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tag: v3.1.0.rc2
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require 'singleton'
require 'active_model/observer_array'
require 'active_support/core_ext/array/wrap'
require 'active_support/core_ext/module/aliasing'
require 'active_support/core_ext/module/remove_method'
require 'active_support/core_ext/string/inflections'
require 'active_support/core_ext/enumerable'
require 'active_support/descendants_tracker'
module ActiveModel
module Observing
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
included do
extend ActiveSupport::DescendantsTracker
end
module ClassMethods
# == Active Model Observers Activation
#
# Activates the observers assigned. Examples:
#
# class ORM
# include ActiveModel::Observing
# end
#
# # Calls PersonObserver.instance
# ORM.observers = :person_observer
#
# # Calls Cacher.instance and GarbageCollector.instance
# ORM.observers = :cacher, :garbage_collector
#
# # Same as above, just using explicit class references
# ORM.observers = Cacher, GarbageCollector
#
# Note: Setting this does not instantiate the observers yet.
# +instantiate_observers+ is called during startup, and before
# each development request.
def observers=(*values)
observers.replace(values.flatten)
end
# Gets an array of observers observing this model.
# The array also provides +enable+ and +disable+ methods
# that allow you to selectively enable and disable observers.
# (see <tt>ActiveModel::ObserverArray.enable</tt> and
# <tt>ActiveModel::ObserverArray.disable</tt> for more on this)
def observers
@observers ||= ObserverArray.new(self)
end
# Gets the current observer instances.
def observer_instances
@observer_instances ||= []
end
# Instantiate the global observers.
def instantiate_observers
observers.each { |o| instantiate_observer(o) }
end
# Add a new observer to the pool.
# The new observer needs to respond to 'update', otherwise it
# raises an +ArgumentError+ exception.
def add_observer(observer)
unless observer.respond_to? :update
raise ArgumentError, "observer needs to respond to `update'"
end
observer_instances << observer
end
# Notify list of observers of a change.
def notify_observers(*arg)
observer_instances.each { |observer| observer.update(*arg) }
end
# Total number of observers.
def count_observers
observer_instances.size
end
protected
def instantiate_observer(observer) #:nodoc:
# string/symbol
if observer.respond_to?(:to_sym)
observer.to_s.camelize.constantize.instance
elsif observer.respond_to?(:instance)
observer.instance
else
raise ArgumentError,
"#{observer} must be a lowercase, underscored class name (or an " +
"instance of the class itself) responding to the instance " +
"method. Example: Person.observers = :big_brother # calls " +
"BigBrother.instance"
end
end
# Notify observers when the observed class is subclassed.
def inherited(subclass)
super
notify_observers :observed_class_inherited, subclass
end
end
private
# Fires notifications to model's observers
#
# def save
# notify_observers(:before_save)
# ...
# notify_observers(:after_save)
# end
def notify_observers(method)
self.class.notify_observers(method, self)
end
end
# == Active Model Observers
#
# Observer classes respond to life cycle callbacks to implement trigger-like
# behavior outside the original class. This is a great way to reduce the
# clutter that normally comes when the model class is burdened with
# functionality that doesn't pertain to the core responsibility of the
# class. Example:
#
# class CommentObserver < ActiveModel::Observer
# def after_save(comment)
# Notifications.comment("admin@do.com", "New comment was posted", comment).deliver
# end
# end
#
# This Observer sends an email when a Comment#save is finished.
#
# class ContactObserver < ActiveModel::Observer
# def after_create(contact)
# contact.logger.info('New contact added!')
# end
#
# def after_destroy(contact)
# contact.logger.warn("Contact with an id of #{contact.id} was destroyed!")
# end
# end
#
# This Observer uses logger to log when specific callbacks are triggered.
#
# == Observing a class that can't be inferred
#
# Observers will by default be mapped to the class with which they share a
# name. So CommentObserver will be tied to observing Comment, ProductManagerObserver
# to ProductManager, and so on. If you want to name your observer differently than
# the class you're interested in observing, you can use the <tt>Observer.observe</tt>
# class method which takes either the concrete class (Product) or a symbol for that
# class (:product):
#
# class AuditObserver < ActiveModel::Observer
# observe :account
#
# def after_update(account)
# AuditTrail.new(account, "UPDATED")
# end
# end
#
# If the audit observer needs to watch more than one kind of object, this can be
# specified with multiple arguments:
#
# class AuditObserver < ActiveModel::Observer
# observe :account, :balance
#
# def after_update(record)
# AuditTrail.new(record, "UPDATED")
# end
# end
#
# The AuditObserver will now act on both updates to Account and Balance by treating
# them both as records.
#
# If you're using an Observer in a Rails application with Active Record, be sure to
# read about the necessary configuration in the documentation for
# ActiveRecord::Observer.
#
class Observer
include Singleton
extend ActiveSupport::DescendantsTracker
class << self
# Attaches the observer to the supplied model classes.
def observe(*models)
models.flatten!
models.collect! { |model| model.respond_to?(:to_sym) ? model.to_s.camelize.constantize : model }
remove_possible_method(:observed_classes)
define_method(:observed_classes) { models }
end
# Returns an array of Classes to observe.
#
# You can override this instead of using the +observe+ helper.
#
# class AuditObserver < ActiveModel::Observer
# def self.observed_classes
# [Account, Balance]
# end
# end
def observed_classes
Array.wrap(observed_class)
end
# The class observed by default is inferred from the observer's class name:
# assert_equal Person, PersonObserver.observed_class
def observed_class
if observed_class_name = name[/(.*)Observer/, 1]
observed_class_name.constantize
else
nil
end
end
end
# Start observing the declared classes and their subclasses.
def initialize
observed_classes.each { |klass| add_observer!(klass) }
end
def observed_classes #:nodoc:
self.class.observed_classes
end
# Send observed_method(object) if the method exists and
# the observer is enabled for the given object's class.
def update(observed_method, object) #:nodoc:
return unless respond_to?(observed_method)
return if disabled_for?(object)
send(observed_method, object)
end
# Special method sent by the observed class when it is inherited.
# Passes the new subclass.
def observed_class_inherited(subclass) #:nodoc:
self.class.observe(observed_classes + [subclass])
add_observer!(subclass)
end
protected
def add_observer!(klass) #:nodoc:
klass.add_observer(self)
end
def disabled_for?(object)
klass = object.class
return false unless klass.respond_to?(:observers)
klass.observers.disabled_for?(self)
end
end
end
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