Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
tag: v3.1.0.rc8
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

435 lines (408 sloc) 16.607 kb
require 'action_controller/vendor/html-scanner'
require 'active_support/core_ext/object/inclusion'
#--
# Copyright (c) 2006 Assaf Arkin (http://labnotes.org)
# Under MIT and/or CC By license.
#++
module ActionDispatch
module Assertions
NO_STRIP = %w{pre script style textarea}
# Adds the +assert_select+ method for use in Rails functional
# test cases, which can be used to make assertions on the response HTML of a controller
# action. You can also call +assert_select+ within another +assert_select+ to
# make assertions on elements selected by the enclosing assertion.
#
# Use +css_select+ to select elements without making an assertions, either
# from the response HTML or elements selected by the enclosing assertion.
#
# In addition to HTML responses, you can make the following assertions:
#
# * +assert_select_encoded+ - Assertions on HTML encoded inside XML, for example for dealing with feed item descriptions.
# * +assert_select_email+ - Assertions on the HTML body of an e-mail.
#
# Also see HTML::Selector to learn how to use selectors.
module SelectorAssertions
# Select and return all matching elements.
#
# If called with a single argument, uses that argument as a selector
# to match all elements of the current page. Returns an empty array
# if no match is found.
#
# If called with two arguments, uses the first argument as the base
# element and the second argument as the selector. Attempts to match the
# base element and any of its children. Returns an empty array if no
# match is found.
#
# The selector may be a CSS selector expression (String), an expression
# with substitution values (Array) or an HTML::Selector object.
#
# ==== Examples
# # Selects all div tags
# divs = css_select("div")
#
# # Selects all paragraph tags and does something interesting
# pars = css_select("p")
# pars.each do |par|
# # Do something fun with paragraphs here...
# end
#
# # Selects all list items in unordered lists
# items = css_select("ul>li")
#
# # Selects all form tags and then all inputs inside the form
# forms = css_select("form")
# forms.each do |form|
# inputs = css_select(form, "input")
# ...
# end
#
def css_select(*args)
# See assert_select to understand what's going on here.
arg = args.shift
if arg.is_a?(HTML::Node)
root = arg
arg = args.shift
elsif arg == nil
raise ArgumentError, "First argument is either selector or element to select, but nil found. Perhaps you called assert_select with an element that does not exist?"
elsif defined?(@selected) && @selected
matches = []
@selected.each do |selected|
subset = css_select(selected, HTML::Selector.new(arg.dup, args.dup))
subset.each do |match|
matches << match unless matches.any? { |m| m.equal?(match) }
end
end
return matches
else
root = response_from_page
end
case arg
when String
selector = HTML::Selector.new(arg, args)
when Array
selector = HTML::Selector.new(*arg)
when HTML::Selector
selector = arg
else raise ArgumentError, "Expecting a selector as the first argument"
end
selector.select(root)
