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Wrap code lines longer than 80 columns on AR validations and callback…

…s guide
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commit 098cb8333c2f96612289c4511b0bcef67e97f771 1 parent dce92e6
@cassiomarques cassiomarques authored
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64 railties/doc/guides/html/activerecord_validations_callbacks.html
@@ -231,7 +231,7 @@ <h2 id="site_title_tagline">Sustainable productivity for web-application develop
<li><a href="#_the_tt_validates_length_of_tt_helper">The <tt>validates_length_of</tt> helper</a></li>
- <li><a href="#_the_tt_validates_numericallity_of_tt_helper">The <tt>validates_numericallity_of</tt> helper</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#_the_tt_validates_numericality_of_tt_helper">The <tt>validates_numericality_of</tt> helper</a></li>
<li><a href="#_the_tt_validates_presence_of_tt_helper">The <tt>validates_presence_of</tt> helper</a></li>
@@ -338,7 +338,7 @@ <h2 id="site_title_tagline">Sustainable productivity for web-application develop
</li>
<li>
<p>
-Work with the error messages generated by the validation proccess
+Work with the error messages generated by the validation process
</p>
</li>
<li>
@@ -524,7 +524,8 @@ <h3 id="_the_tt_validates_exclusion_of_tt_helper">3.5. The <tt>validates_exclusi
http://www.lorenzobettini.it
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> MovieFile <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
- validates_exclusion_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>format<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">in</span></span> <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">%</span>w<span style="color: #990000">(</span>mov avi<span style="color: #990000">),</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>message <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"Extension %s is not allowed"</span>
+ validates_exclusion_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>format<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">in</span></span> <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">%</span>w<span style="color: #990000">(</span>mov avi<span style="color: #990000">),</span>
+ <span style="color: #990000">:</span>message <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"Extension %s is not allowed"</span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
<div class="para"><p>The <tt>validates_exclusion_of</tt> helper has an option <tt>:in</tt> that receives the set of values that will not be accepted for the validated attributes. The <tt>:in</tt> option has an alias called <tt>:within</tt> that you can use for the same purpose, if you'd like to. In the previous example we used the <tt>:message</tt> option to show how we can personalize it with the current attribute's value, through the <tt>%s</tt> format mask.</p></div>
@@ -537,7 +538,8 @@ <h3 id="_the_tt_validates_format_of_tt_helper">3.6. The <tt>validates_format_of<
http://www.lorenzobettini.it
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> Product <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
- validates_format_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>description<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>with <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF6600">/^[a-zA-Z]+$/</span><span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>message <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"Only letters allowed"</span>
+ validates_format_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>description<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>with <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF6600">/^[a-zA-Z]+$/</span><span style="color: #990000">,</span>
+ <span style="color: #990000">:</span>message <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"Only letters allowed"</span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
<div class="para"><p>The default error message for <tt>validates_format_of</tt> is "<em>is invalid</em>".</p></div>
@@ -549,7 +551,8 @@ <h3 id="_the_tt_validates_inclusion_of_tt_helper">3.7. The <tt>validates_inclusi
http://www.lorenzobettini.it
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> Coffee <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
- validates_inclusion_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>size<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">in</span></span> <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">%</span>w<span style="color: #990000">(</span>small medium large<span style="color: #990000">),</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>message <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"%s is not a valid size"</span>
+ validates_inclusion_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>size<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">in</span></span> <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">%</span>w<span style="color: #990000">(</span>small medium large<span style="color: #990000">),</span>
+ <span style="color: #990000">:</span>message <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"%s is not a valid size"</span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
<div class="para"><p>The <tt>validates_inclusion_of</tt> helper has an option <tt>:in</tt> that receives the set of values that will be accepted. The <tt>:in</tt> option has an alias called <tt>:within</tt> that you can use for the same purpose, if you'd like to. In the previous example we used the <tt>:message</tt> option to show how we can personalize it with the current attribute's value, through the <tt>%s</tt> format mask.</p></div>
