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Merge branch 'v4l_for_linus' of git://…


* 'v4l_for_linus' of git:// (505 commits)
  [media] af9015: Fix max I2C message size when used with tda18271
  [media] IR: initialize ir_raw_event in few more drivers
  [media] Guard a divide in v4l1 compat layer
  [media] imon: fix nomouse modprobe option
  [media] imon: remove redundant change_protocol call
  [media] imon: fix my egregious brown paper bag w/rdev/idev split
  [media] cafe_ccic: Configure ov7670 correctly
  [media] ov7670: allow configuration of image size, clock speed, and I/O method
  [media] af9015: support for DigitalNow TinyTwin v3 [1f4d:9016]
  [media] af9015: map DigitalNow TinyTwin v2 remote
  [media] DigitalNow TinyTwin remote controller
  [media] af9015: RC fixes and improvements
  videodev2.h.xml: Update to reflect the latest changes at videodev2.h
  [media] v4l: document new Bayer and monochrome pixel formats
  [media] DocBook/v4l: Add missing formats used on gspca cpia1 and sn9c2028
  [media] firedtv: add parameter to fake ca_system_ids in CA_INFO
  [media] tm6000: fix a macro coding style issue
  tm6000: Remove some ugly debug code
  [media] Nova-S-Plus audio line input
  [media] [RFC,1/1] V4L2: Use new CAP bits in existing RDS capable drivers
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2 parents 00ebb63 + 7655e59 commit 0851668fdd97e526b2a41f794b785c204dd3d3e0 @torvalds torvalds committed Oct 28, 2010
Showing 531 changed files with 41,145 additions and 13,099 deletions.
@@ -250,6 +250,9 @@
<!ENTITY sub-yuv422p SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yuv422p.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-yuyv SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yuyv.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-yvyu SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yvyu.xml">
+<!ENTITY sub-srggb10 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-srggb10.xml">
+<!ENTITY sub-srggb8 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-srggb8.xml">
+<!ENTITY sub-y10 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-y10.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-pixfmt SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-cropcap SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-cropcap.xml">
<!ENTITY sub-dbg-g-register SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-dbg-g-register.xml">
@@ -347,6 +350,9 @@
<!ENTITY yuv422p SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yuv422p.xml">
<!ENTITY yuyv SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yuyv.xml">
<!ENTITY yvyu SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-yvyu.xml">
+<!ENTITY srggb10 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-srggb10.xml">
+<!ENTITY srggb8 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-srggb8.xml">
+<!ENTITY y10 SYSTEM "v4l/pixfmt-y10.xml">
<!ENTITY cropcap SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-cropcap.xml">
<!ENTITY dbg-g-register SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-dbg-g-register.xml">
<!ENTITY encoder-cmd SYSTEM "v4l/vidioc-encoder-cmd.xml">
@@ -21,11 +21,15 @@ API.</para>
<title>Opening and Closing Devices</title>
<para>For compatibility reasons the character device file names
-recommended for V4L2 video capture, overlay, radio, teletext and raw
+recommended for V4L2 video capture, overlay, radio and raw
vbi capture devices did not change from those used by V4L. They are
listed in <xref linkend="devices" /> and below in <xref
linkend="v4l-dev" />.</para>
+ <para>The teletext devices (minor range 192-223) have been removed in
+V4L2 and no longer exist. There is no hardware available anymore for handling
+pure teletext. Instead raw or sliced VBI is used.</para>
<para>The V4L <filename>videodev</filename> module automatically
assigns minor numbers to drivers in load order, depending on the
registered device type. We recommend that V4L2 drivers by default
@@ -66,13 +70,6 @@ not compatible with V4L or V4L2.</para> </footnote>,
- <entry>Teletext decoder</entry>
- <entry><para><filename>/dev/vtx</filename>,
-<filename>/dev/vtx0</filename> to
- <entry>192-223</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
<entry>Raw VBI capture</entry>
<filename>/dev/vbi0</filename> to
@@ -2345,6 +2342,17 @@ more information.</para>
+ <section>
+ <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.37</title>
+ <orderedlist>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>Remove the vtx (videotext/teletext) API. This API was no longer
+used and no hardware exists to verify the API. Nor were any userspace applications found
+that used it. It was originally scheduled for removal in 2.6.35.
