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require 'active_support/concern'

module ActiveRecord
  module Inheritance
    extend ActiveSupport::Concern

    included do
      # Determine whether to store the full constant name including namespace when using STI
      class_attribute :store_full_sti_class
      self.store_full_sti_class = true
    end

    module ClassMethods
      # True if this isn't a concrete subclass needing a STI type condition.
      def descends_from_active_record?
        if superclass.abstract_class?
          superclass.descends_from_active_record?
        else
          superclass == Base || !columns_hash.include?(inheritance_column)
        end
      end

      def finder_needs_type_condition? #:nodoc:
        # This is like this because benchmarking justifies the strange :false stuff
        :true == (@finder_needs_type_condition ||= descends_from_active_record? ? :false : :true)
      end

      def symbolized_base_class
        @symbolized_base_class ||= base_class.to_s.to_sym
      end

      def symbolized_sti_name
        @symbolized_sti_name ||= sti_name.present? ? sti_name.to_sym : symbolized_base_class
      end

      # Returns the base AR subclass that this class descends from. If A
      # extends AR::Base, A.base_class will return A. If B descends from A
      # through some arbitrarily deep hierarchy, B.base_class will return A.
      #
      # If B < A and C < B and if A is an abstract_class then both B.base_class
      # and C.base_class would return B as the answer since A is an abstract_class.
      def base_class
        class_of_active_record_descendant(self)
      end

      # Set this to true if this is an abstract class (see <tt>abstract_class?</tt>).
      attr_accessor :abstract_class

      # Returns whether this class is an abstract class or not.
      def abstract_class?
        defined?(@abstract_class) && @abstract_class == true
      end

      def sti_name
        store_full_sti_class ? name : name.demodulize
      end

      # Finder methods must instantiate through this method to work with the
      # single-table inheritance model that makes it possible to create
      # objects of different types from the same table.
      def instantiate(record)
        sti_class = find_sti_class(record[inheritance_column])
        record_id = sti_class.primary_key && record[sti_class.primary_key]

        if ActiveRecord::IdentityMap.enabled? && record_id
          instance = use_identity_map(sti_class, record_id, record)
        else
          instance = sti_class.allocate.init_with('attributes' => record)
        end

        instance
      end

      protected

      # Returns the class descending directly from ActiveRecord::Base or an
      # abstract class, if any, in the inheritance hierarchy.
      def class_of_active_record_descendant(klass)
        if klass == Base || klass.superclass == Base || klass.superclass.abstract_class?
          klass
        elsif klass.superclass.nil?
          raise ActiveRecordError, "#{name} doesn't belong in a hierarchy descending from ActiveRecord"
        else
          class_of_active_record_descendant(klass.superclass)
        end
      end

      # Returns the class type of the record using the current module as a prefix. So descendants of
      # MyApp::Business::Account would appear as MyApp::Business::AccountSubclass.
      def compute_type(type_name)
        if type_name.match(/^::/)
          # If the type is prefixed with a scope operator then we assume that
          # the type_name is an absolute reference.
          ActiveSupport::Dependencies.constantize(type_name)
        else
          # Build a list of candidates to search for
          candidates = []
          name.scan(/::|$/) { candidates.unshift "#{$`}::#{type_name}" }
          candidates << type_name

          candidates.each do |candidate|
            begin
              constant = ActiveSupport::Dependencies.constantize(candidate)
              return constant if candidate == constant.to_s
            rescue NameError => e
              # We don't want to swallow NoMethodError < NameError errors
              raise e unless e.instance_of?(NameError)
            end
          end

          raise NameError, "uninitialized constant #{candidates.first}"
        end
      end

      private

      def use_identity_map(sti_class, record_id, record)
        if (column = sti_class.columns_hash[sti_class.primary_key]) && column.number?
          record_id = record_id.to_i
        end

        if instance = IdentityMap.get(sti_class, record_id)
          instance.reinit_with('attributes' => record)
        else
          instance = sti_class.allocate.init_with('attributes' => record)
          IdentityMap.add(instance)
        end

        instance
      end

      def find_sti_class(type_name)
        if type_name.blank? || !columns_hash.include?(inheritance_column)
          self
        else
          begin
            if store_full_sti_class
              ActiveSupport::Dependencies.constantize(type_name)
            else
              compute_type(type_name)
            end
          rescue NameError
            raise SubclassNotFound,
              "The single-table inheritance mechanism failed to locate the subclass: '#{type_name}'. " +
              "This error is raised because the column '#{inheritance_column}' is reserved for storing the class in case of inheritance. " +
              "Please rename this column if you didn't intend it to be used for storing the inheritance class " +
              "or overwrite #{name}.inheritance_column to use another column for that information."
          end
        end
      end

      def type_condition(table = arel_table)
        sti_column = table[inheritance_column.to_sym]
        sti_names = ([self] + descendants).map { |model| model.sti_name }

        sti_column.in(sti_names)
      end
    end

    private

    # Sets the attribute used for single table inheritance to this class name if this is not the
    # ActiveRecord::Base descendant.
    # Considering the hierarchy Reply < Message < ActiveRecord::Base, this makes it possible to
    # do Reply.new without having to set <tt>Reply[Reply.inheritance_column] = "Reply"</tt> yourself.
    # No such attribute would be set for objects of the Message class in that example.
    def ensure_proper_type
      klass = self.class
      if klass.finder_needs_type_condition?
        write_attribute(klass.inheritance_column, klass.sti_name)
      end
    end
  end
end
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