Skip to content
This repository
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

file 3552 lines (3100 sloc) 102.175 kb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548 1549 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123 2124 2125 2126 2127 2128 2129 2130 2131 2132 2133 2134 2135 2136 2137 2138 2139 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 2152 2153 2154 2155 2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163 2164 2165 2166 2167 2168 2169 2170 2171 2172 2173 2174 2175 2176 2177 2178 2179 2180 2181 2182 2183 2184 2185 2186 2187 2188 2189 2190 2191 2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380 2381 2382 2383 2384 2385 2386 2387 2388 2389 2390 2391 2392 2393 2394 2395 2396 2397 2398 2399 2400 2401 2402 2403 2404 2405 2406 2407 2408 2409 2410 2411 2412 2413 2414 2415 2416 2417 2418 2419 2420 2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2440 2441 2442 2443 2444 2445 2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 2456 2457 2458 2459 2460 2461 2462 2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2470 2471 2472 2473 2474 2475 2476 2477 2478 2479 2480 2481 2482 2483 2484 2485 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2493 2494 2495 2496 2497 2498 2499 2500 2501 2502 2503 2504 2505 2506 2507 2508 2509 2510 2511 2512 2513 2514 2515 2516 2517 2518 2519 2520 2521 2522 2523 2524 2525 2526 2527 2528 2529 2530 2531 2532 2533 2534 2535 2536 2537 2538 2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553 2554 2555 2556 2557 2558 2559 2560 2561 2562 2563 2564 2565 2566 2567 2568 2569 2570 2571 2572 2573 2574 2575 2576 2577 2578 2579 2580 2581 2582 2583 2584 2585 2586 2587 2588 2589 2590 2591 2592 2593 2594 2595 2596 2597 2598 2599 2600 2601 2602 2603 2604 2605 2606 2607 2608 2609 2610 2611 2612 2613 2614 2615 2616 2617 2618 2619 2620 2621 2622 2623 2624 2625 2626 2627 2628 2629 2630 2631 2632 2633 2634 2635 2636 2637 2638 2639 2640 2641 2642 2643 2644 2645 2646 2647 2648 2649 2650 2651 2652 2653 2654 2655 2656 2657 2658 2659 2660 2661 2662 2663 2664 2665 2666 2667 2668 2669 2670 2671 2672 2673 2674 2675 2676 2677 2678 2679 2680 2681 2682 2683 2684 2685 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2691 2692 2693 2694 2695 2696 2697 2698 2699 2700 2701 2702 2703 2704 2705 2706 2707 2708 2709 2710 2711 2712 2713 2714 2715 2716 2717 2718 2719 2720 2721 2722 2723 2724 2725 2726 2727 2728 2729 2730 2731 2732 2733 2734 2735 2736 2737 2738 2739 2740 2741 2742 2743 2744 2745 2746 2747 2748 2749 2750 2751 2752 2753 2754 2755 2756 2757 2758 2759 2760 2761 2762 2763 2764 2765 2766 2767 2768 2769 2770 2771 2772 2773 2774 2775 2776 2777 2778 2779 2780 2781 2782 2783 2784 2785 2786 2787 2788 2789 2790 2791 2792 2793 2794 2795 2796 2797 2798 2799 2800 2801 2802 2803 2804 2805 2806 2807 2808 2809 2810 2811 2812 2813 2814 2815 2816 2817 2818 2819 2820 2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 2964 2965 2966 2967 2968 2969 2970 2971 2972 2973 2974 2975 2976 2977 2978 2979 2980 2981 2982 2983 2984 2985 2986 2987 2988 2989 2990 2991 2992 2993 2994 2995 2996 2997 2998 2999 3000 3001 3002 3003 3004 3005 3006 3007 3008 3009 3010 3011 3012 3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 3055 3056 3057 3058 3059 3060 3061 3062 3063 3064 3065 3066 3067 3068 3069 3070 3071 3072 3073 3074 3075 3076 3077 3078 3079 3080 3081 3082 3083 3084 3085 3086 3087 3088 3089 3090 3091 3092 3093 3094 3095 3096 3097 3098 3099 3100 3101 3102 3103 3104 3105 3106 3107 3108 3109 3110 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 3120 3121 3122 3123 3124 3125 3126 3127 3128 3129 3130 3131 3132 3133 3134 3135 3136 3137 3138 3139 3140 3141 3142 3143 3144 3145 3146 3147 3148 3149 3150 3151 3152 3153 3154 3155 3156 3157 3158 3159 3160 3161 3162 3163 3164 3165 3166 3167 3168 3169 3170 3171 3172 3173 3174 3175 3176 3177 3178 3179 3180 3181 3182 3183 3184 3185 3186 3187 3188 3189 3190 3191 3192 3193 3194 3195 3196 3197 3198 3199 3200 3201 3202 3203 3204 3205 3206 3207 3208 3209 3210 3211 3212 3213 3214 3215 3216 3217 3218 3219 3220 3221 3222 3223 3224 3225 3226 3227 3228 3229 3230 3231 3232 3233 3234 3235 3236 3237 3238 3239 3240 3241 3242 3243 3244 3245 3246 3247 3248 3249 3250 3251 3252 3253 3254 3255 3256 3257 3258 3259 3260 3261 3262 3263 3264 3265 3266 3267 3268 3269 3270 3271 3272 3273 3274 3275 3276 3277 3278 3279 3280 3281 3282 3283 3284 3285 3286 3287 3288 3289 3290 3291 3292 3293 3294 3295 3296 3297 3298 3299 3300 3301 3302 3303 3304 3305 3306 3307 3308 3309 3310 3311 3312 3313 3314 3315 3316 3317 3318 3319 3320 3321 3322 3323 3324 3325 3326 3327 3328 3329 3330 3331 3332 3333 3334 3335 3336 3337 3338 3339 3340 3341 3342 3343 3344 3345 3346 3347 3348 3349 3350 3351 3352 3353 3354 3355 3356 3357 3358 3359 3360 3361 3362 3363 3364 3365 3366 3367 3368 3369 3370 3371 3372 3373 3374 3375 3376 3377 3378 3379 3380 3381 3382 3383 3384 3385 3386 3387 3388 3389 3390 3391 3392 3393 3394 3395 3396 3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405 3406 3407 3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537 3538 3539 3540 3541 3542 3543 3544 3545 3546 3547 3548 3549 3550 3551 3552
/*
* linux/mm/vmscan.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds
*
* Swap reorganised 29.12.95, Stephen Tweedie.
* kswapd added: 7.1.96 sct
* Removed kswapd_ctl limits, and swap out as many pages as needed
* to bring the system back to freepages.high: 2.4.97, Rik van Riel.
* Zone aware kswapd started 02/00, Kanoj Sarcar (kanoj@sgi.com).
* Multiqueue VM started 5.8.00, Rik van Riel.
*/

#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/vmstat.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for try_to_release_page(),
buffer_heads_over_limit */
#include <linux/mm_inline.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/topology.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/compaction.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/oom.h>
#include <linux/prefetch.h>

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/div64.h>

#include <linux/swapops.h>

#include "internal.h"

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/vmscan.h>

/*
* reclaim_mode determines how the inactive list is shrunk
* RECLAIM_MODE_SINGLE: Reclaim only order-0 pages
* RECLAIM_MODE_ASYNC: Do not block
* RECLAIM_MODE_SYNC: Allow blocking e.g. call wait_on_page_writeback
* RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM: For high-order allocations, take a reference
* page from the LRU and reclaim all pages within a
* naturally aligned range
* RECLAIM_MODE_COMPACTION: For high-order allocations, reclaim a number of
* order-0 pages and then compact the zone
*/
typedef unsigned __bitwise__ reclaim_mode_t;
#define RECLAIM_MODE_SINGLE ((__force reclaim_mode_t)0x01u)
#define RECLAIM_MODE_ASYNC ((__force reclaim_mode_t)0x02u)
#define RECLAIM_MODE_SYNC ((__force reclaim_mode_t)0x04u)
#define RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM ((__force reclaim_mode_t)0x08u)
#define RECLAIM_MODE_COMPACTION ((__force reclaim_mode_t)0x10u)

struct scan_control {
/* Incremented by the number of inactive pages that were scanned */
unsigned long nr_scanned;

/* Number of pages freed so far during a call to shrink_zones() */
unsigned long nr_reclaimed;

/* How many pages shrink_list() should reclaim */
unsigned long nr_to_reclaim;

unsigned long hibernation_mode;

/* This context's GFP mask */
gfp_t gfp_mask;

int may_writepage;

/* Can mapped pages be reclaimed? */
int may_unmap;

/* Can pages be swapped as part of reclaim? */
int may_swap;

int order;

/*
* Intend to reclaim enough continuous memory rather than reclaim
* enough amount of memory. i.e, mode for high order allocation.
*/
reclaim_mode_t reclaim_mode;

/* Which cgroup do we reclaim from */
struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup;

/*
* Nodemask of nodes allowed by the caller. If NULL, all nodes
* are scanned.
*/
nodemask_t *nodemask;
};

#define lru_to_page(_head) (list_entry((_head)->prev, struct page, lru))

#ifdef ARCH_HAS_PREFETCH
#define prefetch_prev_lru_page(_page, _base, _field) \
do { \
if ((_page)->lru.prev != _base) { \
struct page *prev; \
\
prev = lru_to_page(&(_page->lru)); \
prefetch(&prev->_field); \
} \
} while (0)
#else
#define prefetch_prev_lru_page(_page, _base, _field) do { } while (0)
#endif

#ifdef ARCH_HAS_PREFETCHW
#define prefetchw_prev_lru_page(_page, _base, _field) \
do { \
if ((_page)->lru.prev != _base) { \
struct page *prev; \
\
prev = lru_to_page(&(_page->lru)); \
prefetchw(&prev->_field); \
} \
} while (0)
#else
#define prefetchw_prev_lru_page(_page, _base, _field) do { } while (0)
#endif

/*
* From 0 .. 100. Higher means more swappy.
*/
int vm_swappiness = 60;
long vm_total_pages; /* The total number of pages which the VM controls */

static LIST_HEAD(shrinker_list);
static DECLARE_RWSEM(shrinker_rwsem);

#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR
#define scanning_global_lru(sc) (!(sc)->mem_cgroup)
#else
#define scanning_global_lru(sc) (1)
#endif

static struct zone_reclaim_stat *get_reclaim_stat(struct zone *zone,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
if (!scanning_global_lru(sc))
return mem_cgroup_get_reclaim_stat(sc->mem_cgroup, zone);

return &zone->reclaim_stat;
}

static unsigned long zone_nr_lru_pages(struct zone *zone,
struct scan_control *sc, enum lru_list lru)
{
if (!scanning_global_lru(sc))
return mem_cgroup_zone_nr_lru_pages(sc->mem_cgroup,
zone_to_nid(zone), zone_idx(zone), BIT(lru));

return zone_page_state(zone, NR_LRU_BASE + lru);
}


/*
* Add a shrinker callback to be called from the vm
*/
void register_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker)
{
atomic_long_set(&shrinker->nr_in_batch, 0);
down_write(&shrinker_rwsem);
list_add_tail(&shrinker->list, &shrinker_list);
up_write(&shrinker_rwsem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_shrinker);

/*
* Remove one
*/
void unregister_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker)
{
down_write(&shrinker_rwsem);
list_del(&shrinker->list);
up_write(&shrinker_rwsem);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_shrinker);

static inline int do_shrinker_shrink(struct shrinker *shrinker,
struct shrink_control *sc,
unsigned long nr_to_scan)
{
sc->nr_to_scan = nr_to_scan;
return (*shrinker->shrink)(shrinker, sc);
}

#define SHRINK_BATCH 128
/*
* Call the shrink functions to age shrinkable caches
*
* Here we assume it costs one seek to replace a lru page and that it also
* takes a seek to recreate a cache object. With this in mind we age equal
* percentages of the lru and ageable caches. This should balance the seeks
* generated by these structures.
*
* If the vm encountered mapped pages on the LRU it increase the pressure on
* slab to avoid swapping.
*
* We do weird things to avoid (scanned*seeks*entries) overflowing 32 bits.
*
* `lru_pages' represents the number of on-LRU pages in all the zones which
* are eligible for the caller's allocation attempt. It is used for balancing
* slab reclaim versus page reclaim.
*
* Returns the number of slab objects which we shrunk.
*/
unsigned long shrink_slab(struct shrink_control *shrink,
unsigned long nr_pages_scanned,
unsigned long lru_pages)
{
struct shrinker *shrinker;
unsigned long ret = 0;

if (nr_pages_scanned == 0)
nr_pages_scanned = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX;

if (!down_read_trylock(&shrinker_rwsem)) {
/* Assume we'll be able to shrink next time */
ret = 1;
goto out;
}

list_for_each_entry(shrinker, &shrinker_list, list) {
unsigned long long delta;
long total_scan;
long max_pass;
int shrink_ret = 0;
long nr;
long new_nr;
long batch_size = shrinker->batch ? shrinker->batch
: SHRINK_BATCH;

max_pass = do_shrinker_shrink(shrinker, shrink, 0);
if (max_pass <= 0)
continue;