+ </para>
+ </listitem>
+ </orderedlist>
+ </section>
<section id="other">
<title>Relation of V4L2 to other Linux multimedia APIs</title>
@@ -312,10 +312,17 @@ minimum value disables backlight compensation.</entry>
information and bits 24-31 must be zero.</entry>
+ <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_1</constant>
+ <constant>V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_2</constant></entry>
+ <entry>boolean</entry>
+ <entry>Switch on or off the illuminator 1 or 2 of the device
+ (usually a microscope).</entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
<entry>End of the predefined control IDs (currently
-<constant>V4L2_CID_BG_COLOR</constant> + 1).</entry>
+<constant>V4L2_CID_ILLUMINATORS_2</constant> + 1).</entry>
@@ -357,9 +364,6 @@ enumerate_menu (void)
querymenu.index++) {
if (0 == ioctl (fd, &VIDIOC-QUERYMENU;, &amp;querymenu)) {
printf (" %s\n",;
- } else {
- perror ("VIDIOC_QUERYMENU");
- exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
@@ -3,15 +3,16 @@
<para>The Radio Data System transmits supplementary
information in binary format, for example the station name or travel
information, on an inaudible audio subcarrier of a radio program. This
-interface is aimed at devices capable of receiving and decoding RDS
+interface is aimed at devices capable of receiving and/or transmitting RDS
<para>For more information see the core RDS standard <xref linkend="en50067" />
and the RBDS standard <xref linkend="nrsc4" />.</para>
<para>Note that the RBDS standard as is used in the USA is almost identical
-to the RDS standard. Any RDS decoder can also handle RBDS. Only some of the fields
-have slightly different meanings. See the RBDS standard for more information.</para>
+to the RDS standard. Any RDS decoder/encoder can also handle RBDS. Only some of the
+fields have slightly different meanings. See the RBDS standard for more
<para>The RBDS standard also specifies support for MMBS (Modified Mobile Search).
This is a proprietary format which seems to be discontinued. The RDS interface does not
@@ -21,16 +22,25 @@ be needed, then please contact the linux-media mailing list: &v4l-ml;.</para>
<title>Querying Capabilities</title>
- <para>Devices supporting the RDS capturing API
-set the <constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_CAPTURE</constant> flag in
+ <para>Devices supporting the RDS capturing API set
+the <constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_CAPTURE</constant> flag in
the <structfield>capabilities</structfield> field of &v4l2-capability;
-returned by the &VIDIOC-QUERYCAP; ioctl.
-Any tuner that supports RDS will set the
-<constant>V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS</constant> flag in the <structfield>capability</structfield>
-field of &v4l2-tuner;.
-Whether an RDS signal is present can be detected by looking at
-the <structfield>rxsubchans</structfield> field of &v4l2-tuner;: the
-<constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS</constant> will be set if RDS data was detected.</para>
+returned by the &VIDIOC-QUERYCAP; ioctl. Any tuner that supports RDS
+will set the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS</constant> flag in
+the <structfield>capability</structfield> field of &v4l2-tuner;. If
+the driver only passes RDS blocks without interpreting the data
+the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS_BLOCK_IO</constant> flag has to be
+set, see <link linkend="reading-rds-data">Reading RDS data</link>.
+For future use the
+flag <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS_CONTROLS</constant> has also been
+defined. However, a driver for a radio tuner with this capability does
+not yet exist, so if you are planning to write such a driver you
+should discuss this on the linux-media mailing list: &v4l-ml;.</para>
+ <para> Whether an RDS signal is present can be detected by looking
+at the <structfield>rxsubchans</structfield> field of &v4l2-tuner;:
+the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS</constant> will be set if RDS data
+was detected.</para>
<para>Devices supporting the RDS output API
set the <constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_OUTPUT</constant> flag in
@@ -40,16 +50,31 @@ Any modulator that supports RDS will set the
<constant>V4L2_TUNER_CAP_RDS</constant> flag in the <structfield>capability</structfield>
field of &v4l2-modulator;.
In order to enable the RDS transmission one must set the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS</constant>
-bit in the <structfield>txsubchans</structfield> field of &v4l2-modulator;.</para>
+bit in the <structfield>txsubchans</structfield> field of &v4l2-modulator;.