end
# An assertion that selects elements and makes one or more equality tests.
#
# If the first argument is an element, selects all matching elements
# starting from (and including) that element and all its children in
# depth-first order.
#
# If no element if specified, calling +assert_select+ selects from the
# response HTML unless +assert_select+ is called from within an +assert_select+ block.
#
# When called with a block +assert_select+ passes an array of selected elements
# to the block. Calling +assert_select+ from the block, with no element specified,
# runs the assertion on the complete set of elements selected by the enclosing assertion.
# Alternatively the array may be iterated through so that +assert_select+ can be called
# separately for each element.
#
#
# ==== Example
# If the response contains two ordered lists, each with four list elements then:
# assert_select "ol" do |elements|
# elements.each do |element|
# assert_select element, "li", 4
# end
# end
#
# will pass, as will:
# assert_select "ol" do
# assert_select "li", 8
# end
#
# The selector may be a CSS selector expression (String), an expression
# with substitution values, or an HTML::Selector object.
#
# === Equality Tests
#
# The equality test may be one of the following:
# * <tt>true</tt> - Assertion is true if at least one element selected.
# * <tt>false</tt> - Assertion is true if no element selected.
# * <tt>String/Regexp</tt> - Assertion is true if the text value of at least
# one element matches the string or regular expression.
# * <tt>Integer</tt> - Assertion is true if exactly that number of
# elements are selected.
# * <tt>Range</tt> - Assertion is true if the number of selected
# elements fit the range.
# If no equality test specified, the assertion is true if at least one
# element selected.
#
# To perform more than one equality tests, use a hash with the following keys:
# * <tt>:text</tt> - Narrow the selection to elements that have this text
# value (string or regexp).
# * <tt>:html</tt> - Narrow the selection to elements that have this HTML
# content (string or regexp).
# * <tt>:count</tt> - Assertion is true if the number of selected elements
# is equal to this value.
# * <tt>:minimum</tt> - Assertion is true if the number of selected
# elements is at least this value.
# * <tt>:maximum</tt> - Assertion is true if the number of selected
# elements is at most this value.
#
# If the method is called with a block, once all equality tests are
# evaluated the block is called with an array of all matched elements.
#
# ==== Examples
#
# # At least one form element
# assert_select "form"
#
# # Form element includes four input fields
# assert_select "form input", 4
#
# # Page title is "Welcome"
# assert_select "title", "Welcome"
#
# # Page title is "Welcome" and there is only one title element
# assert_select "title", {:count => 1, :text => "Welcome"},
# "Wrong title or more than one title element"
#
# # Page contains no forms
# assert_select "form", false, "This page must contain no forms"
#
# # Test the content and style
# assert_select "body div.header ul.menu"
#
# # Use substitution values
# assert_select "ol>li#?", /item-\d+/
#
# # All input fields in the form have a name
# assert_select "form input" do
# assert_select "[name=?]", /.+/ # Not empty
# end
def assert_select(*args, &block)
# Start with optional element followed by mandatory selector.
arg = args.shift
@selected ||= nil
if arg.is_a?(HTML::Node)
# First argument is a node (tag or text, but also HTML root),
# so we know what we're selecting from.
root = arg
arg = args.shift
elsif arg == nil
# This usually happens when passing a node/element that
# happens to be nil.
raise ArgumentError, "First argument is either selector or element to select, but nil found. Perhaps you called assert_select with an element that does not exist?"
elsif @selected
root = HTML::Node.new(nil)
root.children.concat @selected
else
# Otherwise just operate on the response document.
root = response_from_page
end
# First or second argument is the selector: string and we pass
# all remaining arguments. Array and we pass the argument. Also
# accepts selector itself.
case arg
when String
selector = HTML::Selector.new(arg, args)
when Array
selector = HTML::Selector.new(*arg)
when HTML::Selector
selector = arg
else raise ArgumentError, "Expecting a selector as the first argument"
end
# Next argument is used for equality tests.
equals = {}
case arg = args.shift
when Hash
equals = arg
when String, Regexp
equals[:text] = arg
when Integer
equals[:count] = arg
when Range
equals[:minimum] = arg.begin
equals[:maximum] = arg.end
when FalseClass
equals[:count] = 0
when NilClass, TrueClass
equals[:minimum] = 1
else raise ArgumentError, "I don't understand what you're trying to match"
end
# By default we're looking for at least one match.
if equals[:count]
equals[:minimum] = equals[:maximum] = equals[:count]
else
equals[:minimum] = 1 unless equals[:minimum]
end
# Last argument is the message we use if the assertion fails.
message = args.shift
#- message = "No match made with selector #{selector.inspect}" unless message
if args.shift
raise ArgumentError, "Not expecting that last argument, you either have too many arguments, or they're the wrong type"
end
matches = selector.select(root)
# If text/html, narrow down to those elements that match it.
content_mismatch = nil
if match_with = equals[:text]
matches.delete_if do |match|
text = ""
stack = match.children.reverse
while node = stack.pop
if node.tag?
stack.concat node.children.reverse
else
content = node.content
text << content
end
end
text.strip! unless NO_STRIP.include?(match.name)
unless match_with.is_a?(Regexp) ? (text =~ match_with) : (text == match_with.to_s)
content_mismatch ||= build_message(message, "<?> expected but was\n<?>.", match_with, text)
true
end
end
elsif match_with = equals[:html]
matches.delete_if do |match|
html = match.children.map(&:to_s).join
html.strip! unless NO_STRIP.include?(match.name)
unless match_with.is_a?(Regexp) ? (html =~ match_with) : (html == match_with.to_s)
content_mismatch ||= build_message(message, "<?> expected but was\n<?>.", match_with, html)
true
end
end
end
# Expecting foo found bar element only if found zero, not if
# found one but expecting two.
message ||= content_mismatch if matches.empty?