/*
* copy the current shrinker scan count into a local variable
* and zero it so that other concurrent shrinker invocations
* don't also do this scanning work.
*/
nr = atomic_long_xchg(&shrinker->nr_in_batch, 0);

total_scan = nr;
delta = (4 * nr_pages_scanned) / shrinker->seeks;
delta *= max_pass;
do_div(delta, lru_pages + 1);
total_scan += delta;
if (total_scan < 0) {
printk(KERN_ERR "shrink_slab: %pF negative objects to "
"delete nr=%ld\n",
shrinker->shrink, total_scan);
total_scan = max_pass;
}

/*
* We need to avoid excessive windup on filesystem shrinkers
* due to large numbers of GFP_NOFS allocations causing the
* shrinkers to return -1 all the time. This results in a large
* nr being built up so when a shrink that can do some work
* comes along it empties the entire cache due to nr >>>
* max_pass. This is bad for sustaining a working set in
* memory.
*
* Hence only allow the shrinker to scan the entire cache when
* a large delta change is calculated directly.
*/
if (delta < max_pass / 4)
total_scan = min(total_scan, max_pass / 2);

/*
* Avoid risking looping forever due to too large nr value:
* never try to free more than twice the estimate number of
* freeable entries.
*/
if (total_scan > max_pass * 2)
total_scan = max_pass * 2;

trace_mm_shrink_slab_start(shrinker, shrink, nr,
nr_pages_scanned, lru_pages,
max_pass, delta, total_scan);

while (total_scan >= batch_size) {
int nr_before;

nr_before = do_shrinker_shrink(shrinker, shrink, 0);
shrink_ret = do_shrinker_shrink(shrinker, shrink,
batch_size);
if (shrink_ret == -1)
break;
if (shrink_ret < nr_before)
ret += nr_before - shrink_ret;
count_vm_events(SLABS_SCANNED, batch_size);
total_scan -= batch_size;

cond_resched();
}

/*
* move the unused scan count back into the shrinker in a
* manner that handles concurrent updates. If we exhausted the
* scan, there is no need to do an update.
*/
if (total_scan > 0)
new_nr = atomic_long_add_return(total_scan,
&shrinker->nr_in_batch);
else
new_nr = atomic_long_read(&shrinker->nr_in_batch);

trace_mm_shrink_slab_end(shrinker, shrink_ret, nr, new_nr);
}
up_read(&shrinker_rwsem);
out:
cond_resched();
return ret;
}

static void set_reclaim_mode(int priority, struct scan_control *sc,
bool sync)
{
reclaim_mode_t syncmode = sync ? RECLAIM_MODE_SYNC : RECLAIM_MODE_ASYNC;

/*
* Initially assume we are entering either lumpy reclaim or
* reclaim/compaction.Depending on the order, we will either set the
* sync mode or just reclaim order-0 pages later.
*/
if (COMPACTION_BUILD)
sc->reclaim_mode = RECLAIM_MODE_COMPACTION;
else
sc->reclaim_mode = RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM;

/*
* Avoid using lumpy reclaim or reclaim/compaction if possible by
* restricting when its set to either costly allocations or when
* under memory pressure
*/
if (sc->order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER)
sc->reclaim_mode |= syncmode;
else if (sc->order && priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2)
sc->reclaim_mode |= syncmode;
else
sc->reclaim_mode = RECLAIM_MODE_SINGLE | RECLAIM_MODE_ASYNC;
}

static void reset_reclaim_mode(struct scan_control *sc)
{
sc->reclaim_mode = RECLAIM_MODE_SINGLE | RECLAIM_MODE_ASYNC;
}

static inline int is_page_cache_freeable(struct page *page)
{
/*
* A freeable page cache page is referenced only by the caller
* that isolated the page, the page cache radix tree and
* optional buffer heads at page->private.
*/
return page_count(page) - page_has_private(page) == 2;
}

static int may_write_to_queue(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
if (current->flags & PF_SWAPWRITE)
return 1;
if (!bdi_write_congested(bdi))
return 1;
if (bdi == current->backing_dev_info)
return 1;

/* lumpy reclaim for hugepage often need a lot of write */
if (sc->order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER)
return 1;
return 0;
}

/*
* We detected a synchronous write error writing a page out. Probably
* -ENOSPC. We need to propagate that into the address_space for a subsequent
* fsync(), msync() or close().
*
* The tricky part is that after writepage we cannot touch the mapping: nothing
* prevents it from being freed up. But we have a ref on the page and once
* that page is locked, the mapping is pinned.
*
* We're allowed to run sleeping lock_page() here because we know the caller has
* __GFP_FS.
*/
static void handle_write_error(struct address_space *mapping,
struct page *page, int error)
{
lock_page(page);
if (page_mapping(page) == mapping)
mapping_set_error(mapping, error);
unlock_page(page);
}

/* possible outcome of pageout() */
typedef enum {
/* failed to write page out, page is locked */
PAGE_KEEP,
/* move page to the active list, page is locked */
PAGE_ACTIVATE,
/* page has been sent to the disk successfully, page is unlocked */
PAGE_SUCCESS,
/* page is clean and locked */
PAGE_CLEAN,
} pageout_t;

/*
* pageout is called by shrink_page_list() for each dirty page.
* Calls ->writepage().
*/
static pageout_t pageout(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
/*
* If the page is dirty, only perform writeback if that write
* will be non-blocking. To prevent this allocation from being
* stalled by pagecache activity. But note that there may be
* stalls if we need to run get_block(). We could test
* PagePrivate for that.
*
* If this process is currently in __generic_file_aio_write() against
* this page's queue, we can perform writeback even if that
* will block.
*
* If the page is swapcache, write it back even if that would
* block, for some throttling. This happens by accident, because
* swap_backing_dev_info is bust: it doesn't reflect the
* congestion state of the swapdevs. Easy to fix, if needed.
*/
if (!is_page_cache_freeable(page))
return PAGE_KEEP;
if (!mapping) {
/*
* Some data journaling orphaned pages can have
* page->mapping == NULL while being dirty with clean buffers.
*/
if (page_has_private(page)) {
if (try_to_free_buffers(page)) {
ClearPageDirty(page);
printk("%s: orphaned page\n", __func__);
return PAGE_CLEAN;
}
}
return PAGE_KEEP;
}
if (mapping->a_ops->writepage == NULL)
return PAGE_ACTIVATE;
if (!may_write_to_queue(mapping->backing_dev_info, sc))
return PAGE_KEEP;

if (clear_page_dirty_for_io(page)) {
int res;
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
.nr_to_write = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
.range_start = 0,
.range_end = LLONG_MAX,
.for_reclaim = 1,
};

SetPageReclaim(page);
res = mapping->a_ops->writepage(page, &wbc);
if (res < 0)
handle_write_error(mapping, page, res);
if (res == AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE) {
ClearPageReclaim(page);
return PAGE_ACTIVATE;
}

if (!PageWriteback(page)) {
/* synchronous write or broken a_ops? */
ClearPageReclaim(page);
}
trace_mm_vmscan_writepage(page,
trace_reclaim_flags(page, sc->reclaim_mode));
inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_VMSCAN_WRITE);
return PAGE_SUCCESS;
}

return PAGE_CLEAN;
}

/*
* Same as remove_mapping, but if the page is removed from the mapping, it
* gets returned with a refcount of 0.
*/
static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
{
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
BUG_ON(mapping != page_mapping(page));

spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
/*
* The non racy check for a busy page.
*
* Must be careful with the order of the tests. When someone has
* a ref to the page, it may be possible that they dirty it then
* drop the reference. So if PageDirty is tested before page_count
* here, then the following race may occur:
*
* get_user_pages(&page);
* [user mapping goes away]
* write_to(page);
* !PageDirty(page) [good]
* SetPageDirty(page);
* put_page(page);
* !page_count(page) [good, discard it]
*
* [oops, our write_to data is lost]
*
* Reversing the order of the tests ensures such a situation cannot
* escape unnoticed. The smp_rmb is needed to ensure the page->flags
* load is not satisfied before that of page->_count.
*
* Note that if SetPageDirty is always performed via set_page_dirty,
* and thus under tree_lock, then this ordering is not required.
*/
if (!page_freeze_refs(page, 2))
goto cannot_free;
/* note: atomic_cmpxchg in page_freeze_refs provides the smp_rmb */
if (unlikely(PageDirty(page))) {
page_unfreeze_refs(page, 2);
goto cannot_free;
}

if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
swp_entry_t swap = { .val = page_private(page) };
__delete_from_swap_cache(page);
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
swapcache_free(swap, page);
} else {
void (*freepage)(struct page *);

freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage;

__delete_from_page_cache(page);
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);

if (freepage != NULL)
freepage(page);
}

return 1;

cannot_free:
spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
return 0;
}

/*
* Attempt to detach a locked page from its ->mapping. If it is dirty or if
* someone else has a ref on the page, abort and return 0. If it was
* successfully detached, return 1. Assumes the caller has a single ref on
* this page.
*/
int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
{
if (__remove_mapping(mapping, page)) {
/*
* Unfreezing the refcount with 1 rather than 2 effectively
* drops the pagecache ref for us without requiring another
* atomic operation.
*/
page_unfreeze_refs(page, 1);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}

/**
* putback_lru_page - put previously isolated page onto appropriate LRU list
* @page: page to be put back to appropriate lru list
*
* Add previously isolated @page to appropriate LRU list.
* Page may still be unevictable for other reasons.
*
* lru_lock must not be held, interrupts must be enabled.
*/
void putback_lru_page(struct page *page)
{
int lru;
int active = !!TestClearPageActive(page);
int was_unevictable = PageUnevictable(page);

VM_BUG_ON(PageLRU(page));

redo:
ClearPageUnevictable(page);

if (page_evictable(page, NULL)) {
/*
* For evictable pages, we can use the cache.
* In event of a race, worst case is we end up with an
* unevictable page on [in]active list.
* We know how to handle that.
*/
lru = active + page_lru_base_type(page);
lru_cache_add_lru(page, lru);
} else {
/*
* Put unevictable pages directly on zone's unevictable
* list.
*/
lru = LRU_UNEVICTABLE;
add_page_to_unevictable_list(page);
/*
* When racing with an mlock or AS_UNEVICTABLE clearing
* (page is unlocked) make sure that if the other thread
* does not observe our setting of PG_lru and fails
* isolation/check_move_unevictable_pages,
* we see PG_mlocked/AS_UNEVICTABLE cleared below and move
* the page back to the evictable list.
*
* The other side is TestClearPageMlocked() or shmem_lock().
*/
smp_mb();
}

/*
* page's status can change while we move it among lru. If an evictable
* page is on unevictable list, it never be freed. To avoid that,
* check after we added it to the list, again.
*/
if (lru == LRU_UNEVICTABLE && page_evictable(page, NULL)) {
if (!isolate_lru_page(page)) {
put_page(page);
goto redo;
}
/* This means someone else dropped this page from LRU
* So, it will be freed or putback to LRU again. There is
* nothing to do here.
*/
}

if (was_unevictable && lru != LRU_UNEVICTABLE)
count_vm_event(UNEVICTABLE_PGRESCUED);
else if (!was_unevictable && lru == LRU_UNEVICTABLE)
count_vm_event(UNEVICTABLE_PGCULLED);

put_page(page); /* drop ref from isolate */
}

enum page_references {
PAGEREF_RECLAIM,
PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN,
PAGEREF_KEEP,
PAGEREF_ACTIVATE,
};

static enum page_references page_check_references(struct page *page,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
int referenced_ptes, referenced_page;
unsigned long vm_flags;

referenced_ptes = page_referenced(page, 1, sc->mem_cgroup, &vm_flags);
referenced_page = TestClearPageReferenced(page);

/* Lumpy reclaim - ignore references */
if (sc->reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM)
return PAGEREF_RECLAIM;

/*
* Mlock lost the isolation race with us. Let try_to_unmap()
* move the page to the unevictable list.
*/
if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
return PAGEREF_RECLAIM;

if (referenced_ptes) {
if (PageSwapBacked(page))
return PAGEREF_ACTIVATE;
/*
* All mapped pages start out with page table
* references from the instantiating fault, so we need
* to look twice if a mapped file page is used more
* than once.
*
* Mark it and spare it for another trip around the
* inactive list. Another page table reference will
* lead to its activation.
*
* Note: the mark is set for activated pages as well
* so that recently deactivated but used pages are
* quickly recovered.
*/
SetPageReferenced(page);

if (referenced_page || referenced_ptes > 1)
return PAGEREF_ACTIVATE;

