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Symmetric Encryption for Ruby Projects using OpenSSL

Upgrade to MiniTest.

Raise ArgumentError instead of warnings for invalid parameters
latest commit da735f9673
Reid Morrison authored

symmetric-encryption Build Status


Any project that wants to meet PCI compliance has to ensure that the data is encrypted whilst in flight and at rest. Amongst many other other requirements all passwords in configuration files have to be encrypted

This Gem helps achieve compliance by supporting encryption of data in a simple and consistent way

Symmetric Encryption uses OpenSSL to encrypt and decrypt data, and can therefore expose all the encryption algorithms supported by OpenSSL.


For complete documentation see:

New features in V1.1 and V2

  • Ability to randomly generate a new initialization vector (iv) with every encryption and put the iv in the encrypted data as its header, without having to use SymmetricEncryption::Writer

  • With file encryption randomly generate a new key and initialization vector (iv) with every file encryption and put the key and iv in the encrypted data as its header which is encrypted using the global key and iv

  • Support for compression via SymmetricEncryption.encrypt, attr_encrypted and Mongoid fields

  • SymmetricEncryption.encrypt has two additional optional parameters:

   random_iv [true|false]
     Whether the encypted value should use a random IV every time the
     field is encrypted.
     It is recommended to set this to true where feasible. If the encrypted
     value could be used as part of a SQL where clause, or as part
     of any lookup, then it must be false.
     Setting random_iv to true will result in a different encrypted output for
     the same input string.
     Note: Only set to true if the field will never be used as part of
       the where clause in an SQL query.
     Note: When random_iv is true it will add a 8 byte header, plus the bytes
       to store the random IV in every returned encrypted string, prior to the
       encoding if any.
     Default: false
     Highly Recommended where feasible: true

   compress [true|false]
     Whether to compress str before encryption
     Should only be used for large strings since compression overhead and
     the overhead of adding the 'magic' header may exceed any benefits of
     Note: Adds a 6 byte header prior to encoding, only if :random_iv is false
     Default: false

Upgrading from earlier versions to SymmetricEncryption V3

In version 3 of SymmetricEncryption, the following changes have been made that may have backward compatibility issues:

  • SymmetricEncryption.decrypt no longer rotates through all the decryption keys when previous ciphers fail to decrypt the encrypted string. In a very small, yet significant number of cases it was possible to decrypt data using the incorrect key. Clearly the data returned was garbage, but it still returned a string of data instead of throwing an exception. See SymmetricEncryption.select_cipher to supply your own custom logic to determine the correct cipher to use when the encrypted string does not have a header and multiple ciphers are defined.

  • Configuration file format prior to V1 is no longer supported

  • New configuration option has been added to support setting encryption keys from environment variables

  • Cipher.parse_magic_header! now returns a Struct instead of an Array

  • New config options :encrypted_key and :encrypted_iv to support setting the encryption key in environment variables


This project uses Semantic Versioning.


Reid Morrison



Copyright 2012, 2013, 2014 Reid Morrison

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.


Although this library has assisted in meeting PCI Compliance and has passed previous PCI audits, it in no way guarantees that PCI Compliance will be achieved by anyone using this library.

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