@@ -602,7 +605,7 @@ <h3 id="_the_tt_validates_length_of_tt_helper">3.8. The <tt>validates_length_of<
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
<div class="para"><p>This helper has an alias called <tt>validates_size_of</tt>, it's the same helper with a different name. You can use it if you'd like to.</p></div>
-<h3 id="_the_tt_validates_numericallity_of_tt_helper">3.9. The <tt>validates_numericallity_of</tt> helper</h3>
+<h3 id="_the_tt_validates_numericality_of_tt_helper">3.9. The <tt>validates_numericality_of</tt> helper</h3>
<div class="para"><p>This helper validates that your attributes have only numeric values. By default, it will match an optional sign followed by a integral or floating point number. Using the <tt>:integer_only</tt> option set to true, you can specify that only integral numbers are allowed.</p></div>
<div class="para"><p>If you use <tt>:integer_only</tt> set to <tt>true</tt>, then it will use the <tt><span>/\A[+\-]?\d+\Z/</span></tt> regular expression to validate the attribute's value. Otherwise, it will try to convert the value using <tt>Kernel.Float</tt>.</p></div>
<div class="listingblock">
@@ -611,11 +614,11 @@ <h3 id="_the_tt_validates_numericallity_of_tt_helper">3.9. The <tt>validates_num
http://www.lorenzobettini.it
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> Player <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
- validates_numericallity_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>points
- validates_numericallity_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>games_played<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>integer_only <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">true</span></span>
+ validates_numericality_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>points
+ validates_numericality_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>games_played<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>integer_only <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">true</span></span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
-<div class="para"><p>The default error message for <tt>validates_numericallity_of</tt> is "<em>is not a number</em>".</p></div>
+<div class="para"><p>The default error message for <tt>validates_numericality_of</tt> is "<em>is not a number</em>".</p></div>
<h3 id="_the_tt_validates_presence_of_tt_helper">3.10. The <tt>validates_presence_of</tt> helper</h3>
<div class="para"><p>This helper validates that the attributes are not empty. It uses the <tt>blank?</tt> method to check if the value is either <tt>nil</tt> or an empty string (if the string has only spaces, it will still be considered empty).</p></div>
<div class="listingblock">
@@ -673,7 +676,8 @@ <h3 id="_the_tt_validates_uniqueness_of_tt_helper">3.11. The <tt>validates_uniqu
http://www.lorenzobettini.it
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> Holiday <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
- validates_uniqueness_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>scope <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>year<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>message <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"Should happen once per year"</span>
+ validates_uniqueness_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>scope <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>year<span style="color: #990000">,</span>
+ <span style="color: #990000">:</span>message <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"Should happen once per year"</span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
<div class="para"><p>There is also a <tt>:case_sensitive</tt> option that you can use to define if the uniqueness contraint will be case sensitive or not. This option defaults to true.</p></div>
@@ -692,7 +696,7 @@ <h2 id="_common_validation_options">4. Common validation options</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="para"><p>There are some common options that all the validation helpers can use. Here they are, except for the <tt>:if</tt> and <tt>:unless</tt> options, which we'll cover right at the next topic.</p></div>
<h3 id="_the_tt_allow_nil_tt_option">4.1. The <tt>:allow_nil</tt> option</h3>
-<div class="para"><p>You may use the <tt>:allow_nil</tt> option everytime you just want to trigger a validation if the value being validated is not <tt>nil</tt>. You may be asking yourself if it makes any sense to use <tt>:allow_nil</tt> and <tt>validates_presence_of</tt> together. Well, it does. Remember, validation will be skipped only for <tt>nil</tt> attributes, but empty strings are not considered <tt>nil</tt>.</p></div>
+<div class="para"><p>You may use the <tt>:allow_nil</tt> option everytime you want to trigger a validation only if the value being validated is not <tt>nil</tt>. You may be asking yourself if it makes any sense to use <tt>:allow_nil</tt> and <tt>validates_presence_of</tt> together. Well, it does. Remember, validation will be skipped only for <tt>nil</tt> attributes, but empty strings are not considered <tt>nil</tt>.</p></div>
<div class="listingblock">
<div class="content"><!-- Generator: GNU source-highlight 2.9
by Lorenzo Bettini
@@ -713,9 +717,14 @@ <h3 id="_the_tt_on_tt_option">4.3. The <tt>:on</tt> option</h3>
http://www.lorenzobettini.it
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> Person <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
- validates_uniqueness_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>email<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>on <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>create <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; it will be possible to update email with a duplicated value</span></span>