+If the driver only passes RDS blocks without interpreting the data
+the <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS_BLOCK_IO</constant> flag has to be set. If the
+tuner is capable of handling RDS entities like program identification codes and radio
+text, the flag <constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_RDS_CONTROLS</constant> should be set,
+see <link linkend="writing-rds-data">Writing RDS data</link> and
+<link linkend="fm-tx-controls">FM Transmitter Control Reference</link>.</para>
- <section>
+ <section id="reading-rds-data">
<title>Reading RDS data</title>
<para>RDS data can be read from the radio device
-with the &func-read; function. The data is packed in groups of three bytes,
+with the &func-read; function. The data is packed in groups of three bytes.</para>
+ </section>
+ <section id="writing-rds-data">
+ <title>Writing RDS data</title>
+ <para>RDS data can be written to the radio device
+with the &func-write; function. The data is packed in groups of three bytes,
as follows:</para>
+ </section>
+ <section>
<table frame="none" pgwide="1" id="v4l2-rds-data">
@@ -111,48 +136,57 @@ as follows:</para>
<tbody valign="top">
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>Mask for bits 0-2 to get the block ID.</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>Block A.</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>Block B.</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>Block C.</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>Block D.</entry>
+ <entry> </entry>
<entry>Block C'.</entry>
+ <entry>read-only</entry>
<entry>An invalid block.</entry>
+ <entry>read-only</entry>
<entry>A bit error was detected but corrected.</entry>
+ <entry>read-only</entry>
- <entry>An incorrectable error occurred.</entry>
+ <entry>An uncorrectable error occurred.</entry>
@@ -1,35 +1,32 @@
<title>Teletext Interface</title>
- <para>This interface aims at devices receiving and demodulating
+ <para>This interface was aimed at devices receiving and demodulating
Teletext data [<xref linkend="ets300706" />, <xref linkend="itu653" />], evaluating the
Teletext packages and storing formatted pages in cache memory. Such
devices are usually implemented as microcontrollers with serial
-interface (I<superscript>2</superscript>C) and can be found on older
+interface (I<superscript>2</superscript>C) and could be found on old
TV cards, dedicated Teletext decoding cards and home-brew devices
connected to the PC parallel port.</para>
- <para>The Teletext API was designed by Martin Buck. It is defined in
+ <para>The Teletext API was designed by Martin Buck. It was defined in
the kernel header file <filename>linux/videotext.h</filename>, the
specification is available from <ulink url=""></ulink>. (Videotext is the name of
-the German public television Teletext service.) Conventional character
-device file names are <filename>/dev/vtx</filename> and
-<filename>/dev/vttuner</filename>, with device number 83, 0 and 83, 16
-respectively. A similar interface exists for the Philips SAA5249
-Teletext decoder [specification?] with character device file names
-<filename>/dev/tlkN</filename>, device number 102, N.</para>
+the German public television Teletext service.)</para>
<para>Eventually the Teletext API was integrated into the V4L API
with character device file names <filename>/dev/vtx0</filename> to
<filename>/dev/vtx31</filename>, device major number 81, minor numbers
-192 to 223. For reference the V4L Teletext API specification is
-reproduced here in full: "Teletext interfaces talk the existing VTX
-API." Teletext devices with major number 83 and 102 will be removed in
-Linux 2.6.</para>
+192 to 223.</para>
- <para>There are no plans to replace the Teletext API or to integrate
-it into V4L2. Please write to the linux-media mailing list: &v4l-ml;
-when the need arises.</para>
+ <para>However, teletext decoders were quickly replaced by more
+generic VBI demodulators and those dedicated teletext decoders no longer exist.
+For many years the vtx devices were still around, even though nobody used
+them. So the decision was made to finally remove support for the Teletext API in
+kernel 2.6.37.</para>
+ <para>Modern devices all use the <link linkend="raw-vbi">raw</link> or
+<link linkend="sliced">sliced</link> VBI API.</para>
Local Variables:
@@ -739,7 +739,7 @@ defined in error. Drivers may interpret them as in <xref
- <row id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-BGR666">
+ <row><!-- id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-BGR666" -->
@@ -0,0 +1,90 @@
+ <refentry>
+ <refmeta>
+ <refentrytitle>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB10 ('RG10'),
+ V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10 ('BA10'),
+ V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG10 ('GB10'),
+ V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR10 ('BG10'),
+ </refentrytitle>
+ &manvol;
+ </refmeta>
+ <refnamediv>
+ <refname id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SRGGB10"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB10</constant></refname>
+ <refname id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGRBG10"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10</constant></refname>
+ <refname id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SGBRG10"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG10</constant></refname>
+ <refname id="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SBGGR10"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR10</constant></refname>
+ <refpurpose>10-bit Bayer formats expanded to 16 bits</refpurpose>
+ </refnamediv>
+ <refsect1>
+ <title>Description</title>
+ <para>The following four pixel formats are raw sRGB / Bayer formats with
+10 bits per colour. Each colour component is stored in a 16-bit word, with 6
+unused high bits filled with zeros. Each n-pixel row contains n/2 green samples
+and n/2 blue or red samples, with alternating red and blue rows. Bytes are
+stored in memory in little endian order. They are conventionally described
+as GRGR... BGBG..., RGRG... GBGB..., etc. Below is an example of one of these
+ <example>
+ <title><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR10</constant> 4 &times; 4
+pixel image</title>
+ <formalpara>
+ <title>Byte Order.</title>
+ <para>Each cell is one byte, high 6 bits in high bytes are 0.
+ <informaltable frame="none">
+ <tgroup cols="5" align="center">
+ <colspec align="left" colwidth="2*" />
+ <tbody valign="top">
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;0:</entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>00low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>00high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>01low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>01high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>02low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>02high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>03low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>03high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;8:</entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>10low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>10high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>11low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>11high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>12low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>12high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>13low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>13high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;16:</entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>20low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>20high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>21low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>21high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>22low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>B<subscript>22high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>23low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>23high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>start&nbsp;+&nbsp;24:</entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>30low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>30high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>31low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>31high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>32low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>G<subscript>32high</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>33low</subscript></entry>
+ <entry>R<subscript>33high</subscript></entry>
+ </row>
+ </tbody>
+ </tgroup>
+ </informaltable>
+ </para>
+ </formalpara>
+ </example>
+ </refsect1>
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