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[
{
"date": "1939/09/01",
"description": "WWII:",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1939/09/02",
"description": "WWII:",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1939/09/03",
"description": "WWII:",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1939/09/04",
"description": "WWII: Nepal declares war on Germany.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Nepal",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepal"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_Germany"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/09/05",
"description": "WWII: The United States declares its neutrality in the war.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "United States",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States"
}
},
{
"date": "1939/09/06",
"description": "WWII: South Africa declares war on Germany.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "South Africa",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Africa"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_Germany"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/09/06",
"description": "WWII: Forward elements of General Hoeppner's XVI Panzerkorps take up positions outside Warsaw. The world is stunned by the rapidity of the German advance and the Polish High Command is effectively isolated, but lack of infantry support and effective civilian resistance cause Hoeppner to halt outside the city itself.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Warsaw",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw"
}
},
{
"date": "1939/09/06",
"description": "WWII: Polish troops on the Westerplatte are forced, due to lack of food and ammunition, to surrender. The garrison of about two hundred had held out against thousands of German forces (many of them Naval officer cadets from the ''Schleswig-Holstein,'') for seven days.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Westerplatte",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westerplatte"
},
{
"text_in_event": "''Schleswig-Holstein,''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_battleship_Schleswig-Holstein"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/09/09",
"description": "WWII: Troops of the Polish Poznan Army under the command of General Kutrzeba open the Battle of the Bzura, the largest and best organized counter-attack mounted by the Polish forces in the campaign of 1939. For the first few days all goes well and the Germans are forced to retreat but quick reaction by mechanized units and the Luftwaffe soon take their toll and the operation bogs down.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Poznan Army",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_Poznan"
},
{
"text_in_event": "General Kutrzeba",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadeusz_Kutrzeba"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of the Bzura",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bzura_battle"
},
{
"text_in_event": "campaign of 1939.",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Poland_(1939)"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/09/10",
"description": "WWII: Canada declares war on Germany.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Canada",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_Germany"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/09/15",
"description": "WWII: Diverse elements of the German Wehrmacht surround Warsaw and demand its surrender. The Poles refuse and the siege begins in earnest.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Warsaw",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw"
},
{
"text_in_event": "siege",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Warsaw_(1939)"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/09/17",
"description": "WWII: The Soviet Union invades Poland and then occupies eastern Polish territories.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Soviet Union",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Poland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poland"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/09/19",
"description": "WWII: The Poznan pocket collapses, and the Germans capture, according to many sources, over 150,000 men. Many elements of General Kutrzeba's forces work their way into Warsaw under extreme difficulty.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "General Kutrzeba",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadeusz_Kutrzeba"
}
},
{
"date": "1939/09/22",
"description": "WWII: Joint victory parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest-Litovsk at the end of the Invasion of Poland.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "victory parade",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/victory_parade"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Wehrmacht",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wehrmacht"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Red Army",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Army"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Brest-Litovsk",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brest_(Belarus)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Invasion of Poland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Poland"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/09/28",
"description": "WWII:",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1939/10/08",
"description": "WWII: Germany annexes Western Poland.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_Germany"
}
},
{
"date": "1939/11/01",
"description": "2 ampndash WWII: Physicist Hans Ferdinand Mayer writes the Oslo Report on German weapons systems and passes it to the British Secret Intelligence Service.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "2",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_2"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Physicist",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physicist"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Hans Ferdinand Mayer",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Ferdinand_Mayer"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Oslo Report",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oslo_Report"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Secret Intelligence Service",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secret_Intelligence_Service"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/11/04",
"description": "WWII: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons to non-belligerent nations.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Franklin D. Roosevelt",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Delano_Roosevelt"
},
{
"text_in_event": "United States Customs Service",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Customs_Service"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Neutrality Act of 1939",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutrality_Acts_of_1930s"
},
{
"text_in_event": "weapon",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/weapon"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/11/04",
"description": "WWII ampampndash Sonderaktion Krakau: Germans take action against scientists from the University of Kraków and other Kraków universities at the beginning of WWII.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Sonderaktion Krakau",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonderaktion_Krakau"
},
{
"text_in_event": "University of Kraków",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Kraków"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Kraków",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kraków"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/11/08",
"description": "WWII: In Munich, an attempt to kill Adolf Hitler is made by Georg Elser while Hitler is celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Munich",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Adolf Hitler",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Georg Elser",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Elser"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Beer Hall Putsch",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer_Hall_Putsch"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/11/09",
"description": "WWII: Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Venlo Incident",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venlo_Incident"
},
{
"text_in_event": "SIS",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secret_Intelligence_Service"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/11/17",
"description": "WWII: To punish protests against the Nazi occupation of the Czech homeland, the Nazis murder 9 Czech graduate students, send over 1200 to concentration camps, and close all Czech universities.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1939/11/17",
"description": "WWII ampampndash Winter War: Soviet forces attack Finland and reach the Mannerheim Line, starting the war.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winter War",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_War"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Soviet",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Finland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finland"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Mannerheim Line",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannerheim_Line"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/11/17",
"description": "WWII ampampndash Sweden declares non-belligerency in the Winter War.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Sweden",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweden"
},
{
"text_in_event": "non-belligerency",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/belligerent"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Winter War",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_War"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/12/04",
"description": "WWII: ''HMS Nelson'' is struck by a mine (laid by {{GS|U-31|1936|2}}) off the Scottish coast and is laid up for repairs until August 1940.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "HMS Nelson",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Nelson_(28)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "mine",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/sea_mine"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Scottish",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/12/12",
