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Redux middleware and utils for React Navigation
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README.md

react-navigation-redux-helpers

This package allows the user to manage their React Navigation state from within Redux.

How it works

  1. In React Navigation, "containers" wrap navigators, and own the state for that navigator and any nested navigators. This package implements a container that uses Redux as a backing store.
  2. A Redux middleware is used so that any events that mutate the navigation state properly trigger React Navigation's event listeners.
  3. Finally, a reducer enables React Navigation actions to mutate the Redux state.

Motivation

Most projects that are using both Redux and React Navigation don't need this library. Things like state persistence and BackHandler behavior aren't handled directly by createReduxContainer, but are handled by the default createAppContainer. However, there are some things this library makes easier:

  1. It's possible to implement custom actions, allowing you to manipulate the navigation state in ways that aren't possible with the stock React Navigation actions. Though it's possible to implement custom routers in React Navigation to do this, it's arguably cleaner via Redux. (If you want animations to run on your action, make sure to set isTransitioning to true!)
  2. This library allows the user to customize the persistence of their navigation state. For instance, you could choose to persist your navigation state in encrypted storage. Most users don't need this, as there are no practical downsides to handling persistence of navigation state and Redux state separately. Note that stock React Navigation supports some basic degree of persistence customization.
  3. You can implement custom reducer behavior to validate state and maintain consistency between navigation state and other application state. This is again possible with custom routers, but likely cleaner to implement without, especially in the context of an existing Redux setup.

Installation

yarn add react-navigation-redux-helpers

or

npm install --save react-navigation-redux-helpers

Example

import {
  createStackNavigator,
} from 'react-navigation';
import {
  createStore,
  applyMiddleware,
  combineReducers,
} from 'redux';
import {
  createReduxContainer,
  createReactNavigationReduxMiddleware,
  createNavigationReducer,
} from 'react-navigation-redux-helpers';
import { Provider, connect } from 'react-redux';
import React from 'react';

const AppNavigator = createStackNavigator(AppRouteConfigs);

const navReducer = createNavigationReducer(AppNavigator);
const appReducer = combineReducers({
  nav: navReducer,
  ...
});

// Note: createReactNavigationReduxMiddleware must be run before createReduxContainer
const middleware = createReactNavigationReduxMiddleware(
  state => state.nav,
);

const App = createReduxContainer(AppNavigator);
const mapStateToProps = (state) => ({
  state: state.nav,
});
const AppWithNavigationState = connect(mapStateToProps)(App);

const store = createStore(
  appReducer,
  applyMiddleware(middleware),
);

class Root extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <Provider store={store}>
        <AppWithNavigationState />
      </Provider>
    );
  }
}

API

createReactNavigationReduxMiddleware (required)

function createReactNavigationReduxMiddleware<State: {}>(
  navStateSelector: (state: State) => NavigationState,
  key?: string,
): Middleware<State, *, *>;
  • Returns a middleware that can be applied to a Redux store.
  • Param navStateSelector selects the navigation state from your store.
  • Param key needs to be unique for the Redux store and consistent with the call to createReduxContainer below. You can leave it out if you only have one store.

createReduxContainer (required)

function createReduxContainer(
  navigator: Navigator,
  key?: string,
): React.ComponentType<{ state: NavigationState, dispatch: Dispatch }>;
  • Returns a HOC (higher-order component) that wraps your root navigator.
  • createReactNavigationReduxMiddleware must be called before this one!
  • Param navigator is your root navigator (React component).
  • Param key needs to be consistent with the call to createReactNavigationReduxMiddleware above. You can leave it out if you only have one store.
  • Returns a component to use in place of your root navigator. Pass it state and dispatch props that you get via react-redux's connect.

createNavigationReducer (optional)

function createNavigationReducer(navigator: Navigator): Reducer<*, *>;
  • Call createNavigationReducer in the global scope to construct a navigation reducer.
  • This basically just wraps navigator.router.getStateForAction, which you can call directly if you'd prefer.
  • Param navigator is your root navigator (React component).
  • Call this reducer from your master reducer, or combine using combineReducers.

Miscellaneous

Mocking tests

To make Jest tests work with your React Navigation app, you need to change the Jest preset in your package.json:

"jest": {
  "preset": "react-native",
  "transformIgnorePatterns": [
    "node_modules/(?!(jest-)?react-native|react-navigation|react-navigation-redux-helpers)"
  ]
}

Back button

Here is a code snippet that demonstrates how the user might handle the hardware back button on platforms like Android:

import React from "react";
import { BackHandler } from "react-native";
import { NavigationActions } from "react-navigation";

/* your other setup code here! this is not a runnable snippet */

class ReduxNavigation extends React.Component {
  componentDidMount() {
    BackHandler.addEventListener("hardwareBackPress", this.onBackPress);
  }

  componentWillUnmount() {
    BackHandler.removeEventListener("hardwareBackPress", this.onBackPress);
  }

  onBackPress = () => {
    const { dispatch, nav } = this.props;
    if (nav.index === 0) {
      return false;
    }

    dispatch(NavigationActions.back());
    return true;
  };

  render() {
    /* more setup code here! this is not a runnable snippet */
    return <AppNavigator navigation={navigation} />;
  }
}
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