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/*
* linux/fs/block_dev.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
* Copyright (C) 2001 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> SuSE
*/
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/device_cgroup.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/blkpg.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/log2.h>
#include <linux/kmemleak.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include "internal.h"
struct bdev_inode {
struct block_device bdev;
struct inode vfs_inode;
};
static const struct address_space_operations def_blk_aops;
static inline struct bdev_inode *BDEV_I(struct inode *inode)
{
return container_of(inode, struct bdev_inode, vfs_inode);
}
inline struct block_device *I_BDEV(struct inode *inode)
{
return &BDEV_I(inode)->bdev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(I_BDEV);
/*
* Move the inode from its current bdi to a new bdi. If the inode is dirty we
* need to move it onto the dirty list of @dst so that the inode is always on
* the right list.
*/
static void bdev_inode_switch_bdi(struct inode *inode,
struct backing_dev_info *dst)
{
struct backing_dev_info *old = inode->i_data.backing_dev_info;
if (unlikely(dst == old)) /* deadlock avoidance */
return;
bdi_lock_two(&old->wb, &dst->wb);
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
inode->i_data.backing_dev_info = dst;
if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY)
list_move(&inode->i_wb_list, &dst->wb.b_dirty);
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
spin_unlock(&old->wb.list_lock);
spin_unlock(&dst->wb.list_lock);
}
sector_t blkdev_max_block(struct block_device *bdev)
{
sector_t retval = ~((sector_t)0);
loff_t sz = i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode);
if (sz) {
unsigned int size = block_size(bdev);
unsigned int sizebits = blksize_bits(size);
retval = (sz >> sizebits);
}
return retval;
}
/* Kill _all_ buffers and pagecache , dirty or not.. */
static void kill_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
{
if (bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->nrpages == 0)
return;
invalidate_bh_lrus();
truncate_inode_pages(bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping, 0);
}
int set_blocksize(struct block_device *bdev, int size)
{
/* Size must be a power of two, and between 512 and PAGE_SIZE */
if (size > PAGE_SIZE || size < 512 || !is_power_of_2(size))
return -EINVAL;
/* Size cannot be smaller than the size supported by the device */
if (size < bdev_logical_block_size(bdev))
return -EINVAL;
/* Don't change the size if it is same as current */
if (bdev->bd_block_size != size) {
sync_blockdev(bdev);
bdev->bd_block_size = size;
bdev->bd_inode->i_blkbits = blksize_bits(size);
kill_bdev(bdev);
}
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_blocksize);
int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *sb, int size)
{
if (set_blocksize(sb->s_bdev, size))
return 0;
/* If we get here, we know size is power of two
* and it's value is between 512 and PAGE_SIZE */
sb->s_blocksize = size;
sb->s_blocksize_bits = blksize_bits(size);
return sb->s_blocksize;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sb_set_blocksize);
int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *sb, int size)
{
int minsize = bdev_logical_block_size(sb->s_bdev);
if (size < minsize)
size = minsize;
return sb_set_blocksize(sb, size);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sb_min_blocksize);
static int
blkdev_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
struct buffer_head *bh, int create)
{
if (iblock >= blkdev_max_block(I_BDEV(inode))) {
if (create)
return -EIO;
/*
* for reads, we're just trying to fill a partial page.
* return a hole, they will have to call get_block again
* before they can fill it, and they will get -EIO at that
* time
*/
return 0;
}
bh->b_bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
bh->b_blocknr = iblock;
set_buffer_mapped(bh);
return 0;
}
static int
blkdev_get_blocks(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
struct buffer_head *bh, int create)
{
sector_t end_block = blkdev_max_block(I_BDEV(inode));
unsigned long max_blocks = bh->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
if ((iblock + max_blocks) > end_block) {
max_blocks = end_block - iblock;
if ((long)max_blocks <= 0) {
if (create)
return -EIO; /* write fully beyond EOF */
/*
* It is a read which is fully beyond EOF. We return
* a !buffer_mapped buffer
*/
max_blocks = 0;
}
}
bh->b_bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
bh->b_blocknr = iblock;
bh->b_size = max_blocks << inode->i_blkbits;
if (max_blocks)
set_buffer_mapped(bh);
return 0;
}
static ssize_t
blkdev_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
return __blockdev_direct_IO(rw, iocb, inode, I_BDEV(inode), iov, offset,
nr_segs, blkdev_get_blocks, NULL, NULL, 0);
}
int __sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev, int wait)
{
if (!bdev)
return 0;
if (!wait)
return filemap_flush(bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping);
return filemap_write_and_wait(bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping);
}
/*
* Write out and wait upon all the dirty data associated with a block
* device via its mapping. Does not take the superblock lock.
*/
int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev)
{
return __sync_blockdev(bdev, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_blockdev);
/*
* Write out and wait upon all dirty data associated with this
* device. Filesystem data as well as the underlying block
* device. Takes the superblock lock.
*/
int fsync_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct super_block *sb = get_super(bdev);
if (sb) {
int res = sync_filesystem(sb);
drop_super(sb);
return res;
}
return sync_blockdev(bdev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fsync_bdev);
/**
* freeze_bdev -- lock a filesystem and force it into a consistent state
* @bdev: blockdevice to lock
*
* If a superblock is found on this device, we take the s_umount semaphore
* on it to make sure nobody unmounts until the snapshot creation is done.