"description": "WWII: ''HMS Duchess'' sinks after a collision with ''HMS Barham'' off the coast of Scotland with the loss of 124 men.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "HMS Duchess",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Duchess_(H64)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "HMS Barham",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Barham_(04)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Scotland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/12/13",
"description": "WWII ampndash Battle of the River Plate: The German pocket battleship, ''Admiral Graf Spee'' is trapped by cruisers HMS ''Ajax'', HMNZS ''Achilles'', and HMS ''Exeter'' after a running battle off the coast of Uruguay. ''Admiral Graf Spee'' is scuttled by its crew off Montevideo harbor on December 17.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of the River Plate",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_River_Plate"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Admiral Graf Spee",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_pocket_battleship_Admiral_Graf_Spee"
},
{
"text_in_event": "HMS ''Ajax''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Ajax_(22)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "HMNZS ''Achilles''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMNZS_Achilles"
},
{
"text_in_event": "HMS ''Exeter''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Exeter_(68)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Uruguay",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uruguay"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Montevideo",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montevideo"
},
{
"text_in_event": "December 17",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_17"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1939/12/14",
"description": "WWII ampndash Winter War: The League of Nations expels the USSR for attacking Finland.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winter War",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_War"
},
{
"text_in_event": "League of Nations",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_of_Nations"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Finland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finland"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/01/04",
"description": "WWII: Axis powers: Luftwaffe General Hermann Göring assumes control of most war industries in Germany.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Axis powers",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axis_powers"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Luftwaffe",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Hermann Göring",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Göring"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_Germany"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/01/06",
"description": "WWII: Winter War: General Semyon Timoshenko takes command of all Russian forces.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winter War",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_War"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Semyon Timoshenko",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semyon_Timoshenko"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/01/06",
"description": "WWII: Winter War ampampndash Battle of Suomussalmi: The Russian 44th Assault Division is destroyed by Finnish forces.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winter War",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_War"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of Suomussalmi",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Suomussalmi"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/01/06",
"description": "WWII: Food rationing begins in Great Britain.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Great Britain",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/01/09",
"description": "WWII British submarine {{HMS|Starfish|19S}} is sunk.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "British",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armed_Forces_of_the_United_Kingdom"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/01/10",
"description": "WWII: Mechelen Incident: A German plane carrying secret plans for the invasion of western Europe makes a forced landing in Belgium, leading to mobilization of defense forces in the Low Countries.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Mechelen Incident",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mechelen_Incident"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Belgium",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgium"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Low Countries",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Low_Countries"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/01/27",
"description": "WWII: A peace resolution introduced in the Parliament of South Africa is defeated 81–59.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Parliament of South Africa",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_of_South_Africa"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/02/01",
"description": "WWII: Winter War ampndash Russian forces launch a major assault on Finnish troops occupying the Karelian Isthmus.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winter War",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_War"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Karelian Isthmus",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karelian_Isthmus"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/02/16",
"description": "WWII: Altmark Incident: The British destroyer {{HMS|Cossack|F03}} pursues the German tanker ''Altmark'' into Jøssingfjord in southwestern Norway.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Altmark Incident",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altmark_Incident"
},
{
"text_in_event": "German tanker ''Altmark''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_tanker_Altmark"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Jøssingfjord",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jøssingfjord"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Norway",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norway"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/03/18",
"description": "WWII: Axis powers: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Axis powers",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axis_powers"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Adolf Hitler",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Benito Mussolini",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Mussolini"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Brenner Pass",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brenner_Pass"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Alps",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alps"
},
{
"text_in_event": "France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "United Kingdom",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/03/31",
"description": "WWII: Commerce raiding {{Ship|German auxiliary cruiser|Atlantis}}, leaves the Wadden Sea for what will become the longest warship cruise of the war. (622 days without in-port replenishment or repair){{cite book | author=Muggenthaler, August Karl| title=German Raiders of WWII| publisher=Prentice-Hall| year=1977| ISBN=0-13-354027-8| page=14}}",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Commerce raiding",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commerce_raiding"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Wadden Sea",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wadden_Sea"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/04/03",
"description": "WWII: Operation ''Weserübung'': German ships set out for the invasion of Norway.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Operation ''Weserübung''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Weserübung"
},
{
"text_in_event": "invasion of Norway",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_Campaign#German_invasion"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/04/09",
"description": "WWII: Germany invades Denmark and Norway in Operation ''Weserübung.'' The British campaign in Norway is simultaneously commenced.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Denmark",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denmark"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Norway",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norway"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Weserübung",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weserübung"
},
{
"text_in_event": "British campaign in Norway",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_campaign_in_Norway"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/10",
"description": "WWII:",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1940/05/10",
"description": "WWII: German armies open a {{convert|60|mi|km|adj=on}} wide breach in the Maginot Line at Sedan, France.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Maginot Line",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maginot_Line"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Sedan, France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedan,_France"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/10",
"description": "WWII: The Dutch army surrenders.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Dutch army",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Netherlands_Army"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/05/19",
"description": "WWII: German forces (2nd Panzer division), under General Rudolf Veiel, reach Noyelles on the English Channel.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "2nd Panzer division",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2nd_Panzer_Division_(Germany)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Rudolf Veiel",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Veiel"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Noyelles",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noyelles-sur-Mer"
},
{
"text_in_event": "English Channel",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Channel"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/22",
