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[
{
"date": "914/01/15",
"description": " The Samanid prince of Bukhara Ahmad II Samani is murdered. His son, Nasr ibn Ahmad, succeeds him at the age of 8, under the regency of vizir Abu ’Abd-Allah al-Jaihani. The Abbassids try to benefit from the turmoil of the interregnum to reconquer Sistan, in vain.Joel L. Kraemer <a href=\"http://books.google.fr/books?id=O9QUAAAAIAAJamppg=PA8\">http://books.google.fr/books?id=O9QUAAAAIAAJamppg=PA8</a> ''Philosophy in the renaissance of Islam : Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and his circle'' Brill Archive, 1986 ISBN 978-90-04-07258-9",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Samanid",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samanid"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Bukhara",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bukhara"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Ahmad II Samani",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmad_Samani"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Nasr ibn Ahmad",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasr_II"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Sistan",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistan_and_Baluchestan_Province"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1327/04/06",
"description": " Petrarch sees a woman he names Laura in the church of Sainte-Claire d'Avignon, which awakes in him a lasting passion. He writes a series of poems dedicated to her, which are collected into his ''Canzoniere'' (quotSong Bookquot). This is generally considered to be the day the Renaissance began.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Petrarch",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petrarch"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Canzoniere",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canzoniere"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1337/03/16",
"description": "Francesco Petrarca (often considered the first man of the Renaissance) first visits Rome, to wander its mysterious ruins with an eye for aesthetic as well as for history, exciting a renewed interest in Classical civilisation.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Francesco Petrarca",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francesco_Petrarca"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Renaissance",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Rome",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rome"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Classical",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_antiquity"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1504/11/26",
"description": "Raphael paints ''The Marriage of the Virgin'', which exemplifies some major principles of High Renaissance art.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Raphael",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raphael"
},
{
"text_in_event": "The Marriage of the Virgin",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Marriage_of_the_Virgin_(Raphael)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "High Renaissance",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Renaissance"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1527/05/06",
"description": " Sack of Rome: Spanish and German troops led by the Duke of Bourbon sack Rome, forcing Pope Clement VII to make peace with Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, marking the end of the High Renaissance.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Sack of Rome",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sack_of_Rome_(1527)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Spanish",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Empire"
},
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Empire"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Duke of Bourbon",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_of_Bourbon"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Rome",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rome"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Pope Clement VII",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Clement_VII"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_V,_Holy_Roman_Emperor"
},
{
"text_in_event": "High Renaissance",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Renaissance"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1528/11/06",
"description": "Bubonic plague breaks out in England.ampamp{{cite web |url=<a href=\"http://www.adam-matthew-publications.co.uk/digital_guides/ren_man_series1_prt1/chronology.aspx\">http://www.adam-matthew-publications.co.uk/digital_guides/ren_man_series1_prt1/chronology.aspx</a> | accessdate=2007-11-08 | title=Renaissance: The Reconstructed Libraries of European Scholars: 1450-1700}}ampamp",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "bubonic plague",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/bubonic_plague"
}
},
{
"date": "1560/12/06",
"description": "The first scientific society, the Academia Secretorum Naturae, is founded in Naples by Giambattista della Porta.ampamp{{cite book|editor=Bergin, Thomas G.|title=Encyclopedia of the Renaissance|location=Oxford New York|publisher=New Market Books|year=1987}}ampamp",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Academia Secretorum Naturae",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academia_Secretorum_Naturae"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Naples",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naples"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Giambattista della Porta",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giambattista_della_Porta"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1562/12/19",
