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tag: v3.1.1.rc3
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require 'active_support/json'
module ActionController #:nodoc:
# Responsible for exposing a resource to different mime requests,
# usually depending on the HTTP verb. The responder is triggered when
# <code>respond_with</code> is called. The simplest case to study is a GET request:
#
# class PeopleController < ApplicationController
# respond_to :html, :xml, :json
#
# def index
# @people = Person.find(:all)
# respond_with(@people)
# end
# end
#
# When a request comes in, for example for an XML response, three steps happen:
#
# 1) the responder searches for a template at people/index.xml;
#
# 2) if the template is not available, it will invoke <code>#to_xml</code> on the given resource;
#
# 3) if the responder does not <code>respond_to :to_xml</code>, call <code>#to_format</code> on it.
#
# === Builtin HTTP verb semantics
#
# The default \Rails responder holds semantics for each HTTP verb. Depending on the
# content type, verb and the resource status, it will behave differently.
#
# Using \Rails default responder, a POST request for creating an object could
# be written as:
#
# def create
# @user = User.new(params[:user])
# flash[:notice] = 'User was successfully created.' if @user.save
# respond_with(@user)
# end
#
# Which is exactly the same as:
#
# def create
# @user = User.new(params[:user])
#
# respond_to do |format|
# if @user.save
# flash[:notice] = 'User was successfully created.'
# format.html { redirect_to(@user) }
# format.xml { render :xml => @user, :status => :created, :location => @user }
# else
# format.html { render :action => "new" }
# format.xml { render :xml => @user.errors, :status => :unprocessable_entity }
# end
# end
# end
#
# The same happens for PUT and DELETE requests.
#
# === Nested resources
#
# You can supply nested resources as you do in <code>form_for</code> and <code>polymorphic_url</code>.
# Consider the project has many tasks example. The create action for
# TasksController would be like:
#
# def create
# @project = Project.find(params[:project_id])
# @task = @project.comments.build(params[:task])
# flash[:notice] = 'Task was successfully created.' if @task.save
# respond_with(@project, @task)
# end
#
# Giving several resources ensures that the responder will redirect to
# <code>project_task_url</code> instead of <code>task_url</code>.
#
# Namespaced and singleton resources require a symbol to be given, as in
# polymorphic urls. If a project has one manager which has many tasks, it
# should be invoked as:
#
# respond_with(@project, :manager, @task)
#
# Note that if you give an array, it will be treated as a collection,
# so the following is not equivalent:
#
# respond_with [@project, :manager, @task]
#
# === Custom options
#
# <code>respond_with</code> also allow you to pass options that are forwarded
# to the underlying render call. Those options are only applied success
# scenarios. For instance, you can do the following in the create method above:
#
# def create
# @project = Project.find(params[:project_id])
# @task = @project.comments.build(params[:task])
# flash[:notice] = 'Task was successfully created.' if @task.save
# respond_with(@project, @task, :status => 201)
# end
#
# This will return status 201 if the task was saved with success. If not,
# it will simply ignore the given options and return status 422 and the
# resource errors. To customize the failure scenario, you can pass a
# a block to <code>respond_with</code>:
#
# def create
# @project = Project.find(params[:project_id])
# @task = @project.comments.build(params[:task])
# respond_with(@project, @task, :status => 201) do |format|
# if @task.save
# flash[:notice] = 'Task was successfully created.'
# else
# format.html { render "some_special_template" }
# end
# end
# end
#
# Using <code>respond_with</code> with a block follows the same syntax as <code>respond_to</code>.
class Responder
attr_reader :controller, :request, :format, :resource, :resources, :options
ACTIONS_FOR_VERBS = {
:post => :new,
:put => :edit
}
def initialize(controller, resources, options={})
@controller = controller
@request = @controller.request
@format = @controller.formats.first
@resource = resources.last
@resources = resources
@options = options
@action = options.delete(:action)
@default_response = options.delete(:default_response)
end
delegate :head, :render, :redirect_to, :to => :controller
delegate :get?, :post?, :put?, :delete?, :to => :request
# Undefine :to_json and :to_yaml since it's defined on Object
undef_method(:to_json) if method_defined?(:to_json)
undef_method(:to_yaml) if method_defined?(:to_yaml)
# Initializes a new responder an invoke the proper format. If the format is
# not defined, call to_format.
#
def self.call(*args)
new(*args).respond
end
# Main entry point for responder responsible to dispatch to the proper format.
#
def respond
method = "to_#{format}"
respond_to?(method) ? send(method) : to_format
end
# HTML format does not render the resource, it always attempt to render a
# template.
#
def to_html
default_render
rescue ActionView::MissingTemplate => e
navigation_behavior(e)
end
# to_js simply tries to render a template. If no template is found, raises the error.
def to_js
default_render
end
# All other formats follow the procedure below. First we try to render a
# template, if the template is not available, we verify if the resource
# responds to :to_format and display it.
#
def to_format
if get? || !has_errors?
default_render
else
display_errors
end
rescue ActionView::MissingTemplate => e
api_behavior(e)
end
protected
# This is the common behavior for formats associated with browsing, like :html, :iphone and so forth.
def navigation_behavior(error)
if get?
raise error
elsif has_errors? && default_action
render :action => default_action
else
redirect_to navigation_location
end
end
# This is the common behavior for formats associated with APIs, such as :xml and :json.
def api_behavior(error)
raise error unless resourceful?
if get?
display resource
elsif post?
display resource, :status => :created, :location => api_location
elsif has_empty_resource_definition?
display empty_resource, :status => :ok
else
head :ok
end
end
# Checks whether the resource responds to the current format or not.
#
def resourceful?
resource.respond_to?("to_#{format}")
end
# Returns the resource location by retrieving it from the options or
# returning the resources array.
#
def resource_location
options[:location] || resources
end
alias :navigation_location :resource_location
alias :api_location :resource_location
# If a given response block was given, use it, otherwise call render on
# controller.
#
def default_render
@default_response.call(options)
end
# Display is just a shortcut to render a resource with the current format.
#
# display @user, :status => :ok
#
# For XML requests it's equivalent to:
#
# render :xml => @user, :status => :ok
#
# Options sent by the user are also used:
#
# respond_with(@user, :status => :created)
# display(@user, :status => :ok)
#
# Results in:
#
# render :xml => @user, :status => :created
#
def display(resource, given_options={})
controller.render given_options.merge!(options).merge!(format => resource)
end
def display_errors
controller.render format => resource.errors, :status => :unprocessable_entity
end
# Check whether the resource has errors.
#
def has_errors?
resource.respond_to?(:errors) && !resource.errors.empty?
end
# By default, render the <code>:edit</code> action for HTML requests with failure, unless
# the verb is POST.
#
def default_action
@action ||= ACTIONS_FOR_VERBS[request.request_method_symbol]
end
# Check whether resource needs a specific definition of empty resource to be valid
#
def has_empty_resource_definition?
respond_to?("empty_#{format}_resource")
end
# Delegate to proper empty resource method
#
def empty_resource
send("empty_#{format}_resource")
end
# Return a valid empty JSON resource
#
def empty_json_resource
"{}"
end
end
end
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