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Co-authored-by: luism3861 <Eduardo_Medina@fragua.com.mx>
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Autolinking

React Native libraries often come with platform-specific (native) code. Autolinking is a mechanism that allows your project to discover and use this code.

Add a library using your favorite package manager and run the build:

# install
yarn add react-native-webview
cd ios && pod install && cd .. # CocoaPods on iOS needs this extra step
# run
yarn react-native run-ios
yarn react-native run-android

That's it. No more editing build config files to use native code.

Autolinking is a replacement for react-native link. If you have been using React Native before version 0.60, please unlink native dependencies if you have any from a previous install.

How does it work

Each platform defines its own platforms configuration. It instructs the CLI on how to find information about native dependencies. This information is exposed through the config command in a JSON format. It's then used by the scripts run by the platform's build tools. Each script applies the logic to link native dependencies specific to its platform.

Platform iOS

The native_modules.rb script required by Podfile gets the package metadata from react-native config during install phase and:

  1. Adds dependencies via CocoaPods dev pods (using files from a local path).
  2. Adds build phase scripts to the App project’s build phase. (see examples below)

This means that all libraries need to ship a Podspec either in the root of their folder or where the Xcode project is. Podspec references the native code that your library depends on.

The implementation ensures that a library is imported only once. If you need to have a custom pod directive then include it above the use_native_modules! function.

Example

See example usage in React Native template's Podfile.

Platform Android

The native_modules.gradle script is included in your project's settings.gradle and app/build.gradle files and:

  1. At build time, before the build script is run:
    1. A first Gradle plugin (in settings.gradle) runs applyNativeModulesSettingsGradle method. It uses the package metadata from react-native config to add Android projects.
    2. A second Gradle plugin (in app/build.gradle) runs applyNativeModulesAppBuildGradle method. It creates a list of React Native packages to include in the generated /android/build/generated/rn/src/main/java/com/facebook/react/PackageList.java file.
  2. At runtime, the list of React Native packages generated in step 1.2 is registered by getPackages method of ReactNativeHost in MainApplication.java.
    1. You can optionally pass in an instance of MainPackageConfig when initializing PackageList if you want to override the default configuration of MainReactPackage.

Example

See example usage in React Native template:

What do I need to have in my package to make it work?

You’re already using Gradle, so Android support will work by default.

On the iOS side, you will need to ensure you have a Podspec to the root of your repo. The react-native-webview Podspec is a good example of a package.json-driven Podspec. Note that CocoaPods does not support having /s in the name of a dependency, so if you are using scoped packages - you may need to change the name for the Podspec.

How can I customize how autolinking works for my package?

A library can add a react-native.config.js configuration file, which will customize the defaults, example:

// react-native.config.js
module.exports = {
  dependency: {
    platforms: {
      android: null, // disable Android platform, other platforms will still autolink if provided
    },
  },
};

How can I disable autolinking for unsupported library?

During the transition period some packages may not support autolinking on certain platforms. To disable autolinking for a package, update your react-native.config.js's dependencies entry to look like this:

// react-native.config.js
module.exports = {
  dependencies: {
    'some-unsupported-package': {
      platforms: {
        android: null, // disable Android platform, other platforms will still autolink if provided
      },
    },
  },
};

How can I autolink a local library?

We can leverage CLI configuration to make it "see" React Native libraries that are not part of our 3rd party dependencies. To do so, update your react-native.config.js's dependencies entry to look like this:

// react-native.config.js
module.exports = {
  dependencies: {
    'local-rn-library': {
      root: '/root/libraries',
    },
  },
};

How can I use autolinking in a monorepo?

There is nothing extra you need to do - monorepos are supported by default.

Please note that in certain scenarios, such as when using Yarn workspaces, your packages might be hoisted to the root of the repository. If that is the case, please make sure that the following paths are pointing to the correct location and update them accordingly:

  • path to native_modules.rb in your ios/Podfile
  • path to native_modules.gradle in your android/settings.gradle
  • path to native_modules.gradle in your android/app/build.gradle

Dependencies are only linked if they are listed in the package.json of the mobile workspace, where "react-native" dependency is defined. For example, with this file structure:

/root
  /packages
    /mobile
      /ios
      /android
      package.json <-- Only dependencies listed here are auto-linked
    /components
      package.json <-- Dependencies here are ignored when auto-linking
  package.json

In this example, if you add a package with native code as a dependency of components, you need to also add it as a dependency of mobile for auto-linking to work.