"description": "Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola publishes ''Regola delli cinque ordini d'architettura'' ''(Rules of the Five Orders of Architecture)''ampamp{{cite book|last=Evers|first=Vernd|title=Architectural Theory: from the Renaissance to the present|year=2003|publisher=Taschen|isbn=978-3-8228-1699-8|page=845|url=<a href=\"http://books.google.com/books?id=V5OK-Yw-A3cCampamppg=PA86ampampdq=Vignola+%22Five+Orders%22ampamphl=enampampei=rvP4TPjLI9WW4Abr6eTABwampampsa=Xampampoi=book_resultampampct=resultampampresnum=3ampampved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepageampampq=Vignola%20%22Five%20Orders%22ampampf=false}}ampamp\">http://books.google.com/books?id=V5OK-Yw-A3cCampamppg=PA86ampampdq=Vignola+%22Five+Orders%22ampamphl=enampampei=rvP4TPjLI9WW4Abr6eTABwampampsa=Xampampoi=book_resultampampct=resultampampresnum=3ampampved=0CCwQ6AEwAg#v=onepageampampq=Vignola%20%22Five%20Orders%22ampampf=false}}ampamp</a> it will become in succeeding centuries the most published book in architectural history.ampampVignola. ''Canon of the Five Orders of Architecture'', translated with an introduction by Branko Mitrovic. New York: Acanthus Press, 1999). p. 17. ISBN 0-926494-16-3.ampamp",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giacomo_Barozzi_da_Vignola"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Rules of the Five Orders of Architecture",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Five_Orders_of_Architecture"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1611/02/27",
"description": " Sunspots are observed by telescope by Frisian astronomers Johannes Fabricius and David Fabricius and Johannes publishes the results of these observations in ''De Maculis in Sole observatis'' in Wittenberg later this year.{{cite web|first=C.|last=Thony|title=Spotting the spots|url=<a href=\"http://thonyc.wordpress.com/2011/01/08/spotting-the-spots/|work=The\">http://thonyc.wordpress.com/2011/01/08/spotting-the-spots/|work=The</a> Renaissance Mathematicus|date=2011-01-08|accessdate=2011-08-09|archiveurl=<a href=\"http://web.archive.org/web/20110721212233/http://thonyc.wordpress.com/2011/01/08/spotting-the-spots/|archivedate=21\">http://web.archive.org/web/20110721212233/http://thonyc.wordpress.com/2011/01/08/spotting-the-spots/|archivedate=21</a> July 2011!--Added by DASHBot--}} Such early discoveries are overlooked however, and the first sighting is claimed a few months later by Galileo Galilei and Christoph Scheiner.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Sunspots",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunspots"
},
{
"text_in_event": "telescope",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/telescope"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Frisian",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisians"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Johannes Fabricius",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Fabricius"
},
{
"text_in_event": "David Fabricius",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Fabricius"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Wittenberg",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wittenberg"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Galileo Galilei",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo_Galilei"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Christoph Scheiner",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christoph_Scheiner"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1616/12/22",
"description": "Francesco Albani paints the ceiling frescoes of ''Apollo and the Seasons'' at the Palazzo Verospi in Via del Corso for Cardinal Fabrizio Verospi. Italy still houses most of the Renaissance artwork of Europe.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Francesco Albani",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francesco_Albani"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Via del Corso",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Via_del_Corso"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Renaissance",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance"
},
{
"text_in_event": "art",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/art"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Europe",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1642/09/02",
"description": " Parliament orders the theatres of London closed, effectively ending the era of English Renaissance theatre.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "English Renaissance theatre",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Renaissance_theatre"
}
},
{
"date": "1830/07/13",
"description": " The General Assembly's Institution, now the Scottish Church College, one of the pioneering institutions that ushered the Bengal Renaissance, is founded by Alexander Duff and Raja Ram Mohan Roy, in Calcutta, India.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Scottish Church College",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_Church_College"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Bengal Renaissance",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_Renaissance"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Alexander Duff",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Duff_(missionary)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Raja Ram Mohan Roy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raja_Ram_Mohan_Roy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Calcutta",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calcutta"
},
{
"text_in_event": "India",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1844/12/21",
"description": "The Free Church Institution is established by Reverend Alexander Duff in Calcutta, India. This is later merged with the General Assembly's Institution to form the Scottish Church College, one of the pioneering institutions that ushers in the Bengal Renaissance.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Alexander Duff",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Duff_(missionary)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Calcutta",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calcutta"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Scottish Church College",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_Church_College"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Bengal Renaissance",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_Renaissance"
}
]
}
]
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