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Add "Configuring Middleware" section to config guide, starting with m…

…entioning what every bit of middleware does.
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1 parent 1679641 commit 3ee0f0379cc0ae3dd44a050e35d644f1ad7a920b @radar radar committed Nov 26, 2010
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  1. +25 −0 railties/guides/source/configuring.textile
@@ -67,6 +67,8 @@ h4. Rails General Configuration
* +config.log_path+ overrides the path to the log file to use. Defaults to +log/#{environment}.log+ (e.g. log/development.log or log/production.log).
+* +config.middleware+ allows you to configure the application's middleware. This is covered in depth in the "Configuring Middleware" section below.
* +config.logger+ accepts a logger conforming to the interface of Log4r or the default Ruby 1.8+ Logger class, which is then used to log information from Action Controller. Set to nil to disable logging.
* +config.plugins+ accepts the list of plugins to load. If this is set to nil, all plugins will be loaded. If this is set to [], no plugins will be loaded. Otherwise, plugins will be loaded in the order specified.
@@ -107,6 +109,29 @@ The full set of methods that can be used in this block are as follows:
* +test_framework+ defines which test framework to use. Defaults to _nil_, so will use Test::Unit by default.
* +template_engine+ defines which template engine to use, such as ERB or Haml. Defaults to +:erb+.
+h4. Configuring Middleware
+Every Rails application comes with a standard set of middleware which it uses in this order in the development environment:
+* +ActionDispatch::Static+ is used to serve static assets. Disabled if +config.serve_static_assets+ is _true_.
+* +Rack::Lock+ Will wrap the app in mutex so it can only be called by a single thread at a time. Only enabled if +config.action_controller.allow_concurrency+ is set to _false_, which it is by default.
+* +ActiveSupport::Cache::Strategy::LocalCache+ Serves as a basic memory backed cache. This cache is not thread safe and is intended only for serving as a temporary memory cache for a single thread.
+* +Rack::Runtime+ Sets an +X-Runtime+ header, containing the time (in seconds) taken to execute the request.
+* +Rails::Rack::Logger+ Will notify the logs that the request has began. After request is complete, flushes all the logs.
+* +ActionDispatch::ShowExceptions+ rescues any exception returned by the application and renders nice exception pages if the request is local or if +config.consider_all_requests_local+ is set to _true_. If +config.action_dispatch.show_exceptions+ is set to _false_, exceptions will be raised regardless.
+* +ActionDispatch::RemoteIp+ checks for IP spoofing attacks. Configurable with the +config.action_dispatch.ip_spoofing_check+ and +config.action_dispatch.trusted_proxies+ settings.
+* +Rack::Sendfile+ The Sendfile middleware intercepts responses whose body is being served from a file and replaces it with a server specific X-Sendfile header. Configurable with +config.action_dispatch_
+* +ActionDispatch::Callbacks+ Runs the prepare callbacks before serving the request.
+* +ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::ConnectionManagement+ cleans active connections after each request, unless the +rack.test+ key in the request environment is set to _true_.
+* +ActiveRecord::QueryCache+ caches all +SELECT+ queries generated in a request. If an +INSERT+ or +UPDATE+ takes place then the cache is cleaned.
+* +ActionDispatch::Cookies+ sets cookies for the request.
+* +ActionDispatch::Session::CookieStore+ is responsible for storing the session in cookies. An alternate middleware can be used for this by changing the +config.action_controller.session_store+ to an alternate value. Additionally, options passed to this can be configured by using +config.action_controller.session_options+.
+* +ActionDispatch::Flash+ sets up the +flash+ keys. Only available if +config.action_controller.session_store+ is set to a value.
+* +ActionDispatch::ParamsParser+ parses out parameters from the request into +params+
+* +Rack::MethodOverride+ allows the method to be overridden if +params[:_method]+ is set. This is the middleware which supports the PUT and DELETE HTTP method types.
+* +ActionDispatch::Head+ converts HEAD requests to GET requests and serves them as so.
+* +ActionDispatch::BestStandardsSupport+ enables "best standards support" so that IE8 renders some elements correctly.
h4. Configuring i18n

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