"description": "WWII: The British Parliament passes a further Emergency Powers (Defence) Act, giving the government full control over all persons and property.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "British parliament",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_of_the_United_Kingdom"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Emergency Powers (Defence) Act",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergency_Powers_(Defence)_Act_1940"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/24",
"description": "WWII: The Anglo-French Supreme War Council decides to withdraw all forces from Norway.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Anglo-French Supreme War Council",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-French_Supreme_War_Council"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Norway",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norway"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/24",
"description": "WWII: The Dunkirk evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force starts.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Dunkirk evacuation",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunkirk_evacuation"
},
{
"text_in_event": "British Expeditionary Force",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Expeditionary_Force_(WWII)"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/24",
"description": "WWII: King Leopold III of Belgium orders the Belgian forces to cease fighting. Leaders of the Belgian government on French territory declare Leopold deposed.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Leopold III of Belgium",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_III_of_Belgium"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Belgian",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgium"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/29",
"description": "The Vought XF4U-1, prototype of the F4U Corsair U.S. fighter later used in WWII, makes its first flight.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "F4U Corsair",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F4U_Corsair"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/05/29",
"description": "WWII: Paris is bombed by the Luftwaffe for the first time.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Paris",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Luftwaffe",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/29",
"description": "WWII: The Dunkirk evacuation ends ampampndash British and Dutch forces complete evacuating 300,000 troops from Dunkirk in France to England.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Dunkirk evacuation",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunkirk_evacuation"
},
{
"text_in_event": "British",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Dunkirk",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunkirk,_France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "England",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/05/29",
"description": "WWII: Winston Churchill tells the British House of Commons, ampquotWe shall not flag or fail. We shall fight on the beaches... on the landing grounds... in the fields and the streets.... We shall never surrender.ampquot",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winston Churchill",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston_Churchill"
},
{
"text_in_event": "British House of Commons",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_House_of_Commons"
},
{
"text_in_event": "We Shall Fight on the Beaches",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Shall_Fight_on_the_Beaches"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/09",
"description": "WWII: The British Commandos are created.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "British Commandos",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Commandos"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/06/09",
"description": "WWII: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Italy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "United Kingdom",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/09",
"description": "WWII: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy's actions with his <a href=\"ftp://webstorage2.mcpa.virginia.edu/library/nara/fdr/audiovisual/speeches/fdr_1940_0610.mp3\">ftp://webstorage2.mcpa.virginia.edu/library/nara/fdr/audiovisual/speeches/fdr_1940_0610.mp3<\/a> ampquotStab in the Backampquot speech during the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Franklin D. Roosevelt",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_D._Roosevelt"
},
{
"text_in_event": "University of Virginia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Virginia"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/09",
"description": "WWII: Canada declares war on Italy.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Canada",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/09",
"description": "WWII: Norway surrenders to German forces.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Norway",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norway"
},
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/09",
"description": "WWII: The French government flees to Tours.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Tours",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tours"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/06/12",
"description": "WWII: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at St. Valery-en-Caux.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "British",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
},
{
"text_in_event": "French",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Field Marshal",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_Marshal"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Erwin Rommel",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erwin_Rommel"
},
{
"text_in_event": "St. Valery-en-Caux",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Valery-en-Caux"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/13",
"description": "WWII: Paris is declared an open city.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Paris",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris"
},
{
"text_in_event": "open city",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/open_city"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/13",
"description": "WWII: The Soviet Union annexes three Baltic States which are Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This is the most popular date to be said when the term Soviet Empire was coined.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Soviet Union",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Baltic State",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltic_states"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Estonia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estonia"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Latvia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvia"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Lithuania",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithuania"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Soviet Empire",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Empire"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/13",
"description": "WWII: The French government flees to Bordeaux and Paris falls under German occupation.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Bordeaux",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bordeaux"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Paris",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris"
},
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/13",
"description": "WWII: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Naval Expansion Act into law, which aims to increase the United States Navy's tonnage by 11%.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Franklin D. Roosevelt",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_D._Roosevelt"
},
{
"text_in_event": "United States Navy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Navy"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/13",
"description": "WWII: A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów become the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Polish",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poland"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Tarnów",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarnów"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Auschwitz concentration camp",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auschwitz_concentration_camp"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/15",
"description": "WWII: Verdun falls to German forces.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Verdun",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verdun"
},
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/16",
"description": "WWII: Operation Ariel begins: Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany's takeover of Paris and most of the nation.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Operation Ariel",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Ariel"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Allied",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allies_of_WWII"
},
{
"text_in_event": "France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Paris",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/16",
"description": "WWII: A Luftwaffe Junkers 88 bomber sinks the British ship ''RMS Lancastria'', which was evacuating troops from near Saint-Nazaire, France, killing some 5,800 men.ampamp{{cite book|last=Hooton|first=E.R.|title=Luftwaffe at War: Blitzkrieg in the West|publisher=Chervron/Ian Allan|year=2007|location=London|page=88|isbn=978-1-85780-272-6}}ampamp (Wartime censorship prevents the story from becoming public.)",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Luftwaffe",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Junkers 88",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junkers_88"
},
{
"text_in_event": "RMS Lancastria",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Lancastria"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Saint-Nazaire",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint-Nazaire"
},
{
"text_in_event": "France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/16",
"description": "WWII: Winston Churchill says to the House of Commons: ampquotThe Battle of France is over. The Battle of Britain is about to begin.ampquot",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winston Churchill",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston_Churchill"