- validates_numericallity_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>age<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>on <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>update <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; it will be possible to create the record with a 'non-numerical age'</span></span>
- validates_presence_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>on <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>save <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; that's the default</span></span>
+ <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; it will be possible to update email with a duplicated value</span></span>
+ validates_uniqueness_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>email<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>on <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>create
+
+ <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; it will be possible to create the record with a 'non-numerical age'</span></span>
+ validates_numericality_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>age<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>on <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>update
+
+ <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; the default</span></span>
+ validates_presence_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>on <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>save
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
</div>
@@ -756,7 +765,8 @@ <h3 id="_using_a_proc_object_with_the_tt_if_tt_and_tt_unless_tt_options">5.3. Us
http://www.lorenzobettini.it
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> Account <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
- validates_confirmation_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>password<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">unless</span></span> <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> Proc<span style="color: #990000">.</span>new <span style="color: #FF0000">{</span> <span style="color: #990000">|</span>a<span style="color: #990000">|</span> a<span style="color: #990000">.</span>password<span style="color: #990000">.</span>blank? <span style="color: #FF0000">}</span>
+ validates_confirmation_of <span style="color: #990000">:</span>password<span style="color: #990000">,</span>
+ <span style="color: #990000">:</span><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">unless</span></span> <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> Proc<span style="color: #990000">.</span>new <span style="color: #FF0000">{</span> <span style="color: #990000">|</span>a<span style="color: #990000">|</span> a<span style="color: #990000">.</span>password<span style="color: #990000">.</span>blank? <span style="color: #FF0000">}</span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
</div>
@@ -770,7 +780,8 @@ <h2 id="_writing_your_own_validation_methods">6. Writing your own validation met
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> Invoice <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">def</span></span> validate_on_create
- errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>add<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>expiration_date<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"can't be in the past"</span><span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">if</span></span> <span style="color: #990000">!</span>expiration_date<span style="color: #990000">.</span>blank? <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">and</span></span> expiration_date <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> Date<span style="color: #990000">.</span>today
+ errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>add<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>expiration_date<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"can't be in the past"</span><span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">if</span></span>
+ <span style="color: #990000">!</span>expiration_date<span style="color: #990000">.</span>blank? <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">and</span></span> expiration_date <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> Date<span style="color: #990000">.</span>today
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
@@ -781,14 +792,17 @@ <h2 id="_writing_your_own_validation_methods">6. Writing your own validation met
http://www.lorenzobettini.it
http://www.gnu.org/software/src-highlite -->
<pre><tt><span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">class</span></span> Invoice <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> ActiveRecord<span style="color: #990000">::</span>Base
- validate <span style="color: #990000">:</span>expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #990000">:</span>discount_cannot_be_more_than_total_value
+ validate <span style="color: #990000">:</span>expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past<span style="color: #990000">,</span>
+ <span style="color: #990000">:</span>discount_cannot_be_more_than_total_value
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">def</span></span> expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past
- errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>add<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>expiration_date<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"can't be in the past"</span><span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">if</span></span> <span style="color: #990000">!</span>expiration_date<span style="color: #990000">.</span>blank? <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">and</span></span> expiration_date <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> Date<span style="color: #990000">.</span>today
+ errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>add<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>expiration_date<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"can't be in the past"</span><span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">if</span></span>
+ <span style="color: #990000">!</span>expiration_date<span style="color: #990000">.</span>blank? <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">and</span></span> expiration_date <span style="color: #990000">&lt;</span> Date<span style="color: #990000">.</span>today
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">def</span></span> discount_cannot_be_greater_than_total_value
- errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>add<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>discount<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"can't be greater than total value"</span><span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">unless</span></span> discount <span style="color: #990000">&lt;=</span> total_value
+ errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>add<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>discount<span style="color: #990000">,</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"can't be greater than total value"</span><span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">unless</span></span>
+ discount <span style="color: #990000">&lt;=</span> total_value
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
<span style="font-weight: bold"><span style="color: #0000FF">end</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
@@ -874,11 +888,13 @@ <h2 id="_using_the_tt_errors_tt_collection">7. Using the <tt>errors</tt> collect
person <span style="color: #990000">=</span> Person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>new<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>name <span style="color: #990000">=&gt;</span> <span style="color: #FF0000">"JD"</span><span style="color: #990000">)</span>
person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>valid? <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; false</span></span>
-person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>on<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"</span></span>
+person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>on<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">)</span>
+<span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"</span></span>
person <span style="color: #990000">=</span> Person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>new
person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>valid? <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; false</span></span>
-person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>on<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; ["can't be blank", "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"]</span></span>
+person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>on<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">)</span>
+<span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; ["can't be blank", "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"]</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
<div class="ilist"><ul>
<li>
@@ -899,7 +915,9 @@ <h2 id="_using_the_tt_errors_tt_collection">7. Using the <tt>errors</tt> collect
person <span style="color: #990000">=</span> Person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>new
puts person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>valid? <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; false</span></span>
-person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>on<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">)</span> <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; ["can't be blank", "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"]</span></span>
+person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>on<span style="color: #990000">(:</span>name<span style="color: #990000">)</span>
+<span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; ["can't be blank", "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"]</span></span>
+
person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>errors<span style="color: #990000">.</span>clear
person<span style="color: #990000">.</span>errors <span style="font-style: italic"><span style="color: #9A1900"># =&gt; nil</span></span>
</tt></pre></div></div>
@@ -910,7 +928,7 @@ <h2 id="_callbacks">8. Callbacks</h2>
<h3 id="_callbacks_registration">8.1. Callbacks registration</h3>
<div class="para"><p>In order to use the available callbacks, you need to registrate them. There are two ways of doing that.</p></div>
<h3 id="_registering_callbacks_by_overriding_the_callback_methods">8.2. Registering callbacks by overriding the callback methods</h3>
-<div class="para"><p>You can specify the callback method direcly, by overriding it. Let's see how it works using the <tt>before_validation</tt> callback, which will surprisingly run right before any validation is done.</p></div>
+<div class="para"><p>You can specify the callback method directly, by overriding it. Let's see how it works using the <tt>before_validation</tt> callback, which will surprisingly run right before any validation is done.</p></div>
<div class="listingblock">
<div class="content"><!-- Generator: GNU source-highlight 2.9
by Lorenzo Bettini
View
48 railties/doc/guides/source/activerecord_validations_callbacks.txt
@@ -155,7 +155,8 @@ This helper validates that the attributes' values are not included in a given se
[source, ruby]
------------------------------------------------------------------
