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PCI: EHCI: fix crash during suspend on ASUS computers

commit dbf0e4c upstream.

Quite a few ASUS computers experience a nasty problem, related to the
EHCI controllers, when going into system suspend.  It was observed
that the problem didn't occur if the controllers were not put into the
D3 power state before starting the suspend, and commit
151b612 (USB: EHCI: fix crash during
suspend on ASUS computers) was created to do this.

It turned out this approach messed up other computers that didn't have
the problem -- it prevented USB wakeup from working.  Consequently
commit c2fb8a3 (USB: add
NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP flag and revert 151b612) was merged; it
reverted the earlier commit and added a whitelist of known good board

Now we know the actual cause of the problem.  Thanks to AceLan Kao for
tracking it down.

According to him, an engineer at ASUS explained that some of their
BIOSes contain a bug that was added in an attempt to work around a
problem in early versions of Windows.  When the computer goes into S3
suspend, the BIOS tries to verify that the EHCI controllers were first
quiesced by the OS.  Nothing's wrong with this, but the BIOS does it
by checking that the PCI COMMAND registers contain 0 without checking
the controllers' power state.  If the register isn't 0, the BIOS
assumes the controller needs to be quiesced and tries to do so.  This
involves making various MMIO accesses to the controller, which don't
work very well if the controller is already in D3.  The end result is
a system hang or memory corruption.

Since the value in the PCI COMMAND register doesn't matter once the
controller has been suspended, and since the value will be restored
anyway when the controller is resumed, we can work around the BIOS bug
simply by setting the register to 0 during system suspend.  This patch
(as1590) does so and also reverts the second commit mentioned above,
which is now unnecessary.

In theory we could do this for every PCI device.  However to avoid
introducing new problems, the patch restricts itself to EHCI host

Finally the affected systems can suspend with USB wakeup working

Based-on-patch-by: AceLan Kao <>
Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <>
Tested-by: Dâniel Fraga <>
Tested-by: Javier Marcet <>
Tested-by: Andrey Rahmatullin <>
Tested-by: Oleksij Rempel <>
Tested-by: Pavel Pisa <>
Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <>
Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <>
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1 parent 33c050f commit 88153b5ca6da2602bac3f4185d9732f1547b8480 Alan Stern committed with bwhacks Jul 9, 2012
Showing with 12 additions and 33 deletions.
  1. +12 −0 drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
  2. +0 −5 drivers/pci/pci.c
  3. +0 −26 drivers/pci/quirks.c
  4. +0 −2 include/linux/pci.h
12 drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -742,6 +742,18 @@ static int pci_pm_suspend_noirq(struct device *dev)
+ /*
+ * Some BIOSes from ASUS have a bug: If a USB EHCI host controller's
+ * PCI COMMAND register isn't 0, the BIOS assumes that the controller
+ * hasn't been quiesced and tries to turn it off. If the controller
+ * is already in D3, this can hang or cause memory corruption.
+ *
+ * Since the value of the COMMAND register doesn't matter once the
+ * device has been suspended, we can safely set it to 0 here.
+ */
+ if (pci_dev->class == PCI_CLASS_SERIAL_USB_EHCI)
+ pci_write_config_word(pci_dev, PCI_COMMAND, 0);
return 0;
5 drivers/pci/pci.c
@@ -1689,11 +1689,6 @@ int pci_prepare_to_sleep(struct pci_dev *dev)
if (target_state == PCI_POWER_ERROR)
return -EIO;
- /* Some devices mustn't be in D3 during system sleep */
- if (target_state == PCI_D3hot &&
- (dev->dev_flags & PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP))
- return 0;
pci_enable_wake(dev, target_state, device_may_wakeup(&dev->dev));
error = pci_set_power_state(dev, target_state);
26 drivers/pci/quirks.c
@@ -2940,32 +2940,6 @@ static void __devinit disable_igfx_irq(struct pci_dev *dev)
- * The Intel 6 Series/C200 Series chipset's EHCI controllers on many
- * ASUS motherboards will cause memory corruption or a system crash
- * if they are in D3 while the system is put into S3 sleep.
- */
-static void __devinit asus_ehci_no_d3(struct pci_dev *dev)
- const char *sys_info;
- static const char good_Asus_board[] = "P8Z68-V";
- if (dev->dev_flags & PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP)
- return;
- if (dev->subsystem_vendor != PCI_VENDOR_ID_ASUSTEK)
- return;
- sys_info = dmi_get_system_info(DMI_BOARD_NAME);
- if (sys_info && memcmp(sys_info, good_Asus_board,
- sizeof(good_Asus_board) - 1) == 0)
- return;
- dev_info(&dev->dev, "broken D3 during system sleep on ASUS\n");
- dev->dev_flags |= PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP;
- device_set_wakeup_capable(&dev->dev, false);
static void pci_do_fixups(struct pci_dev *dev, struct pci_fixup *f,
struct pci_fixup *end)
2 include/linux/pci.h
@@ -176,8 +176,6 @@ enum pci_dev_flags {
PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3 = (__force pci_dev_flags_t) 2,
/* Provide indication device is assigned by a Virtual Machine Manager */
PCI_DEV_FLAGS_ASSIGNED = (__force pci_dev_flags_t) 4,
- /* Device causes system crash if in D3 during S3 sleep */
- PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3_DURING_SLEEP = (__force pci_dev_flags_t) 8,
enum pci_irq_reroute_variant {

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