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lib: crc8: add new library module providing crc8 algorithm

The brcm80211 driver in staging tree uses a crc8 function. Based on
feedback from John Linville to move this to lib directory, the linux
source has been searched. Although there is currently only one other
kernel driver using this algorithm (ie. drivers/ssb) we are providing
this as a library function for others to use.

Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-wireless@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Dan Carpenter <error27@gmail.com>
Cc: George Spelvin <linux@horizon.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net>
Reviewed-by: Henry Ptasinski <henryp@broadcom.com>
Reviewed-by: Roland Vossen <rvossen@broadcom.com>
Reviewed-by: "Franky (Zhenhui) Lin" <frankyl@broadcom.com>
Signed-off-by: Arend van Spriel <arend@broadcom.com>
Signed-off-by: John W. Linville <linville@tuxdriver.com>
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commit 7150962d637cf38617924f7f72ea00612283eb89 1 parent dabd300
@arend arend authored linvjw committed
Showing with 195 additions and 0 deletions.
  1. +101 −0 include/linux/crc8.h
  2. +7 −0 lib/Kconfig
  3. +1 −0  lib/Makefile
  4. +86 −0 lib/crc8.c
View
101 include/linux/crc8.h
@@ -0,0 +1,101 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 Broadcom Corporation
+ *
+ * Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
+ * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
+ * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
+ * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
+ * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY
+ * SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
+ * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
+ * OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
+ * CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
+ */
+#ifndef __CRC8_H_
+#define __CRC8_H_
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/* see usage of this value in crc8() description */
+#define CRC8_INIT_VALUE 0xFF
+
+/*
+ * Return value of crc8() indicating valid message+crc. This is true
+ * if a CRC is inverted before transmission. The CRC computed over the
+ * whole received bitstream is _table[x], where x is the bit pattern
+ * of the modification (almost always 0xff).
+ */
+#define CRC8_GOOD_VALUE(_table) (_table[0xFF])
+
+/* required table size for crc8 algorithm */
+#define CRC8_TABLE_SIZE 256
+
+/* helper macro assuring right table size is used */
+#define DECLARE_CRC8_TABLE(_table) \
+ static u8 _table[CRC8_TABLE_SIZE]
+
+/**
+ * crc8_populate_lsb - fill crc table for given polynomial in regular bit order.
+ *
+ * @table: table to be filled.
+ * @polynomial: polynomial for which table is to be filled.
+ *
+ * This function fills the provided table according the polynomial provided for
+ * regular bit order (lsb first). Polynomials in CRC algorithms are typically
+ * represented as shown below.
+ *
+ * poly = x^8 + x^7 + x^6 + x^4 + x^2 + 1
+ *
+ * For lsb first direction x^7 maps to the lsb. So the polynomial is as below.
+ *
+ * - lsb first: poly = 10101011(1) = 0xAB
+ */
+void crc8_populate_lsb(u8 table[CRC8_TABLE_SIZE], u8 polynomial);
+
+/**
+ * crc8_populate_msb - fill crc table for given polynomial in reverse bit order.
+ *
+ * @table: table to be filled.
+ * @polynomial: polynomial for which table is to be filled.
+ *
+ * This function fills the provided table according the polynomial provided for
+ * reverse bit order (msb first). Polynomials in CRC algorithms are typically
+ * represented as shown below.
+ *
+ * poly = x^8 + x^7 + x^6 + x^4 + x^2 + 1
+ *
+ * For msb first direction x^7 maps to the msb. So the polynomial is as below.
+ *
+ * - msb first: poly = (1)11010101 = 0xD5
+ */
+void crc8_populate_msb(u8 table[CRC8_TABLE_SIZE], u8 polynomial);
+
+/**
+ * crc8() - calculate a crc8 over the given input data.
+ *
+ * @table: crc table used for calculation.
+ * @pdata: pointer to data buffer.
+ * @nbytes: number of bytes in data buffer.
+ * @crc: previous returned crc8 value.
+ *
+ * The CRC8 is calculated using the polynomial given in crc8_populate_msb()
+ * or crc8_populate_lsb().
