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Better support for `where()` conditions that use an association name.
Using the name of an association in `where` previously worked only if the value was a single `ActiveRecrd::Base` object. e.g. Post.where(author: Author.first) Any other values, including `nil`, would cause invalid SQL to be generated. This change supports arguments in the `where` query conditions where the key is a `belongs_to` association name and the value is `nil`, an `Array` of `ActiveRecord::Base` objects, or an `ActiveRecord::Relation` object. # Given the Post model class Post < ActiveRecord::Base belongs_to :author end # nil value finds records where the association is not set Post.where(author: nil) # SELECT "posts".* FROM "posts" WHERE "posts"."author_id" IS NULL # Array values find records where the association foreign key # matches the ids of the passed ActiveRecord models, resulting # in the same query as Post.where(author_id: [1,2]) authors_array = [Author.find(1), Author.find(2)] Post.where(author: authors_array) # ActiveRecord::Relation values find records using the same # query as Post.where(author_id: Author.where(last_name: "Emde")) Post.where(author: Author.where(last_name: "Emde")) Polymorphic `belongs_to` associations will continue to be handled appropriately, with the polymorphic `association_type` field added to the query to match the base class of the value. This feature previously only worked when the value was a single `ActveRecord::Base`. class Post < ActiveRecord::Base belongs_to :author, polymorphic: true end Post.where(author: Author.where(last_name: "Emde")) # Generates a query similar to: Post.where(author_id: Author.where(last_name: "Emde"), author_type: "Author")
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