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This is being added to as common issues occur on the issues, and where appropriate the answers will be added here.

This is a working document, and if it makes sense, I'll take pull requests to help make it better.

nodemon doesn't work with my REPL

Create an nodemon.json file with the setting:

  "restartable": false

This will leave the STDIN to your application rather than listening for the rs command to restart.

Strange/failing behaviour starting the (node-based) executable

By default, nodemon will try to fork your node scripts (background reading), however, there are some edge cases where that won't suit your needs. Most of the time the default configuration should be fine, but if you want to force nodemon to spawn your node process, use the --spawn option.

My script arguments are being taken by nodemon

Use the -- switch to tell nodemon to ignore all arguments after this point. So to pass -L to your script instead of nodemon, use:

$ nodemon app.js -- -L -opt2 -opt3

nodemon will ignore all script arguments after -- and pass them to your script.

Error: "process failed, unhandled exit code (2)"

Nodemon will look for exit signals from the child process it runs. When the exit code is 2, nodemon throws an error. Typically this is because the arguments are bad for the executing program, but it can also be due other reasons.

For example, mocha@3.x will exit with 2 on failing tests. To handle the exit code in a way that nodemon can consume, manually exit the process, i.e.:

nodemon -x 'mocha test/bad.test.js || exit 1'

You want to suppress the request for support message

Perhaps you're already supporting nodemon or you're using it in CI and it needs to be quietened.

Include the environment value of SUPPRESS_SUPPORT=1.

Can't install nodemon: permission issue

You may need to install nodemon using sudo (which isn't recommended, but I understand it's unavoidable in some environments). If the install fails with this appearing in the npm error log, then you need the following workaround.

gyp WARN EACCES user "root" does not have permission to access the dev dir "<some-local-dir>"

Try to re-install adding --unsafe-perm to the arguments:

sudo npm install -g nodemon --unsafe-perm

Ref #713

Help! My changes aren't being detected!

nodemon (from 1.4.2 onwards) uses Chokidar as its underlying watch system.

If you find your files aren't being monitored, either nodemon isn't restarting, or it reports that zero files are being watched, then you may need the polling mode.

To enable polling use the the legacy flag either via the terminal:

$ nodemon --legacy-watch
$ nodemon -L # short alias

Or via the nodemon.json:

  "legacyWatch": true

nodemon tries to run two scripts

If you see nodemon trying to run two scripts, like:

9 Dec 23:52:58 - [nodemon] starting `node ./app.js fixtures/sigint.js`

This is because the main script argument (fixtures/sigint.js in this case) wasn't found, and a package.json's main file was found. ie. to solve, double check the path to your script is correct.

What has precedence, ignore or watch?

Everything under the ignore rule has the final word. So if you ignore the node_modules directory, but watch node_modules/*.js, then all changed files will be ignored, because any changed .js file in the node_modules are ignored.

However, there are defaults in the ignore rules that your rules will be merged with, and not override. To override the ignore rules see overriding the underlying default ignore rules.

Overriding the underlying default ignore rules

The way the ignore rules work is that your rules are merged with the ignoreRoot rules, which contain ['.git', 'node_modules', ...]. So if you ignore public, the ignore rule results in ['.git', 'node_modules', ..., 'public'].

Say you did want to watch the node_modules directory. You have to override the ignoreRoot. If you wanted this on a per project basis, add the config to you local nodemon.json. If you want it for all projects, add it to $HOME/nodemon.json:

  "ignoreRoot": [".git"]

Now when ignoring public, the ignore rule results in ['.git', 'public'], and nodemon will restart on node_modules changes.

nodemon doesn't work with fedora

Fedora is looking for nodejs rather than node which is the binary that nodemon kicks off.

A workaround is to make sure that node binary exists in the PATH:

sudo ln -s /usr/bin/nodejs /usr/local/bin/node

Alternatively the --exec nodejs option can be used.

Fedora and Ubuntu pakage node as nodejs, because node.dpkg is

Description-en: Amateur Packet Radio Node program The node program accepts TCP/IP and packet radio network connections and presents users with an interface that allows them to make gateway connections to remote hosts using a variety of amateur radio protocols. They make the binary is nodejs, rather than node. So long as you're not using that Packet Radio Node Program mentioned above the workaround will work.