},
{
"text_in_event": "House of Commons",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_House_of_Commons"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of Britain",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Britain"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/16",
"description": "WWII: Appeal of 18 June: General Charles de Gaulle, ''de facto'' leader of the Free French Forces, makes his first broadcast appeal over Radio Londres from London rallying French Resistance, calling on all French people to continue the fight against Nazi Germany: ampquotFrance has lost a battle. But France has not lost the warampquot.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Appeal of 18 June",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeal_of_18_June"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Charles de Gaulle",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Gaulle"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Free French Forces",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_French_Forces"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Radio Londres",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_Londres"
},
{
"text_in_event": "London",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London"
},
{
"text_in_event": "French Resistance",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Resistance"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Nazi Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_Germany"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/21",
"description": "WWII: Vichy France and Germany sign an armistice at Compiegne, in the same wagon-lit railroad car used by Marshal Ferdinand Foch to accept the surrender of Germany in 1918.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Vichy France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vichy_France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "armistice",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Armistice_at_Compiègne"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Compiègne",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compiègne"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Ferdinand Foch",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Foch"
},
{
"text_in_event": "1918",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1918"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/23",
"description": "WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.<a href=\"http://history1900s.about.com/library/holocaust/blhitler38.htm\">http://history1900s.about.com/library/holocaust/blhitler38.htm<\/a>",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Adolf Hitler",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Paris",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris"
},
{
"text_in_event": "France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/23",
"description": "WWII: Vichy France signs armistice terms with Italy.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Vichy France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vichy_France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/06/28",
"description": "WWII: German forces land in Guernsey, marking the start of the 5-year Occupation of the Channel Islands.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Guernsey",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernsey"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Occupation of the Channel Islands",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupation_of_the_Channel_Islands"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/07/02",
"description": "WWII: British-owned {{SS|Arandora Star}}, carrying civilian internees and POWs of Italian and German origin from Liverpool to Canada, is torpedoed and sunk by the {{GS|U-47|1938|6}} off northwest Ireland with the loss of around 865 lives.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "civilian internee",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civilian_Internee"
},
{
"text_in_event": "POW",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/POW"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italian",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_people"
},
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_people"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Liverpool",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liverpool"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Canada",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Torpedo",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torpedo"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Ireland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ireland"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/07/03",
"description": "WWII: British naval units sink or seize ships of the French fleet anchored in the Algerian ports of Oran and Mers-el-Kebir. The following day, Vichy France breaks off diplomatic relations with Britain",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Algeria",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algeria"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Oran",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oran"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Mers-el-Kebir",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mers-el-Kebir"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Vichy France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vichy_France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Britain",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/07/10",
"description": "WWII: The Battle of Britain begins",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Battle of Britain",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Britain"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/07/10",
"description": "WWII: British destroyer {{HMS|Escort|H66}} is torpedoed and sunk by an Italian submarine.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1940/07/10",
"description": "WWII: Vichy France begins with a constitutional law which only 80 members of the parliament vote against.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Vichy France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vichy_France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "80 members of the parliament",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Vichy_80"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/07/14",
"description": "WWII: Winston Churchill, in a worldwide broadcast, proclaims the intention of Great Britain to fight alone against Germany whatever the outcome: quotWe shall seek no terms. We shall tolerate no parley. We may show mercy. We shall ask none.quot",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Winston Churchill",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston_Churchill"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/07/15",
"description": "WWII: Allied victory at the Battle of Cape Spada {{HMAS|Sydney|D48}} and five destroyers sink the Italian cruiser ''Bartolomeo Colleoni''.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of Cape Spada",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cape_Spada"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italian cruiser ''Bartolomeo Colleoni''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_cruiser_Bartolomeo_Colleoni"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/07/15",
"description": "WWII: Adolf Hitler makes a peace appeal to Britain in an address to the Reichstag. Lord Halifax, the British foreign minister, flatly rejects peace terms in a broadcast reply on July 22.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Adolf Hitler",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Britain",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Reichstag",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reichstag_(Weimar_Republic)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Lord Halifax",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_Halifax"
},
{
"text_in_event": "July 22",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_22"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/08/01",
"description": "WWII: British submarine {{HMS|Spearfish|69S}} is sunk.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1940/08/08",
"description": "WWII: Wilhelm Keitel signs the quotAufbau Ostquot directive, which eventually leads to the invasion of the Soviet Union.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Wilhelm Keitel",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Keitel"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Aufbau Ost",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aufbau_Ost_(1940)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Soviet Union",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/08/10",
"description": "WWII: British armed merchant cruiser {{HMS|Transylvania|F56}} is torpedoed off Malin Head, Ireland, by German submarine ''U-56''.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Malin Head",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malin_Head"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Ireland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ireland"
},
{
"text_in_event": "German submarine ''U-56''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_submarine_U-56_(1938)"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/08/18",
"description": "WWII: Winston Churchill pays tribute in the House of Commons to the Royal Air Force: ampquotNever in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.ampquot",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winston Churchill",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston_Churchill"
},
{
"text_in_event": "House of Commons",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_House_of_Commons"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Royal Air Force",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Air_Force"
},
{
"text_in_event": "so much owed by so many to so few",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/so_much_owed_by_so_many_to_so_few"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/08/26",
"description": "WWII: Chad is the first French colony to proclaim its support for the Allies.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Chad",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chad"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/08/30",
