._parse(string, false).values_at(:year, :mon, :mday))
          end

          def fallback_string_to_time(string)
            time_hash = Date._parse(string)
            time_hash[:sec_fraction] = microseconds(time_hash)

            new_time(*time_hash.values_at(:year, :mon, :mday, :hour, :min, :sec, :sec_fraction))
          end
      end

      private
        def extract_limit(sql_type)
          $1.to_i if sql_type =~ /\((.*)\)/
        end

        def extract_precision(sql_type)
          $2.to_i if sql_type =~ /^(numeric|decimal|number)\((\d+)(,\d+)?\)/i
        end

        def extract_scale(sql_type)
          case sql_type
            when /^(numeric|decimal|number)\((\d+)\)/i then 0
            when /^(numeric|decimal|number)\((\d+)(,(\d+))\)/i then $4.to_i
          end
        end

        def simplified_type(field_type)
          case field_type
            when /int/i
              :integer
            when /float|double/i
              :float
            when /decimal|numeric|number/i
              extract_scale(field_type) == 0 ? :integer : :decimal
            when /datetime/i
              :datetime
            when /timestamp/i
              :timestamp
            when /time/i
              :time
            when /date/i
              :date
            when /clob/i, /text/i
              :text
            when /blob/i, /binary/i
              :binary
            when /char/i, /string/i
              :string
            when /boolean/i
              :boolean
          end
        end
    end

    class IndexDefinition < Struct.new(:table, :name, :unique, :columns, :lengths) #:nodoc:
    end

    # Abstract representation of a column definition. Instances of this type
    # are typically created by methods in TableDefinition, and added to the
    # +columns+ attribute of said TableDefinition object, in order to be used
    # for generating a number of table creation or table changing SQL statements.
    class ColumnDefinition < Struct.new(:base, :name, :type, :limit, :precision, :scale, :default, :null) #:nodoc:

      def sql_type
        base.type_to_sql(type.to_sym, limit, precision, scale) rescue type
      end

      def to_sql
        column_sql = "#{base.quote_column_name(name)} #{sql_type}"
        column_options = {}
        column_options[:null] = null unless null.nil?
        column_options[:default] = default unless default.nil?
        add_column_options!(column_sql, column_options) unless type.to_sym == :primary_key
        column_sql
      end

      private

        def add_column_options!(sql, options)
          base.add_column_options!(sql, options.merge(:column => self))
        end
    end

    # Represents the schema of an SQL table in an abstract way. This class
    # provides methods for manipulating the schema representation.
    #
    # Inside migration files, the +t+ object in +create_table+ and
    # +change_table+ is actually of this type:
    #
    # class SomeMigration < ActiveRecord::Migration
    # def self.up
    # create_table :foo do |t|
    # puts t.class # => "ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::TableDefinition"
    # end
    # end
    #
    # def self.down
    # ...
    # end
    # end
    #
    # The table definitions
    # The Columns are stored as a ColumnDefinition in the +columns+ attribute.
    class TableDefinition
      # An array of ColumnDefinition objects, representing the column changes
      # that have been defined.
      attr_accessor :columns

      def initialize(base)
        @columns = []
        @base = base
      end

      #Handles non supported datatypes - e.g. XML
      def method_missing(symbol, *args)
        if symbol.to_s == 'xml'
          xml_column_fallback(args)
        else
          super
        end
      end

      def xml_column_fallback(*args)
        case @base.adapter_name.downcase
        when 'sqlite', 'mysql'
          options = args.extract_options!
          column(args[0], :text, options)
        end
      end

      # Appends a primary key definition to the table definition.
      # Can be called multiple times, but this is probably not a good idea.
      def primary_key(name)
        column(name, :primary_key)
      end

      # Returns a ColumnDefinition for the column with name +name+.
      def [](name)
        @columns.find {|column| column.name.to_s == name.to_s}
      end

