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require 'action_controller/vendor/html-scanner'
require 'active_support/core_ext/object/inclusion'

#--
# Copyright (c) 2006 Assaf Arkin (http://labnotes.org)
# Under MIT and/or CC By license.
#++

module ActionDispatch
  module Assertions
    NO_STRIP = %w{pre script style textarea}

    # Adds the +assert_select+ method for use in Rails functional
    # test cases, which can be used to make assertions on the response HTML of a controller
    # action. You can also call +assert_select+ within another +assert_select+ to
    # make assertions on elements selected by the enclosing assertion.
    #
    # Use +css_select+ to select elements without making an assertions, either
    # from the response HTML or elements selected by the enclosing assertion.
    #
    # In addition to HTML responses, you can make the following assertions:
    #
    # * +assert_select_encoded+ - Assertions on HTML encoded inside XML, for example for dealing with feed item descriptions.
    # * +assert_select_email+ - Assertions on the HTML body of an e-mail.
    #
    # Also see HTML::Selector to learn how to use selectors.
    module SelectorAssertions
      # Select and return all matching elements.
      #
      # If called with a single argument, uses that argument as a selector
      # to match all elements of the current page. Returns an empty array
      # if no match is found.
      #
      # If called with two arguments, uses the first argument as the base
      # element and the second argument as the selector. Attempts to match the
      # base element and any of its children. Returns an empty array if no
      # match is found.
      #
      # The selector may be a CSS selector expression (String), an expression
      # with substitution values (Array) or an HTML::Selector object.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # # Selects all div tags
      # divs = css_select("div")
      #
      # # Selects all paragraph tags and does something interesting
      # pars = css_select("p")
      # pars.each do |par|
      # # Do something fun with paragraphs here...
      # end
      #
      # # Selects all list items in unordered lists
      # items = css_select("ul>li")
      #
      # # Selects all form tags and then all inputs inside the form
      # forms = css_select("form")
      # forms.each do |form|
      # inputs = css_select(form, "input")
      # ...
      # end
      #
      def css_select(*args)
        # See assert_select to understand what's going on here.
        arg = args.shift

        if arg.is_a?(HTML::Node)
          root = arg
          arg = args.shift
        elsif arg == nil
          raise ArgumentError, "First argument is either selector or element to select, but nil found. Perhaps you called assert_select with an element that does not exist?"
        elsif defined?(@selected) && @selected
          matches = []

          @selected.each do |selected|
            subset = css_select(selected, HTML::Selector.new(arg.dup, args.dup))
            subset.each do |match|
              matches << match unless matches.any? { |m| m.equal?(match) }
            end
          end

          return matches
        else
          root = response_from_page
        end

        case arg
          when String
            selector = HTML::Selector.new(arg, args)
          when Array
            selector = HTML::Selector.new(*arg)
          when HTML::Selector
            selector = arg
          else raise ArgumentError, "Expecting a selector as the first argument"
        end

