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# -*- coding: binary -*-
require 'msf/core'
module Msf
###
#
# This class wrappers an encoded payload buffer and the means used to create
# one.
#
###
class EncodedPayload
include Framework::Offspring
#
# This method creates an encoded payload instance and returns it to the
# caller.
#
def self.create(pinst, reqs = {})
# Create the encoded payload instance
p = EncodedPayload.new(pinst.framework, pinst, reqs)
p.generate(reqs['Raw'])
return p
end
#
# Creates an instance of an EncodedPayload.
#
def initialize(framework, pinst, reqs)
self.framework = framework
self.pinst = pinst
self.reqs = reqs
self.space = reqs['Space']
end
#
# This method generates the full encoded payload and returns the encoded
# payload buffer.
#
# @return [String] The encoded payload.
def generate(raw = nil)
self.raw = raw
self.encoded = nil
self.nop_sled_size = 0
self.nop_sled = nil
self.encoder = nil
self.nop = nil
# Increase thread priority as necessary. This is done
# to ensure that the encoding and sled generation get
# enough time slices from the ruby thread scheduler.
priority = Thread.current.priority
if (priority == 0)
Thread.current.priority = 1
end
begin
# First, validate
pinst.validate()
# Tell the payload how much space is available
pinst.available_space = self.space
# Generate the raw version of the payload first
generate_raw() if self.raw.nil?
# If encoder is set, it could be an encoders list
# The form is "<encoder>:<iteration>, <encoder2>:<iteration>"...
if reqs['Encoder']
encoder_str = reqs['Encoder']
encoder_str.scan(/([^:, ]+):?([^,]+)?/).map do |encoder_opt|
reqs['Encoder'] = encoder_opt[0]
self.iterations = (encoder_opt[1] || reqs['Iterations']).to_i
self.iterations = 1 if self.iterations < 1
# Encode the payload with every encoders in the list
encode()
# Encoded payload is now the raw payload to be encoded by the next encoder
self.raw = self.encoded
end
else
self.iterations = reqs['Iterations'].to_i
self.iterations = 1 if self.iterations < 1
# No specified encoder, let BadChars or ForceEncode do their job
encode()
end
# Build the NOP sled
generate_sled()
# Finally, set the complete payload definition
self.encoded = (self.nop_sled || '') + self.encoded
ensure
# Restore the thread priority
Thread.current.priority = priority
end
# Return the complete payload
return encoded
end
#
# Generates the raw payload from the payload instance. This populates the
# {#raw} attribute.
#
# @return [String] The raw, unencoded payload.
def generate_raw
self.raw = (reqs['Prepend'] || '') + pinst.generate_complete + (reqs['Append'] || '')
# If an encapsulation routine was supplied, then we should call it so
# that we can get the real raw payload.
if reqs['EncapsulationRoutine']
self.raw = reqs['EncapsulationRoutine'].call(reqs, raw)
end
end
#
# Scans for a compatible encoder using ranked precedence and populates the
# encoded attribute.
#
def encode
# If the exploit has bad characters, we need to run the list of encoders
# in ranked precedence and try to encode without them.
if reqs['BadChars'].to_s.length > 0 or reqs['Encoder'] or reqs['ForceEncode']
encoders = pinst.compatible_encoders
# Make sure the encoder name from the user has the same String#encoding
# as the framework's list of encoder names so we can compare them later.
# This is important for when we get input from RPC.
if reqs['Encoder']
reqs['Encoder'] = reqs['Encoder'].encode(framework.encoders.keys[0].encoding)
end
# If the caller had a preferred encoder, use this encoder only
if ((reqs['Encoder']) and (preferred = framework.encoders[reqs['Encoder']]))
encoders = [ [reqs['Encoder'], preferred] ]
elsif (reqs['Encoder'])
wlog("#{pinst.refname}: Failed to find preferred encoder #{reqs['Encoder']}")
raise NoEncodersSucceededError, "Failed to find preferred encoder #{reqs['Encoder']}"
end
encoders.each { |encname, encmod|
self.encoder = encmod.new
self.encoded = nil
# If the encoding is requested by an exploit check compatibility
# options first of all. For the 'generic/none' encoder compatibility
# options don't apply.
if (reqs['Exploit'] &&
!reqs['Exploit'].compatible?(self.encoder) &&
encname !~ /generic\/none/)
wlog("#{pinst.refname}: Encoder #{encoder.refname} doesn't match the exploit Compat options",
'core', LEV_1)
next
end
# If there is an encoder type restriction, check to see if this
# encoder matches with what we're searching for.
if ((reqs['EncoderType']) and
(self.encoder.encoder_type.split(/\s+/).include?(reqs['EncoderType']) == false))
wlog("#{pinst.refname}: Encoder #{encoder.refname} is not a compatible encoder type: #{reqs['EncoderType']} != #{self.encoder.encoder_type}",
'core', LEV_1)