+ *
+ * The caller provides the initial value (either %CRC8_INIT_VALUE
+ * or the previous returned value) to allow for processing of
+ * discontiguous blocks of data. When generating the CRC the
+ * caller is responsible for complementing the final return value
+ * and inserting it into the byte stream. When validating a byte
+ * stream (including CRC8), a final return value of %CRC8_GOOD_VALUE
+ * indicates the byte stream data can be considered valid.
+ *
+ * Reference:
+ * "A Painless Guide to CRC Error Detection Algorithms", ver 3, Aug 1993
+ * Williams, Ross N., ross<at>ross.net
+ * (see URL http://www.ross.net/crc/download/crc_v3.txt).
+ */
+u8 crc8(const u8 table[CRC8_TABLE_SIZE], u8 *pdata, size_t nbytes, u8 crc);
+
+#endif /* __CRC8_H_ */
View
7 lib/Kconfig
@@ -89,6 +89,13 @@ config LIBCRC32C
require M here. See Castagnoli93.
Module will be libcrc32c.
+config CRC8
+ tristate "CRC8 function"
+ help
+ This option provides CRC8 function. Drivers may select this
+ when they need to do cyclic redundancy check according CRC8
+ algorithm. Module will be called crc8.
+
config AUDIT_GENERIC
bool
depends on AUDIT && !AUDIT_ARCH
View
1  lib/Makefile
@@ -65,6 +65,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CRC_ITU_T) += crc-itu-t.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRC32) += crc32.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRC7) += crc7.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LIBCRC32C) += libcrc32c.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CRC8) += crc8.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ALLOCATOR) += genalloc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ZLIB_INFLATE) += zlib_inflate/
View
86 lib/crc8.c
@@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 Broadcom Corporation
+ *
+ * Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
+ * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
+ * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
+ * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
+ * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY
+ * SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
+ * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
+ * OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
+ * CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/crc8.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+
+/*
+ * crc8_populate_msb - fill crc table for given polynomial in reverse bit order.
+ *
+ * table: table to be filled.
+ * polynomial: polynomial for which table is to be filled.
+ */
+void crc8_populate_msb(u8 table[CRC8_TABLE_SIZE], u8 polynomial)
+{
+ int i, j;
+ const u8 msbit = 0x80;
+ u8 t = msbit;
+
+ table[0] = 0;
+
+ for (i = 1; i < CRC8_TABLE_SIZE; i *= 2) {
+ t = (t << 1) ^ (t & msbit ? polynomial : 0);
+ for (j = 0; j < i; j++)
+ table[i+j] = table[j] ^ t;
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(crc8_populate_msb);
+
+/*
+ * crc8_populate_lsb - fill crc table for given polynomial in regular bit order.
+ *
+ * table: table to be filled.
+ * polynomial: polynomial for which table is to be filled.
+ */
+void crc8_populate_lsb(u8 table[CRC8_TABLE_SIZE], u8 polynomial)
+{
+ int i, j;
+ u8 t = 1;
+
+ table[0] = 0;
+
+ for (i = (CRC8_TABLE_SIZE >> 1); i; i >>= 1) {
+ t = (t >> 1) ^ (t & 1 ? polynomial : 0);
+ for (j = 0; j < CRC8_TABLE_SIZE; j += 2*i)
+ table[i+j] = table[j] ^ t;
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(crc8_populate_lsb);
+
+/*
+ * crc8 - calculate a crc8 over the given input data.
+ *
+ * table: crc table used for calculation.
+ * pdata: pointer to data buffer.
+ * nbytes: number of bytes in data buffer.
+ * crc: previous returned crc8 value.
+ */
+u8 crc8(const u8 table[CRC8_TABLE_SIZE], u8 *pdata, size_t nbytes, u8 crc)
+{
+ /* loop over the buffer data */
+ while (nbytes-- > 0)
+ crc = table[(crc ^ *pdata++) & 0xff];
+
+ return crc;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(crc8);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("CRC8 (by Williams, Ross N.) function");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Broadcom Corporation");
+MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");
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