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621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
1 /*
2 * Sleepable Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion.
3 *
4 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
5 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
6 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
7 * (at your option) any later version.
8 *
9 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
10 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
11 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
12 * GNU General Public License for more details.
13 *
14 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
15 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
16 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
17 *
18 * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2006
19 *
20 * Author: Paul McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com>
21 *
22 * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see -
23 * Documentation/RCU/ *.txt
24 *
25 */
26
9984de1 @paulgortmaker kernel: Map most files to use export.h instead of module.h
paulgortmaker authored May 23, 2011
27 #include <linux/export.h>
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
28 #include <linux/mutex.h>
29 #include <linux/percpu.h>
30 #include <linux/preempt.h>
31 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
32 #include <linux/sched.h>
33 #include <linux/smp.h>
46fdb09 @paulmck rcu: Make synchronize_srcu_expedited() fast if running readers
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2010
34 #include <linux/delay.h>
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
35 #include <linux/srcu.h>
36
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 22, 2010
37 static int init_srcu_struct_fields(struct srcu_struct *sp)
38 {
39 sp->completed = 0;
40 mutex_init(&sp->mutex);
41 sp->per_cpu_ref = alloc_percpu(struct srcu_struct_array);
42 return sp->per_cpu_ref ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
43 }
44
45 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
46
47 int __init_srcu_struct(struct srcu_struct *sp, const char *name,
48 struct lock_class_key *key)
49 {
50 /* Don't re-initialize a lock while it is held. */
51 debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)sp, sizeof(*sp));
52 lockdep_init_map(&sp->dep_map, name, key, 0);
53 return init_srcu_struct_fields(sp);
54 }
55 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__init_srcu_struct);
56
57 #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
58
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
59 /**
60 * init_srcu_struct - initialize a sleep-RCU structure
61 * @sp: structure to initialize.
62 *
63 * Must invoke this on a given srcu_struct before passing that srcu_struct
64 * to any other function. Each srcu_struct represents a separate domain
65 * of SRCU protection.
66 */
e6a9201 [PATCH] SRCU: report out-of-memory errors
Alan Stern authored Oct 4, 2006
67 int init_srcu_struct(struct srcu_struct *sp)
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
68 {
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 23, 2010
69 return init_srcu_struct_fields(sp);
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
70 }
0cd397d @paulmck rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited()
paulmck authored Oct 25, 2009
71 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_srcu_struct);
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
72
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 23, 2010
73 #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
74
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
75 /*
76 * srcu_readers_active_idx -- returns approximate number of readers
77 * active on the specified rank of per-CPU counters.
78 */
79
80 static int srcu_readers_active_idx(struct srcu_struct *sp, int idx)
81 {
82 int cpu;
83 int sum;
84
85 sum = 0;
86 for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
87 sum += per_cpu_ptr(sp->per_cpu_ref, cpu)->c[idx];
88 return sum;
89 }
90
91 /**
92 * srcu_readers_active - returns approximate number of readers.
93 * @sp: which srcu_struct to count active readers (holding srcu_read_lock).
94 *
95 * Note that this is not an atomic primitive, and can therefore suffer
96 * severe errors when invoked on an active srcu_struct. That said, it
97 * can be useful as an error check at cleanup time.
98 */
bb69517 make srcu_readers_active() static
Adrian Bunk authored Feb 6, 2008
99 static int srcu_readers_active(struct srcu_struct *sp)
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
100 {
101 return srcu_readers_active_idx(sp, 0) + srcu_readers_active_idx(sp, 1);
102 }
103
104 /**
105 * cleanup_srcu_struct - deconstruct a sleep-RCU structure
106 * @sp: structure to clean up.
107 *
108 * Must invoke this after you are finished using a given srcu_struct that
109 * was initialized via init_srcu_struct(), else you leak memory.
110 */
111 void cleanup_srcu_struct(struct srcu_struct *sp)
112 {
113 int sum;
114
115 sum = srcu_readers_active(sp);
116 WARN_ON(sum); /* Leakage unless caller handles error. */
117 if (sum != 0)
118 return;
119 free_percpu(sp->per_cpu_ref);
120 sp->per_cpu_ref = NULL;
121 }
0cd397d @paulmck rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited()
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2009
122 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cleanup_srcu_struct);
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
123
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 23, 2010
124 /*
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
125 * Counts the new reader in the appropriate per-CPU element of the
126 * srcu_struct. Must be called from process context.