* The reference counter (bd_fsfreeze_count) guarantees that only the last
* unfreeze process can unfreeze the frozen filesystem actually when multiple
* freeze requests arrive simultaneously. It counts up in freeze_bdev() and
* count down in thaw_bdev(). When it becomes 0, thaw_bdev() will unfreeze
* actually.
*/
struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct super_block *sb;
int error = 0;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
if (++bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count > 1) {
/*
* We don't even need to grab a reference - the first call
* to freeze_bdev grab an active reference and only the last
* thaw_bdev drops it.
*/
sb = get_super(bdev);
drop_super(sb);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return sb;
}
sb = get_active_super(bdev);
if (!sb)
goto out;
error = freeze_super(sb);
if (error) {
deactivate_super(sb);
bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count--;
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return ERR_PTR(error);
}
deactivate_super(sb);
out:
sync_blockdev(bdev);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return sb; /* thaw_bdev releases s->s_umount */
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(freeze_bdev);
/**
* thaw_bdev -- unlock filesystem
* @bdev: blockdevice to unlock
* @sb: associated superblock
*
* Unlocks the filesystem and marks it writeable again after freeze_bdev().
*/
int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb)
{
int error = -EINVAL;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
if (!bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count)
goto out;
error = 0;
if (--bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count > 0)
goto out;
if (!sb)
goto out;
error = thaw_super(sb);
if (error) {
bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count++;
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return error;
}
out:
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_bdev);
static int blkdev_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
return block_write_full_page(page, blkdev_get_block, wbc);
}
static int blkdev_readpage(struct file * file, struct page * page)
{
return block_read_full_page(page, blkdev_get_block);
}
static int blkdev_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags,
struct page **pagep, void **fsdata)
{
return block_write_begin(mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep,
blkdev_get_block);
}
static int blkdev_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
struct page *page, void *fsdata)
{
int ret;
ret = block_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata);
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
return ret;
}
/*
* private llseek:
* for a block special file file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_size is zero
* so we compute the size by hand (just as in block_read/write above)
*/
static loff_t block_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin)
{
struct inode *bd_inode = file->f_mapping->host;
loff_t size;
loff_t retval;
mutex_lock(&bd_inode->i_mutex);
size = i_size_read(bd_inode);
retval = -EINVAL;
switch (origin) {
case SEEK_END:
offset += size;
break;
case SEEK_CUR:
offset += file->f_pos;
case SEEK_SET:
break;
default:
goto out;
}
if (offset >= 0 && offset <= size) {
if (offset != file->f_pos) {
file->f_pos = offset;
}
retval = offset;
}
out:
mutex_unlock(&bd_inode->i_mutex);
return retval;
}
int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync)
{
struct inode *bd_inode = filp->f_mapping->host;
struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(bd_inode);
int error;
error = filemap_write_and_wait_range(filp->f_mapping, start, end);
if (error)
return error;
/*
* There is no need to serialise calls to blkdev_issue_flush with
* i_mutex and doing so causes performance issues with concurrent
* O_SYNC writers to a block device.
*/
error = blkdev_issue_flush(bdev, GFP_KERNEL, NULL);
if (error == -EOPNOTSUPP)
error = 0;
return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_fsync);
/*
* pseudo-fs
*/
static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bdev_lock);
static struct kmem_cache * bdev_cachep __read_mostly;
static struct inode *bdev_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
{
struct bdev_inode *ei = kmem_cache_alloc(bdev_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ei)
return NULL;
return &ei->vfs_inode;
}
static void bdev_i_callback(struct rcu_head *head)
{
struct inode *inode = container_of(head, struct inode, i_rcu);
struct bdev_inode *bdi = BDEV_I(inode);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&inode->i_dentry);
kmem_cache_free(bdev_cachep, bdi);
}
static void bdev_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
call_rcu(&inode->i_rcu, bdev_i_callback);
}
static void init_once(void *foo)
{
struct bdev_inode *ei = (struct bdev_inode *) foo;
struct block_device *bdev = &ei->bdev;
memset(bdev, 0, sizeof(*bdev));
mutex_init(&bdev->bd_mutex);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdev->bd_inodes);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdev->bd_list);
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdev->bd_holder_disks);
#endif
inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode);
/* Initialize mutex for freeze. */
mutex_init(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
}
static inline void __bd_forget(struct inode *inode)
{
list_del_init(&inode->i_devices);
inode->i_bdev = NULL;
inode->i_mapping = &inode->i_data;
}
static void bdev_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
struct block_device *bdev = &BDEV_I(inode)->bdev;
struct list_head *p;
truncate_inode_pages(&inode->i_data, 0);
invalidate_inode_buffers(inode); /* is it needed here? */
end_writeback(inode);
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
while ( (p = bdev->bd_inodes.next) != &bdev->bd_inodes ) {
__bd_forget(list_entry(p, struct inode, i_devices));
}
list_del_init(&bdev->bd_list);
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
}
static const struct super_operations bdev_sops = {
.statfs = simple_statfs,
.alloc_inode = bdev_alloc_inode,
.destroy_inode = bdev_destroy_inode,
.drop_inode = generic_delete_inode,
.evict_inode = bdev_evict_inode,
};
static struct dentry *bd_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data)
{
return mount_pseudo(fs_type, "bdev:", &bdev_sops, NULL, 0x62646576);
}
static struct file_system_type bd_type = {
.name = "bdev",
.mount = bd_mount,
.kill_sb = kill_anon_super,
};
struct super_block *blockdev_superblock __read_mostly;
void __init bdev_cache_init(void)
{
int err;
struct vfsmount *bd_mnt;
bdev_cachep = kmem_cache_create("bdev_cache", sizeof(struct bdev_inode),
0, (SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|
SLAB_MEM_SPREAD|SLAB_PANIC),
init_once);
err = register_filesystem(&bd_type);
if (err)
panic("Cannot register bdev pseudo-fs");
bd_mnt = kern_mount(&bd_type);
if (IS_ERR(bd_mnt))
panic("Cannot create bdev pseudo-fs");
/*
* This vfsmount structure is only used to obtain the
* blockdev_superblock, so tell kmemleak not to report it.