next
end
# If the exploit did not explicitly request a kind of encoder and
# the current encoder has a manual ranking, then it should not be
# considered as a valid encoder. A manual ranking tells the
# framework that an encoder must be explicitly defined as the
# encoder of choice for an exploit.
if ((reqs['EncoderType'].nil?) and
(reqs['Encoder'].nil?) and
(self.encoder.rank == ManualRanking))
wlog("#{pinst.refname}: Encoder #{encoder.refname} is manual ranked and was not defined as a preferred encoder.",
'core', LEV_1)
next
end
# If the caller explicitly requires register preservation, make sure
# that the module in question can handle it. This is mostly used by
# the stage encoder path.
if (reqs['ForceSaveRegisters'] and
reqs['EncoderOptions'] and
(reqs['EncoderOptions']['SaveRegisters'].to_s.length > 0) and
(! self.encoder.can_preserve_registers?))
wlog("#{pinst.refname}: Encoder #{encoder.refname} does not preserve registers and the caller needs #{reqs['EncoderOptions']['SaveRegisters']} preserved.",
'core', LEV_1)
next
end
# Import the datastore from payload (and likely exploit by proxy)
self.encoder.share_datastore(pinst.datastore)
# If we have any encoder options, import them into the datastore
# of the encoder.
if (reqs['EncoderOptions'])
self.encoder.datastore.import_options_from_hash(reqs['EncoderOptions'])
end
# Validate the encoder to make sure it's properly initialized.
begin
self.encoder.validate
rescue ::Exception
wlog("#{pinst.refname}: Failed to validate encoder #{encoder.refname}: #{$!}",
'core', LEV_1)
next
end
# Tell the encoder how much space is available
self.encoder.available_space = self.space
eout = self.raw.dup
next_encoder = false
# Try encoding with the current encoder
#
# NOTE: Using more than one iteration may cause successive iterations to switch
# to using a different encoder.
#
1.upto(self.iterations) do |iter|
err_start = "#{pinst.refname}: iteration #{iter}"
begin
eout = self.encoder.encode(eout, reqs['BadChars'], nil, pinst.platform)
rescue EncodingError
wlog("#{err_start}: Encoder #{encoder.refname} failed: #{$!}", 'core', LEV_1)
dlog("#{err_start}: Call stack\n#{$@.join("\n")}", 'core', LEV_3)
next_encoder = true
break
rescue ::Exception
elog("#{err_start}: Broken encoder #{encoder.refname}: #{$!}", 'core', LEV_0)
dlog("#{err_start}: Call stack\n#{$@.join("\n")}", 'core', LEV_1)
next_encoder = true
break
end
# Get the minimum number of nops to use
min = (reqs['MinNops'] || 0).to_i
min = 0 if reqs['DisableNops']
# Check to see if we have enough room for the minimum requirements
if ((reqs['Space']) and (reqs['Space'] < eout.length + min))
wlog("#{err_start}: Encoded payload version is too large (#{eout.length} bytes) with encoder #{encoder.refname}",
'core', LEV_1)
next_encoder = true
break
end
ilog("#{err_start}: Successfully encoded with encoder #{encoder.refname} (size is #{eout.length})",
'core', LEV_0)
end
next if next_encoder
self.encoded = eout
break
}
# If the encoded payload is nil, raise an exception saying that we
# suck at life.
if (self.encoded == nil)
self.encoder = nil
raise NoEncodersSucceededError,
"#{pinst.refname}: All encoders failed to encode.",
caller
end
# If there are no bad characters, then the raw is the same as the
# encoded
else
self.encoded = raw
end
# Prefix the prepend encoder value
self.encoded = (reqs['PrependEncoder'] || '') + self.encoded
self.encoded << (reqs['AppendEncoder'] || '')
end
#
# Construct a NOP sled if necessary
#
def generate_sled
min = reqs['MinNops'] || 0
space = reqs['Space']
self.nop_sled_size = min
# Calculate the number of NOPs to pad out the buffer with based on the
# requirements. If there was a space requirement, check to see if
# there's any room at all left for a sled.
if ((space) and
(space > encoded.length))