127 * Returns an index that must be passed to the matching srcu_read_unlock().
128 */
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 23, 2010
129 int __srcu_read_lock(struct srcu_struct *sp)
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
130 {
131 int idx;
132
133 preempt_disable();
134 idx = sp->completed & 0x1;
135 barrier(); /* ensure compiler looks -once- at sp->completed. */
136 per_cpu_ptr(sp->per_cpu_ref, smp_processor_id())->c[idx]++;
137 srcu_barrier(); /* ensure compiler won't misorder critical section. */
138 preempt_enable();
139 return idx;
140 }
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 23, 2010
141 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__srcu_read_lock);
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
142
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 23, 2010
143 /*
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
144 * Removes the count for the old reader from the appropriate per-CPU
145 * element of the srcu_struct. Note that this may well be a different
146 * CPU than that which was incremented by the corresponding srcu_read_lock().
147 * Must be called from process context.
148 */
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 23, 2010
149 void __srcu_read_unlock(struct srcu_struct *sp, int idx)
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
150 {
151 preempt_disable();
152 srcu_barrier(); /* ensure compiler won't misorder critical section. */
153 per_cpu_ptr(sp->per_cpu_ref, smp_processor_id())->c[idx]--;
154 preempt_enable();
155 }
632ee20 @paulmck rcu: Introduce lockdep-based checking to RCU read-side primitives
paulmck authored Feb 23, 2010
156 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__srcu_read_unlock);
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
157
0cd397d @paulmck rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited()
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2009
158 /*
c072a38 @paulmck rcu: demote SRCU_SYNCHRONIZE_DELAY from kernel-parameter status
paulmck authored Jan 7, 2011
159 * We use an adaptive strategy for synchronize_srcu() and especially for
160 * synchronize_srcu_expedited(). We spin for a fixed time period
161 * (defined below) to allow SRCU readers to exit their read-side critical
162 * sections. If there are still some readers after 10 microseconds,
163 * we repeatedly block for 1-millisecond time periods. This approach
164 * has done well in testing, so there is no need for a config parameter.
165 */
166 #define SYNCHRONIZE_SRCU_READER_DELAY 10
167
168 /*
0cd397d @paulmck rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited()
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2009
169 * Helper function for synchronize_srcu() and synchronize_srcu_expedited().
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
170 */
017c426 @paulmck rcu: Fix sparse warnings
paulmck authored Jan 14, 2010
171 static void __synchronize_srcu(struct srcu_struct *sp, void (*sync_func)(void))
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
172 {
173 int idx;
174
175 idx = sp->completed;
176 mutex_lock(&sp->mutex);
177
178 /*
179 * Check to see if someone else did the work for us while we were
180 * waiting to acquire the lock. We need -two- advances of
181 * the counter, not just one. If there was but one, we might have
182 * shown up -after- our helper's first synchronize_sched(), thus
183 * having failed to prevent CPU-reordering races with concurrent
184 * srcu_read_unlock()s on other CPUs (see comment below). So we
185 * either (1) wait for two or (2) supply the second ourselves.
186 */
187
188 if ((sp->completed - idx) >= 2) {
189 mutex_unlock(&sp->mutex);
190 return;
191 }
192
0cd397d @paulmck rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited()
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2009
193 sync_func(); /* Force memory barrier on all CPUs. */
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
194
195 /*
196 * The preceding synchronize_sched() ensures that any CPU that
197 * sees the new value of sp->completed will also see any preceding
198 * changes to data structures made by this CPU. This prevents
199 * some other CPU from reordering the accesses in its SRCU
200 * read-side critical section to precede the corresponding
201 * srcu_read_lock() -- ensuring that such references will in
202 * fact be protected.
203 *
204 * So it is now safe to do the flip.
205 */
206
207 idx = sp->completed & 0x1;
208 sp->completed++;
209
0cd397d @paulmck rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited()
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2009
210 sync_func(); /* Force memory barrier on all CPUs. */
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
211
212 /*
213 * At this point, because of the preceding synchronize_sched(),
214 * all srcu_read_lock() calls using the old counters have completed.
215 * Their corresponding critical sections might well be still
216 * executing, but the srcu_read_lock() primitives themselves
46fdb09 @paulmck rcu: Make synchronize_srcu_expedited() fast if running readers
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2010
217 * will have finished executing. We initially give readers
218 * an arbitrarily chosen 10 microseconds to get out of their
219 * SRCU read-side critical sections, then loop waiting 1/HZ
c072a38 @paulmck rcu: demote SRCU_SYNCHRONIZE_DELAY from kernel-parameter status
paulmck authored Jan 7, 2011
220 * seconds per iteration. The 10-microsecond value has done
221 * very well in testing.
