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require 'active_support/core_ext/hash/reverse_merge'
require 'fileutils'
require 'rails/plugin'
require 'rails/engine'

module Rails
  # In Rails 3.0, a Rails::Application object was introduced which is nothing more than
  # an Engine but with the responsibility of coordinating the whole boot process.
  #
  # == Initialization
  #
  # Rails::Application is responsible for executing all railties, engines and plugin
  # initializers. It also executes some bootstrap initializers (check
  # Rails::Application::Bootstrap) and finishing initializers, after all the others
  # are executed (check Rails::Application::Finisher).
  #
  # == Configuration
  #
  # Besides providing the same configuration as Rails::Engine and Rails::Railtie,
  # the application object has several specific configurations, for example
  # "allow_concurrency", "cache_classes", "consider_all_requests_local", "filter_parameters",
  # "logger", "reload_plugins" and so forth.
  #
  # Check Rails::Application::Configuration to see them all.
  #
  # == Routes
  #
  # The application object is also responsible for holding the routes and reloading routes
  # whenever the files change in development.
  #
  # == Middlewares
  #
  # The Application is also responsible for building the middleware stack.
  #
  # == Booting process
  #
  # The application is also responsible for setting up and executing the booting
  # process. From the moment you require "config/application.rb" in your app,
  # the booting process goes like this:
  #
  # 1) require "config/boot.rb" to setup load paths
  # 2) require railties and engines
  # 3) Define Rails.application as "class MyApp::Application < Rails::Application"
  # 4) Run config.before_configuration callbacks
  # 5) Load config/environments/ENV.rb
  # 6) Run config.before_initialize callbacks
  # 7) Run Railtie#initializer defined by railties, engines and application.
  # One by one, each engine sets up its load paths, routes and runs its config/initializers/* files.
  # 9) Custom Railtie#initializers added by railties, engines and applications are executed
  # 10) Build the middleware stack and run to_prepare callbacks
  # 11) Run config.before_eager_load and eager_load if cache classes is true
  # 12) Run config.after_initialize callbacks
  #
  class Application < Engine
    autoload :Bootstrap, 'rails/application/bootstrap'
    autoload :Configuration, 'rails/application/configuration'
    autoload :Finisher, 'rails/application/finisher'
    autoload :Railties, 'rails/application/railties'
    autoload :RoutesReloader, 'rails/application/routes_reloader'

    class << self
      def inherited(base)
        raise "You cannot have more than one Rails::Application" if Rails.application
        super
        Rails.application = base.instance
        Rails.application.add_lib_to_load_path!
        ActiveSupport.run_load_hooks(:before_configuration, base.instance)
      end
    end

    attr_accessor :assets, :sandbox
    alias_method :sandbox?, :sandbox
    attr_reader :reloaders

    delegate :default_url_options, :default_url_options=, :to => :routes

    def initialize
      super
      @initialized = false
      @reloaders = []
    end

    # This method is called just after an application inherits from Rails::Application,
    # allowing the developer to load classes in lib and use them during application
    # configuration.
    #
    # class MyApplication < Rails::Application
    # require "my_backend" # in lib/my_backend
    # config.i18n.backend = MyBackend
    # end
    #
    # Notice this method takes into consideration the default root path. So if you
    # are changing config.root inside your application definition or having a custom
    # Rails application, you will need to add lib to $LOAD_PATH on your own in case
    # you need to load files in lib/ during the application configuration as well.
    def add_lib_to_load_path! #:nodoc:
      path = config.root.join('lib').to_s
      $LOAD_PATH.unshift(path) if File.exists?(path)
    end

    def require_environment! #:nodoc:
      environment = paths["config/environment"].existent.first
      require environment if environment
    end

    # Reload application routes regardless if they changed or not.
    def reload_routes!
      routes_reloader.reload!
    end

    def routes_reloader #:nodoc:
      @routes_reloader ||= RoutesReloader.new
    end

    # Returns an array of file paths appended with a hash of directories-extensions
    # suitable for ActiveSupport::FileUpdateChecker API.
    def watchable_args
      files = []
      files.concat config.watchable_files

      dirs = {}
      dirs.merge! config.watchable_dirs
      ActiveSupport::Dependencies.autoload_paths.each do |path|
        dirs[path.to_s] = [:rb]
      end

      [files, dirs]
    end

    # Initialize the application passing the given group. By default, the
    # group is :default but sprockets precompilation passes group equals
    # to assets if initialize_on_precompile is false to avoid booting the
    # whole app.
    def initialize!(group=:default) #:nodoc:
      raise "Application has been already initialized." if @initialized
      run_initializers(group, self)
      @initialized = true
      self
    end

    # Load the application and its railties tasks and invoke the registered hooks.
    # Check <tt>Rails::Railtie.rake_tasks</tt> for more info.
    def load_tasks(app=self)
      initialize_tasks
      super
      self
    end