*/
kmemleak_not_leak(bd_mnt);
blockdev_superblock = bd_mnt->mnt_sb; /* For writeback */
}
/*
* Most likely _very_ bad one - but then it's hardly critical for small
* /dev and can be fixed when somebody will need really large one.
* Keep in mind that it will be fed through icache hash function too.
*/
static inline unsigned long hash(dev_t dev)
{
return MAJOR(dev)+MINOR(dev);
}
static int bdev_test(struct inode *inode, void *data)
{
return BDEV_I(inode)->bdev.bd_dev == *(dev_t *)data;
}
static int bdev_set(struct inode *inode, void *data)
{
BDEV_I(inode)->bdev.bd_dev = *(dev_t *)data;
return 0;
}
static LIST_HEAD(all_bdevs);
struct block_device *bdget(dev_t dev)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
struct inode *inode;
inode = iget5_locked(blockdev_superblock, hash(dev),
bdev_test, bdev_set, &dev);
if (!inode)
return NULL;
bdev = &BDEV_I(inode)->bdev;
if (inode->i_state & I_NEW) {
bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
bdev->bd_super = NULL;
bdev->bd_inode = inode;
bdev->bd_block_size = (1 << inode->i_blkbits);
bdev->bd_part_count = 0;
bdev->bd_invalidated = 0;
inode->i_mode = S_IFBLK;
inode->i_rdev = dev;
inode->i_bdev = bdev;
inode->i_data.a_ops = &def_blk_aops;
mapping_set_gfp_mask(&inode->i_data, GFP_USER);
inode->i_data.backing_dev_info = &default_backing_dev_info;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
list_add(&bdev->bd_list, &all_bdevs);
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
unlock_new_inode(inode);
}
return bdev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdget);
/**
* bdgrab -- Grab a reference to an already referenced block device
* @bdev: Block device to grab a reference to.
*/
struct block_device *bdgrab(struct block_device *bdev)
{
ihold(bdev->bd_inode);
return bdev;
}
long nr_blockdev_pages(void)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
long ret = 0;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
list_for_each_entry(bdev, &all_bdevs, bd_list) {
ret += bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->nrpages;
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
return ret;
}
void bdput(struct block_device *bdev)
{
iput(bdev->bd_inode);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdput);
static struct block_device *bd_acquire(struct inode *inode)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
bdev = inode->i_bdev;
if (bdev) {
ihold(bdev->bd_inode);
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
return bdev;
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
bdev = bdget(inode->i_rdev);
if (bdev) {
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
if (!inode->i_bdev) {
/*
* We take an additional reference to bd_inode,
* and it's released in clear_inode() of inode.
* So, we can access it via ->i_mapping always
* without igrab().
*/
ihold(bdev->bd_inode);
inode->i_bdev = bdev;
inode->i_mapping = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
list_add(&inode->i_devices, &bdev->bd_inodes);
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
}
return bdev;
}
/* Call when you free inode */
void bd_forget(struct inode *inode)
{
struct block_device *bdev = NULL;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
if (inode->i_bdev) {
if (!sb_is_blkdev_sb(inode->i_sb))
bdev = inode->i_bdev;
__bd_forget(inode);
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
if (bdev)
iput(bdev->bd_inode);
}
/**
* bd_may_claim - test whether a block device can be claimed
* @bdev: block device of interest
* @whole: whole block device containing @bdev, may equal @bdev
* @holder: holder trying to claim @bdev
*
* Test whether @bdev can be claimed by @holder.
*
* CONTEXT:
* spin_lock(&bdev_lock).
*
* RETURNS:
* %true if @bdev can be claimed, %false otherwise.