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
222 */
223
46fdb09 @paulmck rcu: Make synchronize_srcu_expedited() fast if running readers
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2010
224 if (srcu_readers_active_idx(sp, idx))
c072a38 @paulmck rcu: demote SRCU_SYNCHRONIZE_DELAY from kernel-parameter status
paulmck authored Jan 7, 2011
225 udelay(SYNCHRONIZE_SRCU_READER_DELAY);
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
226 while (srcu_readers_active_idx(sp, idx))
227 schedule_timeout_interruptible(1);
228
0cd397d @paulmck rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited()
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2009
229 sync_func(); /* Force memory barrier on all CPUs. */
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
230
231 /*
232 * The preceding synchronize_sched() forces all srcu_read_unlock()
233 * primitives that were executing concurrently with the preceding
234 * for_each_possible_cpu() loop to have completed by this point.
235 * More importantly, it also forces the corresponding SRCU read-side
236 * critical sections to have also completed, and the corresponding
237 * references to SRCU-protected data items to be dropped.
238 *
239 * Note:
240 *
241 * Despite what you might think at first glance, the
242 * preceding synchronize_sched() -must- be within the
243 * critical section ended by the following mutex_unlock().
244 * Otherwise, a task taking the early exit can race
245 * with a srcu_read_unlock(), which might have executed
246 * just before the preceding srcu_readers_active() check,
247 * and whose CPU might have reordered the srcu_read_unlock()
248 * with the preceding critical section. In this case, there
249 * is nothing preventing the synchronize_sched() task that is
250 * taking the early exit from freeing a data structure that
251 * is still being referenced (out of order) by the task
252 * doing the srcu_read_unlock().
253 *
254 * Alternatively, the comparison with "2" on the early exit
255 * could be changed to "3", but this increases synchronize_srcu()
256 * latency for bulk loads. So the current code is preferred.
257 */
258
259 mutex_unlock(&sp->mutex);
260 }
261
262 /**
0cd397d @paulmck rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited()
paulmck authored Oct 26, 2009
263 * synchronize_srcu - wait for prior SRCU read-side critical-section completion
264 * @sp: srcu_struct with which to synchronize.
265 *
266 * Flip the completed counter, and wait for the old count to drain to zero.
267 * As with classic RCU, the updater must use some separate means of
268 * synchronizing concurrent updates. Can block; must be called from
269 * process context.
270 *
271 * Note that it is illegal to call synchronize_srcu() from the corresponding
272 * SRCU read-side critical section; doing so will result in deadlock.
273 * However, it is perfectly legal to call synchronize_srcu() on one
274 * srcu_struct from some other srcu_struct's read-side critical section.
275 */
276 void synchronize_srcu(struct srcu_struct *sp)
277 {
278 __synchronize_srcu(sp, synchronize_sched);
279 }
280 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_srcu);
281
282 /**
283 * synchronize_srcu_expedited - like synchronize_srcu, but less patient
284 * @sp: srcu_struct with which to synchronize.
285 *
286 * Flip the completed counter, and wait for the old count to drain to zero.
287 * As with classic RCU, the updater must use some separate means of
288 * synchronizing concurrent updates. Can block; must be called from
289 * process context.
290 *
291 * Note that it is illegal to call synchronize_srcu_expedited()
292 * from the corresponding SRCU read-side critical section; doing so
293 * will result in deadlock. However, it is perfectly legal to call
294 * synchronize_srcu_expedited() on one srcu_struct from some other
295 * srcu_struct's read-side critical section.
296 */
297 void synchronize_srcu_expedited(struct srcu_struct *sp)
298 {
299 __synchronize_srcu(sp, synchronize_sched_expedited);
300 }
301 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_srcu_expedited);
302
303 /**
621934e [PATCH] srcu-3: RCU variant permitting read-side blocking
Paul E. McKenney authored Oct 4, 2006
304 * srcu_batches_completed - return batches completed.
305 * @sp: srcu_struct on which to report batch completion.
306 *
307 * Report the number of batches, correlated with, but not necessarily
308 * precisely the same as, the number of grace periods that have elapsed.
309 */
310
311 long srcu_batches_completed(struct srcu_struct *sp)
312 {
313 return sp->completed;
314 }
315 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(srcu_batches_completed);
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