/*
* Activate file-backed executable pages after first usage.
*/
if (vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
return PAGEREF_ACTIVATE;

return PAGEREF_KEEP;
}

/* Reclaim if clean, defer dirty pages to writeback */
if (referenced_page && !PageSwapBacked(page))
return PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN;

return PAGEREF_RECLAIM;
}

static noinline_for_stack void free_page_list(struct list_head *free_pages)
{
struct pagevec freed_pvec;
struct page *page, *tmp;

pagevec_init(&freed_pvec, 1);

list_for_each_entry_safe(page, tmp, free_pages, lru) {
list_del(&page->lru);
if (!pagevec_add(&freed_pvec, page)) {
__pagevec_free(&freed_pvec);
pagevec_reinit(&freed_pvec);
}
}

pagevec_free(&freed_pvec);
}

/*
* shrink_page_list() returns the number of reclaimed pages
*/
static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
struct zone *zone,
struct scan_control *sc,
int priority,
unsigned long *ret_nr_dirty,
unsigned long *ret_nr_writeback)
{
LIST_HEAD(ret_pages);
LIST_HEAD(free_pages);
int pgactivate = 0;
unsigned long nr_dirty = 0;
unsigned long nr_congested = 0;
unsigned long nr_reclaimed = 0;
unsigned long nr_writeback = 0;

cond_resched();

while (!list_empty(page_list)) {
enum page_references references;
struct address_space *mapping;
struct page *page;
int may_enter_fs;

cond_resched();

page = lru_to_page(page_list);
list_del(&page->lru);

if (!trylock_page(page))
goto keep;

VM_BUG_ON(PageActive(page));
VM_BUG_ON(page_zone(page) != zone);

sc->nr_scanned++;

if (unlikely(!page_evictable(page, NULL)))
goto cull_mlocked;

if (!sc->may_unmap && page_mapped(page))
goto keep_locked;

/* Double the slab pressure for mapped and swapcache pages */
if (page_mapped(page) || PageSwapCache(page))
sc->nr_scanned++;

may_enter_fs = (sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) ||
(PageSwapCache(page) && (sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_IO));

if (PageWriteback(page)) {
nr_writeback++;
/*
* Synchronous reclaim cannot queue pages for
* writeback due to the possibility of stack overflow
* but if it encounters a page under writeback, wait
* for the IO to complete.
*/
if ((sc->reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_MODE_SYNC) &&
may_enter_fs)
wait_on_page_writeback(page);
else {
unlock_page(page);
goto keep_lumpy;
}
}

references = page_check_references(page, sc);
switch (references) {
case PAGEREF_ACTIVATE:
goto activate_locked;
case PAGEREF_KEEP:
goto keep_locked;
case PAGEREF_RECLAIM:
case PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN:
; /* try to reclaim the page below */
}

/*
* Anonymous process memory has backing store?
* Try to allocate it some swap space here.
*/
if (PageAnon(page) && !PageSwapCache(page)) {
if (!(sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_IO))
goto keep_locked;
if (!add_to_swap(page))
goto activate_locked;
may_enter_fs = 1;
}

mapping = page_mapping(page);

/*
* The page is mapped into the page tables of one or more
* processes. Try to unmap it here.
*/
if (page_mapped(page) && mapping) {
switch (try_to_unmap(page, TTU_UNMAP)) {
case SWAP_FAIL:
goto activate_locked;
case SWAP_AGAIN:
goto keep_locked;
case SWAP_MLOCK:
goto cull_mlocked;
case SWAP_SUCCESS:
; /* try to free the page below */
}
}

if (PageDirty(page)) {
nr_dirty++;

/*
* Only kswapd can writeback filesystem pages to
* avoid risk of stack overflow but do not writeback
* unless under significant pressure.
*/
if (page_is_file_cache(page) &&
(!current_is_kswapd() || priority >= DEF_PRIORITY - 2)) {
/*
* Immediately reclaim when written back.
* Similar in principal to deactivate_page()
* except we already have the page isolated
* and know it's dirty
*/
inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_VMSCAN_IMMEDIATE);
SetPageReclaim(page);

goto keep_locked;
}

if (references == PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN)
goto keep_locked;
if (!may_enter_fs)
goto keep_locked;
if (!sc->may_writepage)
goto keep_locked;

/* Page is dirty, try to write it out here */
switch (pageout(page, mapping, sc)) {
case PAGE_KEEP:
nr_congested++;
goto keep_locked;
case PAGE_ACTIVATE:
goto activate_locked;
case PAGE_SUCCESS:
if (PageWriteback(page))
goto keep_lumpy;
if (PageDirty(page))
goto keep;

/*
* A synchronous write - probably a ramdisk. Go
* ahead and try to reclaim the page.
*/
if (!trylock_page(page))
goto keep;
if (PageDirty(page) || PageWriteback(page))
goto keep_locked;
mapping = page_mapping(page);
case PAGE_CLEAN:
; /* try to free the page below */
}
}

/*
* If the page has buffers, try to free the buffer mappings
* associated with this page. If we succeed we try to free
* the page as well.
*
* We do this even if the page is PageDirty().
* try_to_release_page() does not perform I/O, but it is
* possible for a page to have PageDirty set, but it is actually
* clean (all its buffers are clean). This happens if the
* buffers were written out directly, with submit_bh(). ext3
* will do this, as well as the blockdev mapping.
* try_to_release_page() will discover that cleanness and will
* drop the buffers and mark the page clean - it can be freed.
*
* Rarely, pages can have buffers and no ->mapping. These are
* the pages which were not successfully invalidated in
* truncate_complete_page(). We try to drop those buffers here
* and if that worked, and the page is no longer mapped into
* process address space (page_count == 1) it can be freed.
* Otherwise, leave the page on the LRU so it is swappable.
*/
if (page_has_private(page)) {
if (!try_to_release_page(page, sc->gfp_mask))
goto activate_locked;
if (!mapping && page_count(page) == 1) {
unlock_page(page);
if (put_page_testzero(page))
goto free_it;
else {
/*
* rare race with speculative reference.
* the speculative reference will free
* this page shortly, so we may
* increment nr_reclaimed here (and
* leave it off the LRU).
*/
nr_reclaimed++;
continue;
}
}
}

if (!mapping || !__remove_mapping(mapping, page))
goto keep_locked;

/*
* At this point, we have no other references and there is
* no way to pick any more up (removed from LRU, removed
* from pagecache). Can use non-atomic bitops now (and
* we obviously don't have to worry about waking up a process
* waiting on the page lock, because there are no references.
*/
__clear_page_locked(page);
free_it:
nr_reclaimed++;

/*
* Is there need to periodically free_page_list? It would
* appear not as the counts should be low
*/
list_add(&page->lru, &free_pages);
continue;

cull_mlocked:
if (PageSwapCache(page))
try_to_free_swap(page);
unlock_page(page);
putback_lru_page(page);
reset_reclaim_mode(sc);
continue;

activate_locked:
/* Not a candidate for swapping, so reclaim swap space. */
if (PageSwapCache(page) && vm_swap_full())
try_to_free_swap(page);
VM_BUG_ON(PageActive(page));
SetPageActive(page);
pgactivate++;
keep_locked:
unlock_page(page);
keep:
reset_reclaim_mode(sc);
keep_lumpy:
list_add(&page->lru, &ret_pages);
VM_BUG_ON(PageLRU(page) || PageUnevictable(page));
}

/*
* Tag a zone as congested if all the dirty pages encountered were
* backed by a congested BDI. In this case, reclaimers should just
* back off and wait for congestion to clear because further reclaim
* will encounter the same problem
*/
if (nr_dirty && nr_dirty == nr_congested && scanning_global_lru(sc))
zone_set_flag(zone, ZONE_CONGESTED);

free_page_list(&free_pages);

list_splice(&ret_pages, page_list);
count_vm_events(PGACTIVATE, pgactivate);
*ret_nr_dirty += nr_dirty;
*ret_nr_writeback += nr_writeback;
return nr_reclaimed;
}

/*
* Attempt to remove the specified page from its LRU. Only take this page
* if it is of the appropriate PageActive status. Pages which are being
* freed elsewhere are also ignored.
*
* page: page to consider
* mode: one of the LRU isolation modes defined above
*
* returns 0 on success, -ve errno on failure.
*/
int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode, int file)
{
bool all_lru_mode;
int ret = -EINVAL;

/* Only take pages on the LRU. */
if (!PageLRU(page))
return ret;

all_lru_mode = (mode & (ISOLATE_ACTIVE|ISOLATE_INACTIVE)) ==
(ISOLATE_ACTIVE|ISOLATE_INACTIVE);

/*
* When checking the active state, we need to be sure we are
* dealing with comparible boolean values. Take the logical not
* of each.
*/
if (!all_lru_mode && !PageActive(page) != !(mode & ISOLATE_ACTIVE))
return ret;

if (!all_lru_mode && !!page_is_file_cache(page) != file)
return ret;

/*
* When this function is being called for lumpy reclaim, we
* initially look into all LRU pages, active, inactive and
* unevictable; only give shrink_page_list evictable pages.
*/
if (PageUnevictable(page))
return ret;

ret = -EBUSY;

/*
* To minimise LRU disruption, the caller can indicate that it only
* wants to isolate pages it will be able to operate on without
* blocking - clean pages for the most part.
*
* ISOLATE_CLEAN means that only clean pages should be isolated. This
* is used by reclaim when it is cannot write to backing storage
*
* ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE is used to indicate that it only wants to pages
* that it is possible to migrate without blocking
*/
if (mode & (ISOLATE_CLEAN|ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE)) {
/* All the caller can do on PageWriteback is block */
if (PageWriteback(page))
return ret;

if (PageDirty(page)) {
struct address_space *mapping;

/* ISOLATE_CLEAN means only clean pages */
if (mode & ISOLATE_CLEAN)
return ret;

/*
* Only pages without mappings or that have a
* ->migratepage callback are possible to migrate
* without blocking
*/
mapping = page_mapping(page);
if (mapping && !mapping->a_ops->migratepage)
return ret;
}
}

if ((mode & ISOLATE_UNMAPPED) && page_mapped(page))
return ret;

if (likely(get_page_unless_zero(page))) {
/*
* Be careful not to clear PageLRU until after we're
* sure the page is not being freed elsewhere -- the
* page release code relies on it.
*/
ClearPageLRU(page);
ret = 0;
}

return ret;
}

/*
* zone->lru_lock is heavily contended. Some of the functions that
* shrink the lists perform better by taking out a batch of pages
* and working on them outside the LRU lock.
*
* For pagecache intensive workloads, this function is the hottest
* spot in the kernel (apart from copy_*_user functions).
*
* Appropriate locks must be held before calling this function.
*
* @nr_to_scan: The number of pages to look through on the list.
* @src: The LRU list to pull pages off.
* @dst: The temp list to put pages on to.
* @scanned: The number of pages that were scanned.
* @order: The caller's attempted allocation order
* @mode: One of the LRU isolation modes
* @file: True [1] if isolating file [!anon] pages
*
* returns how many pages were moved onto *@dst.
*/
static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
struct list_head *src, struct list_head *dst,
unsigned long *scanned, int order, isolate_mode_t mode,
int file)
{
unsigned long nr_taken = 0;
unsigned long nr_lumpy_taken = 0;
unsigned long nr_lumpy_dirty = 0;
unsigned long nr_lumpy_failed = 0;
unsigned long scan;

for (scan = 0; scan < nr_to_scan && !list_empty(src); scan++) {
struct page *page;
unsigned long pfn;
unsigned long end_pfn;
unsigned long page_pfn;
int zone_id;

page = lru_to_page(src);
prefetchw_prev_lru_page(page, src, flags);

VM_BUG_ON(!PageLRU(page));

switch (__isolate_lru_page(page, mode, file)) {
case 0:
list_move(&page->lru, dst);
mem_cgroup_del_lru(page);
nr_taken += hpage_nr_pages(page);
break;

case -EBUSY:
/* else it is being freed elsewhere */
list_move(&page->lru, src);
mem_cgroup_rotate_lru_list(page, page_lru(page));
continue;

default:
BUG();
}

if (!order)
continue;

/*
* Attempt to take all pages in the order aligned region
* surrounding the tag page. Only take those pages of
* the same active state as that tag page. We may safely
* round the target page pfn down to the requested order
* as the mem_map is guaranteed valid out to MAX_ORDER,
* where that page is in a different zone we will detect
* it from its zone id and abort this block scan.
*/
zone_id = page_zone_id(page);
page_pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
pfn = page_pfn & ~((1 << order) - 1);
end_pfn = pfn + (1 << order);
for (; pfn < end_pfn; pfn++) {
struct page *cursor_page;

/* The target page is in the block, ignore it. */
if (unlikely(pfn == page_pfn))
continue;

/* Avoid holes within the zone. */
if (unlikely(!pfn_valid_within(pfn)))
break;

cursor_page = pfn_to_page(pfn);

/* Check that we have not crossed a zone boundary. */
if (unlikely(page_zone_id(cursor_page) != zone_id))
break;

/*
* If we don't have enough swap space, reclaiming of
* anon page which don't already have a swap slot is
* pointless.
*/
if (nr_swap_pages <= 0 && PageSwapBacked(cursor_page) &&
!PageSwapCache(cursor_page))
break;

if (__isolate_lru_page(cursor_page, mode, file) == 0) {
list_move(&cursor_page->lru, dst);
mem_cgroup_del_lru(cursor_page);
nr_taken += hpage_nr_pages(page);
nr_lumpy_taken++;
if (PageDirty(cursor_page))
nr_lumpy_dirty++;
scan++;
} else {
/*
* Check if the page is freed already.
*
* We can't use page_count() as that
* requires compound_head and we don't
* have a pin on the page here. If a
* page is tail, we may or may not
* have isolated the head, so assume
* it's not free, it'd be tricky to
* track the head status without a
* page pin.
*/
if (!PageTail(cursor_page) &&
!atomic_read(&cursor_page->_count))
continue;
break;
}
}

