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(*
Original source code in SML from:
Purely Functional Data Structures
Chris Okasaki
Cambridge University Press, 1998
Copyright (c) 1998 Cambridge University Press
Translation from SML to OCAML (this file):
Copyright (C) 2012 Ryland Degnan
email: ryland.degnan@mrnumber.com
www: http://www.mrnumber.com
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
under the License.
*)
(************************************************************************)
(* Chapter 11 *)
(************************************************************************)
exception Empty
exception Subscript
exception Impossible_pattern of string
let impossible_pat x = raise (Impossible_pattern x)
let (!$) = Lazy.force
module type QUEUE = sig
type 'a queue
val empty : 'a queue
val is_empty : 'a queue -> bool
val snoc : 'a queue -> 'a -> 'a queue
val head : 'a queue -> 'a (* raises Empty if queue is empty *)
val tail : 'a queue -> 'a queue (* raises Empty if queue is empty *)
end
module ImplicitQueue : QUEUE = struct
type 'a digit = Zero | One of 'a | Two of 'a * 'a
type 'a queue = Shallow of 'a digit | Deep of 'a digit * ('a * 'a) queue Lazy.t * 'a digit
let empty = Shallow Zero
let is_empty = function Shallow Zero -> true | _ -> false
let rec snoc : 'a. 'a queue -> 'a -> 'a queue = fun q y ->
match q with
| Shallow Zero -> Shallow (One y)
| Shallow (One x) -> Deep (Two (x,y), lazy empty, Zero)
| Deep (f, m, Zero) -> Deep (f, m, One y)
| Deep (f, m, One x) -> Deep (f, lazy (snoc (!$m) (x,y)), Zero)
| _ -> impossible_pat "snoc"
and head : 'a. 'a queue -> 'a = function
| Shallow Zero -> raise Empty
| Shallow (One x) -> x
| Deep (One x, m, r) -> x
| Deep (Two (x,y), m, r) -> x
| _ -> impossible_pat "head"
and tail : 'a. 'a queue -> 'a queue = function
| Shallow Zero -> raise Empty
| Shallow (One x) -> empty
| Deep (Two (x,y), m, r) -> Deep (One y, m, r)
| Deep (One x, lazy q, r) ->
if is_empty q then Shallow r
else let (y,z) = head q in
Deep (Two (y,z), lazy (tail q), r)
| _ -> impossible_pat "tail"
end
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