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Relaton

Gem Version Build Status (macOS) Build Status (Windows) Build Status (Ubuntu) Code Climate Pull Requests Commits since latest

Gem for importing and caching bibliographic references to technical standards.

Scope

The Relaton gem obtains authoritative bibliographic entries for technical standards from online sources, and expresses them in a consistent format, which can be used in document authoring. (It is the underlying bibliographic tool for the Metanorma toolset.)

The gem also caches entries it has retrieved, so that subsequent iterations do not need to go back online to retrieve the same entries. The gem uses two caches: a global cache (for all bibliographic entries retrieved by the user), and a local cache (intended to store references specific to the current document being processed.)

Entries are retrieved and stored in the Relaton bibliographic model, which is an expression of ISO 690. The subset of the model used and serialised for Relaton is defined in the relaton-bib and relaton-iso-bib gems.

Entries are serialised to and from an internal data model, and multiple formats are intended to be supported. Currently only Relaton XML is supported.

Relaton imports bibliographic entries from:

The identifiers for which bibliographic entries are to be retrieved need to indicate which standards body they belong to. To do so, this gem adopts the convention of bracketing identifiers, and preceding them with a code that indicates the standards body:

  • If the standards body is the national standards body, the wrapper uses the ISO country code. So CN(GM/T 0009-2012) is Chinese sector standard GM/T 0009-2012.

  • Otherwise, the wrappers uses the agreed abbreviation of the standards body. So IETF(I-D.ribose-asciirfc-08) identifies I-D.ribose-asciirfc as an Internet Engineering Task Force identifier.

  • Some prefixes to identifiers indicate the standards body they belong to unambiguously; e.g. ISO followed by slash or space. The scope wrapper is not required for those prefixes: ISO(ISO 639-1) can be recognised as just ISO 639-1.

The gem can be extended to use other standards-specific gems. Standards-specific gems like isobib register themselves against Relaton using Relaton::Registry.instance.register, which takes as an argument a subclass of Relaton::Processor defined in the gem; see isobib/lib/relaton for an example. The processor within the standards-specific gem needs to define

  • @short, the name of the gem

  • @prefix, the regex which scopes the identifier, and constrains it to belong to a particular standards class.

  • @defaultprefix, the identifier prefixes which can be recognised without a scope wrapper.

  • @idtype, the type assigned to document identifiers for the standard class.

  • get(code, date, opts), which takes a standards code, a year, and a hash of options, and returns an iso-bib-item bibliographic entry

    • date == nil: an ISO reference is treated as a generic reference to the latest available version of the reference. The latest version retrieved has its date of publicatipn stripped. The dated reference is retained as an instanceOf relation to the reference. e.g. get("ISO 19115-1", nil) is transformed from a reference to ISO 19115-1:2014 (the latest available online) to an undated reference to ISO 19115-1.

    • opts[:keep_date] == true: undoes the behaviour of date == nil: the most recent dated instance of the reference is retrieved. e.g. get("ISO 19115-1", nil, keep_date: true) returns a reference to ISO 19115-1:2014

    • opts[:all_parts] == true: an ISO reference for a specific document part is transformed into a reference to all parts of the document (which does not have a distinct web page). The reference to the specific document part is retained as a partOf relation to the reference. e.g. get("ISO 19115-1", "2014", all_parts: true) is transformed into a reference to ISO 19115 (all parts).

Behaviours

  • If an entry is defined in both the local and the global cache, the local cache entry is used.

  • If an ISO entry has no date, the latest version available for the entry is retrieved.

  • If a cached ISO entry has no date, and was last retrieved more than 60 days ago, the gem fetches it again, in case there is a newer edition of the standard available.

  • Entries are always saved to the cache with a scope-wrapped identifier; e.g. under ISO(ISO 639-1), and not ISO 639-1.

  • Note that the gem does not currently support the totality of the Relaton model; it will only support the information available in the source websites. We do not expect to support cartographic information, for example.

  • Document identifiers are returned with a scope indication (@idtype); for example, <docidentifier type="IETF">RFC 8000</docidentifier>. It is up to the client whether to render this with the scope indication (IETF RFC 8000) or without (RFC 8000).

Usage

Create DB

Relaton::Db#new(globalcache, localcache) creates new DB. Returns Relaton::Db instance.