/* If we break out of the loop above, lumpy reclaim failed */
if (pfn < end_pfn)
nr_lumpy_failed++;
}

*scanned = scan;

trace_mm_vmscan_lru_isolate(order,
nr_to_scan, scan,
nr_taken,
nr_lumpy_taken, nr_lumpy_dirty, nr_lumpy_failed,
mode);
return nr_taken;
}

static unsigned long isolate_pages_global(unsigned long nr,
struct list_head *dst,
unsigned long *scanned, int order,
isolate_mode_t mode,
struct zone *z, int active, int file)
{
int lru = LRU_BASE;
if (active)
lru += LRU_ACTIVE;
if (file)
lru += LRU_FILE;
return isolate_lru_pages(nr, &z->lru[lru].list, dst, scanned, order,
mode, file);
}

/*
* clear_active_flags() is a helper for shrink_active_list(), clearing
* any active bits from the pages in the list.
*/
static unsigned long clear_active_flags(struct list_head *page_list,
unsigned int *count)
{
int nr_active = 0;
int lru;
struct page *page;

list_for_each_entry(page, page_list, lru) {
int numpages = hpage_nr_pages(page);
lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
if (PageActive(page)) {
lru += LRU_ACTIVE;
ClearPageActive(page);
nr_active += numpages;
}
if (count)
count[lru] += numpages;
}

return nr_active;
}

/**
* isolate_lru_page - tries to isolate a page from its LRU list
* @page: page to isolate from its LRU list
*
* Isolates a @page from an LRU list, clears PageLRU and adjusts the
* vmstat statistic corresponding to whatever LRU list the page was on.
*
* Returns 0 if the page was removed from an LRU list.
* Returns -EBUSY if the page was not on an LRU list.
*
* The returned page will have PageLRU() cleared. If it was found on
* the active list, it will have PageActive set. If it was found on
* the unevictable list, it will have the PageUnevictable bit set. That flag
* may need to be cleared by the caller before letting the page go.
*
* The vmstat statistic corresponding to the list on which the page was
* found will be decremented.
*
* Restrictions:
* (1) Must be called with an elevated refcount on the page. This is a
* fundamentnal difference from isolate_lru_pages (which is called
* without a stable reference).
* (2) the lru_lock must not be held.
* (3) interrupts must be enabled.
*/
int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page)
{
int ret = -EBUSY;

VM_BUG_ON(!page_count(page));

if (PageLRU(page)) {
struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);

spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
if (PageLRU(page)) {
int lru = page_lru(page);
ret = 0;
get_page(page);
ClearPageLRU(page);

del_page_from_lru_list(zone, page, lru);
}
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}
return ret;
}

/*
* Are there way too many processes in the direct reclaim path already?
*/
static int too_many_isolated(struct zone *zone, int file,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
unsigned long inactive, isolated;

if (current_is_kswapd())
return 0;

if (!scanning_global_lru(sc))
return 0;

if (file) {
inactive = zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE);
isolated = zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_FILE);
} else {
inactive = zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_ANON);
isolated = zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON);
}

return isolated > inactive;
}

/*
* TODO: Try merging with migrations version of putback_lru_pages
*/
static noinline_for_stack void
putback_lru_pages(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc,
unsigned long nr_anon, unsigned long nr_file,
struct list_head *page_list)
{
struct page *page;
struct pagevec pvec;
struct zone_reclaim_stat *reclaim_stat = get_reclaim_stat(zone, sc);

pagevec_init(&pvec, 1);

/*
* Put back any unfreeable pages.
*/
spin_lock(&zone->lru_lock);
while (!list_empty(page_list)) {
int lru;
page = lru_to_page(page_list);
VM_BUG_ON(PageLRU(page));
list_del(&page->lru);
if (unlikely(!page_evictable(page, NULL))) {
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
putback_lru_page(page);
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
continue;
}
SetPageLRU(page);
lru = page_lru(page);
add_page_to_lru_list(zone, page, lru);
if (is_active_lru(lru)) {
int file = is_file_lru(lru);
int numpages = hpage_nr_pages(page);
reclaim_stat->recent_rotated[file] += numpages;
}
if (!pagevec_add(&pvec, page)) {
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
__pagevec_release(&pvec);
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}
}
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, -nr_anon);
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_FILE, -nr_file);

spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
pagevec_release(&pvec);
}

static noinline_for_stack void update_isolated_counts(struct zone *zone,
struct scan_control *sc,
unsigned long *nr_anon,
unsigned long *nr_file,
struct list_head *isolated_list)
{
unsigned long nr_active;
unsigned int count[NR_LRU_LISTS] = { 0, };
struct zone_reclaim_stat *reclaim_stat = get_reclaim_stat(zone, sc);

nr_active = clear_active_flags(isolated_list, count);
__count_vm_events(PGDEACTIVATE, nr_active);

__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE,
-count[LRU_ACTIVE_FILE]);
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE,
-count[LRU_INACTIVE_FILE]);
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_ANON,
-count[LRU_ACTIVE_ANON]);
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_ANON,
-count[LRU_INACTIVE_ANON]);

*nr_anon = count[LRU_ACTIVE_ANON] + count[LRU_INACTIVE_ANON];
*nr_file = count[LRU_ACTIVE_FILE] + count[LRU_INACTIVE_FILE];
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, *nr_anon);
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_FILE, *nr_file);

reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[0] += *nr_anon;
reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[1] += *nr_file;
}

/*
* Returns true if a direct reclaim should wait on pages under writeback.
*
* If we are direct reclaiming for contiguous pages and we do not reclaim
* everything in the list, try again and wait for writeback IO to complete.
* This will stall high-order allocations noticeably. Only do that when really
* need to free the pages under high memory pressure.
*/
static inline bool should_reclaim_stall(unsigned long nr_taken,
unsigned long nr_freed,
int priority,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
int lumpy_stall_priority;

/* kswapd should not stall on sync IO */
if (current_is_kswapd())
return false;

/* Only stall on lumpy reclaim */
if (sc->reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_MODE_SINGLE)
return false;

/* If we have reclaimed everything on the isolated list, no stall */
if (nr_freed == nr_taken)
return false;

/*
* For high-order allocations, there are two stall thresholds.
* High-cost allocations stall immediately where as lower
* order allocations such as stacks require the scanning
* priority to be much higher before stalling.
*/
if (sc->order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER)
lumpy_stall_priority = DEF_PRIORITY;
else
lumpy_stall_priority = DEF_PRIORITY / 3;

return priority <= lumpy_stall_priority;
}

/*
* shrink_inactive_list() is a helper for shrink_zone(). It returns the number
* of reclaimed pages
*/
static noinline_for_stack unsigned long
shrink_inactive_list(unsigned long nr_to_scan, struct zone *zone,
struct scan_control *sc, int priority, int file)
{
LIST_HEAD(page_list);
unsigned long nr_scanned;
unsigned long nr_reclaimed = 0;
unsigned long nr_taken;
unsigned long nr_anon;
unsigned long nr_file;
unsigned long nr_dirty = 0;
unsigned long nr_writeback = 0;
isolate_mode_t reclaim_mode = ISOLATE_INACTIVE;

while (unlikely(too_many_isolated(zone, file, sc))) {
congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10);

/* We are about to die and free our memory. Return now. */
if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
return SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX;
}

set_reclaim_mode(priority, sc, false);
if (sc->reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM)
reclaim_mode |= ISOLATE_ACTIVE;

lru_add_drain();

if (!sc->may_unmap)
reclaim_mode |= ISOLATE_UNMAPPED;
if (!sc->may_writepage)
reclaim_mode |= ISOLATE_CLEAN;

spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);

if (scanning_global_lru(sc)) {
nr_taken = isolate_pages_global(nr_to_scan, &page_list,
&nr_scanned, sc->order, reclaim_mode, zone, 0, file);
zone->pages_scanned += nr_scanned;
if (current_is_kswapd())
__count_zone_vm_events(PGSCAN_KSWAPD, zone,
nr_scanned);
else
__count_zone_vm_events(PGSCAN_DIRECT, zone,
nr_scanned);
} else {
nr_taken = mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(nr_to_scan, &page_list,
&nr_scanned, sc->order, reclaim_mode, zone,
sc->mem_cgroup, 0, file);
/*
* mem_cgroup_isolate_pages() keeps track of
* scanned pages on its own.
*/
}

if (nr_taken == 0) {
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
return 0;
}

update_isolated_counts(zone, sc, &nr_anon, &nr_file, &page_list);

spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);

nr_reclaimed = shrink_page_list(&page_list, zone, sc, priority,
&nr_dirty, &nr_writeback);

/* Check if we should syncronously wait for writeback */
if (should_reclaim_stall(nr_taken, nr_reclaimed, priority, sc)) {
set_reclaim_mode(priority, sc, true);
nr_reclaimed += shrink_page_list(&page_list, zone, sc,
priority, &nr_dirty, &nr_writeback);
}

local_irq_disable();
if (current_is_kswapd())
__count_vm_events(KSWAPD_STEAL, nr_reclaimed);
__count_zone_vm_events(PGSTEAL, zone, nr_reclaimed);

putback_lru_pages(zone, sc, nr_anon, nr_file, &page_list);

/*
* If reclaim is isolating dirty pages under writeback, it implies
* that the long-lived page allocation rate is exceeding the page
* laundering rate. Either the global limits are not being effective
* at throttling processes due to the page distribution throughout
* zones or there is heavy usage of a slow backing device. The
* only option is to throttle from reclaim context which is not ideal
* as there is no guarantee the dirtying process is throttled in the
* same way balance_dirty_pages() manages.
*
* This scales the number of dirty pages that must be under writeback
* before throttling depending on priority. It is a simple backoff
* function that has the most effect in the range DEF_PRIORITY to
* DEF_PRIORITY-2 which is the priority reclaim is considered to be
* in trouble and reclaim is considered to be in trouble.
*
* DEF_PRIORITY 100% isolated pages must be PageWriteback to throttle
* DEF_PRIORITY-1 50% must be PageWriteback
* DEF_PRIORITY-2 25% must be PageWriteback, kswapd in trouble
* ...
* DEF_PRIORITY-6 For SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX isolated pages, throttle if any
* isolated page is PageWriteback
*/
if (nr_writeback && nr_writeback >= (nr_taken >> (DEF_PRIORITY-priority)))
wait_iff_congested(zone, BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10);

trace_mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive(zone->zone_pgdat->node_id,
zone_idx(zone),
nr_scanned, nr_reclaimed,
priority,
trace_shrink_flags(file, sc->reclaim_mode));
return nr_reclaimed;
}

/*
* This moves pages from the active list to the inactive list.
*
* We move them the other way if the page is referenced by one or more
* processes, from rmap.
*
* If the pages are mostly unmapped, the processing is fast and it is
* appropriate to hold zone->lru_lock across the whole operation. But if
* the pages are mapped, the processing is slow (page_referenced()) so we
* should drop zone->lru_lock around each page. It's impossible to balance
* this, so instead we remove the pages from the LRU while processing them.
* It is safe to rely on PG_active against the non-LRU pages in here because
* nobody will play with that bit on a non-LRU page.
*
* The downside is that we have to touch page->_count against each page.
* But we had to alter page->flags anyway.
*/

static void move_active_pages_to_lru(struct zone *zone,
struct list_head *list,
enum lru_list lru)
{
unsigned long pgmoved = 0;
struct pagevec pvec;
struct page *page;

pagevec_init(&pvec, 1);

while (!list_empty(list)) {
page = lru_to_page(list);

VM_BUG_ON(PageLRU(page));
SetPageLRU(page);

list_move(&page->lru, &zone->lru[lru].list);
mem_cgroup_add_lru_list(page, lru);
pgmoved += hpage_nr_pages(page);

if (!pagevec_add(&pvec, page) || list_empty(list)) {
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
if (buffer_heads_over_limit)
pagevec_strip(&pvec);
__pagevec_release(&pvec);
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}
}
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_LRU_BASE + lru, pgmoved);
if (!is_active_lru(lru))
__count_vm_events(PGDEACTIVATE, pgmoved);
}

static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_pages, struct zone *zone,
struct scan_control *sc, int priority, int file)
{
unsigned long nr_taken;
unsigned long pgscanned;
unsigned long vm_flags;
LIST_HEAD(l_hold); /* The pages which were snipped off */
LIST_HEAD(l_active);
LIST_HEAD(l_inactive);
struct page *page;
struct zone_reclaim_stat *reclaim_stat = get_reclaim_stat(zone, sc);
unsigned long nr_rotated = 0;
isolate_mode_t reclaim_mode = ISOLATE_ACTIVE;

lru_add_drain();

if (!sc->may_unmap)
reclaim_mode |= ISOLATE_UNMAPPED;
if (!sc->may_writepage)
reclaim_mode |= ISOLATE_CLEAN;

spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
if (scanning_global_lru(sc)) {
nr_taken = isolate_pages_global(nr_pages, &l_hold,
&pgscanned, sc->order,
reclaim_mode, zone,
1, file);
zone->pages_scanned += pgscanned;
} else {
nr_taken = mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(nr_pages, &l_hold,
&pgscanned, sc->order,
reclaim_mode, zone,
sc->mem_cgroup, 1, file);
/*
* mem_cgroup_isolate_pages() keeps track of
* scanned pages on its own.
*/
}

reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[file] += nr_taken;