*/
static bool bd_may_claim(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *whole,
void *holder)
{
if (bdev->bd_holder == holder)
return true; /* already a holder */
else if (bdev->bd_holder != NULL)
return false; /* held by someone else */
else if (bdev->bd_contains == bdev)
return true; /* is a whole device which isn't held */
else if (whole->bd_holder == bd_may_claim)
return true; /* is a partition of a device that is being partitioned */
else if (whole->bd_holder != NULL)
return false; /* is a partition of a held device */
else
return true; /* is a partition of an un-held device */
}
/**
* bd_prepare_to_claim - prepare to claim a block device
* @bdev: block device of interest
* @whole: the whole device containing @bdev, may equal @bdev
* @holder: holder trying to claim @bdev
*
* Prepare to claim @bdev. This function fails if @bdev is already
* claimed by another holder and waits if another claiming is in
* progress. This function doesn't actually claim. On successful
* return, the caller has ownership of bd_claiming and bd_holder[s].
*
* CONTEXT:
* spin_lock(&bdev_lock). Might release bdev_lock, sleep and regrab
* it multiple times.
*
* RETURNS:
* 0 if @bdev can be claimed, -EBUSY otherwise.
*/
static int bd_prepare_to_claim(struct block_device *bdev,
struct block_device *whole, void *holder)
{
retry:
/* if someone else claimed, fail */
if (!bd_may_claim(bdev, whole, holder))
return -EBUSY;
/* if claiming is already in progress, wait for it to finish */
if (whole->bd_claiming) {
wait_queue_head_t *wq = bit_waitqueue(&whole->bd_claiming, 0);
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
prepare_to_wait(wq, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
schedule();
finish_wait(wq, &wait);
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
goto retry;
}
/* yay, all mine */
return 0;
}
/**
* bd_start_claiming - start claiming a block device
* @bdev: block device of interest
* @holder: holder trying to claim @bdev
*
* @bdev is about to be opened exclusively. Check @bdev can be opened
* exclusively and mark that an exclusive open is in progress. Each
* successful call to this function must be matched with a call to
* either bd_finish_claiming() or bd_abort_claiming() (which do not
* fail).
*
* This function is used to gain exclusive access to the block device
* without actually causing other exclusive open attempts to fail. It
* should be used when the open sequence itself requires exclusive
* access but may subsequently fail.
*
* CONTEXT:
* Might sleep.
*
* RETURNS:
* Pointer to the block device containing @bdev on success, ERR_PTR()
* value on failure.
*/
static struct block_device *bd_start_claiming(struct block_device *bdev,
void *holder)
{
struct gendisk *disk;
struct block_device *whole;
int partno, err;
might_sleep();
/*
* @bdev might not have been initialized properly yet, look up
* and grab the outer block device the hard way.
*/
disk = get_gendisk(bdev->bd_dev, &partno);
if (!disk)
return ERR_PTR(-ENXIO);
/*
* Normally, @bdev should equal what's returned from bdget_disk()
* if partno is 0; however, some drivers (floppy) use multiple
* bdev's for the same physical device and @bdev may be one of the
* aliases. Keep @bdev if partno is 0. This means claimer
* tracking is broken for those devices but it has always been that
* way.
*/
if (partno)
whole = bdget_disk(disk, 0);
else
whole = bdgrab(bdev);
module_put(disk->fops->owner);
put_disk(disk);
if (!whole)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
/* prepare to claim, if successful, mark claiming in progress */
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
err = bd_prepare_to_claim(bdev, whole, holder);
if (err == 0) {
whole->bd_claiming = holder;
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
return whole;
} else {
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
bdput(whole);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
struct bd_holder_disk {
struct list_head list;
struct gendisk *disk;
int refcnt;
};
static struct bd_holder_disk *bd_find_holder_disk(struct block_device *bdev,
struct gendisk *disk)
{
struct bd_holder_disk *holder;
list_for_each_entry(holder, &bdev->bd_holder_disks, list)
if (holder->disk == disk)
return holder;
return NULL;
}
static int add_symlink(struct kobject *from, struct kobject *to)
{
return sysfs_create_link(from, to, kobject_name(to));
}
static void del_symlink(struct kobject *from, struct kobject *to)
{
sysfs_remove_link(from, kobject_name(to));
}
/**
* bd_link_disk_holder - create symlinks between holding disk and slave bdev
* @bdev: the claimed slave bdev
* @disk: the holding disk
*
* DON'T USE THIS UNLESS YOU'RE ALREADY USING IT.
*
* This functions creates the following sysfs symlinks.
*
* - from "slaves" directory of the holder @disk to the claimed @bdev
* - from "holders" directory of the @bdev to the holder @disk
*
* For example, if /dev/dm-0 maps to /dev/sda and disk for dm-0 is
* passed to bd_link_disk_holder(), then:
*
* /sys/block/dm-0/slaves/sda --> /sys/block/sda
* /sys/block/sda/holders/dm-0 --> /sys/block/dm-0
*
* The caller must have claimed @bdev before calling this function and
* ensure that both @bdev and @disk are valid during the creation and
* lifetime of these symlinks.
*
* CONTEXT:
* Might sleep.
*
* RETURNS:
* 0 on success, -errno on failure.