      # Instantiates a new column for the table.
      # The +type+ parameter is normally one of the migrations native types,
      # which is one of the following:
      # <tt>:primary_key</tt>, <tt>:string</tt>, <tt>:text</tt>,
      # <tt>:integer</tt>, <tt>:float</tt>, <tt>:decimal</tt>,
      # <tt>:datetime</tt>, <tt>:timestamp</tt>, <tt>:time</tt>,
      # <tt>:date</tt>, <tt>:binary</tt>, <tt>:boolean</tt>.
      #
      # You may use a type not in this list as long as it is supported by your
      # database (for example, "polygon" in MySQL), but this will not be database
      # agnostic and should usually be avoided.
      #
      # Available options are (none of these exists by default):
      # * <tt>:limit</tt> -
      # Requests a maximum column length. This is number of characters for <tt>:string</tt> and
      # <tt>:text</tt> columns and number of bytes for :binary and :integer columns.
      # * <tt>:default</tt> -
      # The column's default value. Use nil for NULL.
      # * <tt>:null</tt> -
      # Allows or disallows +NULL+ values in the column. This option could
      # have been named <tt>:null_allowed</tt>.
      # * <tt>:precision</tt> -
      # Specifies the precision for a <tt>:decimal</tt> column.
      # * <tt>:scale</tt> -
      # Specifies the scale for a <tt>:decimal</tt> column.
      #
      # For clarity's sake: the precision is the number of significant digits,
      # while the scale is the number of digits that can be stored following
      # the decimal point. For example, the number 123.45 has a precision of 5
      # and a scale of 2. A decimal with a precision of 5 and a scale of 2 can
      # range from -999.99 to 999.99.
      #
      # Please be aware of different RDBMS implementations behavior with
      # <tt>:decimal</tt> columns:
      # * The SQL standard says the default scale should be 0, <tt>:scale</tt> <=
      # <tt>:precision</tt>, and makes no comments about the requirements of
      # <tt>:precision</tt>.
      # * MySQL: <tt>:precision</tt> [1..63], <tt>:scale</tt> [0..30].
      # Default is (10,0).
      # * PostgreSQL: <tt>:precision</tt> [1..infinity],
      # <tt>:scale</tt> [0..infinity]. No default.
      # * SQLite2: Any <tt>:precision</tt> and <tt>:scale</tt> may be used.
      # Internal storage as strings. No default.
      # * SQLite3: No restrictions on <tt>:precision</tt> and <tt>:scale</tt>,
      # but the maximum supported <tt>:precision</tt> is 16. No default.
      # * Oracle: <tt>:precision</tt> [1..38], <tt>:scale</tt> [-84..127].
      # Default is (38,0).
      # * DB2: <tt>:precision</tt> [1..63], <tt>:scale</tt> [0..62].
      # Default unknown.
      # * Firebird: <tt>:precision</tt> [1..18], <tt>:scale</tt> [0..18].
      # Default (9,0). Internal types NUMERIC and DECIMAL have different
      # storage rules, decimal being better.
      # * FrontBase?: <tt>:precision</tt> [1..38], <tt>:scale</tt> [0..38].
      # Default (38,0). WARNING Max <tt>:precision</tt>/<tt>:scale</tt> for
      # NUMERIC is 19, and DECIMAL is 38.
      # * SqlServer?: <tt>:precision</tt> [1..38], <tt>:scale</tt> [0..38].
      # Default (38,0).
      # * Sybase: <tt>:precision</tt> [1..38], <tt>:scale</tt> [0..38].
      # Default (38,0).
      # * OpenBase?: Documentation unclear. Claims storage in <tt>double</tt>.
      #
      # This method returns <tt>self</tt>.
      #
      # == Examples
      # # Assuming td is an instance of TableDefinition
      # td.column(:granted, :boolean)
      # # granted BOOLEAN
      #
      # td.column(:picture, :binary, :limit => 2.megabytes)
      # # => picture BLOB(2097152)
      #
      # td.column(:sales_stage, :string, :limit => 20, :default => 'new', :null => false)
      # # => sales_stage VARCHAR(20) DEFAULT 'new' NOT NULL
      #
      # td.column(:bill_gates_money, :decimal, :precision => 15, :scale => 2)
      # # => bill_gates_money DECIMAL(15,2)
      #
      # td.column(:sensor_reading, :decimal, :precision => 30, :scale => 20)
      # # => sensor_reading DECIMAL(30,20)
      #
      # # While <tt>:scale</tt> defaults to zero on most databases, it
      # # probably wouldn't hurt to include it.
      # td.column(:huge_integer, :decimal, :precision => 30)
      # # => huge_integer DECIMAL(30)
      #
      # # Defines a column with a database-specific type.
      # td.column(:foo, 'polygon')
      # # => foo polygon
      #
      # == Short-hand examples
      #
      # Instead of calling +column+ directly, you can also work with the short-hand definitions for the default types.
      # They use the type as the method name instead of as a parameter and allow for multiple columns to be defined
      # in a single statement.
      #
      # What can be written like this with the regular calls to column:
      #
      # create_table "products", :force => true do |t|
      # t.column "shop_id", :integer
      # t.column "creator_id", :integer
      # t.column "name", :string, :default => "Untitled"
      # t.column "value", :string, :default => "Untitled"
      # t.column "created_at", :datetime
      # t.column "updated_at", :datetime
      # end
      #
      # Can also be written as follows using the short-hand:
      #
      # create_table :products do |t|
      # t.integer :shop_id, :creator_id
      # t.string :name, :value, :default => "Untitled"
      # t.timestamps
      # end
      #
      # There's a short-hand method for each of the type values declared at the top. And then there's
      # TableDefinition#timestamps that'll add created_at and +updated_at+ as datetimes.
      #
      # TableDefinition#references will add an appropriately-named _id column, plus a corresponding _type
      # column if the <tt>:polymorphic</tt> option is supplied. If <tt>:polymorphic</tt> is a hash of
      # options, these will be used when creating the <tt>_type</tt> column. So what can be written like this:
      #
      # create_table :taggings do |t|
      # t.integer :tag_id, :tagger_id, :taggable_id
      # t.string :tagger_type
      # t.string :taggable_type, :default => 'Photo'
      # end
      #
      # Can also be written as follows using references:
      #
      # create_table :taggings do |t|
      # t.references :tag
      # t.references :tagger, :polymorphic => true
      # t.references :taggable, :polymorphic => { :default => 'Photo' }
      # end
      def column(name, type, options = {})
        column = self[name] || ColumnDefinition.new(@base, name, type)
        if options[:limit]
          column.limit = options[:limit]
        elsif native[type.to_sym].is_a?(Hash)
          column.limit = native[type.to_sym][:limit]
        end
        column.precision = options[:precision]
        column.scale = options[:scale]
        column.default = options[:default]
        column.null = options[:null]
        @columns << column unless @columns.include? column
        self
      end

