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/*
* lib/ts_bm.c Boyer-Moore text search implementation
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* Authors: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@eurodev.net>
*
* ==========================================================================
*
* Implements Boyer-Moore string matching algorithm:
*
* [1] A Fast String Searching Algorithm, R.S. Boyer and Moore.
* Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery,
* 20(10), 1977, pp. 762-772.
* http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/moore/publications/fstrpos.pdf
*
* [2] Handbook of Exact String Matching Algorithms, Thierry Lecroq, 2004
* http://www-igm.univ-mlv.fr/~lecroq/string/string.pdf
*
* Note: Since Boyer-Moore (BM) performs searches for matchings from right
* to left, it's still possible that a matching could be spread over
* multiple blocks, in that case this algorithm won't find any coincidence.
*
* If you're willing to ensure that such thing won't ever happen, use the
* Knuth-Pratt-Morris (KMP) implementation instead. In conclusion, choose
* the proper string search algorithm depending on your setting.
*
* Say you're using the textsearch infrastructure for filtering, NIDS or
* any similar security focused purpose, then go KMP. Otherwise, if you
* really care about performance, say you're classifying packets to apply
* Quality of Service (QoS) policies, and you don't mind about possible
* matchings spread over multiple fragments, then go BM.
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/textsearch.h>
/* Alphabet size, use ASCII */
#define ASIZE 256
#if 0
#define DEBUGP printk
#else
#define DEBUGP(args, format...)
#endif
struct ts_bm
{
u8 * pattern;
unsigned int patlen;
unsigned int bad_shift[ASIZE];
unsigned int good_shift[0];
};
static unsigned int bm_find(struct ts_config *conf, struct ts_state *state)
{
struct ts_bm *bm = ts_config_priv(conf);
unsigned int i, text_len, consumed = state->offset;
const u8 *text;
int shift = bm->patlen - 1, bs;
const u8 icase = conf->flags & TS_IGNORECASE;
for (;;) {
text_len = conf->get_next_block(consumed, &text, conf, state);
if (unlikely(text_len == 0))
break;
while (shift < text_len) {
DEBUGP("Searching in position %d (%c)\n",
shift, text[shift]);
for (i = 0; i < bm->patlen; i++)
if ((icase ? toupper(text[shift-i])
: text[shift-i])
!= bm->pattern[bm->patlen-1-i])
goto next;
/* London calling... */
DEBUGP("found!\n");
return consumed += (shift-(bm->patlen-1));
next: bs = bm->bad_shift[text[shift-i]];
/* Now jumping to... */
shift = max_t(int, shift-i+bs, shift+bm->good_shift[i]);
}
consumed += text_len;
}
return UINT_MAX;
}
static int subpattern(u8 *pattern, int i, int j, int g)
{
int x = i+g-1, y = j+g-1, ret = 0;
while(pattern[x--] == pattern[y--]) {
if (y < 0) {
ret = 1;
break;
}
if (--g == 0) {
ret = pattern[i-1] != pattern[j-1];
break;
}
}
return ret;
}
static void compute_prefix_tbl(struct ts_bm *bm, int flags)
{
int i, j, g;
for (i = 0; i < ASIZE; i++)
bm->bad_shift[i] = bm->patlen;
for (i = 0; i < bm->patlen - 1; i++) {
bm->bad_shift[bm->pattern[i]] = bm->patlen - 1 - i;
if (flags & TS_IGNORECASE)
bm->bad_shift[tolower(bm->pattern[i])]
= bm->patlen - 1 - i;
}
/* Compute the good shift array, used to match reocurrences
* of a subpattern */
bm->good_shift[0] = 1;
for (i = 1; i < bm->patlen; i++)
bm->good_shift[i] = bm->patlen;
for (i = bm->patlen-1, g = 1; i > 0; g++, i--) {
for (j = i-1; j >= 1-g ; j--)
if (subpattern(bm->pattern, i, j, g)) {
bm->good_shift[g] = bm->patlen-j-g;
break;
}
}
}
static struct ts_config *bm_init(const void *pattern, unsigned int len,
gfp_t gfp_mask, int flags)
{
struct ts_config *conf;
struct ts_bm *bm;
int i;
unsigned int prefix_tbl_len = len * sizeof(unsigned int);
size_t priv_size = sizeof(*bm) + len + prefix_tbl_len;
conf = alloc_ts_config(priv_size, gfp_mask);
if (IS_ERR(conf))
return conf;
conf->flags = flags;
bm = ts_config_priv(conf);
bm->patlen = len;
bm->pattern = (u8 *) bm->good_shift + prefix_tbl_len;
if (flags & TS_IGNORECASE)
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
bm->pattern[i] = toupper(((u8 *)pattern)[i]);
else
memcpy(bm->pattern, pattern, len);
compute_prefix_tbl(bm, flags);
return conf;
}
static void *bm_get_pattern(struct ts_config *conf)
{
struct ts_bm *bm = ts_config_priv(conf);
return bm->pattern;
}
static unsigned int bm_get_pattern_len(struct ts_config *conf)
{
struct ts_bm *bm = ts_config_priv(conf);
return bm->patlen;
}
static struct ts_ops bm_ops = {
.name = "bm",
.find = bm_find,
.init = bm_init,
.get_pattern = bm_get_pattern,
.get_pattern_len = bm_get_pattern_len,
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(bm_ops.list)
};
static int __init init_bm(void)
{
return textsearch_register(&bm_ops);
}
static void __exit exit_bm(void)
{
textsearch_unregister(&bm_ops);
}
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
module_init(init_bm);
module_exit(exit_bm);
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