*/
int bd_link_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk)
{
struct bd_holder_disk *holder;
int ret = 0;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
WARN_ON_ONCE(!bdev->bd_holder);
/* FIXME: remove the following once add_disk() handles errors */
if (WARN_ON(!disk->slave_dir || !bdev->bd_part->holder_dir))
goto out_unlock;
holder = bd_find_holder_disk(bdev, disk);
if (holder) {
holder->refcnt++;
goto out_unlock;
}
holder = kzalloc(sizeof(*holder), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!holder) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out_unlock;
}
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&holder->list);
holder->disk = disk;
holder->refcnt = 1;
ret = add_symlink(disk->slave_dir, &part_to_dev(bdev->bd_part)->kobj);
if (ret)
goto out_free;
ret = add_symlink(bdev->bd_part->holder_dir, &disk_to_dev(disk)->kobj);
if (ret)
goto out_del;
/*
* bdev could be deleted beneath us which would implicitly destroy
* the holder directory. Hold on to it.
*/
kobject_get(bdev->bd_part->holder_dir);
list_add(&holder->list, &bdev->bd_holder_disks);
goto out_unlock;
out_del:
del_symlink(disk->slave_dir, &part_to_dev(bdev->bd_part)->kobj);
out_free:
kfree(holder);
out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bd_link_disk_holder);
/**
* bd_unlink_disk_holder - destroy symlinks created by bd_link_disk_holder()
* @bdev: the calimed slave bdev
* @disk: the holding disk
*
* DON'T USE THIS UNLESS YOU'RE ALREADY USING IT.
*
* CONTEXT:
* Might sleep.
*/
void bd_unlink_disk_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk)
{
struct bd_holder_disk *holder;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
holder = bd_find_holder_disk(bdev, disk);
if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(holder == NULL) && !--holder->refcnt) {
del_symlink(disk->slave_dir, &part_to_dev(bdev->bd_part)->kobj);
del_symlink(bdev->bd_part->holder_dir,
&disk_to_dev(disk)->kobj);
kobject_put(bdev->bd_part->holder_dir);
list_del_init(&holder->list);
kfree(holder);
}
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bd_unlink_disk_holder);
#endif
/**
* flush_disk - invalidates all buffer-cache entries on a disk
*
* @bdev: struct block device to be flushed
* @kill_dirty: flag to guide handling of dirty inodes
*
* Invalidates all buffer-cache entries on a disk. It should be called
* when a disk has been changed -- either by a media change or online
* resize.
*/
static void flush_disk(struct block_device *bdev, bool kill_dirty)
{
if (__invalidate_device(bdev, kill_dirty)) {
char name[BDEVNAME_SIZE] = "";
if (bdev->bd_disk)
disk_name(bdev->bd_disk, 0, name);
printk(KERN_WARNING "VFS: busy inodes on changed media or "
"resized disk %s\n", name);
}
if (!bdev->bd_disk)
return;
if (disk_part_scan_enabled(bdev->bd_disk))
bdev->bd_invalidated = 1;
}
/**
* check_disk_size_change - checks for disk size change and adjusts bdev size.
* @disk: struct gendisk to check
* @bdev: struct bdev to adjust.
*
* This routine checks to see if the bdev size does not match the disk size
* and adjusts it if it differs.
*/
void check_disk_size_change(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev)
{
loff_t disk_size, bdev_size;
disk_size = (loff_t)get_capacity(disk) << 9;
bdev_size = i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode);
if (disk_size != bdev_size) {
char name[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
disk_name(disk, 0, name);
printk(KERN_INFO
"%s: detected capacity change from %lld to %lld\n",
name, bdev_size, disk_size);
i_size_write(bdev->bd_inode, disk_size);
flush_disk(bdev, false);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(check_disk_size_change);
/**
* revalidate_disk - wrapper for lower-level driver's revalidate_disk call-back
* @disk: struct gendisk to be revalidated
*
* This routine is a wrapper for lower-level driver's revalidate_disk
* call-backs. It is used to do common pre and post operations needed
* for all revalidate_disk operations.
*/
int revalidate_disk(struct gendisk *disk)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
int ret = 0;
if (disk->fops->revalidate_disk)
ret = disk->fops->revalidate_disk(disk);
bdev = bdget_disk(disk, 0);
if (!bdev)
return ret;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
check_disk_size_change(disk, bdev);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
bdput(bdev);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(revalidate_disk);
/*
* This routine checks whether a removable media has been changed,
* and invalidates all buffer-cache-entries in that case. This
* is a relatively slow routine, so we have to try to minimize using
* it. Thus it is called only upon a 'mount' or 'open'. This
* is the best way of combining speed and utility, I think.
* People changing diskettes in the middle of an operation deserve
* to lose :-)
*/
int check_disk_change(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct gendisk *disk = bdev->bd_disk;
const struct block_device_operations *bdops = disk->fops;
unsigned int events;
events = disk_clear_events(disk, DISK_EVENT_MEDIA_CHANGE |
DISK_EVENT_EJECT_REQUEST);
if (!(events & DISK_EVENT_MEDIA_CHANGE))
return 0;
flush_disk(bdev, true);
if (bdops->revalidate_disk)
bdops->revalidate_disk(bdev->bd_disk);
return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(check_disk_change);
void bd_set_size(struct block_device *bdev, loff_t size)
{
unsigned bsize = bdev_logical_block_size(bdev);
bdev->bd_inode->i_size = size;
while (bsize < PAGE_CACHE_SIZE) {
if (size & bsize)
break;
bsize <<= 1;
}
bdev->bd_block_size = bsize;
bdev->bd_inode->i_blkbits = blksize_bits(bsize);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bd_set_size);
static int __blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, int for_part);
/*
* bd_mutex locking:
*
* mutex_lock(part->bd_mutex)
* mutex_lock_nested(whole->bd_mutex, 1)
*/
static int __blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, int for_part)
{
struct gendisk *disk;
struct module *owner;
int ret;
int partno;
int perm = 0;
if (mode & FMODE_READ)
perm |= MAY_READ;
if (mode & FMODE_WRITE)
perm |= MAY_WRITE;
/*
* hooks: /n/, see "layering violations".
