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/*
* Deadline i/o scheduler.
*
* Copyright (C) 2002 Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/elevator.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
/*
* See Documentation/block/deadline-iosched.txt
*/
static const int read_expire = HZ / 2; /* max time before a read is submitted. */
static const int write_expire = 5 * HZ; /* ditto for writes, these limits are SOFT! */
static const int writes_starved = 2; /* max times reads can starve a write */
static const int fifo_batch = 16; /* # of sequential requests treated as one
by the above parameters. For throughput. */
struct deadline_data {
/*
* run time data
*/
/*
* requests (deadline_rq s) are present on both sort_list and fifo_list
*/
struct rb_root sort_list[2];
struct list_head fifo_list[2];
/*
* next in sort order. read, write or both are NULL
*/
struct request *next_rq[2];
unsigned int batching; /* number of sequential requests made */
sector_t last_sector; /* head position */
unsigned int starved; /* times reads have starved writes */
/*
* settings that change how the i/o scheduler behaves
*/
int fifo_expire[2];
int fifo_batch;
int writes_starved;
int front_merges;
};
static void deadline_move_request(struct deadline_data *, struct request *);
static inline struct rb_root *
deadline_rb_root(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
return &dd->sort_list[rq_data_dir(rq)];
}
/*
* get the request after `rq' in sector-sorted order
*/
static inline struct request *
deadline_latter_request(struct request *rq)
{
struct rb_node *node = rb_next(&rq->rb_node);
if (node)
return rb_entry_rq(node);
return NULL;
}
static void
deadline_add_rq_rb(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
struct rb_root *root = deadline_rb_root(dd, rq);
elv_rb_add(root, rq);
}
static inline void
deadline_del_rq_rb(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);
if (dd->next_rq[data_dir] == rq)
dd->next_rq[data_dir] = deadline_latter_request(rq);
elv_rb_del(deadline_rb_root(dd, rq), rq);
}
/*
* add rq to rbtree and fifo
*/
static void
deadline_add_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
{
struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);
deadline_add_rq_rb(dd, rq);
/*
* set expire time and add to fifo list
*/
rq_set_fifo_time(rq, jiffies + dd->fifo_expire[data_dir]);
list_add_tail(&rq->queuelist, &dd->fifo_list[data_dir]);
}
/*
* remove rq from rbtree and fifo.
*/
static void deadline_remove_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
{
struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
rq_fifo_clear(rq);
deadline_del_rq_rb(dd, rq);
}
static int
deadline_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request **req, struct bio *bio)
{
struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
struct request *__rq;
int ret;
/*
* check for front merge
*/
if (dd->front_merges) {
sector_t sector = bio->bi_sector + bio_sectors(bio);
__rq = elv_rb_find(&dd->sort_list[bio_data_dir(bio)], sector);
if (__rq) {
BUG_ON(sector != blk_rq_pos(__rq));
if (elv_rq_merge_ok(__rq, bio)) {
ret = ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE;
goto out;
}
}
}
return ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
out:
*req = __rq;
return ret;
}
static void deadline_merged_request(struct request_queue *q,
struct request *req, int type)
{
struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
/*
* if the merge was a front merge, we need to reposition request
*/
if (type == ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE) {
elv_rb_del(deadline_rb_root(dd, req), req);
deadline_add_rq_rb(dd, req);
}
}
static void
deadline_merged_requests(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
struct request *next)
{
/*
* if next expires before rq, assign its expire time to rq
* and move into next position (next will be deleted) in fifo
*/
if (!list_empty(&req->queuelist) && !list_empty(&next->queuelist)) {
if (time_before(rq_fifo_time(next), rq_fifo_time(req))) {
list_move(&req->queuelist, &next->queuelist);
rq_set_fifo_time(req, rq_fifo_time(next));
}
}
/*
* kill knowledge of next, this one is a goner
*/
deadline_remove_request(q, next);
}
/*
* move request from sort list to dispatch queue.
*/
static inline void
deadline_move_to_dispatch(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
struct request_queue *q = rq->q;
deadline_remove_request(q, rq);
elv_dispatch_add_tail(q, rq);
}
/*
* move an entry to dispatch queue
*/
static void
deadline_move_request(struct deadline_data *dd, struct request *rq)
{
const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);
dd->next_rq[READ] = NULL;
dd->next_rq[WRITE] = NULL;
dd->next_rq[data_dir] = deadline_latter_request(rq);
dd->last_sector = rq_end_sector(rq);
/*
* take it off the sort and fifo list, move
* to dispatch queue
*/
deadline_move_to_dispatch(dd, rq);
}
/*
* deadline_check_fifo returns 0 if there are no expired requests on the fifo,
* 1 otherwise. Requires !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[data_dir])
*/
static inline int deadline_check_fifo(struct deadline_data *dd, int ddir)
{
struct request *rq = rq_entry_fifo(dd->fifo_list[ddir].next);
/*
* rq is expired!