        selector.select(root)
      end

      # An assertion that selects elements and makes one or more equality tests.
      #
      # If the first argument is an element, selects all matching elements
      # starting from (and including) that element and all its children in
      # depth-first order.
      #
      # If no element if specified, calling +assert_select+ selects from the
      # response HTML unless +assert_select+ is called from within an +assert_select+ block.
      #
      # When called with a block +assert_select+ passes an array of selected elements
      # to the block. Calling +assert_select+ from the block, with no element specified,
      # runs the assertion on the complete set of elements selected by the enclosing assertion.
      # Alternatively the array may be iterated through so that +assert_select+ can be called
      # separately for each element.
      #
      #
      # ==== Example
      # If the response contains two ordered lists, each with four list elements then:
      # assert_select "ol" do |elements|
      # elements.each do |element|
      # assert_select element, "li", 4
      # end
      # end
      #
      # will pass, as will:
      # assert_select "ol" do
      # assert_select "li", 8
      # end
      #
      # The selector may be a CSS selector expression (String), an expression
      # with substitution values, or an HTML::Selector object.
      #
      # === Equality Tests
      #
      # The equality test may be one of the following:
      # * <tt>true</tt> - Assertion is true if at least one element selected.
      # * <tt>false</tt> - Assertion is true if no element selected.
      # * <tt>String/Regexp</tt> - Assertion is true if the text value of at least
      # one element matches the string or regular expression.
      # * <tt>Integer</tt> - Assertion is true if exactly that number of
      # elements are selected.
      # * <tt>Range</tt> - Assertion is true if the number of selected
      # elements fit the range.
      # If no equality test specified, the assertion is true if at least one
      # element selected.
      #
      # To perform more than one equality tests, use a hash with the following keys:
      # * <tt>:text</tt> - Narrow the selection to elements that have this text
      # value (string or regexp).
      # * <tt>:html</tt> - Narrow the selection to elements that have this HTML
      # content (string or regexp).
      # * <tt>:count</tt> - Assertion is true if the number of selected elements
      # is equal to this value.
      # * <tt>:minimum</tt> - Assertion is true if the number of selected
      # elements is at least this value.
      # * <tt>:maximum</tt> - Assertion is true if the number of selected
      # elements is at most this value.
      #
      # If the method is called with a block, once all equality tests are
      # evaluated the block is called with an array of all matched elements.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      #
      # # At least one form element
      # assert_select "form"
      #
      # # Form element includes four input fields
      # assert_select "form input", 4
      #
      # # Page title is "Welcome"
      # assert_select "title", "Welcome"
      #
      # # Page title is "Welcome" and there is only one title element
      # assert_select "title", {:count => 1, :text => "Welcome"},
      # "Wrong title or more than one title element"
      #
      # # Page contains no forms
      # assert_select "form", false, "This page must contain no forms"
      #
      # # Test the content and style
      # assert_select "body div.header ul.menu"
      #
      # # Use substitution values
      # assert_select "ol>li#?", /item-\d+/
      #
      # # All input fields in the form have a name
      # assert_select "form input" do
      # assert_select "[name=?]", /.+/ # Not empty
      # end
      def assert_select(*args, &block)
        # Start with optional element followed by mandatory selector.
        arg = args.shift
        @selected ||= nil

        if arg.is_a?(HTML::Node)
          # First argument is a node (tag or text, but also HTML root),
          # so we know what we're selecting from.
          root = arg
          arg = args.shift
        elsif arg == nil
          # This usually happens when passing a node/element that
          # happens to be nil.
          raise ArgumentError, "First argument is either selector or element to select, but nil found. Perhaps you called assert_select with an element that does not exist?"
        elsif @selected
          root = HTML::Node.new(nil)
          root.children.concat @selected
        else
          # Otherwise just operate on the response document.
          root = response_from_page
        end

        # First or second argument is the selector: string and we pass
        # all remaining arguments. Array and we pass the argument. Also
        # accepts selector itself.
        case arg
          when String
            selector = HTML::Selector.new(arg, args)
          when Array
            selector = HTML::Selector.new(*arg)
          when HTML::Selector
            selector = arg
          else raise ArgumentError, "Expecting a selector as the first argument"
        end

        # Next argument is used for equality tests.
        equals = {}
        case arg = args.shift
          when Hash
            equals = arg
          when String, Regexp
            equals[:text] = arg
          when Integer
            equals[:count] = arg
          when Range
            equals[:minimum] = arg.begin
            equals[:maximum] = arg.end
          when FalseClass
            equals[:count] = 0
          when NilClass, TrueClass
            equals[:minimum] = 1
          else raise ArgumentError, "I don't understand what you're trying to match"
        end

        # By default we're looking for at least one match.
        if equals[:count]
          equals[:minimum] = equals[:maximum] = equals[:count]
        else
          equals[:minimum] = 1 unless equals[:minimum]
        end

        # Last argument is the message we use if the assertion fails.
        message = args.shift
        #- message = "No match made with selector #{selector.inspect}" unless message
        if args.shift
          raise ArgumentError, "Not expecting that last argument, you either have too many arguments, or they're the wrong type"
        end

        matches = selector.select(root)
        # If text/html, narrow down to those elements that match it.
        content_mismatch = nil
        if match_with = equals[:text]
          matches.delete_if do |match|
            text = ""
            stack = match.children.reverse
            while node = stack.pop
              if node.tag?
                stack.concat node.children.reverse
              else
                content = node.content
                text << content
              end
            end
            text.strip! unless NO_STRIP.include?(match.name)
            unless match_with.is_a?(Regexp) ? (text =~ match_with) : (text == match_with.to_s)
              content_mismatch ||= build_message(message, "<?> expected but was\n<?>.", match_with, text)
              true
            end
          end
        elsif match_with = equals[:html]
          matches.delete_if do |match|
            html = match.children.map(&:to_s).join
            html.strip! unless NO_STRIP.include?(match.name)
            unless match_with.is_a?(Regexp) ? (html =~ match_with) : (html == match_with.to_s)
              content_mismatch ||= build_message(message, "<?> expected but was\n<?>.", match_with, html)
              true
            end
          end
        end
        # Expecting foo found bar element only if found zero, not if
        # found one but expecting two.
        message ||= content_mismatch if matches.empty?
        # Test minimum/maximum occurrence.
        min, max, count = equals[:minimum], equals[:maximum], equals[:count]
        message = message || %(Expected #{count_description(min, max, count)} matching "#{selector.to_s}", found #{matches.size}.)
        if count
          assert matches.size == count, message
        else
          assert matches.size >= min, message if min
          assert matches.size <= max, message if max
        end