*/
if (!for_part) {
ret = devcgroup_inode_permission(bdev->bd_inode, perm);
if (ret != 0) {
bdput(bdev);
return ret;
}
}
restart:
ret = -ENXIO;
disk = get_gendisk(bdev->bd_dev, &partno);
if (!disk)
goto out;
owner = disk->fops->owner;
disk_block_events(disk);
mutex_lock_nested(&bdev->bd_mutex, for_part);
if (!bdev->bd_openers) {
bdev->bd_disk = disk;
bdev->bd_contains = bdev;
if (!partno) {
struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
ret = -ENXIO;
bdev->bd_part = disk_get_part(disk, partno);
if (!bdev->bd_part)
goto out_clear;
ret = 0;
if (disk->fops->open) {
ret = disk->fops->open(bdev, mode);
if (ret == -ERESTARTSYS) {
/* Lost a race with 'disk' being
* deleted, try again.
* See md.c
*/
disk_put_part(bdev->bd_part);
bdev->bd_part = NULL;
bdev->bd_disk = NULL;
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
disk_unblock_events(disk);
put_disk(disk);
module_put(owner);
goto restart;
}
}
if (!ret && !bdev->bd_openers) {
bd_set_size(bdev,(loff_t)get_capacity(disk)<<9);
bdi = blk_get_backing_dev_info(bdev);
if (bdi == NULL)
bdi = &default_backing_dev_info;
bdev_inode_switch_bdi(bdev->bd_inode, bdi);
}
/*
* If the device is invalidated, rescan partition
* if open succeeded or failed with -ENOMEDIUM.
* The latter is necessary to prevent ghost
* partitions on a removed medium.
*/
if (bdev->bd_invalidated) {
if (!ret)
rescan_partitions(disk, bdev);
else if (ret == -ENOMEDIUM)
invalidate_partitions(disk, bdev);
}
if (ret)
goto out_clear;
} else {
struct block_device *whole;
whole = bdget_disk(disk, 0);
ret = -ENOMEM;
if (!whole)
goto out_clear;
BUG_ON(for_part);
ret = __blkdev_get(whole, mode, 1);
if (ret)
goto out_clear;
bdev->bd_contains = whole;
bdev_inode_switch_bdi(bdev->bd_inode,
whole->bd_inode->i_data.backing_dev_info);
bdev->bd_part = disk_get_part(disk, partno);
if (!(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_UP) ||
!bdev->bd_part || !bdev->bd_part->nr_sects) {
ret = -ENXIO;
goto out_clear;
}
bd_set_size(bdev, (loff_t)bdev->bd_part->nr_sects << 9);
}
} else {
if (bdev->bd_contains == bdev) {
ret = 0;
if (bdev->bd_disk->fops->open)
ret = bdev->bd_disk->fops->open(bdev, mode);
/* the same as first opener case, read comment there */
if (bdev->bd_invalidated) {
if (!ret)
rescan_partitions(bdev->bd_disk, bdev);
else if (ret == -ENOMEDIUM)
invalidate_partitions(bdev->bd_disk, bdev);
}
if (ret)
goto out_unlock_bdev;
}
/* only one opener holds refs to the module and disk */
put_disk(disk);
module_put(owner);
}
bdev->bd_openers++;
if (for_part)
bdev->bd_part_count++;
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
disk_unblock_events(disk);
return 0;
out_clear:
disk_put_part(bdev->bd_part);
bdev->bd_disk = NULL;
bdev->bd_part = NULL;
bdev_inode_switch_bdi(bdev->bd_inode, &default_backing_dev_info);
if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
__blkdev_put(bdev->bd_contains, mode, 1);
bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
out_unlock_bdev:
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
disk_unblock_events(disk);
put_disk(disk);
module_put(owner);
out:
bdput(bdev);
return ret;
}
/**
* blkdev_get - open a block device
* @bdev: block_device to open
* @mode: FMODE_* mask
* @holder: exclusive holder identifier
*
* Open @bdev with @mode. If @mode includes %FMODE_EXCL, @bdev is
* open with exclusive access. Specifying %FMODE_EXCL with %NULL
* @holder is invalid. Exclusive opens may nest for the same @holder.
*
* On success, the reference count of @bdev is unchanged. On failure,
* @bdev is put.
*
* CONTEXT:
* Might sleep.
*
* RETURNS:
* 0 on success, -errno on failure.
