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tag: v3.1.0.rc1
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require 'active_support/core_ext/class/attribute'
require 'active_support/core_ext/hash/slice'
require 'active_support/core_ext/hash/except'
require 'active_support/core_ext/array/wrap'
require 'active_support/core_ext/module/anonymous'
require 'action_dispatch/http/mime_types'
module ActionController
# Wraps parameters hash into nested hash. This will allow client to submit
# POST request without having to specify a root element in it.
#
# By default this functionality won't be enabled. You can enable
# it globally by setting +ActionController::Base.wrap_parameters+:
#
# ActionController::Base.wrap_parameters = [:json]
#
# You could also turn it on per controller by setting the format array to
# non-empty array:
#
# class UsersController < ApplicationController
# wrap_parameters :format => [:json, :xml]
# end
#
# If you enable +ParamsWrapper+ for +:json+ format. Instead of having to
# send JSON parameters like this:
#
# {"user": {"name": "Konata"}}
#
# You can now just send a parameters like this:
#
# {"name": "Konata"}
#
# And it will be wrapped into a nested hash with the key name matching
# controller's name. For example, if you're posting to +UsersController+,
# your new +params+ hash will look like this:
#
# {"name" => "Konata", "user" => {"name" => "Konata"}}
#
# You can also specify the key in which the parameters should be wrapped to,
# and also the list of attributes it should wrap by using either +:include+ or
# +:exclude+ options like this:
#
# class UsersController < ApplicationController
# wrap_parameters :person, :include => [:username, :password]
# end
#
# If you're going to pass the parameters to an +ActiveModel+ object (such as
# +User.new(params[:user])+), you might consider passing the model class to
# the method instead. The +ParamsWrapper+ will actually try to determine the
# list of attribute names from the model and only wrap those attributes:
#
# class UsersController < ApplicationController
# wrap_parameters Person
# end
#
# You still could pass +:include+ and +:exclude+ to set the list of attributes
# you want to wrap.
#
# By default, if you don't specify the key in which the parameters would be
# wrapped to, +ParamsWrapper+ will actually try to determine if there's
# a model related to it or not. This controller, for example:
#
# class Admin::UsersController < ApplicationController
# end
#
# will try to check if +Admin::User+ or +User+ model exists, and use it to
# determine the wrapper key respectively. If both of the model doesn't exists,
# it will then fallback to use +user+ as the key.
module ParamsWrapper
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
EXCLUDE_PARAMETERS = %w(authenticity_token _method utf8)
included do
class_attribute :_wrapper_options
self._wrapper_options = { :format => [] }
end
module ClassMethods
# Sets the name of the wrapper key, or the model which +ParamsWrapper+
# would use to determine the attribute names from.
#
# ==== Examples
# wrap_parameters :format => :xml
# # enables the parmeter wrapper for XML format
#
# wrap_parameters :person
# # wraps parameters into +params[:person]+ hash
#
# wrap_parameters Person
# # wraps parameters by determine the wrapper key from Person class
# (+person+, in this case) and the list of attribute names
#
# wrap_parameters :include => [:username, :title]
# # wraps only +:username+ and +:title+ attributes from parameters.
#
# wrap_parameters false
# # disable parameters wrapping for this controller altogether.
#
# ==== Options
# * <tt>:format</tt> - The list of formats in which the parameters wrapper
# will be enabled.
# * <tt>:include</tt> - The list of attribute names which parameters wrapper
# will wrap into a nested hash.
# * <tt>:exclude</tt> - The list of attribute names which parameters wrapper
# will exclude from a nested hash.
def wrap_parameters(name_or_model_or_options, options = {})
model = nil
case name_or_model_or_options
when Hash
options = name_or_model_or_options
when false
options = options.merge(:format => [])
when Symbol, String
options = options.merge(:name => name_or_model_or_options)
else
model = name_or_model_or_options
end
_set_wrapper_defaults(_wrapper_options.slice(:format).merge(options), model)
end
# Sets the default wrapper key or model which will be used to determine
# wrapper key and attribute names. Will be called automatically when the
# module is inherited.
def inherited(klass)
if klass._wrapper_options[:format].present?
klass._set_wrapper_defaults(klass._wrapper_options.slice(:format))
end
super
end
protected
# Determine the wrapper model from the controller's name. By convention,
# this could be done by trying to find the defined model that has the
# same singularize name as the controller. For example, +UsersController+
# will try to find if the +User+ model exists.
#
# This method also does namespace lookup. Foo::Bar::UsersController will
# try to find Foo::Bar::User, Foo::User and finally User.
def _default_wrap_model #:nodoc:
return nil if self.anonymous?
model_name = self.name.sub(/Controller$/, '').singularize
begin
model_klass = model_name.constantize
rescue NameError, ArgumentError => e
if e.message =~ /is not missing constant|uninitialized constant #{model_name}/
namespaces = model_name.split("::")
namespaces.delete_at(-2)
break if namespaces.last == model_name
model_name = namespaces.join("::")
else
raise
end
end until model_klass
model_klass
end
def _set_wrapper_defaults(options, model=nil)
options = options.dup
unless options[:include] || options[:exclude]
model ||= _default_wrap_model
if model.respond_to?(:attribute_names) && model.attribute_names.present?
options[:include] = model.attribute_names
end
end
unless options[:name] || self.anonymous?
model ||= _default_wrap_model
options[:name] = model ? model.to_s.demodulize.underscore :
controller_name.singularize
end
options[:include] = Array.wrap(options[:include]).collect(&:to_s) if options[:include]
options[:exclude] = Array.wrap(options[:exclude]).collect(&:to_s) if options[:exclude]
options[:format] = Array.wrap(options[:format])
self._wrapper_options = options
end
end
# Performs parameters wrapping upon the request. Will be called automatically
# by the metal call stack.
def process_action(*args)
if _wrapper_enabled?
wrapped_hash = _wrap_parameters request.request_parameters
wrapped_filtered_hash = _wrap_parameters request.filtered_parameters
# This will make the wrapped hash accessible from controller and view
request.parameters.merge! wrapped_hash
request.request_parameters.merge! wrapped_hash
# This will make the wrapped hash displayed in the log file
request.filtered_parameters.merge! wrapped_filtered_hash
end
super
end
private
# Returns the wrapper key which will use to stored wrapped parameters.
def _wrapper_key
_wrapper_options[:name]
end
# Returns the list of enabled formats.
def _wrapper_formats
_wrapper_options[:format]
end
# Returns the list of parameters which will be selected for wrapped.
def _wrap_parameters(parameters)
value = if include_only = _wrapper_options[:include]
parameters.slice(*include_only)
else
exclude = _wrapper_options[:exclude] || []
parameters.except(*(exclude + EXCLUDE_PARAMETERS))
end
{ _wrapper_key => value }
end
# Checks if we should perform parameters wrapping.
def _wrapper_enabled?
ref = request.content_mime_type.try(:ref)
_wrapper_formats.include?(ref) && _wrapper_key && !request.request_parameters[_wrapper_key]
end
end
end
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