  • globalcache - (String or nil) path to globalcache directory

  • localcache - (String or nil) path to localcache directory

require "relaton"
=> true

# Do not cache any entries retrieved
db = Relaton::Db.new(nil, nil)
=> #<Relaton::Db:0x007faaaba77648
 @db=nil,
 @db_name=nil,
 @local_db=nil,
 @local_db_name=nil,
...

# Use only the global cache for any entries retrieved
db = Relaton::Db.new("globalcache", nil)
=> #<Relaton::Db:0x007faabc0e7b30
 @db=#<Relaton::DbCache:0x007faabc0e7ab8 @dir="globalcache", @ext="xml">,
 @db_name="globalcache",
 @local_db=nil,
 @local_db_name=nil,
...

# Use both a local and a global cache
db = Relaton::Db.new("globalcache", "localcache")
=> #<Relaton::Db:0x007faabc900628
 @db=#<Relaton::DbCache:0x007faabc900060 @dir="globalcache", @ext="xml">,
 @db_name="globalcache",
 @local_db=#<Relaton::DbCache:0x007faabc8fa5c0 @dir="localcache", @ext="xml">,
 @local_db_name="localcache",
...

Modify DB

Move DB

Relaton::Db#mv(new_dir, type: :global) moves DB directory to new location. Returns path to new directory if successful, or nil if target directiory exists.

  • new_dir - (String) new cache location

  • type - (Symbol) type of cache DB. Allowed values are: :global, :local. Default is :global.

db.mv("new_global_dir")
=> "new_global_dir"

db.mv("new_local_dir", type: :local)
=> "new_local_dir"

Clear DB

Relaton::Db#clear removes all entries form DB

Fetch documens

Fetch document by references

There are 3 fetching methods:

  • Relaton::Db#fetch(reference, year, options) - fetches document from local cache or remote source.

  • Relaton::Db#fetch_db(reference, year, options) - fetches document from local cache

  • Relaton::Db#fetch_async(reference, year, options, &block) - fetches document asynchronously

Arguments:

  • reference - (String) reference to fethc document

  • year - (String or nil) year to filter relult (optional)

  • options - (Hash) hash of options. Alloved options:

    • :all_parts - (Boolean) should be true if all-parts reference is required

    • :keep_yer - (Boolean) should be true if undated reference should return actual reference with year

    • :retries - (Number) number of network retries. Default 1

x = db.fetch("IEEE 19011")
[relaton-ieee] ("IEEE 19011") fetching...
[relaton-ieee] WARNING: no match found online for IEEE 19011. The code must be exactly like it is on the standards website.
=> nil

x = db.fetch("ISO 19011")
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19011") fetching...
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19011") found ISO 19011 (all parts)
=> #<RelatonIsoBib::IsoBibliographicItem:0x007fb1d0ab2f00
...

x = db.fetch("ISO 19011", "2011", retries: 3)
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19011") fetching...
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19011") found ISO 19011:2011
=> #<RelatonIsoBib::IsoBibliographicItem:0x007fb1d2593068
...

x = db.fetch("ISO 19115", nil, all_parts: true)
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115") fetching...
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115") found ISO 19115 (all parts)
=> #<RelatonIsoBib::IsoBibliographicItem:0x007fb1d0ae8bf0
...

# Fetchig from local cache

x = db.fetch("ISO 19011")
=> #<RelatonIsoBib::IsoBibliographicItem:0x007fde5f48a9f0
...

x = db.fetch_db("ISO 5749")
=> nil

# Fetching asynchronously

# prepare queue for results
results = Queue.new

# references to fetch
refs = ["ISO 19011", "ISO 19115"]

# fetch documents
refs.each do |ref|
  db.fetch_async(ref) do |doc|
    results << [doc, ref]
  end
end

# wait until all the documents fetching
refs.size.times do
  doc, ref = results.pop
  # do whatever you need with the result
  # in case request error doc will be instance of Relaton::RequestError
end

Fetch by URN

This functionality works only for IEC documents.

x = db.fetch "urn:iec:std:iec:60050-102:2007:::"
[relaton-iec] ("IEC 60050-102") fetching...
[relaton-iec] ("IEC 60050-102") found IEC 60050-102:2007
=> #<RelatonIec::IecBibliographicItem:0x007fbd6c3790e8
...