"description": "September ampampndash The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division (previously a National Guard Division in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma), is activated and ordered into federal service for 1 year, to engage in a training program in Ft. Sill and Louisiana, prior to serving in WWII.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/45th_Infantry_Division_(United_States)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Arizona",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arizona"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Colorado",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado"
},
{
"text_in_event": "New Mexico",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Mexico"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Oklahoma",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oklahoma"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Ft. Sill",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ft._Sill"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Louisiana",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisiana"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/09/02",
"description": "WWII: An agreement between America and Great Britain is announced to the effect that 50 U.S. destroyers needed for escort work will be transferred to Great Britain. In return, America gains 99-year leases on British bases in the North Atlantic, West Indies and Bermuda.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "America",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Great Britain",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
},
{
"text_in_event": "North Atlantic",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Atlantic"
},
{
"text_in_event": "West Indies",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Indies"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Bermuda",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermuda"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/09/05",
"description": "WWII: Commerce raiding German auxiliary cruiser ''Komet'' enters the Pacific Ocean via the Bering Strait after crossing the Arctic Ocean from the North Sea with the help of Soviet icebreakers ''Lenin'', ''Stalin'', and ''Kaganovich''.{{cite book | author=Muggenthaler, August Karl| title=German Raiders of WWII| publisher=Prentice-Hall| year=1977| ISBN=0-13-354027-8| page=58}}",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Commerce raiding",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commerce_raiding"
},
{
"text_in_event": "German auxiliary cruiser ''Komet''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_auxiliary_cruiser_Komet"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Pacific Ocean",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Ocean"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Bering Strait",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bering_Strait"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Arctic Ocean",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_Ocean"
},
{
"text_in_event": "North Sea",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Sea"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/09/05",
"description": "WWII: The Blitz ampampndash Nazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London (the first of 57 consecutive nights of strategic bombing).",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "The Blitz",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Blitz"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Nazi Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "London",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London"
},
{
"text_in_event": "strategic bombing",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/strategic_bombing"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/09/16",
"description": "WWII: The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 is signed into law by Franklin D. Roosevelt, creating the first peacetime draft in U.S. history.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Selective Training and Service Act of 1940",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Franklin D. Roosevelt",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_D._Roosevelt"
},
{
"text_in_event": "U.S.",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S."
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/09/17",
"description": "September 18 ampndash WWII: {{SS|City of Benares}} is torpedoed by {{GS|U-48|1939|6}} in the Atlantic with the loss of 248 of the 406 on board, including child evacuees bound for Canada. This results in cancellation of the British Children's Overseas Reception Board's plan to relocate children overseas.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "September 18",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September_18"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Torpedo",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torpedo"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Atlantic",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Canada",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Children's Overseas Reception Board",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Children's_Overseas_Reception_Board"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/09/26",
"description": "WWII: The United States imposes a total embargo on all scrap metal shipments to Japan.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "United States",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States"
},
{
"text_in_event": "embargo",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/embargo"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Japan",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/09/27",
"description": "WWII: Germany, Italy and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Japan",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Tripartite Pact",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripartite_Pact"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/10/18",
"description": "October 19 ampndash WWII: Thirty-two ships are sunk from Convoy SC 7 and Convoy HX 79 by the most effective quotwolfpackquot of the war including U-boat aces Kretschmer, Prien and Schepke",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "October 19",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_19"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Convoy SC 7",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convoy_SC_7"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Convoy HX 79",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convoy_HX_79"
},
{
"text_in_event": "wolfpack",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfpack_(naval_tactic)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "U-boat aces",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U-boat_aces"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Kretschmer",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Kretschmer"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Prien",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Günther_Prien"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Schepke",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joachim_Schepke"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/10/28",
"description": "WWII: Italian troops invade Greece, meeting strong resistance from Greek troops and civilians. This action signals the beginning of the Balkans Campaign.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Italian troops invade Greece",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Italian_War"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Balkans Campaign",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balkans_Campaign_(World_War_II)"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/11/10",
"description": "WWII: The Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier strike in history, on the Italian battleship fleet anchored at Taranto naval base.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Royal Navy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Navy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "aircraft carrier",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/aircraft_carrier"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italian",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "battleship",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/battleship"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Taranto",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taranto"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/11/10",
"description": "WWII: {{Ship|German auxiliary cruiser|Atlantis}} captures top secret British mail, and sends it to Japan.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "top secret",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/top_secret"
},
{
"text_in_event": "British",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Japan",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/11/14",
"description": "WWII: The city of Coventry, England is destroyed by 500 Luftwaffe bombers: 150,000 fire bombs, 503 tons of high explosives, and 130 parachute mines level 60,000 of the city's 75,000 buildings 568 people are killed.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Coventry",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coventry"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Luftwaffe",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe"
},
{
"text_in_event": "fire bombs",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incendiary_device"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/11/14",
"description": "WWII: In response to Germany levelling Coventry 2 days before, the Royal Air Force begins to bomb Hamburg (by war's end, 50,000 Hamburg residents will have died from Allied attacks).",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Germany",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Coventry",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coventry"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Royal Air Force",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Air_Force"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Hamburg",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamburg"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Allied",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/11/18",