# Test minimum/maximum occurrence.
min, max, count = equals[:minimum], equals[:maximum], equals[:count]
message = message || %(Expected #{count_description(min, max, count)} matching "#{selector.to_s}", found #{matches.size}.)
if count
assert matches.size == count, message
else
assert matches.size >= min, message if min
assert matches.size <= max, message if max
end
# If a block is given call that block. Set @selected to allow
# nested assert_select, which can be nested several levels deep.
if block_given? && !matches.empty?
begin
in_scope, @selected = @selected, matches
yield matches
ensure
@selected = in_scope
end
end
# Returns all matches elements.
matches
end
def count_description(min, max, count) #:nodoc:
pluralize = lambda {|word, quantity| word << (quantity == 1 ? '' : 's')}
if min && max && (max != min)
"between #{min} and #{max} elements"
elsif min && max && max == min && count
"exactly #{count} #{pluralize['element', min]}"
elsif min && !(min == 1 && max == 1)
"at least #{min} #{pluralize['element', min]}"
elsif max
"at most #{max} #{pluralize['element', max]}"
end
end
# Extracts the content of an element, treats it as encoded HTML and runs
# nested assertion on it.
#
# You typically call this method within another assertion to operate on
# all currently selected elements. You can also pass an element or array
# of elements.
#
# The content of each element is un-encoded, and wrapped in the root
# element +encoded+. It then calls the block with all un-encoded elements.
#
# ==== Examples
# # Selects all bold tags from within the title of an ATOM feed's entries (perhaps to nab a section name prefix)
# assert_select_feed :atom, 1.0 do
# # Select each entry item and then the title item
# assert_select "entry>title" do
# # Run assertions on the encoded title elements
# assert_select_encoded do
# assert_select "b"
# end
# end
# end
#
#
# # Selects all paragraph tags from within the description of an RSS feed
# assert_select_feed :rss, 2.0 do
# # Select description element of each feed item.
# assert_select "channel>item>description" do
# # Run assertions on the encoded elements.
# assert_select_encoded do
# assert_select "p"
# end
# end
# end
def assert_select_encoded(element = nil, &block)
case element
when Array
elements = element
when HTML::Node
elements = [element]
when nil
unless elements = @selected
raise ArgumentError, "First argument is optional, but must be called from a nested assert_select"
end
else
raise ArgumentError, "Argument is optional, and may be node or array of nodes"
end
fix_content = lambda do |node|
# Gets around a bug in the Rails 1.1 HTML parser.
node.content.gsub(/<!\[CDATA\[(.*)(\]\]>)?/m) { Rack::Utils.escapeHTML($1) }
end
selected = elements.map do |_element|
text = _element.children.select{ |c| not c.tag? }.map{ |c| fix_content[c] }.join
root = HTML::Document.new(CGI.unescapeHTML("<encoded>#{text}</encoded>")).root
css_select(root, "encoded:root", &block)[0]
end
begin
old_selected, @selected = @selected, selected
assert_select ":root", &block
ensure
@selected = old_selected
end
end
# Extracts the body of an email and runs nested assertions on it.
#
# You must enable deliveries for this assertion to work, use:
# ActionMailer::Base.perform_deliveries = true
#
# ==== Examples
#
# assert_select_email do
# assert_select "h1", "Email alert"
# end
#
# assert_select_email do
# items = assert_select "ol>li"
# items.each do
# # Work with items here...
# end
# end
#
def assert_select_email(&block)
deliveries = ActionMailer::Base.deliveries
assert !deliveries.empty?, "No e-mail in delivery list"
for delivery in deliveries
for part in delivery.parts
if part["Content-Type"].to_s =~ /^text\/html\W/
root = HTML::Document.new(part.body).root
assert_select root, ":root", &block
end
end
end
end
protected
# +assert_select+ and +css_select+ call this to obtain the content in the HTML page.
def response_from_page
html_document.root
end
end
end
end
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.