      %w( string text integer float decimal datetime timestamp time date binary boolean ).each do |column_type|
        class_eval <<-EOV, __FILE__, __LINE__ + 1
def #{column_type}(*args) # def string(*args)
options = args.extract_options! # options = args.extract_options!
column_names = args # column_names = args
#
column_names.each { |name| column(name, '#{column_type}', options) } # column_names.each { |name| column(name, 'string', options) }
end # end
EOV
      end

      # Appends <tt>:datetime</tt> columns <tt>:created_at</tt> and
      # <tt>:updated_at</tt> to the table.
      def timestamps(*args)
        options = args.extract_options!
        column(:created_at, :datetime, options)
        column(:updated_at, :datetime, options)
      end

      def references(*args)
        options = args.extract_options!
        polymorphic = options.delete(:polymorphic)
        args.each do |col|
          column("#{col}_id", :integer, options)
          column("#{col}_type", :string, polymorphic.is_a?(Hash) ? polymorphic : options) unless polymorphic.nil?
        end
      end
      alias :belongs_to :references

      # Returns a String whose contents are the column definitions
      # concatenated together. This string can then be prepended and appended to
      # to generate the final SQL to create the table.
      def to_sql
        @columns.map { |c| c.to_sql } * ', '
      end

      private
        def native
          @base.native_database_types
        end
    end

    # Represents an SQL table in an abstract way for updating a table.
    # Also see TableDefinition and SchemaStatements#create_table
    #
    # Available transformations are:
    #
    # change_table :table do |t|
    # t.column
    # t.index
    # t.timestamps
    # t.change
    # t.change_default
    # t.rename
    # t.references
    # t.belongs_to
    # t.string
    # t.text
    # t.integer
    # t.float
    # t.decimal
    # t.datetime
    # t.timestamp
    # t.time
    # t.date
    # t.binary
    # t.boolean
    # t.remove
    # t.remove_references
    # t.remove_belongs_to
    # t.remove_index
    # t.remove_timestamps
    # end
    #
    class Table
      def initialize(table_name, base)
        @table_name = table_name
        @base = base
      end

      # Adds a new column to the named table.
      # See TableDefinition#column for details of the options you can use.
      # ===== Example
      # ====== Creating a simple column
      # t.column(:name, :string)
      def column(column_name, type, options = {})
        @base.add_column(@table_name, column_name, type, options)
      end

      # Checks to see if a column exists. See SchemaStatements#column_exists?
      def column_exists?(column_name, type = nil, options = nil)
        @base.column_exists?(@table_name, column_name, type, options)
      end

      # Adds a new index to the table. +column_name+ can be a single Symbol, or
      # an Array of Symbols. See SchemaStatements#add_index
      #
      # ===== Examples
      # ====== Creating a simple index
      # t.index(:name)
      # ====== Creating a unique index
      # t.index([:branch_id, :party_id], :unique => true)
      # ====== Creating a named index
      # t.index([:branch_id, :party_id], :unique => true, :name => 'by_branch_party')
      def index(column_name, options = {})
        @base.add_index(@table_name, column_name, options)
      end

      # Checks to see if an index exists. See SchemaStatements#index_exists?
      def index_exists?(column_name, options = {})
        @base.index_exists?(@table_name, column_name, options)
      end