__count_zone_vm_events(PGREFILL, zone, pgscanned);
if (file)
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE, -nr_taken);
else
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_ANON, -nr_taken);
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON + file, nr_taken);
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);

while (!list_empty(&l_hold)) {
cond_resched();
page = lru_to_page(&l_hold);
list_del(&page->lru);

if (unlikely(!page_evictable(page, NULL))) {
putback_lru_page(page);
continue;
}

if (page_referenced(page, 0, sc->mem_cgroup, &vm_flags)) {
nr_rotated += hpage_nr_pages(page);
/*
* Identify referenced, file-backed active pages and
* give them one more trip around the active list. So
* that executable code get better chances to stay in
* memory under moderate memory pressure. Anon pages
* are not likely to be evicted by use-once streaming
* IO, plus JVM can create lots of anon VM_EXEC pages,
* so we ignore them here.
*/
if ((vm_flags & VM_EXEC) && page_is_file_cache(page)) {
list_add(&page->lru, &l_active);
continue;
}
}

ClearPageActive(page); /* we are de-activating */
list_add(&page->lru, &l_inactive);
}

/*
* Move pages back to the lru list.
*/
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
/*
* Count referenced pages from currently used mappings as rotated,
* even though only some of them are actually re-activated. This
* helps balance scan pressure between file and anonymous pages in
* get_scan_ratio.
*/
reclaim_stat->recent_rotated[file] += nr_rotated;

move_active_pages_to_lru(zone, &l_active,
LRU_ACTIVE + file * LRU_FILE);
move_active_pages_to_lru(zone, &l_inactive,
LRU_BASE + file * LRU_FILE);
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON + file, -nr_taken);
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SWAP
static int inactive_anon_is_low_global(struct zone *zone)
{
unsigned long active, inactive;

active = zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_ANON);
inactive = zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_ANON);

if (inactive * zone->inactive_ratio < active)
return 1;

return 0;
}

/**
* inactive_anon_is_low - check if anonymous pages need to be deactivated
* @zone: zone to check
* @sc: scan control of this context
*
* Returns true if the zone does not have enough inactive anon pages,
* meaning some active anon pages need to be deactivated.
*/
static int inactive_anon_is_low(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc)
{
int low;

/*
* If we don't have swap space, anonymous page deactivation
* is pointless.
*/
if (!total_swap_pages)
return 0;

if (scanning_global_lru(sc))
low = inactive_anon_is_low_global(zone);
else
low = mem_cgroup_inactive_anon_is_low(sc->mem_cgroup, zone);
return low;
}
#else
static inline int inactive_anon_is_low(struct zone *zone,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
return 0;
}
#endif

static int inactive_file_is_low_global(struct zone *zone)
{
unsigned long active, inactive;

active = zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE);
inactive = zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE);

return (active > inactive);
}

/**
* inactive_file_is_low - check if file pages need to be deactivated
* @zone: zone to check
* @sc: scan control of this context
*
* When the system is doing streaming IO, memory pressure here
* ensures that active file pages get deactivated, until more
* than half of the file pages are on the inactive list.
*
* Once we get to that situation, protect the system's working
* set from being evicted by disabling active file page aging.
*
* This uses a different ratio than the anonymous pages, because
* the page cache uses a use-once replacement algorithm.
*/
static int inactive_file_is_low(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc)
{
int low;

if (scanning_global_lru(sc))
low = inactive_file_is_low_global(zone);
else
low = mem_cgroup_inactive_file_is_low(sc->mem_cgroup, zone);
return low;
}

static int inactive_list_is_low(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc,
int file)
{
if (file)
return inactive_file_is_low(zone, sc);
else
return inactive_anon_is_low(zone, sc);
}

static unsigned long shrink_list(enum lru_list lru, unsigned long nr_to_scan,
struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc, int priority)
{
int file = is_file_lru(lru);

if (is_active_lru(lru)) {
if (inactive_list_is_low(zone, sc, file))
shrink_active_list(nr_to_scan, zone, sc, priority, file);
return 0;
}

return shrink_inactive_list(nr_to_scan, zone, sc, priority, file);
}

static int vmscan_swappiness(struct scan_control *sc)
{
if (scanning_global_lru(sc))
return vm_swappiness;
return mem_cgroup_swappiness(sc->mem_cgroup);
}

/*
* Determine how aggressively the anon and file LRU lists should be
* scanned. The relative value of each set of LRU lists is determined
* by looking at the fraction of the pages scanned we did rotate back
* onto the active list instead of evict.
*
* nr[0] = anon pages to scan; nr[1] = file pages to scan
*/
static void get_scan_count(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc,
unsigned long *nr, int priority)
{
unsigned long anon, file, free;
unsigned long anon_prio, file_prio;
unsigned long ap, fp;
struct zone_reclaim_stat *reclaim_stat = get_reclaim_stat(zone, sc);
u64 fraction[2], denominator;
enum lru_list l;
int noswap = 0;
bool force_scan = false;

/*
* If the zone or memcg is small, nr[l] can be 0. This
* results in no scanning on this priority and a potential
* priority drop. Global direct reclaim can go to the next
* zone and tends to have no problems. Global kswapd is for
* zone balancing and it needs to scan a minimum amount. When
* reclaiming for a memcg, a priority drop can cause high
* latencies, so it's better to scan a minimum amount there as
* well.
*/
if (scanning_global_lru(sc) && current_is_kswapd() &&
zone->all_unreclaimable)
force_scan = true;
if (!scanning_global_lru(sc))
force_scan = true;

/* If we have no swap space, do not bother scanning anon pages. */
if (!sc->may_swap || (nr_swap_pages <= 0)) {
noswap = 1;
fraction[0] = 0;
fraction[1] = 1;
denominator = 1;
goto out;
}

anon = zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, LRU_ACTIVE_ANON) +
zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, LRU_INACTIVE_ANON);
file = zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, LRU_ACTIVE_FILE) +
zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, LRU_INACTIVE_FILE);

if (scanning_global_lru(sc)) {
free = zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES);
/* If we have very few page cache pages,
force-scan anon pages. */
if (unlikely(file + free <= high_wmark_pages(zone))) {
fraction[0] = 1;
fraction[1] = 0;
denominator = 1;
goto out;
}
}

/*
* With swappiness at 100, anonymous and file have the same priority.
* This scanning priority is essentially the inverse of IO cost.
*/
anon_prio = vmscan_swappiness(sc);
file_prio = 200 - vmscan_swappiness(sc);

/*
* OK, so we have swap space and a fair amount of page cache
* pages. We use the recently rotated / recently scanned
* ratios to determine how valuable each cache is.
*
* Because workloads change over time (and to avoid overflow)
* we keep these statistics as a floating average, which ends
* up weighing recent references more than old ones.
*
* anon in [0], file in [1]
*/
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
if (unlikely(reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[0] > anon / 4)) {
reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[0] /= 2;
reclaim_stat->recent_rotated[0] /= 2;
}

if (unlikely(reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[1] > file / 4)) {
reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[1] /= 2;
reclaim_stat->recent_rotated[1] /= 2;
}

/*
* The amount of pressure on anon vs file pages is inversely
* proportional to the fraction of recently scanned pages on
* each list that were recently referenced and in active use.
*/
ap = (anon_prio + 1) * (reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[0] + 1);
ap /= reclaim_stat->recent_rotated[0] + 1;

fp = (file_prio + 1) * (reclaim_stat->recent_scanned[1] + 1);
fp /= reclaim_stat->recent_rotated[1] + 1;
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);

fraction[0] = ap;
fraction[1] = fp;
denominator = ap + fp + 1;
out:
for_each_evictable_lru(l) {
int file = is_file_lru(l);
unsigned long scan;

scan = zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, l);
if (priority || noswap) {
scan >>= priority;
if (!scan && force_scan)
scan = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX;
scan = div64_u64(scan * fraction[file], denominator);
}
nr[l] = scan;
}
}

/*
* Reclaim/compaction depends on a number of pages being freed. To avoid
* disruption to the system, a small number of order-0 pages continue to be
* rotated and reclaimed in the normal fashion. However, by the time we get
* back to the allocator and call try_to_compact_zone(), we ensure that
* there are enough free pages for it to be likely successful
*/
static inline bool should_continue_reclaim(struct zone *zone,
unsigned long nr_reclaimed,
unsigned long nr_scanned,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
unsigned long pages_for_compaction;
unsigned long inactive_lru_pages;

/* If not in reclaim/compaction mode, stop */
if (!(sc->reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_MODE_COMPACTION))
return false;

/* Consider stopping depending on scan and reclaim activity */
if (sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_REPEAT) {
/*
* For __GFP_REPEAT allocations, stop reclaiming if the
* full LRU list has been scanned and we are still failing
* to reclaim pages. This full LRU scan is potentially
* expensive but a __GFP_REPEAT caller really wants to succeed
*/
if (!nr_reclaimed && !nr_scanned)
return false;
} else {
/*
* For non-__GFP_REPEAT allocations which can presumably
* fail without consequence, stop if we failed to reclaim
* any pages from the last SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX number of
* pages that were scanned. This will return to the
* caller faster at the risk reclaim/compaction and
* the resulting allocation attempt fails
*/
if (!nr_reclaimed)
return false;
}

/*
* If we have not reclaimed enough pages for compaction and the
* inactive lists are large enough, continue reclaiming
*/
pages_for_compaction = (2UL << sc->order);
inactive_lru_pages = zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, LRU_INACTIVE_FILE);
if (nr_swap_pages > 0)
inactive_lru_pages += zone_nr_lru_pages(zone, sc, LRU_INACTIVE_ANON);
if (sc->nr_reclaimed < pages_for_compaction &&
inactive_lru_pages > pages_for_compaction)
return true;

/* If compaction would go ahead or the allocation would succeed, stop */
switch (compaction_suitable(zone, sc->order)) {
case COMPACT_PARTIAL:
case COMPACT_CONTINUE:
return false;
default:
return true;
}
}

/*
* This is a basic per-zone page freer. Used by both kswapd and direct reclaim.
*/
static void shrink_zone(int priority, struct zone *zone,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
unsigned long nr[NR_LRU_LISTS];
unsigned long nr_to_scan;
enum lru_list l;
unsigned long nr_reclaimed, nr_scanned;
unsigned long nr_to_reclaim = sc->nr_to_reclaim;
struct blk_plug plug;

restart:
nr_reclaimed = 0;
nr_scanned = sc->nr_scanned;
get_scan_count(zone, sc, nr, priority);

blk_start_plug(&plug);
while (nr[LRU_INACTIVE_ANON] || nr[LRU_ACTIVE_FILE] ||
nr[LRU_INACTIVE_FILE]) {
for_each_evictable_lru(l) {
if (nr[l]) {
nr_to_scan = min_t(unsigned long,
nr[l], SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX);
nr[l] -= nr_to_scan;

nr_reclaimed += shrink_list(l, nr_to_scan,
zone, sc, priority);
}
}
/*
* On large memory systems, scan >> priority can become
* really large. This is fine for the starting priority;
* we want to put equal scanning pressure on each zone.
* However, if the VM has a harder time of freeing pages,
* with multiple processes reclaiming pages, the total
* freeing target can get unreasonably large.
*/
if (nr_reclaimed >= nr_to_reclaim && priority < DEF_PRIORITY)
break;
}
blk_finish_plug(&plug);
sc->nr_reclaimed += nr_reclaimed;

/*
* Even if we did not try to evict anon pages at all, we want to
* rebalance the anon lru active/inactive ratio.
*/
if (inactive_anon_is_low(zone, sc))
shrink_active_list(SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, zone, sc, priority, 0);

/* reclaim/compaction might need reclaim to continue */
if (should_continue_reclaim(zone, nr_reclaimed,
sc->nr_scanned - nr_scanned, sc))
goto restart;

throttle_vm_writeout(sc->gfp_mask);
}

/* Returns true if compaction should go ahead for a high-order request */
static inline bool compaction_ready(struct zone *zone, struct scan_control *sc)
{
unsigned long balance_gap, watermark;
bool watermark_ok;

/* Do not consider compaction for orders reclaim is meant to satisfy */
if (sc->order <= PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER)
return false;

/*
* Compaction takes time to run and there are potentially other
* callers using the pages just freed. Continue reclaiming until
* there is a buffer of free pages available to give compaction
* a reasonable chance of completing and allocating the page
*/
balance_gap = min(low_wmark_pages(zone),
(zone->present_pages + KSWAPD_ZONE_BALANCE_GAP_RATIO-1) /
KSWAPD_ZONE_BALANCE_GAP_RATIO);
watermark = high_wmark_pages(zone) + balance_gap + (2UL << sc->order);
watermark_ok = zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, 0, watermark, 0, 0);

/*
* If compaction is deferred, reclaim up to a point where
* compaction will have a chance of success when re-enabled
*/
if (compaction_deferred(zone))
return watermark_ok;