*/
if (time_after(jiffies, rq_fifo_time(rq)))
return 1;
return 0;
}
/*
* deadline_dispatch_requests selects the best request according to
* read/write expire, fifo_batch, etc
*/
static int deadline_dispatch_requests(struct request_queue *q, int force)
{
struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
const int reads = !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[READ]);
const int writes = !list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]);
struct request *rq;
int data_dir;
/*
* batches are currently reads XOR writes
*/
if (dd->next_rq[WRITE])
rq = dd->next_rq[WRITE];
else
rq = dd->next_rq[READ];
if (rq && dd->batching < dd->fifo_batch)
/* we have a next request are still entitled to batch */
goto dispatch_request;
/*
* at this point we are not running a batch. select the appropriate
* data direction (read / write)
*/
if (reads) {
BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&dd->sort_list[READ]));
if (writes && (dd->starved++ >= dd->writes_starved))
goto dispatch_writes;
data_dir = READ;
goto dispatch_find_request;
}
/*
* there are either no reads or writes have been starved
*/
if (writes) {
dispatch_writes:
BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&dd->sort_list[WRITE]));
dd->starved = 0;
data_dir = WRITE;
goto dispatch_find_request;
}
return 0;
dispatch_find_request:
/*
* we are not running a batch, find best request for selected data_dir
*/
if (deadline_check_fifo(dd, data_dir) || !dd->next_rq[data_dir]) {
/*
* A deadline has expired, the last request was in the other
* direction, or we have run out of higher-sectored requests.
* Start again from the request with the earliest expiry time.
*/
rq = rq_entry_fifo(dd->fifo_list[data_dir].next);
} else {
/*
* The last req was the same dir and we have a next request in
* sort order. No expired requests so continue on from here.
*/
rq = dd->next_rq[data_dir];
}
dd->batching = 0;
dispatch_request:
/*
* rq is the selected appropriate request.
*/
dd->batching++;
deadline_move_request(dd, rq);
return 1;
}
static void deadline_exit_queue(struct elevator_queue *e)
{
struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data;
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[READ]));
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]));
kfree(dd);
}
/*
* initialize elevator private data (deadline_data).
*/
static void *deadline_init_queue(struct request_queue *q)
{
struct deadline_data *dd;
dd = kmalloc_node(sizeof(*dd), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, q->node);
if (!dd)
return NULL;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dd->fifo_list[READ]);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dd->fifo_list[WRITE]);
dd->sort_list[READ] = RB_ROOT;
dd->sort_list[WRITE] = RB_ROOT;
dd->fifo_expire[READ] = read_expire;
dd->fifo_expire[WRITE] = write_expire;
dd->writes_starved = writes_starved;
dd->front_merges = 1;
dd->fifo_batch = fifo_batch;
return dd;
}
/*
* sysfs parts below
*/
static ssize_t
deadline_var_show(int var, char *page)
{
return sprintf(page, "%d\n", var);
}
static ssize_t
deadline_var_store(int *var, const char *page, size_t count)
{
char *p = (char *) page;
*var = simple_strtol(p, &p, 10);
return count;
}
#define SHOW_FUNCTION(__FUNC, __VAR, __CONV) \
static ssize_t __FUNC(struct elevator_queue *e, char *page) \
{ \
struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data; \
int __data = __VAR; \
if (__CONV) \
__data = jiffies_to_msecs(__data); \
return deadline_var_show(__data, (page)); \
}
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_read_expire_show, dd->fifo_expire[READ], 1);
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_write_expire_show, dd->fifo_expire[WRITE], 1);
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_writes_starved_show, dd->writes_starved, 0);
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_front_merges_show, dd->front_merges, 0);
SHOW_FUNCTION(deadline_fifo_batch_show, dd->fifo_batch, 0);
#undef SHOW_FUNCTION
#define STORE_FUNCTION(__FUNC, __PTR, MIN, MAX, __CONV) \
static ssize_t __FUNC(struct elevator_queue *e, const char *page, size_t count) \
{ \
struct deadline_data *dd = e->elevator_data; \
int __data; \
int ret = deadline_var_store(&__data, (page), count); \
if (__data < (MIN)) \
__data = (MIN); \
else if (__data > (MAX)) \
__data = (MAX); \
if (__CONV) \
*(__PTR) = msecs_to_jiffies(__data); \
else \
*(__PTR) = __data; \
return ret; \
}
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_read_expire_store, &dd->fifo_expire[READ], 0, INT_MAX, 1);
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_write_expire_store, &dd->fifo_expire[WRITE], 0, INT_MAX, 1);
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_writes_starved_store, &dd->writes_starved, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, 0);
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_front_merges_store, &dd->front_merges, 0, 1, 0);
STORE_FUNCTION(deadline_fifo_batch_store, &dd->fifo_batch, 0, INT_MAX, 0);
#undef STORE_FUNCTION
#define DD_ATTR(name) \
__ATTR(name, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, deadline_##name##_show, \
deadline_##name##_store)
static struct elv_fs_entry deadline_attrs[] = {
DD_ATTR(read_expire),
DD_ATTR(write_expire),
DD_ATTR(writes_starved),
DD_ATTR(front_merges),
DD_ATTR(fifo_batch),
__ATTR_NULL
};
static struct elevator_type iosched_deadline = {
.ops = {
.elevator_merge_fn = deadline_merge,
.elevator_merged_fn = deadline_merged_request,
.elevator_merge_req_fn = deadline_merged_requests,
.elevator_dispatch_fn = deadline_dispatch_requests,
.elevator_add_req_fn = deadline_add_request,
.elevator_former_req_fn = elv_rb_former_request,
.elevator_latter_req_fn = elv_rb_latter_request,
.elevator_init_fn = deadline_init_queue,
.elevator_exit_fn = deadline_exit_queue,
},
.elevator_attrs = deadline_attrs,
.elevator_name = "deadline",
.elevator_owner = THIS_MODULE,
};
static int __init deadline_init(void)
{
elv_register(&iosched_deadline);
return 0;
}
static void __exit deadline_exit(void)
{
elv_unregister(&iosched_deadline);
}
module_init(deadline_init);
module_exit(deadline_exit);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Jens Axboe");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("deadline IO scheduler");
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