"description": "WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "German",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Adolf Hitler",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italian",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Galeazzo Ciano",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galeazzo_Ciano"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Benito Mussolini",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Mussolini"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Greece",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greece"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/11/20",
"description": "WWII: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Hungary",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungary"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Romania",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Slovakia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovakia"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Axis powers",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axis_powers"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/11/20",
"description": "WWII: The Royal Navy and Regia Marina fight the Battle of Cape Spartivento.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Royal Navy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Navy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Regia Marina",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regia_Marina"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of Cape Spartivento",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cape_Spartivento"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/12/09",
"description": "WWII: Operation Compass ampndash British forces in North Africa begin their first major offensive with an attack on Italian forces at Sidi Barrani, Egypt.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Operation Compass",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Compass"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Sidi Barrani",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidi_Barrani"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Egypt",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/12/12",
"description": "nd December 15 ampndash WWII: quotSheffield Blitzquot ampndash The Yorkshire city of Sheffield is badly damaged by German air-raids.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "December 15",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_15"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Sheffield Blitz",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheffield_Blitz"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Yorkshire",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yorkshire"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Sheffield",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheffield"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/12/12",
"description": "WWII British destroyers {{HMS|Hereward|H93}} and {{HMS|Hyperion|H97}} sink an Italian submarine off Bardia.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Bardia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bardia"
}
},
{
"date": "1940/12/16",
"description": "WWII: Operation Abigail Rachel ampndash RAF bombing of Mannheim.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Operation Abigail Rachel",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Abigail_Rachel"
},
{
"text_in_event": "RAF",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Air_Force"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Mannheim",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannheim"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/12/23",
"description": "WWII: Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the people of Italy, blames Benito Mussolini for leading his nation to war against the British, contrary to Italy's historic friendship with them: quotOne man has arrayed the trustees and inheritors of ancient Rome upon the side of the ferocious pagan barbarians.quot",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Winston Churchill",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston_Churchill"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Benito Mussolini",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Mussolini"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/12/24",
"description": "WWII: ampquotSecond Great Fire of Londonampquot ampampndash Luftwaffe carries out a massive incendiary bombing raid, starting 1,500 fires. Many famous buildings, including the Guildhall and Trinity House, are either damaged or destroyed.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Second Great Fire of London",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Great_Fire_of_London"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Luftwaffe",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Guildhall",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Guildhall"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1940/12/30",
"description": "Olympic Games, assigned to Tokyo, Japan, and later to Helsinki, Finland, are suspended due to WWII.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Olympic Games",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympic_Games"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Tokyo",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokyo"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Japan",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Helsinki",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Finland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finland"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/01/05",
"description": "WWII: At the Battle of Bardia in Libya, Australian and British troops defeat Italian forces, the first battle of the war in which an Australian Army formation takes part.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of Bardia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bardia"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Libya",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libya"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Italian",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Italy_(1861–1946)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Australian Army",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Army"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/01/14",
"description": "WWII: Commerce raiding ''hilfskreuzer Pinguin'' captures the Norwegian whaling fleet near Bouvet Island, effectively ending Southern Ocean whaling for the duration of the war.{{cite book | author=Muggenthaler, August Karl| title=German Raiders of WWII| publisher=Prentice-Hall| year=1977| ISBN=0-13-354027-8| pages=140–143}}",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Commerce raiding",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commerce_raiding"
},
{
"text_in_event": "''hilfskreuzer Pinguin''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_auxiliary_cruiser_Pinguin"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Bouvet Island",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouvet_Island"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Southern Ocean",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Ocean"
},
{
"text_in_event": "whaling",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/whaling"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/01/19",
"description": "WWII: British troops attack Italian-held Eritrea.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Eritrea",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eritrea"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/01/22",
"description": "WWII: Battle of Tobruk: Australian and British forces capture Tobruk from the Italians.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of Tobruk",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tobruk_(1941)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Tobruk",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobruk"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/01/27",
"description": "WWII ampndash Attack on Pearl Harbor: Joseph C. Grew, the U.S. ambassador to Japan, reports to Washington a rumor overheard at a diplomatic reception concerning a planned surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Attack on Pearl Harbor",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Joseph C. Grew",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_C._Grew"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/01/30",
"description": "WWII ampndash Australians capture Derna, Libya from the Italians.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Derna, Libya",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derna,_Libya"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/02/03",
"description": "WWII: The Nazis forcibly restore Pierre Laval to office in occupied Vichy France.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Nazis",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazis"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Pierre Laval",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Laval"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Vichy France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vichy_France"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/02/04",
"description": "WWII: The United Service Organization (USO) is created to entertain American troops.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "United Service Organization",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Service_Organization"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/02/06",
"description": "WWII ampndash Fall of Benghazi to the Western Desert Force. Lieutenant-General Erwin Rommel is appointed commander of Afrika Korps.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Benghazi",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benghazi"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Western Desert Force",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Desert_Force"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Erwin Rommel",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erwin_Rommel"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Afrika Korps",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afrika_Korps"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/02/08",
"description": "WWII ampndash The U.S. House of Representatives passes the Lend-Lease Act (260–165).",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Lend-Lease",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lend-Lease"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/02/09",
