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require 'active_support/base64'
require 'active_support/core_ext/object/blank'

module ActiveSupport
  # +MessageVerifier+ makes it easy to generate and verify messages which are signed
  # to prevent tampering.
  #
  # This is useful for cases like remember-me tokens and auto-unsubscribe links where the
  # session store isn't suitable or available.
  #
  # Remember Me:
  # cookies[:remember_me] = @verifier.generate([@user.id, 2.weeks.from_now])
  #
  # In the authentication filter:
  #
  # id, time = @verifier.verify(cookies[:remember_me])
  # if time < Time.now
  # self.current_user = User.find(id)
  # end
  #
  class MessageVerifier
    class InvalidSignature < StandardError; end

    def initialize(secret, digest = 'SHA1')
      @secret = secret
      @digest = digest
    end

    def verify(signed_message)
      raise InvalidSignature if signed_message.blank?

      data, digest = signed_message.split("--")
      if data.present? && digest.present? && secure_compare(digest, generate_digest(data))
        Marshal.load(ActiveSupport::Base64.decode64(data))
      else
        raise InvalidSignature
      end
    end

    def generate(value)
      data = ActiveSupport::Base64.encode64s(Marshal.dump(value))
      "#{data}--#{generate_digest(data)}"
    end

    private
      # constant-time comparison algorithm to prevent timing attacks
      def secure_compare(a, b)
        return false unless a.bytesize == b.bytesize

        l = a.unpack "C#{a.bytesize}"

        res = 0
        b.each_byte { |byte| res |= byte ^ l.shift }
        res == 0
      end

      def generate_digest(data)
        require 'openssl' unless defined?(OpenSSL)
        OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest(OpenSSL::Digest.const_get(@digest).new, @secret, data)
      end
  end
end
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