    # Load the application console and invoke the registered hooks.
    # Check <tt>Rails::Railtie.console</tt> for more info.
    def load_console(app=self)
      initialize_console
      super
      self
    end

    # Rails.application.env_config stores some of the Rails initial environment parameters.
    # Currently stores:
    #
    # * action_dispatch.parameter_filter" => config.filter_parameters,
    # * action_dispatch.secret_token" => config.secret_token,
    # * action_dispatch.show_exceptions" => config.action_dispatch.show_exceptions
    #
    # These parameters will be used by middlewares and engines to configure themselves.
    #
    def env_config
      @env_config ||= super.merge({
        "action_dispatch.parameter_filter" => config.filter_parameters,
        "action_dispatch.secret_token" => config.secret_token,
        "action_dispatch.show_exceptions" => config.action_dispatch.show_exceptions,
        "action_dispatch.show_detailed_exceptions" => config.consider_all_requests_local,
        "action_dispatch.logger" => Rails.logger,
        "action_dispatch.backtrace_cleaner" => Rails.backtrace_cleaner
      })
    end

    # Returns the ordered railties for this application considering railties_order.
    def ordered_railties #:nodoc:
      @ordered_railties ||= begin
        order = config.railties_order.map do |railtie|
          if railtie == :main_app
            self
          elsif railtie.respond_to?(:instance)
            railtie.instance
          else
            railtie
          end
        end

        all = (railties.all - order)
        all.push(self) unless (all + order).include?(self)
        order.push(:all) unless order.include?(:all)

        index = order.index(:all)
        order[index] = all
        order.reverse.flatten
      end
    end

    def initializers #:nodoc:
      Bootstrap.initializers_for(self) +
      super +
      Finisher.initializers_for(self)
    end

    def config #:nodoc:
      @config ||= Application::Configuration.new(find_root_with_flag("config.ru", Dir.pwd))
    end

    def to_app
      self
    end

    def helpers_paths #:nodoc:
      config.helpers_paths
    end

    def call(env)
      env["ORIGINAL_FULLPATH"] = build_original_fullpath(env)
      super(env)
    end

  protected

    alias :build_middleware_stack :app

    def reload_dependencies?
      config.reload_classes_only_on_change != true || reloaders.map(&:updated?).any?
    end

    def default_middleware_stack
      ActionDispatch::MiddlewareStack.new.tap do |middleware|
        if rack_cache = config.action_controller.perform_caching && config.action_dispatch.rack_cache
          require "action_dispatch/http/rack_cache"
          middleware.use ::Rack::Cache, rack_cache
        end

        if config.force_ssl
          require "rack/ssl"
          middleware.use ::Rack::SSL, config.ssl_options
        end

        if config.serve_static_assets
          middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::Static, paths["public"].first, config.static_cache_control
        end

        middleware.use ::Rack::Lock unless config.allow_concurrency
        middleware.use ::Rack::Runtime
        middleware.use ::Rack::MethodOverride
        middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::RequestId
        middleware.use ::Rails::Rack::Logger, config.log_tags # must come after Rack::MethodOverride to properly log overridden methods
        middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::ShowExceptions, config.exceptions_app || ActionDispatch::PublicExceptions.new(Rails.public_path)
        middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::DebugExceptions
        middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::RemoteIp, config.action_dispatch.ip_spoofing_check, config.action_dispatch.trusted_proxies

        if config.action_dispatch.x_sendfile_header.present?
          middleware.use ::Rack::Sendfile, config.action_dispatch.x_sendfile_header
        end

        unless config.cache_classes
          app = self
          middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::Reloader, lambda { app.reload_dependencies? }
        end

        middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::Callbacks
        middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::Cookies

        if config.session_store
          if config.force_ssl && !config.session_options.key?(:secure)
            config.session_options[:secure] = true
          end
          middleware.use config.session_store, config.session_options
          middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::Flash
        end

        middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::ParamsParser
        middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::Head
        middleware.use ::Rack::ConditionalGet
        middleware.use ::Rack::ETag, "no-cache"

        if config.action_dispatch.best_standards_support
          middleware.use ::ActionDispatch::BestStandardsSupport, config.action_dispatch.best_standards_support
        end
      end
    end

    def initialize_tasks #:nodoc:
      self.class.rake_tasks do
        require "rails/tasks"
        task :environment do
          $rails_rake_task = true
          require_environment!
        end
      end
    end

    def initialize_console #:nodoc:
      require "pp"
      require "rails/console/app"
      require "rails/console/helpers"
    end

    def build_original_fullpath(env)
      path_info = env["PATH_INFO"]
      query_string = env["QUERY_STRING"]
      script_name = env["SCRIPT_NAME"]

      if query_string.present?
        "#{script_name}#{path_info}?#{query_string}"
      else
        "#{script_name}#{path_info}"
      end
    end
  end
end
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