/* If compaction is not ready to start, keep reclaiming */
if (!compaction_suitable(zone, sc->order))
return false;

return watermark_ok;
}

/*
* This is the direct reclaim path, for page-allocating processes. We only
* try to reclaim pages from zones which will satisfy the caller's allocation
* request.
*
* We reclaim from a zone even if that zone is over high_wmark_pages(zone).
* Because:
* a) The caller may be trying to free *extra* pages to satisfy a higher-order
* allocation or
* b) The target zone may be at high_wmark_pages(zone) but the lower zones
* must go *over* high_wmark_pages(zone) to satisfy the `incremental min'
* zone defense algorithm.
*
* If a zone is deemed to be full of pinned pages then just give it a light
* scan then give up on it.
*
* This function returns true if a zone is being reclaimed for a costly
* high-order allocation and compaction is ready to begin. This indicates to
* the caller that it should consider retrying the allocation instead of
* further reclaim.
*/
static bool shrink_zones(int priority, struct zonelist *zonelist,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
struct zoneref *z;
struct zone *zone;
unsigned long nr_soft_reclaimed;
unsigned long nr_soft_scanned;
bool aborted_reclaim = false;

for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zonelist,
gfp_zone(sc->gfp_mask), sc->nodemask) {
if (!populated_zone(zone))
continue;
/*
* Take care memory controller reclaiming has small influence
* to global LRU.
*/
if (scanning_global_lru(sc)) {
if (!cpuset_zone_allowed_hardwall(zone, GFP_KERNEL))
continue;
if (zone->all_unreclaimable && priority != DEF_PRIORITY)
continue; /* Let kswapd poll it */
if (COMPACTION_BUILD) {
/*
* If we already have plenty of memory free for
* compaction in this zone, don't free any more.
* Even though compaction is invoked for any
* non-zero order, only frequent costly order
* reclamation is disruptive enough to become a
* noticable problem, like transparent huge page
* allocations.
*/
if (compaction_ready(zone, sc)) {
aborted_reclaim = true;
continue;
}
}
/*
* This steals pages from memory cgroups over softlimit
* and returns the number of reclaimed pages and
* scanned pages. This works for global memory pressure
* and balancing, not for a memcg's limit.
*/
nr_soft_scanned = 0;
nr_soft_reclaimed = mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(zone,
sc->order, sc->gfp_mask,
&nr_soft_scanned);
sc->nr_reclaimed += nr_soft_reclaimed;
sc->nr_scanned += nr_soft_scanned;
/* need some check for avoid more shrink_zone() */
}

shrink_zone(priority, zone, sc);
}

return aborted_reclaim;
}

static bool zone_reclaimable(struct zone *zone)
{
return zone->pages_scanned < zone_reclaimable_pages(zone) * 6;
}

/* All zones in zonelist are unreclaimable? */
static bool all_unreclaimable(struct zonelist *zonelist,
struct scan_control *sc)
{
struct zoneref *z;
struct zone *zone;

for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zonelist,
gfp_zone(sc->gfp_mask), sc->nodemask) {
if (!populated_zone(zone))
continue;
if (!cpuset_zone_allowed_hardwall(zone, GFP_KERNEL))
continue;
if (!zone->all_unreclaimable)
return false;
}

return true;
}

/*
* This is the main entry point to direct page reclaim.
*
* If a full scan of the inactive list fails to free enough memory then we
* are "out of memory" and something needs to be killed.
*
* If the caller is !__GFP_FS then the probability of a failure is reasonably
* high - the zone may be full of dirty or under-writeback pages, which this
* caller can't do much about. We kick the writeback threads and take explicit
* naps in the hope that some of these pages can be written. But if the
* allocating task holds filesystem locks which prevent writeout this might not
* work, and the allocation attempt will fail.
*
* returns: 0, if no pages reclaimed
* else, the number of pages reclaimed
*/
static unsigned long do_try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
struct scan_control *sc,
struct shrink_control *shrink)
{
int priority;
unsigned long total_scanned = 0;
struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state = current->reclaim_state;
struct zoneref *z;
struct zone *zone;
unsigned long writeback_threshold;
bool aborted_reclaim;

delayacct_freepages_start();

if (scanning_global_lru(sc))
count_vm_event(ALLOCSTALL);

for (priority = DEF_PRIORITY; priority >= 0; priority--) {
sc->nr_scanned = 0;
if (!priority)
disable_swap_token(sc->mem_cgroup);
aborted_reclaim = shrink_zones(priority, zonelist, sc);

/*
* Don't shrink slabs when reclaiming memory from
* over limit cgroups
*/
if (scanning_global_lru(sc)) {
unsigned long lru_pages = 0;
for_each_zone_zonelist(zone, z, zonelist,
gfp_zone(sc->gfp_mask)) {
if (!cpuset_zone_allowed_hardwall(zone, GFP_KERNEL))
continue;

lru_pages += zone_reclaimable_pages(zone);
}

shrink_slab(shrink, sc->nr_scanned, lru_pages);
if (reclaim_state) {
sc->nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab;
reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab = 0;
}
}
total_scanned += sc->nr_scanned;
if (sc->nr_reclaimed >= sc->nr_to_reclaim)
goto out;

/*
* Try to write back as many pages as we just scanned. This
* tends to cause slow streaming writers to write data to the
* disk smoothly, at the dirtying rate, which is nice. But
* that's undesirable in laptop mode, where we *want* lumpy
* writeout. So in laptop mode, write out the whole world.
*/
writeback_threshold = sc->nr_to_reclaim + sc->nr_to_reclaim / 2;
if (total_scanned > writeback_threshold) {
wakeup_flusher_threads(laptop_mode ? 0 : total_scanned,
WB_REASON_TRY_TO_FREE_PAGES);
sc->may_writepage = 1;
}

/* Take a nap, wait for some writeback to complete */
if (!sc->hibernation_mode && sc->nr_scanned &&
priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2) {
struct zone *preferred_zone;

first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, gfp_zone(sc->gfp_mask),
&cpuset_current_mems_allowed,
&preferred_zone);
wait_iff_congested(preferred_zone, BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10);
}
}

out:
delayacct_freepages_end();

if (sc->nr_reclaimed)
return sc->nr_reclaimed;

/*
* As hibernation is going on, kswapd is freezed so that it can't mark
* the zone into all_unreclaimable. Thus bypassing all_unreclaimable
* check.
*/
if (oom_killer_disabled)
return 0;

/* Aborted reclaim to try compaction? don't OOM, then */
if (aborted_reclaim)
return 1;

/* top priority shrink_zones still had more to do? don't OOM, then */
if (scanning_global_lru(sc) && !all_unreclaimable(zonelist, sc))
return 1;

return 0;
}

unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order,
gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask)
{
unsigned long nr_reclaimed;
struct scan_control sc = {
.gfp_mask = gfp_mask,
.may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
.nr_to_reclaim = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
.may_unmap = 1,
.may_swap = 1,
.order = order,
.mem_cgroup = NULL,
.nodemask = nodemask,
};
struct shrink_control shrink = {
.gfp_mask = sc.gfp_mask,
};

trace_mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin(order,
sc.may_writepage,
gfp_mask);

nr_reclaimed = do_try_to_free_pages(zonelist, &sc, &shrink);

trace_mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end(nr_reclaimed);

return nr_reclaimed;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR

unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node_zone(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
struct zone *zone,
unsigned long *nr_scanned)
{
struct scan_control sc = {
.nr_scanned = 0,
.nr_to_reclaim = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
.may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
.may_unmap = 1,
.may_swap = !noswap,
.order = 0,
.mem_cgroup = mem,
};

sc.gfp_mask = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) |
(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE & ~GFP_RECLAIM_MASK);

trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_begin(0,
sc.may_writepage,
sc.gfp_mask);

/*
* NOTE: Although we can get the priority field, using it
* here is not a good idea, since it limits the pages we can scan.
* if we don't reclaim here, the shrink_zone from balance_pgdat
* will pick up pages from other mem cgroup's as well. We hack
* the priority and make it zero.
*/
shrink_zone(0, zone, &sc);

trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end(sc.nr_reclaimed);

*nr_scanned = sc.nr_scanned;
return sc.nr_reclaimed;
}

unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
gfp_t gfp_mask,
bool noswap)
{
struct zonelist *zonelist;
unsigned long nr_reclaimed;
int nid;
struct scan_control sc = {
.may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
.may_unmap = 1,
.may_swap = !noswap,
.nr_to_reclaim = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
.order = 0,
.mem_cgroup = mem_cont,
.nodemask = NULL, /* we don't care the placement */
.gfp_mask = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) |
(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE & ~GFP_RECLAIM_MASK),
};
struct shrink_control shrink = {
.gfp_mask = sc.gfp_mask,
};

/*
* Unlike direct reclaim via alloc_pages(), memcg's reclaim doesn't
* take care of from where we get pages. So the node where we start the
* scan does not need to be the current node.
*/
nid = mem_cgroup_select_victim_node(mem_cont);

zonelist = NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zonelists;

trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_begin(0,
sc.may_writepage,
sc.gfp_mask);

nr_reclaimed = do_try_to_free_pages(zonelist, &sc, &shrink);

trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end(nr_reclaimed);

return nr_reclaimed;
}
#endif

/*
* pgdat_balanced is used when checking if a node is balanced for high-order
* allocations. Only zones that meet watermarks and are in a zone allowed
* by the callers classzone_idx are added to balanced_pages. The total of
* balanced pages must be at least 25% of the zones allowed by classzone_idx
* for the node to be considered balanced. Forcing all zones to be balanced
* for high orders can cause excessive reclaim when there are imbalanced zones.
* The choice of 25% is due to
* o a 16M DMA zone that is balanced will not balance a zone on any
* reasonable sized machine
* o On all other machines, the top zone must be at least a reasonable
* percentage of the middle zones. For example, on 32-bit x86, highmem
* would need to be at least 256M for it to be balance a whole node.
* Similarly, on x86-64 the Normal zone would need to be at least 1G
* to balance a node on its own. These seemed like reasonable ratios.
*/
static bool pgdat_balanced(pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long balanced_pages,
int classzone_idx)
{
unsigned long present_pages = 0;
int i;

for (i = 0; i <= classzone_idx; i++)
present_pages += pgdat->node_zones[i].present_pages;

/* A special case here: if zone has no page, we think it's balanced */
return balanced_pages >= (present_pages >> 2);
}

/* is kswapd sleeping prematurely? */
static bool sleeping_prematurely(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, long remaining,
int classzone_idx)
{
int i;
unsigned long balanced = 0;
bool all_zones_ok = true;

/* If a direct reclaimer woke kswapd within HZ/10, it's premature */
if (remaining)
return true;

/* Check the watermark levels */
for (i = 0; i <= classzone_idx; i++) {
struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + i;

if (!populated_zone(zone))
continue;

/*
* balance_pgdat() skips over all_unreclaimable after
* DEF_PRIORITY. Effectively, it considers them balanced so
* they must be considered balanced here as well if kswapd
* is to sleep
*/
if (zone->all_unreclaimable) {
balanced += zone->present_pages;
continue;
}

if (!zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, order, high_wmark_pages(zone),
i, 0))
all_zones_ok = false;
else
balanced += zone->present_pages;
}

/*
* For high-order requests, the balanced zones must contain at least
* 25% of the nodes pages for kswapd to sleep. For order-0, all zones
* must be balanced
*/
if (order)
return !pgdat_balanced(pgdat, balanced, classzone_idx);
else
return !all_zones_ok;
}

/*
* For kswapd, balance_pgdat() will work across all this node's zones until
* they are all at high_wmark_pages(zone).
*
* Returns the final order kswapd was reclaiming at
*
* There is special handling here for zones which are full of pinned pages.
* This can happen if the pages are all mlocked, or if they are all used by
* device drivers (say, ZONE_DMA). Or if they are all in use by hugetlb.
* What we do is to detect the case where all pages in the zone have been
* scanned twice and there has been zero successful reclaim. Mark the zone as
* dead and from now on, only perform a short scan. Basically we're polling
* the zone for when the problem goes away.
*
* kswapd scans the zones in the highmem->normal->dma direction. It skips
* zones which have free_pages > high_wmark_pages(zone), but once a zone is
* found to have free_pages <= high_wmark_pages(zone), we scan that zone and the
* lower zones regardless of the number of free pages in the lower zones. This
* interoperates with the page allocator fallback scheme to ensure that aging
* of pages is balanced across the zones.
*/
static unsigned long balance_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order,
int *classzone_idx)
{
int all_zones_ok;
unsigned long balanced;
int priority;
int i;
int end_zone = 0; /* Inclusive. 0 = ZONE_DMA */
unsigned long total_scanned;
struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state = current->reclaim_state;
unsigned long nr_soft_reclaimed;
unsigned long nr_soft_scanned;
struct scan_control sc = {
.gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL,
.may_unmap = 1,
.may_swap = 1,
/*
* kswapd doesn't want to be bailed out while reclaim. because
* we want to put equal scanning pressure on each zone.
*/
.nr_to_reclaim = ULONG_MAX,
.order = order,
.mem_cgroup = NULL,
};
struct shrink_control shrink = {
.gfp_mask = sc.gfp_mask,
};
loop_again:
total_scanned = 0;
sc.nr_reclaimed = 0;
sc.may_writepage = !laptop_mode;
count_vm_event(PAGEOUTRUN);

for (priority = DEF_PRIORITY; priority >= 0; priority--) {
unsigned long lru_pages = 0;
int has_under_min_watermark_zone = 0;