"description": "WWII: Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Erwin Rommel",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erwin_Rommel"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Tripoli",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripoli"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/02/14",
"description": "WWII ampndash Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura begins his duties as Japanese Ambassador to the United States.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Kichisaburo Nomura",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kichisaburo_Nomura"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/02/19",
"description": "February 22 ampndash WWII: Three Nights' Blitz over Swansea, South Wales: Over these 3 nights of intensive bombing, which last a total of 13 hours and 48 minutes, Swansea's town centre is almost completely obliterated by the 896 high explosive bombs employed by the Luftwaffe. A total of 397 casualties and 230 deaths are reported.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "February 22",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/February_22"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Three Nights' Blitz",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Blitz"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Swansea",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Luftwaffe",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/02/27",
"description": "WWII: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, thus joining the Axis powers.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Bulgaria",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgaria"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Tripartite Pact",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripartite_Pact"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Axis powers",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axis_powers"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/03/04",
"description": "WWII: Operation Claymore - British Commandos carry out a successful raid on the Lofoten Islands off the north coast of Norway.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Operation Claymore",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Claymore"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Lofoten Islands",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lofoten_Islands"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/03/08",
"description": "WWII: The U.S. Senate passes the Lend-Lease Act (60–31).",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Lend-Lease",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lend-Lease"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/03/11",
"description": "WWII: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "president",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_the_United_States"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Franklin Delano Roosevelt",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Delano_Roosevelt"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/03/24",
"description": "WWII: Rommel launches his first offensive in Cyrenaica.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Cyrenaica",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyrenaica"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/03/25",
"description": "WWII: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia joins the Axis powers in Vienna.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Kingdom of Yugoslavia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Yugoslavia"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Axis powers",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axis_powers"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Vienna",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vienna"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/03/27",
"description": "WWII:",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1941/03/30",
"description": "WWII:",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1941/04/04",
"description": "WWII: Axis forces capture Benghazi.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Benghazi",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benghazi"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/04/06",
"description": "WWII: Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Yugoslavia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Yugoslavia"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Greece",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Greece"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/04/10",
"description": "WWII: The U.S. destroyer {{USS|Niblack|DD-424|6}}, while picking up survivors from a sunken Dutch freighter, drops depth charges on a German U-Boat (the first quotshot in angerquot fired by America against Germany).{{citation needed|date=May 2010|reason=there's doubt it was actually a sub}}",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "U-Boat",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U-Boat"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/04/12",
"description": "WWII: German troops enter Belgrade.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Belgrade",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgrade"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/04/15",
"description": "WWII: Axis forces reach Halfaya Pass on the Libyan-Egyptian frontier.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1941/04/17",
"description": "WWII: The Yugoslav Royal Army capitulates.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year"
},
{
"date": "1941/04/18",
"description": "WWII: Prime Minister of Greece Alexandros Koryzis commits suicide as German troops approach Athens.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Alexandros Koryzis",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandros_Koryzis"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Athens",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athens"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/04/21",
"description": "WWII: Greece capitulates. Commonwealth troops and some elements of the Greek Army withdraw to Crete.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Commonwealth",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_Nations"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Greek Army",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_Army"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Crete",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crete"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/04/27",
"description": "WWII: German troops enter Athens.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Athens",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athens"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/05/05",
"description": "WWII: Emperor Haile Selassie enters Addis Ababa, which had been liberated from Italian forces this date has been since commemorated as Liberation Day in Ethiopia.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Haile Selassie",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haile_Selassie"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Addis Ababa",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Addis_Ababa"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Liberation Day",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberation_Day"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Ethiopia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopia"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/05/08",
"description": "WWII: The German auxiliary cruiser Pinguin is sunk by HMS Cornwall (56) in the Indian Ocean.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "German auxiliary cruiser Pinguin",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_auxiliary_cruiser_Pinguin"
},
{
"text_in_event": "HMS Cornwall (56)",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Cornwall_(56)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Indian Ocean",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Ocean"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/05/09",
"description": "WWII: The German submarine ''U-110'' is captured by the British Royal Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine, which Allied cryptographers later use to break coded German messages.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "''U-110''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_submarine_U-110_(1940)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Royal Navy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Navy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Enigma cryptography machine",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enigma_cryptography_machine"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/05/09",
"description": "WWII: The British House of Commons is damaged by the Luftwaffe in an air raid.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "British House of Commons",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_House_of_Commons"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Luftwaffe",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftwaffe"
},
{
"text_in_event": "air raid",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/airstrike"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/05/20",
"description": "WWII: The Battle of Crete begins as Germany launches an airborne invasion of Crete.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Battle of Crete",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Crete"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Crete",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crete"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/05/24",
"description": "WWII: In the North Atlantic, the German battleship ''Bismarck'' sinks battlecruiser HMS ''Hood'', killing all but 3 crewmen from a total of 1,418 aboard the pride of the Royal Navy.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "North Atlantic",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Atlantic"
},
{
"text_in_event": "''Bismarck''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_battleship_Bismarck"
},
{
"text_in_event": "battlecruiser",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruiser"
},
{
"text_in_event": "HMS ''Hood''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Hood_(51)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Royal Navy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Navy"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/05/26",