self.nop_sled_size = reqs['Space'] - self.encoded.length
end
# If the maximum number of NOPs has been exceeded, wrap it back down.
if ((reqs['MaxNops']) and
(reqs['MaxNops'] < self.nop_sled_size))
self.nop_sled_size = reqs['MaxNops']
end
# Check for the DisableNops setting
self.nop_sled_size = 0 if reqs['DisableNops']
# Now construct the actual sled
if (self.nop_sled_size > 0)
nops = pinst.compatible_nops
# If the caller had a preferred nop, try to find it and prefix it
if ((reqs['Nop']) and
(preferred = framework.nops[reqs['Nop']]))
nops.unshift([reqs['Nop'], preferred ])
elsif (reqs['Nop'])
wlog("#{pinst.refname}: Failed to find preferred nop #{reqs['Nop']}")
end
nops.each { |nopname, nopmod|
# Create an instance of the nop module
self.nop = nopmod.new
# Propagate options from the payload and possibly exploit
self.nop.share_datastore(pinst.datastore)
# The list of save registers
save_regs = (reqs['SaveRegisters'] || []) + (pinst.save_registers || [])
if (save_regs.empty? == true)
save_regs = nil
end
begin
nop.copy_ui(pinst)
self.nop_sled = nop.generate_sled(self.nop_sled_size,
'BadChars' => reqs['BadChars'],
'SaveRegisters' => save_regs)
rescue
dlog("#{pinst.refname}: Nop generator #{nop.refname} failed to generate sled for payload: #{$!}",
'core', LEV_1)
self.nop = nil
end
break
}
if (self.nop_sled == nil)
raise NoNopsSucceededError,
"#{pinst.refname}: All NOP generators failed to construct sled for.",
caller
end
else
self.nop_sled = ''
end
return self.nop_sled
end
#
# Convert the payload to an executable appropriate for its arch and
# platform.
#
# +opts+ are passed directly to +Msf::Util::EXE.to_executable+
#
# see +Msf::Exploit::EXE+
#
def encoded_exe(opts={})
# Ensure arch and platform are in the format that to_executable expects
if opts[:arch] and not opts[:arch].kind_of? Array
opts[:arch] = [ opts[:arch] ]
end
if (opts[:platform].kind_of? Msf::Module::PlatformList)
opts[:platform] = opts[:platform].platforms
end
emod = pinst.assoc_exploit if pinst.respond_to? :assoc_exploit
if emod
if (emod.datastore["EXE::Custom"] and emod.respond_to? :get_custom_exe)
return emod.get_custom_exe
end
# This is a little ghetto, grabbing datastore options from the
# associated exploit, but it doesn't really make sense for the
# payload to have exe options if the exploit doesn't need an exe.
# Msf::Util::EXE chooses reasonable defaults if these aren't given,
# so it's not that big of an issue.
opts.merge!({
:template_path => emod.datastore['EXE::Path'],
:template => emod.datastore['EXE::Template'],
:inject => emod.datastore['EXE::Inject'],
:fallback => emod.datastore['EXE::FallBack'],
:sub_method => emod.datastore['EXE::OldMethod']
})
# Prefer the target's platform/architecture information, but use
# the exploit module's if no target specific information exists.
opts[:platform] ||= emod.target_platform if emod.respond_to? :target_platform
opts[:platform] ||= emod.platform if emod.respond_to? :platform
opts[:arch] ||= emod.target_arch if emod.respond_to? :target_arch
opts[:arch] ||= emod.arch if emod.respond_to? :arch
end
# Lastly, try the payload's. This always happens if we don't have an
# associated exploit module.
opts[:platform] ||= pinst.platform if pinst.respond_to? :platform
opts[:arch] ||= pinst.arch if pinst.respond_to? :arch
Msf::Util::EXE.to_executable(framework, opts[:arch], opts[:platform], encoded, opts)
end
#
# Generate a jar file containing the encoded payload.
#
# Uses the payload's +generate_jar+ method if it is implemented (Java
# payloads should all have it). Otherwise, converts the payload to an
# executable and uses Msf::Util::EXE.to_jar to create a jar file that dumps
# the exe out to a random file name in the system's temporary directory and
# executes it.
#
def encoded_jar(opts={})
return pinst.generate_jar(opts) if pinst.respond_to? :generate_jar
opts[:spawn] ||= pinst.datastore["Spawn"]
Msf::Util::EXE.to_jar(encoded_exe(opts), opts)
end
#
# Similar to +encoded_jar+ but builds a web archive for use in servlet
# containers such as Tomcat.
#
def encoded_war(opts={})
return pinst.generate_war(opts) if pinst.respond_to? :generate_war
Msf::Util::EXE.to_jsp_war(encoded_exe(opts), opts)
end
#
# An array containing the architecture(s) that this payload was made to run on
#
def arch
if pinst
pinst.arch
end
end
#
# The raw version of the payload
#
attr_reader :raw
#
# The encoded version of the raw payload plus the NOP sled
# if one was generated.
#
attr_reader :encoded
#
# The size of the NOP sled
#
attr_reader :nop_sled_size
#
# The NOP sled itself
#
attr_reader :nop_sled
#
# The encoder that was used
#
attr_reader :encoder
#
# The NOP generator that was used
#
attr_reader :nop
#
# The number of encoding iterations used
#
attr_reader :iterations
#
# The maximum number of bytes acceptable for the encoded payload
#
attr_reader :space
protected
attr_writer :raw # :nodoc:
attr_writer :encoded # :nodoc:
attr_writer :nop_sled_size # :nodoc:
attr_writer :nop_sled # :nodoc:
attr_writer :payload # :nodoc:
attr_writer :encoder # :nodoc:
attr_writer :nop # :nodoc:
attr_writer :iterations # :nodoc:
attr_writer :space # :nodoc
#
# The payload instance used to generate the payload
#
attr_accessor :pinst
#
# The requirements used for generation
#
attr_accessor :reqs
end
end
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