*/
int blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, void *holder)
{
struct block_device *whole = NULL;
int res;
WARN_ON_ONCE((mode & FMODE_EXCL) && !holder);
if ((mode & FMODE_EXCL) && holder) {
whole = bd_start_claiming(bdev, holder);
if (IS_ERR(whole)) {
bdput(bdev);
return PTR_ERR(whole);
}
}
res = __blkdev_get(bdev, mode, 0);
if (whole) {
struct gendisk *disk = whole->bd_disk;
/* finish claiming */
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
if (!res) {
BUG_ON(!bd_may_claim(bdev, whole, holder));
/*
* Note that for a whole device bd_holders
* will be incremented twice, and bd_holder
* will be set to bd_may_claim before being
* set to holder
*/
whole->bd_holders++;
whole->bd_holder = bd_may_claim;
bdev->bd_holders++;
bdev->bd_holder = holder;
}
/* tell others that we're done */
BUG_ON(whole->bd_claiming != holder);
whole->bd_claiming = NULL;
wake_up_bit(&whole->bd_claiming, 0);
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
/*
* Block event polling for write claims if requested. Any
* write holder makes the write_holder state stick until
* all are released. This is good enough and tracking
* individual writeable reference is too fragile given the
* way @mode is used in blkdev_get/put().
*/
if (!res && (mode & FMODE_WRITE) && !bdev->bd_write_holder &&
(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_BLOCK_EVENTS_ON_EXCL_WRITE)) {
bdev->bd_write_holder = true;
disk_block_events(disk);
}
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
bdput(whole);
}
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_get);
/**
* blkdev_get_by_path - open a block device by name
* @path: path to the block device to open
* @mode: FMODE_* mask
* @holder: exclusive holder identifier
*
* Open the blockdevice described by the device file at @path. @mode
* and @holder are identical to blkdev_get().
*
* On success, the returned block_device has reference count of one.
*
* CONTEXT:
* Might sleep.
*
* RETURNS:
* Pointer to block_device on success, ERR_PTR(-errno) on failure.
*/
struct block_device *blkdev_get_by_path(const char *path, fmode_t mode,
void *holder)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
int err;
bdev = lookup_bdev(path);
if (IS_ERR(bdev))
return bdev;
err = blkdev_get(bdev, mode, holder);
if (err)
return ERR_PTR(err);
if ((mode & FMODE_WRITE) && bdev_read_only(bdev)) {
blkdev_put(bdev, mode);
return ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
}
return bdev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_get_by_path);
/**
* blkdev_get_by_dev - open a block device by device number
* @dev: device number of block device to open
* @mode: FMODE_* mask
* @holder: exclusive holder identifier
*
* Open the blockdevice described by device number @dev. @mode and
* @holder are identical to blkdev_get().
*
* Use it ONLY if you really do not have anything better - i.e. when
* you are behind a truly sucky interface and all you are given is a
* device number. _Never_ to be used for internal purposes. If you
* ever need it - reconsider your API.
*
* On success, the returned block_device has reference count of one.
*
* CONTEXT:
* Might sleep.
*
* RETURNS:
* Pointer to block_device on success, ERR_PTR(-errno) on failure.
*/
struct block_device *blkdev_get_by_dev(dev_t dev, fmode_t mode, void *holder)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
int err;
bdev = bdget(dev);
if (!bdev)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
err = blkdev_get(bdev, mode, holder);
if (err)
return ERR_PTR(err);
return bdev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_get_by_dev);
static int blkdev_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
/*
* Preserve backwards compatibility and allow large file access
* even if userspace doesn't ask for it explicitly. Some mkfs
* binary needs it. We might want to drop this workaround
* during an unstable branch.
*/
filp->f_flags |= O_LARGEFILE;
if (filp->f_flags & O_NDELAY)
filp->f_mode |= FMODE_NDELAY;
if (filp->f_flags & O_EXCL)
filp->f_mode |= FMODE_EXCL;
if ((filp->f_flags & O_ACCMODE) == 3)
filp->f_mode |= FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL;
bdev = bd_acquire(inode);
if (bdev == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
filp->f_mapping = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
return blkdev_get(bdev, filp->f_mode, filp);
}
static int __blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, int for_part)
{
int ret = 0;
struct gendisk *disk = bdev->bd_disk;
struct block_device *victim = NULL;
mutex_lock_nested(&bdev->bd_mutex, for_part);
if (for_part)
bdev->bd_part_count--;
if (!--bdev->bd_openers) {
WARN_ON_ONCE(bdev->bd_holders);
sync_blockdev(bdev);
kill_bdev(bdev);
/* ->release can cause the old bdi to disappear,
* so must switch it out first
*/
bdev_inode_switch_bdi(bdev->bd_inode,
&default_backing_dev_info);
}
if (bdev->bd_contains == bdev) {
if (disk->fops->release)
ret = disk->fops->release(disk, mode);
}
if (!bdev->bd_openers) {
struct module *owner = disk->fops->owner;
disk_put_part(bdev->bd_part);
bdev->bd_part = NULL;
bdev->bd_disk = NULL;
if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
victim = bdev->bd_contains;
bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
put_disk(disk);
module_put(owner);
}
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
bdput(bdev);
if (victim)
__blkdev_put(victim, mode, 1);
return ret;
}
int blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode)
{
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
if (mode & FMODE_EXCL) {
bool bdev_free;
/*
* Release a claim on the device. The holder fields
* are protected with bdev_lock. bd_mutex is to
* synchronize disk_holder unlinking.
