Yet another DCF77 decoder. This one is intended for the Raspberry Pi platform but might work on other devices using GPIO pins too.
For the Raspberry Pi, connect a stand-alone DCF77 receiver to a GPIO communication pin (default is 17) and the GPIO GND/3.3V pins (not 5V, this will break the Raspberry Pi).
An example schematics of a receiver is shown in receiver.fcd which can be shown using the FidoCadJ package.
The software comes with three binaries and a library:
- dcf77pi : Live decoding from the GPIO pins in interactive mode. Useable keys are shown at the bottom of the screen. The backspace key can be used to correct the last typed character of the input text (when changing the name of the log file).
- dcf77pi-analyze filename : Decode from filename instead of the GPIO pins. Output is generated in report mode.
- readpin [-qr] : Program to test reading from the GPIO pins and decode the
resulting bit. Send a SIGINT (Ctrl-C) to stop the program. Optional parameters
- -q do not show the raw input, default is to show it.
- -r raw mode, bypass the normal bit reception routine, default is to use it.
- libdcf77.so: The shared library containing common routines for reading bits (either from a log file or the GPIO pins) and to decode the date, time and third party buffer. Both dcf77pi and dcf77pi-analyze use this library. Header files to use the library in your own software are supplied.
The meaning of the keywords in config.json is:
- pin = GPIO pin number (0-65535)
- iodev = GPIO device number (FreeBSD only)
- activehigh = pulses are active high (true) or passive high (false)
- freq = sample frequency in Hz (10-155000)
- outlogfile = name of the output logfile which can be read back using dcf77pi-analyze (default empty). The log file itself only stores the received bits, but not the decoded date and time.
Depending on your operating system and distribution, you might need to copy config.json.sample to config.json (in the same directory) to get started. You might also want to check and update the provided configuration to match your setup.
The end of the minute is noted by the absence of high pulses. An absence of low pulses probably means that the transmitter is out of range. Any other situation will result in a logical read error.
With permission (comment 5916), the method described at http://blog.blinkenlight.net/experiments/dcf77/binary-clock is used to receive the bits.
Currently supporrted platforms:
- FreeBSD, Linux: full support
- Cygwin, MacOS, NetBSD: supported without GPIO communication for live decoding
- Windows: only via Cygwin
You will need to install a json-c development package and a package providing pkg-config to get the required header files and the .so library files. For example, on FreeBSD:
% sudo pkg install json-c pkgconf
On Linux, you will also have to install an (n)curses development package using your package manager. For example, on Raspbian:
% sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev libjson-c-dev pkgconf
To build and install the program into /usr/bin , the library into /usr/lib and the configuration file into /usr/etc/dcf77pi :
% make PREFIX=/usr % sudo make install PREFIX=/usr
On FreeBSD, dcf77pi and readpin need to be run as root due to the permissions of /dev/gpioc* , but this can be prevented by changing the permissions of the device node:
# chmod 0660 /dev/gpioc*
And to make the change persistent across reboots:
# echo "perm gpioc* 0660" >> /etc/devfs.conf
On Raspbian Linux, the default permissions allow running dcf77pi and readpin as a normal user (typically "pi"), no extra configuration is needed.
Setting the system time via dcf77pi still requires enhanced privileges (e.g., root).