/* The swap token gets in the way of swapout... */
if (!priority)
disable_swap_token(NULL);

all_zones_ok = 1;
balanced = 0;

/*
* Scan in the highmem->dma direction for the highest
* zone which needs scanning
*/
for (i = pgdat->nr_zones - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + i;

if (!populated_zone(zone))
continue;

if (zone->all_unreclaimable && priority != DEF_PRIORITY)
continue;

/*
* Do some background aging of the anon list, to give
* pages a chance to be referenced before reclaiming.
*/
if (inactive_anon_is_low(zone, &sc))
shrink_active_list(SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, zone,
&sc, priority, 0);

if (!zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, order,
high_wmark_pages(zone), 0, 0)) {
end_zone = i;
break;
} else {
/* If balanced, clear the congested flag */
zone_clear_flag(zone, ZONE_CONGESTED);
}
}
if (i < 0)
goto out;

for (i = 0; i <= end_zone; i++) {
struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + i;

lru_pages += zone_reclaimable_pages(zone);
}

/*
* Now scan the zone in the dma->highmem direction, stopping
* at the last zone which needs scanning.
*
* We do this because the page allocator works in the opposite
* direction. This prevents the page allocator from allocating
* pages behind kswapd's direction of progress, which would
* cause too much scanning of the lower zones.
*/
for (i = 0; i <= end_zone; i++) {
struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + i;
int nr_slab;
unsigned long balance_gap;

if (!populated_zone(zone))
continue;

if (zone->all_unreclaimable && priority != DEF_PRIORITY)
continue;

sc.nr_scanned = 0;

nr_soft_scanned = 0;
/*
* Call soft limit reclaim before calling shrink_zone.
*/
nr_soft_reclaimed = mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(zone,
order, sc.gfp_mask,
&nr_soft_scanned);
sc.nr_reclaimed += nr_soft_reclaimed;
total_scanned += nr_soft_scanned;

/*
* We put equal pressure on every zone, unless
* one zone has way too many pages free
* already. The "too many pages" is defined
* as the high wmark plus a "gap" where the
* gap is either the low watermark or 1%
* of the zone, whichever is smaller.
*/
balance_gap = min(low_wmark_pages(zone),
(zone->present_pages +
KSWAPD_ZONE_BALANCE_GAP_RATIO-1) /
KSWAPD_ZONE_BALANCE_GAP_RATIO);
if (!zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, order,
high_wmark_pages(zone) + balance_gap,
end_zone, 0)) {
shrink_zone(priority, zone, &sc);

reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab = 0;
nr_slab = shrink_slab(&shrink, sc.nr_scanned, lru_pages);
sc.nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab;
total_scanned += sc.nr_scanned;

if (nr_slab == 0 && !zone_reclaimable(zone))
zone->all_unreclaimable = 1;
}

/*
* If we've done a decent amount of scanning and
* the reclaim ratio is low, start doing writepage
* even in laptop mode
*/
if (total_scanned > SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX * 2 &&
total_scanned > sc.nr_reclaimed + sc.nr_reclaimed / 2)
sc.may_writepage = 1;

if (zone->all_unreclaimable) {
if (end_zone && end_zone == i)
end_zone--;
continue;
}

if (!zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, order,
high_wmark_pages(zone), end_zone, 0)) {
all_zones_ok = 0;
/*
* We are still under min water mark. This
* means that we have a GFP_ATOMIC allocation
* failure risk. Hurry up!
*/
if (!zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, order,
min_wmark_pages(zone), end_zone, 0))
has_under_min_watermark_zone = 1;
} else {
/*
* If a zone reaches its high watermark,
* consider it to be no longer congested. It's
* possible there are dirty pages backed by
* congested BDIs but as pressure is relieved,
* spectulatively avoid congestion waits
*/
zone_clear_flag(zone, ZONE_CONGESTED);
if (i <= *classzone_idx)
balanced += zone->present_pages;
}

}
if (all_zones_ok || (order && pgdat_balanced(pgdat, balanced, *classzone_idx)))
break; /* kswapd: all done */
/*
* OK, kswapd is getting into trouble. Take a nap, then take
* another pass across the zones.
*/
if (total_scanned && (priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2)) {
if (has_under_min_watermark_zone)
count_vm_event(KSWAPD_SKIP_CONGESTION_WAIT);
else
congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10);
}

/*
* We do this so kswapd doesn't build up large priorities for
* example when it is freeing in parallel with allocators. It
* matches the direct reclaim path behaviour in terms of impact
* on zone->*_priority.
*/
if (sc.nr_reclaimed >= SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX)
break;
}
out:

/*
* order-0: All zones must meet high watermark for a balanced node
* high-order: Balanced zones must make up at least 25% of the node
* for the node to be balanced
*/
if (!(all_zones_ok || (order && pgdat_balanced(pgdat, balanced, *classzone_idx)))) {
cond_resched();

try_to_freeze();

/*
* Fragmentation may mean that the system cannot be
* rebalanced for high-order allocations in all zones.
* At this point, if nr_reclaimed < SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
* it means the zones have been fully scanned and are still
* not balanced. For high-order allocations, there is
* little point trying all over again as kswapd may
* infinite loop.
*
* Instead, recheck all watermarks at order-0 as they
* are the most important. If watermarks are ok, kswapd will go
* back to sleep. High-order users can still perform direct
* reclaim if they wish.
*/
if (sc.nr_reclaimed < SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX)
order = sc.order = 0;

goto loop_again;
}

/*
* If kswapd was reclaiming at a higher order, it has the option of
* sleeping without all zones being balanced. Before it does, it must
* ensure that the watermarks for order-0 on *all* zones are met and
* that the congestion flags are cleared. The congestion flag must
* be cleared as kswapd is the only mechanism that clears the flag
* and it is potentially going to sleep here.
*/
if (order) {
for (i = 0; i <= end_zone; i++) {
struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + i;

if (!populated_zone(zone))
continue;

if (zone->all_unreclaimable && priority != DEF_PRIORITY)
continue;

/* Confirm the zone is balanced for order-0 */
if (!zone_watermark_ok(zone, 0,
high_wmark_pages(zone), 0, 0)) {
order = sc.order = 0;
goto loop_again;
}

/* If balanced, clear the congested flag */
zone_clear_flag(zone, ZONE_CONGESTED);
if (i <= *classzone_idx)
balanced += zone->present_pages;
}
}

/*
* Return the order we were reclaiming at so sleeping_prematurely()
* makes a decision on the order we were last reclaiming at. However,
* if another caller entered the allocator slow path while kswapd
* was awake, order will remain at the higher level
*/
*classzone_idx = end_zone;
return order;
}

static void kswapd_try_to_sleep(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int classzone_idx)
{
long remaining = 0;
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);

if (freezing(current) || kthread_should_stop())
return;

prepare_to_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);

/* Try to sleep for a short interval */
if (!sleeping_prematurely(pgdat, order, remaining, classzone_idx)) {
remaining = schedule_timeout(HZ/10);
finish_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait);
prepare_to_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
}

/*
* After a short sleep, check if it was a premature sleep. If not, then
* go fully to sleep until explicitly woken up.
*/
if (!sleeping_prematurely(pgdat, order, remaining, classzone_idx)) {
trace_mm_vmscan_kswapd_sleep(pgdat->node_id);

/*
* vmstat counters are not perfectly accurate and the estimated
* value for counters such as NR_FREE_PAGES can deviate from the
* true value by nr_online_cpus * threshold. To avoid the zone
* watermarks being breached while under pressure, we reduce the
* per-cpu vmstat threshold while kswapd is awake and restore
* them before going back to sleep.
*/
set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pgdat, calculate_normal_threshold);

if (!kthread_should_stop())
schedule();

set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pgdat, calculate_pressure_threshold);
} else {
if (remaining)
count_vm_event(KSWAPD_LOW_WMARK_HIT_QUICKLY);
else
count_vm_event(KSWAPD_HIGH_WMARK_HIT_QUICKLY);
}
finish_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait);
}

/*
* The background pageout daemon, started as a kernel thread
* from the init process.
*
* This basically trickles out pages so that we have _some_
* free memory available even if there is no other activity
* that frees anything up. This is needed for things like routing
* etc, where we otherwise might have all activity going on in
* asynchronous contexts that cannot page things out.
*
* If there are applications that are active memory-allocators
* (most normal use), this basically shouldn't matter.
*/
static int kswapd(void *p)
{
unsigned long order, new_order;
unsigned balanced_order;
int classzone_idx, new_classzone_idx;
int balanced_classzone_idx;
pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t*)p;
struct task_struct *tsk = current;

struct reclaim_state reclaim_state = {
.reclaimed_slab = 0,
};
const struct cpumask *cpumask = cpumask_of_node(pgdat->node_id);

lockdep_set_current_reclaim_state(GFP_KERNEL);

if (!cpumask_empty(cpumask))
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(tsk, cpumask);
current->reclaim_state = &reclaim_state;

/*
* Tell the memory management that we're a "memory allocator",
* and that if we need more memory we should get access to it
* regardless (see "__alloc_pages()"). "kswapd" should
* never get caught in the normal page freeing logic.
*
* (Kswapd normally doesn't need memory anyway, but sometimes
* you need a small amount of memory in order to be able to
* page out something else, and this flag essentially protects
* us from recursively trying to free more memory as we're
* trying to free the first piece of memory in the first place).
*/
tsk->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC | PF_SWAPWRITE | PF_KSWAPD;
set_freezable();

order = new_order = 0;
balanced_order = 0;
classzone_idx = new_classzone_idx = pgdat->nr_zones - 1;
balanced_classzone_idx = classzone_idx;
for ( ; ; ) {
int ret;

/*
* If the last balance_pgdat was unsuccessful it's unlikely a
* new request of a similar or harder type will succeed soon
* so consider going to sleep on the basis we reclaimed at
*/
if (balanced_classzone_idx >= new_classzone_idx &&
balanced_order == new_order) {
new_order = pgdat->kswapd_max_order;
new_classzone_idx = pgdat->classzone_idx;
pgdat->kswapd_max_order = 0;
pgdat->classzone_idx = pgdat->nr_zones - 1;
}

if (order < new_order || classzone_idx > new_classzone_idx) {
/*
* Don't sleep if someone wants a larger 'order'
* allocation or has tigher zone constraints
*/
order = new_order;
classzone_idx = new_classzone_idx;
} else {
kswapd_try_to_sleep(pgdat, balanced_order,
balanced_classzone_idx);
order = pgdat->kswapd_max_order;
classzone_idx = pgdat->classzone_idx;
new_order = order;
new_classzone_idx = classzone_idx;
pgdat->kswapd_max_order = 0;
pgdat->classzone_idx = pgdat->nr_zones - 1;
}

ret = try_to_freeze();
if (kthread_should_stop())
break;

/*
* We can speed up thawing tasks if we don't call balance_pgdat
* after returning from the refrigerator
*/
if (!ret) {
trace_mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake(pgdat->node_id, order);
balanced_classzone_idx = classzone_idx;
balanced_order = balance_pgdat(pgdat, order,
&balanced_classzone_idx);
}
}
return 0;
}

/*
* A zone is low on free memory, so wake its kswapd task to service it.
*/
void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, int order, enum zone_type classzone_idx)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat;

if (!populated_zone(zone))
return;

if (!cpuset_zone_allowed_hardwall(zone, GFP_KERNEL))
return;
pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat;
if (pgdat->kswapd_max_order < order) {
pgdat->kswapd_max_order = order;
pgdat->classzone_idx = min(pgdat->classzone_idx, classzone_idx);
}
if (!waitqueue_active(&pgdat->kswapd_wait))
return;
if (zone_watermark_ok_safe(zone, order, low_wmark_pages(zone), 0, 0))
return;

trace_mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd(pgdat->node_id, zone_idx(zone), order);
wake_up_interruptible(&pgdat->kswapd_wait);
}

