Uncover usage problems in your writing
Features of the wordy plugin
- Pure Vimscript; no external services or libraries needed
- Uses Vim’s native spell-check engine
- Includes 16 dictionaries covering different types of word usage
- Buffer-scoped configuration (leaves your global settings alone)
- Unicode-friendly, including support for ‘typographic quotes’
- User-configurable ring of dictionaries
- NEW adjectives and adverbs, to help you detect overuse
What is wordy?
wordy is not a grammar checker. Nor is it a guide to proper word usage. Rather, wordy is a lightweight tool to assist you in identifying those words and phrases known for their history of misuse, abuse, and overuse, at least according to usage experts.
For example, if wordy highlights
moreover in your document, a word for
which no good usage exists, you should consider a rewrite to eliminate it.
But if wordy highlights
therefore in a sentence where you can demonstrate
the usage is sound, you can elect to keep it —wordy be damned.
Off-the-shelf proofreading software can scan your text for potential problems and provide comprehensive feedback. However, it may require a complex software installation or transmission of your work to a remote server for checking.
wordy stands ready as a simple alternative to these comprehensive tools, focusing narrowly on identifying potential problems that might otherwise be missed. To compensate for wordy’s bare-bones approach, it’s best used in concert with the literature on usage (Strunk and White, e.g.) and websites like the English Language & Usage Stack Exchange.
wordy may require a recent version of Vim.
Using this plugin’s commands does not require any special configuration.
Important note: on the first use of each of the plugin’s dictionaries, a spell file will be built. This produces a message that resembles:
Reading word file /Users/reede/.vim/bundle/vim-wordy/data/en/weasel.dic ... Compressing word tree... Compressed 618 of 1738 nodes; 1120 (64%) remaining Writing spell file /Users/reede/.vim/bundle/vim-wordy/spell/weasel.en.utf-8.spl ... Done! Estimated runtime memory use: 5600 bytes Press ENTER or type command to continue
As instructed, press the enter key and it will disturb you no longer, at least until wordy feels the urge to build again.
Define your own ring of dictionaries, overriding the default one in your
let g:wordy#ring = [ \ 'weak', \ ['being', 'passive-voice', ], \ 'business-jargon', \ 'weasel', \ 'puffery', \ ['problematic', 'redundant', ], \ ['colloquial', 'idiomatic', 'similies', ], \ 'art-jargon', \ ['contractions', 'opinion', 'vague-time', 'said-synonyms', ], \ 'adjectives', \ 'adverbs', \ ]
You can navigate the ring with the following commands:
Optionally map a key in your
.vimrc to rapidly cycle through the
noremap <silent> <F8> :<C-u>NextWordy<cr> xnoremap <silent> <F8> :<C-u>NextWordy<cr> inoremap <silent> <F8> <C-o>:NextWordy<cr>
You can browse through a flattened list of dictionaries specified in your ring with:
and optionally map a key such as
\w in your
.vimrc to it by
if !&wildcharm | set wildcharm=<C-z> | endif execute 'nnoremap <leader>w :Wordy<space>'.nr2char(&wildcharm)
You’ll use the commands that follow to enable wordy. To disable it and restore your previous spell environment, enter the command:
Use Vim’s Normal mode commands for navigating misspelled words to go to those words flagged by wordy.
]s- Move to next misspelled word after the cursor.
]sbut search backwards
Weak and lazy usage
Weak and lazy words are common in first drafts.
We sabotage our writing though weak language, kicking the legs out from beneath our verbs and tearing at the foundations of our nouns, watering down the very points that we are trying to drive home.
- “I got up at precisely 8 AM.” (weak)
- “I woke up at precisely 8 AM.” (better)
We diminish the weight of our ideas by adding modifiers and fillers.
- “That night was perhaps the most important moment of my life, and I don't think I'll ever forget it.” (weak)
- “That night was the most important moment of my life, and I'll never forget it.” (better)
Words can also be weakened through overuse.
- “He actually drove to work in the blizzard.” (weak)
- “He drove to work in spite of the blizzard.” (better)
When using this dictionary, scrutinize each highlighted word or phrase, asking whether it detracts from the point you are trying to make.
Redundant and problematic usage
:Wordy redundant :Wordy problematic
Did you ever receive an ‘advance warning’ when a mere warning would do? Why plan when you can ‘plan ahead’? Why need a thought to ‘occur to you’ when the thought can merely ‘occur’?
But redundancies may not actually be redundant: ‘invited guests’ may not if some of the guests have crashed your event. Or dialect differences can erase redundancies, as the British will ‘protest against’ where Americans will simply ‘protest’.
See 50 Problem Words and Phrases for more detail on those issues targeted by problematic.
Puffery and Jargon
“The man embodies authenticity; his disruptive ideas on self-actualization reflect his dynamic and transformative personality.” (puffery and jargon)
:Wordy puffery :Wordy business-jargon :Wordy art-jargon
Instead of puffery, demonstrate through details.
- “The Empire State Building is breathtakingly tall.” (puffery)
- “My ears popped several times during the rapid ascent to the 80th floor.” (better)
Words can be used to hide or obscure a weak position, or to cast doubt on a strong one. They can be used to mislead, to evade blame, or to claim credit where none has been earned.
- “mistakes were made”
- “discounted up to 50% off”
- “most voters feel that my opponent can’t be trusted”
Assuming that you’re not intentionally trying to manipulate others, you will seek to purge such loaded language from your writing.
To be and the passive voice
:Wordy being :Wordy passive-voice
You may find this dictionary useful in avoiding overuse of the many forms of the verb to be, often found in overly-passive sentences.
Colloquialisms, Idioms, and Similies
:Wordy colloquial :Wordy idiomatic :Wordy similies
Dictionaries for uncovering the tired cliché, including colloquial and idiomatic phrases scraped from Wiktionary and Wikipedia.
Adjectives and Adverbs
:Wordy adjectives :Wordy adverbs
Dictionaries to help you detect the overuse of modifiers.
:Wordy said-synonyms :Wordy opinion :Wordy contractions :Wordy vague-time
A few dictionaries to serve specific needs.
If you’re writing to be neutral, you will want to avoid editorializing
opinion) and loaded use of ‘said’ (
If you’re writing formally, you’ll want to identify unintentional
contractions. A warning that it’s not yet capturing most
instances of “’s”, such as “Joe’s not here.”
vague-time finds where you are using vague descriptions of
time where you could be more specific.
- danielbmarques/vim-ditto - new plugin to highlight repeated words
- Words To Avoid in Creative Writing - a brief guide to usage by writer Cary Morton
If you find this plugin useful, you may want to check out these others by @reedes:
- vim-colors-pencil - color scheme for Vim inspired by IA Writer
- vim-lexical - building on Vim’s spell-check and thesaurus/dictionary completion
- vim-litecorrect - lightweight auto-correction for Vim
- vim-one - make use of Vim’s +clientserver capabilities
- vim-pencil - rethinking Vim as a tool for writers
- vim-textobj-quote - extends Vim to support typographic (‘curly’) quotes
- vim-textobj-sentence - improving on Vim's native sentence motion command
- vim-thematic - modify Vim’s appearance to suit your task and environment
- vim-wheel - screen-anchored cursor movement for Vim
This early version targets English usage issues and utf-8 encoding. Support for other languages will be added if there’s interest. (Hint: pull requests!)
wordy is a work in progress. If you’ve spotted a problem or have an idea on improving this plugin, please post it to the github project issue page. Contributions are welcome.