"description": "WWII: In the North Atlantic, Fairey Swordfish aircraft from the carrier HMS ''Ark Royal'' cripple the steering of ''Bismarck'' in an aerial torpedo attack.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "North Atlantic",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Atlantic"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Fairey Swordfish",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairey_Swordfish"
},
{
"text_in_event": "HMS ''Ark Royal''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Ark_Royal_(91)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "''Bismarck''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_battleship_Bismarck"
},
{
"text_in_event": "aerial torpedo",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/aerial_torpedo"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/05/26",
"description": "WWII: President Roosevelt proclaims an ampquotunlimited national emergency.ampquot",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "President Roosevelt",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Delano_Roosevelt"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/05/26",
"description": "WWII:''Bismarck'' is sunk in the North Atlantic, killing 2,300.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "''Bismarck''",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_battleship_Bismarck"
},
{
"text_in_event": "North Atlantic",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Atlantic"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/05/30",
"description": "WWII: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas tear down the Nazi swastika on the Acropolis in Athens, and replace it with the Greek flag",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Manolis Glezos",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manolis_Glezos"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Apostolos Santas",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apostolos_Santas"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Nazi",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi"
},
{
"text_in_event": "swastika",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/swastika"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Acropolis",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acropolis"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Athens",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athens"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Greek flag",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_flag"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/06/08",
"description": "WWII: British and Free French forces invade Syria.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Free French",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Syria",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syria"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/06/16",
"description": "WWII: Royal Navy planes sink the Vichy French ship Chevalier Paul",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Vichy",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vichy"
},
{
"text_in_event": "French ship Chevalier Paul",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_ship_Chevalier_Paul"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/06/16",
"description": "WWII: Italy and Romania declare war on the Soviet Union.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Romania",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/06/16",
"description": "WWII: Germany invades the Soviet Union under Operation Barbarossa.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Soviet Union",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Operation Barbarossa",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Barbarossa"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/06/16",
"description": "WWII: Winston Churchill promises all possible British assistance to the Soviet Union in a worldwide broadcast: ampquotAny man or state who fights against Nazidom will have our aid. Any man or state who marches with Hitler is our foe.ampquot",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Winston Churchill",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston_Churchill"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/06/16",
"description": "WWII: The First Sisak Partisan Brigade, the first anti-fascist armed unit in occupied Europe, is founded by partisans near Sisak, Croatia.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "First Sisak Partisan Brigade",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Sisak_Partisan_Brigade"
},
{
"text_in_event": "partisans",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/partisans_(Yugoslavia)"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Sisak",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sisak"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Croatia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatia"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/06/23",
"description": "WWII: Hungary and Slovakia declare war on the Soviet Union.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Slovakia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovakia"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/06/25",
"description": "WWII: Finland attacks the Soviet Union to seek the opportunity of revenge in the Continuation War.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Soviet Union",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Continuation War",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuation_War"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/06/28",
"description": "WWII: Albania declares war on the Soviet Union.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Albania",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albania"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/07/02",
"description": "WWII: Empire of Japan calls up 1 million men for military service.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Empire of Japan",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_of_Japan"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/07/03",
"description": "WWII: Joseph Stalin, in his first address since the German invasion, calls upon the Soviet people to carry out a quotscorched earthquot policy of resistance to the bitter end.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Joseph Stalin",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin"
},
{
"text_in_event": "scorched earth",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/scorched_earth"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/07/05",
"description": "WWII: German troops reach the Dnieper River.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Dnieper",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dnieper"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/07/05",
"description": "WWII: American forces take over the defense of Iceland from the British.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "Iceland",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/07/05",
"description": "WWII: German troops take over Estonia from the Soviets.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Estonia",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estonia"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Soviets",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/07/13",
"description": "WWII: Montenegro starts the second popular uprising in Europe against the Axis Powers, the first being the so-called February strike against deportation of Jews in Amsterdam and surroundings on February 25, 1941.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Montenegro",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montenegro"
},
{
"text_in_event": "February strike",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/February_strike"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Deportation",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deportation"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/07/14",
"description": "WWII: Vichy France signs armistice terms, ending all fighting in Syria and Lebanon.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Vichy France",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vichy_France"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Syria",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syria"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Lebanon",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanon"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/07/17",
"description": "WWII: A BBC broadcast by ampquotColonel Brittonampquot calls on the people of occupied Europe to resist the Nazis under the slogan ampquotV for Victoryampquot.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "BBC",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BBC"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/07/23",
"description": "WWII Italian planes damege the destroyer HMS Fearless (H67) which has to be sunk by the British.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": {
"text_in_event": "HMS Fearless (H67)",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Fearless_(H67)"
}
},
{
"date": "1941/07/25",
"description": "WWII: In response to the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "French Indo-China",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Indo-China"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Franklin D. Roosevelt",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Delano_Roosevelt"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/07/25",
"description": "WWII: General Douglas MacArthur is named commander of all U.S. forces in the Philippines the Philippines Army is ordered nationalized by President Roosevelt.",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "Douglas MacArthur",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_MacArthur"
},
{
"text_in_event": "Philippines",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippines"
}
]
},
{
"date": "1941/07/31",
"description": "WWII ampndash The Holocaust: Under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring orders S.S. General Reinhard Heydrich to quotsubmit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired Final Solution of the Jewish question.quot",
"lang": "en",
"granularity": "year",
"link": [
{
"text_in_event": "The Holocaust",
"url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust"
},
{