class MovieFile < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates_exclusion_of :format, :in => %w(mov avi), :message => "Extension %s is not allowed"
+ validates_exclusion_of :format, :in => %w(mov avi),
+ :message => "Extension %s is not allowed"
end
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -170,7 +171,8 @@ This helper validates the attributes's values by testing if they match a given p
[source, ruby]
------------------------------------------------------------------
class Product < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates_format_of :description, :with => /^[a-zA-Z]+$/, :message => "Only letters allowed"
+ validates_format_of :description, :with => /^[a-zA-Z]+$/,
+ :message => "Only letters allowed"
end
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -183,7 +185,8 @@ This helper validates that the attributes' values are included in a given set. I
[source, ruby]
------------------------------------------------------------------
class Coffee < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates_inclusion_of :size, :in => %w(small medium large), :message => "%s is not a valid size"
+ validates_inclusion_of :size, :in => %w(small medium large),
+ :message => "%s is not a valid size"
end
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -282,7 +285,8 @@ There is a +:scope+ option that you can use to specify other attributes that mus
[source, ruby]
------------------------------------------------------------------
class Holiday < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates_uniqueness_of :name, :scope => :year, :message => "Should happen once per year"
+ validates_uniqueness_of :name, :scope => :year,
+ :message => "Should happen once per year"
end
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -324,9 +328,14 @@ As stated before, the +:on+ option lets you specify when the validation should h
[source, ruby]
------------------------------------------------------------------
class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates_uniqueness_of :email, :on => :create # => it will be possible to update email with a duplicated value
- validates_numericality_of :age, :on => :update # => it will be possible to create the record with a 'non-numerical age'
- validates_presence_of :name, :on => :save # => that's the default
+ # => it will be possible to update email with a duplicated value
+ validates_uniqueness_of :email, :on => :create
+
+ # => it will be possible to create the record with a 'non-numerical age'
+ validates_numericality_of :age, :on => :update
+
+ # => the default
+ validates_presence_of :name, :on => :save
end
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -367,7 +376,8 @@ Finally, it's possible to associate +:if+ and +:unless+ with a Ruby Proc object
[source, ruby]
------------------------------------------------------------------
class Account < ActiveRecord::Base
- validates_confirmation_of :password, :unless => Proc.new { |a| a.password.blank? }
+ validates_confirmation_of :password,
+ :unless => Proc.new { |a| a.password.blank? }
end
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -379,7 +389,8 @@ When the built-in validation helpers are not enough for your needs, you can writ
------------------------------------------------------------------
class Invoice < ActiveRecord::Base
def validate_on_create
- errors.add(:expiration_date, "can't be in the past") if !expiration_date.blank? and expiration_date < Date.today
+ errors.add(:expiration_date, "can't be in the past") if
+ !expiration_date.blank? and expiration_date < Date.today
end
end
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -389,14 +400,17 @@ If your validation rules are too complicated and you want to break them in small
[source, ruby]
------------------------------------------------------------------
class Invoice < ActiveRecord::Base
- validate :expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past, :discount_cannot_be_more_than_total_value
+ validate :expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past,
+ :discount_cannot_be_more_than_total_value
def expiration_date_cannot_be_in_the_past
- errors.add(:expiration_date, "can't be in the past") if !expiration_date.blank? and expiration_date < Date.today
+ errors.add(:expiration_date, "can't be in the past") if
+ !expiration_date.blank? and expiration_date < Date.today
end
def discount_cannot_be_greater_than_total_value
- errors.add(:discount, "can't be greater than total value") unless discount <= total_value
+ errors.add(:discount, "can't be greater than total value") unless
+ discount <= total_value
end
end
------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -454,11 +468,13 @@ person.errors.on(:name) # => nil
person = Person.new(:name => "JD")
person.valid? # => false
-person.errors.on(:name) # => "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"
+person.errors.on(:name)
+# => "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"
person = Person.new
person.valid? # => false
-person.errors.on(:name) # => ["can't be blank", "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"]
+person.errors.on(:name)
+# => ["can't be blank", "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"]
------------------------------------------------------------------
* +clear+ is used when you intentionally wants to clear all the messages in the +errors+ collection.
@@ -472,7 +488,9 @@ end
person = Person.new
puts person.valid? # => false
-person.errors.on(:name) # => ["can't be blank", "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"]
+person.errors.on(:name)
+# => ["can't be blank", "is too short (minimum is 3 characters)"]
+
person.errors.clear
person.errors # => nil
------------------------------------------------------------------
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