Thank you @EvanCarroll

Using nodemon with forever

If you're using nodemon with forever (perhaps in a production environment), you can combine the two together. This way if the script crashes, forever restarts the script, and if there are file changes, nodemon restarts your script. For more detail, see issue 30.

To achieve this you need to add the following on the call to forever:

  • Use forever's -c nodemon option to tell forever to run nodemon instead of node.
  • Include the nodemon --exitcrash flag to ensure nodemon exits if the script crashes (or exits unexpectedly).
  • Tell forever to use SIGTERM instead of SIGKILL when requesting nodemon to stop. This ensures that nodemon can stop the watched node process cleanly.
  • Optionally add the --uid parameter, adding a unique name for your process. In the example, the uid is set to foo.
forever start --uid foo --killSignal=SIGTERM -c 'nodemon --exitcrash' server.js

To test this, you can kill the server.js process and forever will restart it. If you touch server.js nodemon will restart it.

To stop the process monitored by forever and nodemon, call the following, using the uid we assigned above (foo):

forever stop foo

This will stop both nodemon and the node process it was monitoring.

Note that I would not recommend using nodemon in a production environment - but that's because I wouldn't want it restart without my explicit instruction.

What does "verbose" give me?

The --verbose (or -V) puts nodemon in verbose mode which adds some detail to starting and restarting.

Additional restart information:

  • Which nodemon configs are loaded (local and global if found)
  • Which ignore rules are being applied
  • Which file extensions are being watch
  • The process ID of your application (the child pid)

For example:

14 Apr 15:24:58 - [nodemon] v1.0.17
14 Apr 15:24:58 - [nodemon] reading config /Users/remy/Sites/jsbin-private/nodemon.json
14 Apr 15:24:58 - [nodemon] to restart at any time, enter `rs`
14 Apr 15:24:58 - [nodemon] ignoring: /Users/remy/Sites/jsbin-private/.git/**/* node_modules/**/node_modules
14 Apr 15:24:58 - [nodemon] watching: /Users/remy/Sites/jsbin/views/**/* /Users/remy/Sites/jsbin/lib/**/* ../json/*.json
14 Apr 15:24:58 - [nodemon] watching extensions: json,js,html
14 Apr 15:24:58 - [nodemon] starting `node run.js`
14 Apr 15:24:58 - [nodemon] child pid: 9292

When nodemon detects a change, the following addition information is shown:

  • Which file(s) triggered the check
  • Which (if any) rules the file matched to cause a subsequent restart
  • How many rules were matched and out of those rules, how many cause a restart
  • A list of all the files that successfully caused a restart

For example, on lib/app.js being changed:

14 Apr 15:25:56 - [nodemon] files triggering change check: ../jsbin/lib/app.js
14 Apr 15:25:56 - [nodemon] matched rule: **/Users/remy/Sites/jsbin/lib/**/*
14 Apr 15:25:56 - [nodemon] changes after filters (before/after): 1/1
14 Apr 15:25:56 - [nodemon] restarting due to changes...
14 Apr 15:25:56 - [nodemon] ../jsbin/lib/app.js

14 Apr 15:25:56 - [nodemon] starting `node run.js`
14 Apr 15:25:56 - [nodemon] child pid: 9556

My .nodemonignore is being ignored

The new nodemon.json supersedes the .nodemonignore file, so if you have both, the .nodemonignore is not used at all.

Note that if you have a nodemon.json in your $HOME path, then this will also supersede the old ignore file (and the legacy format config is ignored).

nodemon does nothing

On Ubuntu globally installed node applications have been found to have no output when they're run. This seems to be an issue with node not being correctly installed (possibly linked to the binary having to be called nodejs).

The solution (that's worked in the past) is to install nvm first and using it to install node, rather than using apt-get (or similar tools) to install node directly.

If nodemon is facing the watch errors (Mac & Linux)

Try the following command on terminal:

echo fs.inotify.max_user_watches=582222 | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf && sudo sysctl -p

Error: Cannot find module 'internal/util/types'

If you see the error Cannot find module 'internal/util/types', the error is solved with a clean npm cache and trying to reinstall the dependency you're working with.

A start is to use the following commands:

sudo npm cache clean --force
sudo npm i -g npm

Otherwise see issue #1124 for further suggestions.