TabletWM is a minimalistic Window Manager, oriented to tablet PCs and devices with small screens. It tries to keep all windows maximized. No window has decorations.
It also has a virtual keyboard, to be able to manage apps without a physical keyboard.
It is based on code from SWM, from CINOLT, available at http://lists.freedesktop.org/archives/xcb/2011-November/007375.html
After launching TabletWM in a XWindows session without other window manager, it will become the manager. Every new window will be maximized if it is non transient, or if its type is DESKTOP, UTILITY, DIALOG or NORMAL. The last two types will be maximized only if they are resizable. If not, they will be put centered.
DOCK type windows are kept as-is, and maintained on top. They also won't receive the keyboard focus. This is designed this way to allow to use them to implement launchers and other kind of programs.
There are three hot keys:
- Alt+F4: closes the current window
- Alt+TAB: shows the next application
- Ctrl+TAB: shows the next window of the same application group
Ctrl+TAB allows to work easily with applications that uses several windows (like GIMP), because it will jump between the windows of the same app. It is quite limited, because it will also jump between windows of two different instances of the same app (let's say: two GEdit windows, or two different XTerm).
Pressing the MENU key (the one at the right, between WINDOWS and CTRL) will expand a little options bar with several icons. The first one, red and with an X, will close the current window (like Alt+F4). The next one, with two applications and an arrow, allows to switch to the next app (like Alt+TAB). Finally, the next one with two windows allows to switch to the next window of the same application group. The last icon launchs an application launcher. By default it launches tabletlauncher, but can be configure to launch any program by editing the file /etc/tabletwm/tabletwm.cfg. This bar can also be expanded by moving the cursor to the bottom of the screen.
By pressing Ctrl+MENU, both the options bar and a virtual keyboard will be expanded. A new icon will be available in the options bar, that allows to move the keyboard to the top or bottom part of the screen. This is useful when using the GSL1680 user-space driver, because it generates this keypress when touching with three fingers.
Pressing Alt+MENU (or the power button), TabletWM will ask to power down the device. It calls /sbin/halt, so you must first give it SUID priviledges with sudo chmod 4755 /sbin/halt.
Is important to remember that TabletWM grabs the mouse when the on-screen keyboard is visible. This is a must to avoid problems with popups and other kind of windows. In recent versions it is possible to do click on the window with the on-screen keyboard visible, but is not possible to do scroll or expand a menu. To do it, you must hide the keyboard first.
By default, TabletWM uses the currently active layout for the physical keyboard. But is possible to edit the file /etc/tabletwm/tabletwm.cfg and set a desired keyboard layout (example: es). This layout will be loaded by TabletWM at startup with setxkbmap.
Also is possible to change the layout for the on-screen keyboard. Currently only the US, ES, QWERTZ and AZERTY layouts are available, but copying the /etc/tabletwm/us.keymap to a new file, and modifying it, allows to change the possition of the codes (of course, you must modify /etc/tabletwm/tabletwm.cfg to specify the language for the on-screen keyboard).
The format for the /etc/tabletwm/tabletwm.cfg file is this:
keyboard_lang:us onscreen_keyboard_map:us launcher_command:tabletlauncher
The first entry specifies that the physical keyboard layout must be US. This is set by calling to setxkbmap.
The second entry specifies that the on-screen keyboard layout must be US (so the layout will be taken from the file /etc/tabletwm/us.keymap).
The third entry contains the command to launch when the user touches the green button. By default is tabletlauncher, but can be changed to other, if desired.
The lines must not contain blank spaces.
KEYMAP file format
The KEYMAP files allows to specify the layout of the on-screen keyboard. This file has to contain several lines, each one describing one key.
The first line in the file must contain a BLOCKS command, followed by the number of layouts or keyboards that will be defined in this file. Ussually this number is 3: one lowercase layout, one uppercase layout, and one numbers/symbols layout. But it can be changed to allow to put more symbols.
After that, there must come as many blocks of 48 key definitions (because each layout contains 48 keys). The format is command W H [params]. The W and H parameters specify the width and the height of the key. The default size is 1 1. Large keys like return are 1 2, or the space bar which are 3 1.
Command allows to specify the keys themselves. It can be:
- BLANK 1 1: when a key is bigger that one possition, the other possitions that it occupies must be filled with BLANK 1 1 commands.
- KEYSYM W H keysym: keysym is a keysym definition, availables in /usr/include/xkbcommon/xkbcommon-keysyms.h, but removing the XKB_KEY_ part.
- KEY W H letter: letter is an UTF-8 character. Since a lot of keysym numbers are the same than its UTF-8 character, this can work for them (but be careful, it doesn't work for all, only for very common characters).
- KEYSYMTEXT W H keysym text: first, a keysym definition (like in KEYSYM), followed by a text that will be displayed in the key. Useful for non-graphic keys like function ones (F1 to F12).
- TAB W H: has no params. Creates a TAB key.
- SPACE W H: has no params. Creates a SPACE key.
- RETURN W H: has no params. Creates a RETURN key.
- DELETE W H: has no params. Creates a DELETE key.
- UP W H: has no params. Creates a CURSOR UP key.
- DOWN W H: has no params. Creates a CURSOR DOWN key.
- LEFT W H: has no params. Creates a CURSOR LEFT key.
- RIGHT W H: has no params. Creates a CURSOR RIGHT key.
- JUMPTO W H block content: block contains the layout number that will be shown when the user touches this key. content specifies what text/symbol is shown in this key. It can be GEN (shows ...), SHIFT (shows a shift arrow), LETTERS (shows abc) or symbols (shows 123).
The name of the file must be XXXXXX.keymap, being XXXXXX the text that the user must put in the onscreen_keyboard_map entry in the configuration file.
If TabletWM is unable to map a character to a keycode, that key will be shown in red color.
Compiling from source code and installing system-wide
TabletWM needs XCB, Cairo and XKBCommon libraries.
Just run as a normal user
make sudo make install
in your device, and will compile and install the window manager. You can also type
sudo make install-init
and an init.d will be installed that will launch TabletWM automatically during startup using the debian user. This, of course, only works for Debian systems with a user called debian. It also will install a .xinitrc file at /home/debian that will launch the dbus user session, and the ConsoleKit daemon.
Setting language and timezone
You can edit the .xinitrc file available in the debian folder to set your language and timezone. By default no language, nor timezone are defined. To change it, edit .xinitrc and uncomment and modify the lines:
#Edit and uncomment this to set your preferred language #export LANG=en_US.UTF-8 #Edit and uncomment this to set your timezone #export TZ="Europe/Madrid"
- Windows existing before launching TabletWM are not recognized by it.
TabletWM is distributed under the terms of the GPLv2 or (at your option) any later version. The terms of this license are available in the COPYING file.