/*
* The reclaimable count would be mostly accurate.
* The less reclaimable pages may be
* - mlocked pages, which will be moved to unevictable list when encountered
* - mapped pages, which may require several travels to be reclaimed
* - dirty pages, which is not "instantly" reclaimable
*/
unsigned long global_reclaimable_pages(void)
{
int nr;

nr = global_page_state(NR_ACTIVE_FILE) +
global_page_state(NR_INACTIVE_FILE);

if (nr_swap_pages > 0)
nr += global_page_state(NR_ACTIVE_ANON) +
global_page_state(NR_INACTIVE_ANON);

return nr;
}

unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone)
{
int nr;

nr = zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE) +
zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE);

if (nr_swap_pages > 0)
nr += zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_ANON) +
zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_ANON);

return nr;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION
/*
* Try to free `nr_to_reclaim' of memory, system-wide, and return the number of
* freed pages.
*
* Rather than trying to age LRUs the aim is to preserve the overall
* LRU order by reclaiming preferentially
* inactive > active > active referenced > active mapped
*/
unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_to_reclaim)
{
struct reclaim_state reclaim_state;
struct scan_control sc = {
.gfp_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE,
.may_swap = 1,
.may_unmap = 1,
.may_writepage = 1,
.nr_to_reclaim = nr_to_reclaim,
.hibernation_mode = 1,
.order = 0,
};
struct shrink_control shrink = {
.gfp_mask = sc.gfp_mask,
};
struct zonelist *zonelist = node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), sc.gfp_mask);
struct task_struct *p = current;
unsigned long nr_reclaimed;

p->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC;
lockdep_set_current_reclaim_state(sc.gfp_mask);
reclaim_state.reclaimed_slab = 0;
p->reclaim_state = &reclaim_state;

nr_reclaimed = do_try_to_free_pages(zonelist, &sc, &shrink);

p->reclaim_state = NULL;
lockdep_clear_current_reclaim_state();
p->flags &= ~PF_MEMALLOC;

return nr_reclaimed;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */

/* It's optimal to keep kswapds on the same CPUs as their memory, but
not required for correctness. So if the last cpu in a node goes
away, we get changed to run anywhere: as the first one comes back,
restore their cpu bindings. */
static int __devinit cpu_callback(struct notifier_block *nfb,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
int nid;

if (action == CPU_ONLINE || action == CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN) {
for_each_node_state(nid, N_HIGH_MEMORY) {
pg_data_t *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
const struct cpumask *mask;

mask = cpumask_of_node(pgdat->node_id);

if (cpumask_any_and(cpu_online_mask, mask) < nr_cpu_ids)
/* One of our CPUs online: restore mask */
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(pgdat->kswapd, mask);
}
}
return NOTIFY_OK;
}

/*
* This kswapd start function will be called by init and node-hot-add.
* On node-hot-add, kswapd will moved to proper cpus if cpus are hot-added.
*/
int kswapd_run(int nid)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
int ret = 0;

if (pgdat->kswapd)
return 0;

pgdat->kswapd = kthread_run(kswapd, pgdat, "kswapd%d", nid);
if (IS_ERR(pgdat->kswapd)) {
/* failure at boot is fatal */
BUG_ON(system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING);
printk("Failed to start kswapd on node %d\n",nid);
ret = -1;
}
return ret;
}

/*
* Called by memory hotplug when all memory in a node is offlined. Caller must
* hold lock_memory_hotplug().
*/
void kswapd_stop(int nid)
{
struct task_struct *kswapd = NODE_DATA(nid)->kswapd;

if (kswapd) {
kthread_stop(kswapd);
NODE_DATA(nid)->kswapd = NULL;
}
}

static int __init kswapd_init(void)
{
int nid;

swap_setup();
for_each_node_state(nid, N_HIGH_MEMORY)
  kswapd_run(nid);
hotcpu_notifier(cpu_callback, 0);
return 0;
}

module_init(kswapd_init)

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
/*
* Zone reclaim mode
*
* If non-zero call zone_reclaim when the number of free pages falls below
* the watermarks.
*/
int zone_reclaim_mode __read_mostly;

#define RECLAIM_OFF 0
#define RECLAIM_ZONE (1<<0) /* Run shrink_inactive_list on the zone */
#define RECLAIM_WRITE (1<<1) /* Writeout pages during reclaim */
#define RECLAIM_SWAP (1<<2) /* Swap pages out during reclaim */

/*
* Priority for ZONE_RECLAIM. This determines the fraction of pages
* of a node considered for each zone_reclaim. 4 scans 1/16th of
* a zone.
*/
#define ZONE_RECLAIM_PRIORITY 4

/*
* Percentage of pages in a zone that must be unmapped for zone_reclaim to
* occur.
*/
int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio = 1;

/*
* If the number of slab pages in a zone grows beyond this percentage then
* slab reclaim needs to occur.
*/
int sysctl_min_slab_ratio = 5;

static inline unsigned long zone_unmapped_file_pages(struct zone *zone)
{
unsigned long file_mapped = zone_page_state(zone, NR_FILE_MAPPED);
unsigned long file_lru = zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE) +
zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE);

/*
* It's possible for there to be more file mapped pages than
* accounted for by the pages on the file LRU lists because
* tmpfs pages accounted for as ANON can also be FILE_MAPPED
*/
return (file_lru > file_mapped) ? (file_lru - file_mapped) : 0;
}

/* Work out how many page cache pages we can reclaim in this reclaim_mode */
static long zone_pagecache_reclaimable(struct zone *zone)
{
long nr_pagecache_reclaimable;
long delta = 0;

/*
* If RECLAIM_SWAP is set, then all file pages are considered
* potentially reclaimable. Otherwise, we have to worry about
* pages like swapcache and zone_unmapped_file_pages() provides
* a better estimate
*/
if (zone_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_SWAP)
nr_pagecache_reclaimable = zone_page_state(zone, NR_FILE_PAGES);
else
nr_pagecache_reclaimable = zone_unmapped_file_pages(zone);

/* If we can't clean pages, remove dirty pages from consideration */
if (!(zone_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_WRITE))
delta += zone_page_state(zone, NR_FILE_DIRTY);

/* Watch for any possible underflows due to delta */
if (unlikely(delta > nr_pagecache_reclaimable))
delta = nr_pagecache_reclaimable;

return nr_pagecache_reclaimable - delta;
}

/*
* Try to free up some pages from this zone through reclaim.
*/
static int __zone_reclaim(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
{
/* Minimum pages needed in order to stay on node */
const unsigned long nr_pages = 1 << order;
struct task_struct *p = current;
struct reclaim_state reclaim_state;
int priority;
struct scan_control sc = {
.may_writepage = !!(zone_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_WRITE),
.may_unmap = !!(zone_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_SWAP),
.may_swap = 1,
.nr_to_reclaim = max_t(unsigned long, nr_pages,
SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX),
.gfp_mask = gfp_mask,
.order = order,
};
struct shrink_control shrink = {
.gfp_mask = sc.gfp_mask,
};
unsigned long nr_slab_pages0, nr_slab_pages1;

cond_resched();
/*
* We need to be able to allocate from the reserves for RECLAIM_SWAP
* and we also need to be able to write out pages for RECLAIM_WRITE
* and RECLAIM_SWAP.
*/
p->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC | PF_SWAPWRITE;
lockdep_set_current_reclaim_state(gfp_mask);
reclaim_state.reclaimed_slab = 0;
p->reclaim_state = &reclaim_state;

if (zone_pagecache_reclaimable(zone) > zone->min_unmapped_pages) {
/*
* Free memory by calling shrink zone with increasing
* priorities until we have enough memory freed.
*/
priority = ZONE_RECLAIM_PRIORITY;
do {
shrink_zone(priority, zone, &sc);
priority--;
} while (priority >= 0 && sc.nr_reclaimed < nr_pages);
}

nr_slab_pages0 = zone_page_state(zone, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE);
if (nr_slab_pages0 > zone->min_slab_pages) {
/*
* shrink_slab() does not currently allow us to determine how
* many pages were freed in this zone. So we take the current
* number of slab pages and shake the slab until it is reduced
* by the same nr_pages that we used for reclaiming unmapped
* pages.
*
* Note that shrink_slab will free memory on all zones and may
* take a long time.
*/
for (;;) {
unsigned long lru_pages = zone_reclaimable_pages(zone);

/* No reclaimable slab or very low memory pressure */
if (!shrink_slab(&shrink, sc.nr_scanned, lru_pages))
break;

/* Freed enough memory */
nr_slab_pages1 = zone_page_state(zone,
NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE);
if (nr_slab_pages1 + nr_pages <= nr_slab_pages0)
break;
}

/*
* Update nr_reclaimed by the number of slab pages we
* reclaimed from this zone.
*/
nr_slab_pages1 = zone_page_state(zone, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE);
if (nr_slab_pages1 < nr_slab_pages0)
sc.nr_reclaimed += nr_slab_pages0 - nr_slab_pages1;
}

p->reclaim_state = NULL;
current->flags &= ~(PF_MEMALLOC | PF_SWAPWRITE);
lockdep_clear_current_reclaim_state();
return sc.nr_reclaimed >= nr_pages;
}

int zone_reclaim(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
{
int node_id;
int ret;

/*
* Zone reclaim reclaims unmapped file backed pages and
* slab pages if we are over the defined limits.
*
* A small portion of unmapped file backed pages is needed for
* file I/O otherwise pages read by file I/O will be immediately
* thrown out if the zone is overallocated. So we do not reclaim
* if less than a specified percentage of the zone is used by
* unmapped file backed pages.
*/
if (zone_pagecache_reclaimable(zone) <= zone->min_unmapped_pages &&
zone_page_state(zone, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE) <= zone->min_slab_pages)
return ZONE_RECLAIM_FULL;

if (zone->all_unreclaimable)
return ZONE_RECLAIM_FULL;

/*
* Do not scan if the allocation should not be delayed.
*/
if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT) || (current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC))
return ZONE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN;

/*
* Only run zone reclaim on the local zone or on zones that do not
* have associated processors. This will favor the local processor
* over remote processors and spread off node memory allocations
* as wide as possible.
*/
node_id = zone_to_nid(zone);
if (node_state(node_id, N_CPU) && node_id != numa_node_id())
return ZONE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN;

if (zone_test_and_set_flag(zone, ZONE_RECLAIM_LOCKED))
return ZONE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN;

ret = __zone_reclaim(zone, gfp_mask, order);
zone_clear_flag(zone, ZONE_RECLAIM_LOCKED);

if (!ret)
count_vm_event(PGSCAN_ZONE_RECLAIM_FAILED);

return ret;
}
#endif

/*
* page_evictable - test whether a page is evictable
* @page: the page to test
* @vma: the VMA in which the page is or will be mapped, may be NULL
*
* Test whether page is evictable--i.e., should be placed on active/inactive
* lists vs unevictable list. The vma argument is !NULL when called from the
* fault path to determine how to instantate a new page.
*
* Reasons page might not be evictable:
* (1) page's mapping marked unevictable
* (2) page is part of an mlocked VMA
*
*/
int page_evictable(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{

if (mapping_unevictable(page_mapping(page)))
return 0;

if (PageMlocked(page) || (vma && is_mlocked_vma(vma, page)))
return 0;

return 1;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM
/**
* check_move_unevictable_pages - check pages for evictability and move to appropriate zone lru list
* @pages: array of pages to check
* @nr_pages: number of pages to check
*
* Checks pages for evictability and moves them to the appropriate lru list.
*
* This function is only used for SysV IPC SHM_UNLOCK.
*/
void check_move_unevictable_pages(struct page **pages, int nr_pages)
{
struct zone *zone = NULL;
int pgscanned = 0;
int pgrescued = 0;
int i;

for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
struct page *page = pages[i];
struct zone *pagezone;

pgscanned++;
pagezone = page_zone(page);
if (pagezone != zone) {
if (zone)
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
zone = pagezone;
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}

if (!PageLRU(page) || !PageUnevictable(page))
continue;

if (page_evictable(page, NULL)) {
enum lru_list lru = page_lru_base_type(page);

VM_BUG_ON(PageActive(page));
ClearPageUnevictable(page);
__dec_zone_state(zone, NR_UNEVICTABLE);
list_move(&page->lru, &zone->lru[lru].list);
mem_cgroup_move_lists(page, LRU_UNEVICTABLE, lru);
__inc_zone_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_ANON + lru);
pgrescued++;
}
}

if (zone) {
__count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGRESCUED, pgrescued);
__count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGSCANNED, pgscanned);
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SHMEM */

static void warn_scan_unevictable_pages(void)
{
printk_once(KERN_WARNING
"The scan_unevictable_pages sysctl/node-interface has been "
"disabled for lack of a legitimate use case. If you have "
"one, please send an email to linux-mm@kvack.org.\n");
}

/*
* scan_unevictable_pages [vm] sysctl handler. On demand re-scan of
* all nodes' unevictable lists for evictable pages
*/
unsigned long scan_unevictable_pages;

int scan_unevictable_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer,
size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
{
warn_scan_unevictable_pages();
proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos);
scan_unevictable_pages = 0;
return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
/*
* per node 'scan_unevictable_pages' attribute. On demand re-scan of
* a specified node's per zone unevictable lists for evictable pages.
*/

static ssize_t read_scan_unevictable_node(struct sys_device *dev,
struct sysdev_attribute *attr,
char *buf)
{
warn_scan_unevictable_pages();
return sprintf(buf, "0\n"); /* always zero; should fit... */
}

static ssize_t write_scan_unevictable_node(struct sys_device *dev,
struct sysdev_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
warn_scan_unevictable_pages();
return 1;
}


static SYSDEV_ATTR(scan_unevictable_pages, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
read_scan_unevictable_node,
write_scan_unevictable_node);

int scan_unevictable_register_node(struct node *node)
{
return sysdev_create_file(&node->sysdev, &attr_scan_unevictable_pages);
}

void scan_unevictable_unregister_node(struct node *node)
{
sysdev_remove_file(&node->sysdev, &attr_scan_unevictable_pages);
}
#endif
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.