        # If a block is given call that block. Set @selected to allow
        # nested assert_select, which can be nested several levels deep.
        if block_given? && !matches.empty?
          begin
            in_scope, @selected = @selected, matches
            yield matches
          ensure
            @selected = in_scope
          end
        end

        # Returns all matches elements.
        matches
      end

      def count_description(min, max, count) #:nodoc:
        pluralize = lambda {|word, quantity| word << (quantity == 1 ? '' : 's')}

        if min && max && (max != min)
          "between #{min} and #{max} elements"
        elsif min && max && max == min && count
          "exactly #{count} #{pluralize['element', min]}"
        elsif min && !(min == 1 && max == 1)
          "at least #{min} #{pluralize['element', min]}"
        elsif max
          "at most #{max} #{pluralize['element', max]}"
        end
      end

      # Extracts the content of an element, treats it as encoded HTML and runs
      # nested assertion on it.
      #
      # You typically call this method within another assertion to operate on
      # all currently selected elements. You can also pass an element or array
      # of elements.
      #
      # The content of each element is un-encoded, and wrapped in the root
      # element +encoded+. It then calls the block with all un-encoded elements.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # # Selects all bold tags from within the title of an ATOM feed's entries (perhaps to nab a section name prefix)
      # assert_select_feed :atom, 1.0 do
      # # Select each entry item and then the title item
      # assert_select "entry>title" do
      # # Run assertions on the encoded title elements
      # assert_select_encoded do
      # assert_select "b"
      # end
      # end
      # end
      #
      #
      # # Selects all paragraph tags from within the description of an RSS feed
      # assert_select_feed :rss, 2.0 do
      # # Select description element of each feed item.
      # assert_select "channel>item>description" do
      # # Run assertions on the encoded elements.
      # assert_select_encoded do
      # assert_select "p"
      # end
      # end
      # end
      def assert_select_encoded(element = nil, &block)
        case element
          when Array
            elements = element
          when HTML::Node
            elements = [element]
          when nil
            unless elements = @selected
              raise ArgumentError, "First argument is optional, but must be called from a nested assert_select"
            end
          else
            raise ArgumentError, "Argument is optional, and may be node or array of nodes"
        end

        fix_content = lambda do |node|
          # Gets around a bug in the Rails 1.1 HTML parser.
          node.content.gsub(/<!\[CDATA\[(.*)(\]\]>)?/m) { Rack::Utils.escapeHTML($1) }
        end

        selected = elements.map do |_element|
          text = _element.children.select{ |c| not c.tag? }.map{ |c| fix_content[c] }.join
          root = HTML::Document.new(CGI.unescapeHTML("<encoded>#{text}</encoded>")).root
          css_select(root, "encoded:root", &block)[0]
        end

        begin
          old_selected, @selected = @selected, selected
          assert_select ":root", &block
        ensure
          @selected = old_selected
        end
      end

      # Extracts the body of an email and runs nested assertions on it.
      #
      # You must enable deliveries for this assertion to work, use:
      # ActionMailer::Base.perform_deliveries = true
      #
      # ==== Examples
      #
      # assert_select_email do
      # assert_select "h1", "Email alert"
      # end
      #
      # assert_select_email do
      # items = assert_select "ol>li"
      # items.each do
      # # Work with items here...
      # end
      # end
      #
      def assert_select_email(&block)
        deliveries = ActionMailer::Base.deliveries
        assert !deliveries.empty?, "No e-mail in delivery list"

        for delivery in deliveries
          for part in delivery.parts
            if part["Content-Type"].to_s =~ /^text\/html\W/
              root = HTML::Document.new(part.body).root
              assert_select root, ":root", &block
            end
          end
        end
      end

      protected
        # +assert_select+ and +css_select+ call this to obtain the content in the HTML page.
        def response_from_page
          html_document.root
        end
    end
  end
end
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