Matahari is a test spy library, heavily inspired by Java's Mockito and btakita's RR.
It is designed to allow you to test interactions between objects without requiring you to specify all method calls, including uninteresting ones.
Matahari allows you to do this (RSpec example)
describe "my object" do obj = MyAwesomeObject.new collaborator = spy(:collaborator) obj.collaborator = collaborator obj.my_awesome_method collaborator.should have_received(3.times).some_interesting_method("Some", "arguments") end
See also the cucumber features, easily viewable at http://relishapp.com/mortice/matahari
In your spec_helper, include this:
RSpec.configure do |config| config.include Matahari::Adapters::RSpec end
In your test_helper, include this:
class Test::Unit::TestCase include Matahari::Adapters::TestUnit end
Traditional mocks require you to put expectations (my_mock.should_receive) before action, potentially with assertions coming after that. They also do stubbing at the same time as setting up expectations (my_mock.should_receive(:something).and_return). These issues lead to less readable tests and a tendency to set an expectation when only a stub is required, or vice versa.
Test spies present an alternative philosophy to traditional mocking by acting as null objects and then allowing assertions after the fact on method calls they have received. This means that stubbing and asserting on collaborations can be separated and that all assertions in a given test go in the same place.
The RR project provides test spies, but due to the way it is built (it supports a variety of different double strategies), it requires the user to call 'stub' on any method which will later be asserted on. As @dchemlimsky puts it, this 'adds the need for an extra line, binds these two lines [the stub call and the assertion] together, and generally makes [the test] more difficult to understand.'
By sticking to spies as a double strategy, matahari is able to avoid the need for a similar call in the setup portion of the test - matahari spies simply collect the details of all messages passed to them and provide a means for inspecting those messages later.
https://gist.github.com/716640 - Conversation between dchelimsky and myself about Ruby test doubles
http://dannorth.net/2008/09/14/the-end-of-endotesting/ - Article about mockito, which heavily influenced the creation of Matahari
- Stubbing implementation is incredibly basic
- Not very usable or test/unit users (it works, but you don't get a fancy DSL.)
- No support for argument matchers - arguments must match exactly via == or not at all
- We need to be able to remote-control BMWs.
- gem install matahari
- David Chelimsky, for putting up with my robust criticisms of RSpec mocks
- Aslak Hellesøy, for giving interesting feedback on an early version
- Szczepan Faber, for creating Mockito
- Brian Takita, for creating RR
- James Adam, for encouraging people to add CONTEXT sections to their READMEs
(The MIT License)
Copyright (c) 2010-2011 Tom Stuart
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