      # Adds timestamps (created_at and updated_at) columns to the table. See SchemaStatements#add_timestamps
      # ===== Example
      # t.timestamps
      def timestamps
        @base.add_timestamps(@table_name)
      end

      # Changes the column's definition according to the new options.
      # See TableDefinition#column for details of the options you can use.
      # ===== Examples
      # t.change(:name, :string, :limit => 80)
      # t.change(:description, :text)
      def change(column_name, type, options = {})
        @base.change_column(@table_name, column_name, type, options)
      end

      # Sets a new default value for a column. See SchemaStatements#change_column_default
      # ===== Examples
      # t.change_default(:qualification, 'new')
      # t.change_default(:authorized, 1)
      def change_default(column_name, default)
        @base.change_column_default(@table_name, column_name, default)
      end

      # Removes the column(s) from the table definition.
      # ===== Examples
      # t.remove(:qualification)
      # t.remove(:qualification, :experience)
      def remove(*column_names)
        @base.remove_column(@table_name, column_names)
      end

      # Removes the given index from the table.
      #
      # ===== Examples
      # ====== Remove the suppliers_name_index in the suppliers table
      # t.remove_index :name
      # ====== Remove the index named accounts_branch_id_index in the accounts table
      # t.remove_index :column => :branch_id
      # ====== Remove the index named accounts_branch_id_party_id_index in the accounts table
      # t.remove_index :column => [:branch_id, :party_id]
      # ====== Remove the index named by_branch_party in the accounts table
      # t.remove_index :name => :by_branch_party
      def remove_index(options = {})
        @base.remove_index(@table_name, options)
      end

      # Removes the timestamp columns (created_at and updated_at) from the table.
      # ===== Example
      # t.remove_timestamps
      def remove_timestamps
        @base.remove_timestamps(@table_name)
      end

      # Renames a column.
      # ===== Example
      # t.rename(:description, :name)
      def rename(column_name, new_column_name)
        @base.rename_column(@table_name, column_name, new_column_name)
      end

      # Adds a reference. Optionally adds a +type+ column.
      # <tt>references</tt> and <tt>belongs_to</tt> are acceptable.
      # ===== Examples
      # t.references(:goat)
      # t.references(:goat, :polymorphic => true)
      # t.belongs_to(:goat)
      def references(*args)
        options = args.extract_options!
        polymorphic = options.delete(:polymorphic)
        args.each do |col|
          @base.add_column(@table_name, "#{col}_id", :integer, options)
          @base.add_column(@table_name, "#{col}_type", :string, polymorphic.is_a?(Hash) ? polymorphic : options) unless polymorphic.nil?
        end
      end
      alias :belongs_to :references

      # Removes a reference. Optionally removes a +type+ column.
      # <tt>remove_references</tt> and <tt>remove_belongs_to</tt> are acceptable.
      # ===== Examples
      # t.remove_references(:goat)
      # t.remove_references(:goat, :polymorphic => true)
      # t.remove_belongs_to(:goat)
      def remove_references(*args)
        options = args.extract_options!
        polymorphic = options.delete(:polymorphic)
        args.each do |col|
          @base.remove_column(@table_name, "#{col}_id")
          @base.remove_column(@table_name, "#{col}_type") unless polymorphic.nil?
        end
      end
      alias :remove_belongs_to :remove_references

      # Adds a column or columns of a specified type
      # ===== Examples
      # t.string(:goat)
      # t.string(:goat, :sheep)
      %w( string text integer float decimal datetime timestamp time date binary boolean ).each do |column_type|
        class_eval <<-EOV, __FILE__, __LINE__ + 1
def #{column_type}(*args) # def string(*args)
options = args.extract_options! # options = args.extract_options!
column_names = args # column_names = args
#
column_names.each do |name| # column_names.each do |name|
column = ColumnDefinition.new(@base, name, '#{column_type}') # column = ColumnDefinition.new(@base, name, 'string')
if options[:limit] # if options[:limit]
column.limit = options[:limit] # column.limit = options[:limit]
elsif native['#{column_type}'.to_sym].is_a?(Hash) # elsif native['string'.to_sym].is_a?(Hash)
column.limit = native['#{column_type}'.to_sym][:limit] # column.limit = native['string'.to_sym][:limit]
end # end
column.precision = options[:precision] # column.precision = options[:precision]
column.scale = options[:scale] # column.scale = options[:scale]
column.default = options[:default] # column.default = options[:default]
column.null = options[:null] # column.null = options[:null]
@base.add_column(@table_name, name, column.sql_type, options) # @base.add_column(@table_name, name, column.sql_type, options)
end # end
end # end
EOV
      end

      private
        def native
          @base.native_database_types
        end
    end

  end
end

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