*/
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
WARN_ON_ONCE(--bdev->bd_holders < 0);
WARN_ON_ONCE(--bdev->bd_contains->bd_holders < 0);
/* bd_contains might point to self, check in a separate step */
if ((bdev_free = !bdev->bd_holders))
bdev->bd_holder = NULL;
if (!bdev->bd_contains->bd_holders)
bdev->bd_contains->bd_holder = NULL;
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
/*
* If this was the last claim, remove holder link and
* unblock evpoll if it was a write holder.
*/
if (bdev_free && bdev->bd_write_holder) {
disk_unblock_events(bdev->bd_disk);
bdev->bd_write_holder = false;
}
}
/*
* Trigger event checking and tell drivers to flush MEDIA_CHANGE
* event. This is to ensure detection of media removal commanded
* from userland - e.g. eject(1).
*/
disk_flush_events(bdev->bd_disk, DISK_EVENT_MEDIA_CHANGE);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
return __blkdev_put(bdev, mode, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_put);
static int blkdev_close(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(filp->f_mapping->host);
return blkdev_put(bdev, filp->f_mode);
}
static long block_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(file->f_mapping->host);
fmode_t mode = file->f_mode;
/*
* O_NDELAY can be altered using fcntl(.., F_SETFL, ..), so we have
* to updated it before every ioctl.
*/
if (file->f_flags & O_NDELAY)
mode |= FMODE_NDELAY;
else
mode &= ~FMODE_NDELAY;
return blkdev_ioctl(bdev, mode, cmd, arg);
}
/*
* Write data to the block device. Only intended for the block device itself
* and the raw driver which basically is a fake block device.
*
* Does not take i_mutex for the write and thus is not for general purpose
* use.
*/
ssize_t blkdev_aio_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
ssize_t ret;
BUG_ON(iocb->ki_pos != pos);
ret = __generic_file_aio_write(iocb, iov, nr_segs, &iocb->ki_pos);
if (ret > 0 || ret == -EIOCBQUEUED) {
ssize_t err;
err = generic_write_sync(file, pos, ret);
if (err < 0 && ret > 0)
ret = err;
}
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkdev_aio_write);
/*
* Try to release a page associated with block device when the system
* is under memory pressure.
*/
static int blkdev_releasepage(struct page *page, gfp_t wait)
{
struct super_block *super = BDEV_I(page->mapping->host)->bdev.bd_super;
if (super && super->s_op->bdev_try_to_free_page)
return super->s_op->bdev_try_to_free_page(super, page, wait);
return try_to_free_buffers(page);
}
static const struct address_space_operations def_blk_aops = {
.readpage = blkdev_readpage,
.writepage = blkdev_writepage,
.write_begin = blkdev_write_begin,
.write_end = blkdev_write_end,
.writepages = generic_writepages,
.releasepage = blkdev_releasepage,
.direct_IO = blkdev_direct_IO,
};
const struct file_operations def_blk_fops = {
.open = blkdev_open,
.release = blkdev_close,
.llseek = block_llseek,
.read = do_sync_read,
.write = do_sync_write,
.aio_read = generic_file_aio_read,
.aio_write = blkdev_aio_write,
.mmap = generic_file_mmap,
.fsync = blkdev_fsync,
.unlocked_ioctl = block_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
.compat_ioctl = compat_blkdev_ioctl,
#endif
.splice_read = generic_file_splice_read,
.splice_write = generic_file_splice_write,
};
int ioctl_by_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
int res;
mm_segment_t old_fs = get_fs();
set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
res = blkdev_ioctl(bdev, 0, cmd, arg);
set_fs(old_fs);
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ioctl_by_bdev);
/**
* lookup_bdev - lookup a struct block_device by name
* @pathname: special file representing the block device
*
* Get a reference to the blockdevice at @pathname in the current
* namespace if possible and return it. Return ERR_PTR(error)
* otherwise.
*/
struct block_device *lookup_bdev(const char *pathname)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
struct inode *inode;
struct path path;
int error;
if (!pathname || !*pathname)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
error = kern_path(pathname, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path);
if (error)
return ERR_PTR(error);
inode = path.dentry->d_inode;
error = -ENOTBLK;
if (!S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode))
goto fail;
error = -EACCES;
if (path.mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)
goto fail;
error = -ENOMEM;
bdev = bd_acquire(inode);
if (!bdev)
goto fail;
out:
path_put(&path);
return bdev;
fail:
bdev = ERR_PTR(error);
goto out;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_bdev);
int __invalidate_device(struct block_device *bdev, bool kill_dirty)
{
struct super_block *sb = get_super(bdev);
int res = 0;
if (sb) {
/*
* no need to lock the super, get_super holds the
* read mutex so the filesystem cannot go away
* under us (->put_super runs with the write lock
* hold).
*/
shrink_dcache_sb(sb);
res = invalidate_inodes(sb, kill_dirty);
drop_super(sb);
}
invalidate_bdev(bdev);
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__invalidate_device);
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