Fetch combined documents

This functionality works only for ISO, IEC, ITU, and NIST documents.

Fetch included documents

bib = db.fetch "ISO 19115-1 + Amd 1"
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115-1") fetching...
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115-1") found ISO 19115-1:2014
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115-1/Amd 1") fetching...
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115-1/Amd 1") found ISO 19115-1:2014/Amd 1:2018
=> #<RelatonIsoBib::IsoBibliographicItem:0x007f95a929a748

bib.docidentifier[0].id
=> "ISO 19115-1 + Amd 1"

bib.relation[0].type
=> "updates"

bib.relation[0].bibitem.docidentifier[0].id
=> "ISO 19115-1"

bib.relation[1].type
=> "derivedFrom"

bib.relation[1].bibitem.docidentifier[0].id
=> "ISO 19115-1/Amd 1:2018"

bib.docidentifier[0].id
=> "ISO 19115-1, Amd 1"

bib.relation[0].type
=> "updates"

bib.relation[0].bibitem.docidentifier[0].id
=> "ISO 19115-1"

bib.relation[1].type
=> "complements"

bib.relation[1].description
=> "amendment"

bib.relation[1].bibitem.docidentifier[0].id
=> "ISO 19115-1/Amd 1:2018"

Fetch applied documents

bib = db.fetch "ISO 19115-1, Amd 1"
=> ["Chinese Standard", "GB/T 1.1"]
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115-1") fetching...
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115-1") found ISO 19115-1:2014
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115-1/Amd 1") fetching...
[relaton-iso] ("ISO 19115-1/Amd 1") found ISO 19115-1:2014/Amd 1:2018
=> #<RelatonIsoBib::IsoBibliographicItem:0x007fb09b36d1b8
...

Fetch all documents from cache

Relaton::Db#fetch_all(text = nil, edition: nil, year: nil) - fetches all document from local cache

  • text - (String) filter entries by a text (optional)

  • edition - (String) filter entries by an edition (optional)

  • year - (Integer) filter entries by a year (optional)

# query for all entries in a cahche

items = db.fetch_all
=> [#<RelatonIec::IecBibliographicItem:0x007facda8fdc28
...

items.size
=> 6

# query for all entries in a cahche for a certain string

items = db.fetch_all("mathematical terminology")
=> [#<RelatonIec::IecBibliographicItem:0x007ffeae5bd240
...

items.size
=> 1

items[0].docidentifier[0].id
=> "IEC 60050-102:2007"

# query for all entries in a cahche for a certain string and edition

items = db.fetch_all("system", edition: "2")
=> [#<RelatonIsoBib::IsoBibliographicItem:0x007ffebe2d1be8
...

items.size
=> 1

items[0].docidentifier[0].id
=> "ISO 19011:2011"

# query for all entries in a cahche for a certain string and year

items = db.fetch_all("system", year: 2018)
=> [#<RelatonIsoBib::IsoBibliographicItem:0x007ffeae645fa0
...

items.size
=> 1

items[0].docidentifier[0].id
=> "ISO 19011 (all parts)"

Static DB

This gem has a static DB which is distributed with it. Now the static contains documents:

ISO/IEC DIR 1 IEC SUP
ISO/IEC DIR 1 ISO SUP
ISO/IEC DIR 1
ISO/IEC DIR 2 IEC
ISO/IEC DIR 2 ISO
ISO/IEC DIR IEC SUP
ISO/IEC DIR 1 JTC SUP

Get document type

db.docid_type("CN(GB/T 1.1)")
=> ["Chinese Standard", "GB/T 1.1"]

Serializing

x.to_xml
=> "<bibitem id="ISO19115(allparts)" type="standard">
      ...
    </bibitem>"

db.to_xml
=> "<?xml version"1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <documents>
      <bibdata type="standard">
        ...
      </bibdata>
      <bibdata type="standard">
        ...
      </bibdata>
      ...
    </documents"

x.to_xml bibdata: true
=> "<bibdata type="standard">
      ...
    </bibdata>"

db.load_entry("ISO(ISO 19011)")
=> "<bibdata type="standard">
      ...
    </bibdata>"

Entry manipulation

db.save_entry("ISO(ISO 19011)", nil)
=> nil

db.load_entry("ISO(ISO 19011)")
=> nil

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