Skip to content
Switch branches/tags

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time

ResilientDB: A High-throughput yielding Permissioned Blockchain Fabric.

ResilientDB aims at Making Permissioned Blockchain Systems Fast Again. ResilientDB makes system-centric design decisions by adopting a multi-thread architecture that encompasses deep-pipelines. Further, we separate the ordering of client transactions from their execution, which allows us to perform out-of-order processing of messages.

Release Notes Version 3.0 of ResilientDB

  1. Implementation of GeoBFT protcol inside resilientDB
    • link to the publication
    • Config Required to adjust [GBFT, GBFT_CLUSTER_SIZE, GBFT_CCM_THREAD_CNT]
  2. Work Queues and multi-threaded structure have be re-written
  3. Minor Changes:
    • Statistics
    • Client Memory issue update
    • Execution Queues
    • Result Scripts

Release Notes Version 2.0 of ResilientDB

  1. ResilientDB supports a Dockerized implementation, which allows specifying the number of clients and replicas.
  2. PBFT [Castro and Liskov, 1998] protocol is used to achieve consensus among the replicas.
  3. ResilientDB expects minimum 3f+1 replicas, where f is the maximum number of byzantine (or malicious) replicas.
  4. ReslientDB designates one of its replicas as the primary (replicas with identifier 0), which is also responsible for initiating the consensus.
  5. At present, each client only sends YCSB-style transactions for processing, to the primary.
  6. Each client transaction has an associated transaction manager, which stores all the data related to the transaction.
  7. Depending on the type of replica (primary or non-primary), we associate different a number of threads and queues with each replica.
  8. ResilientDB allows easy implementation of Smart Contracts. At present, we provide a comprehensive implementation of Banking Smart Contracts.
  9. To facilitate data storage and persistence, ResilientDB provides support for an in-memory key-value store. Further, users can take advantage of SQL query execution through the fully-integrated APIs for SQLite.
  10. With ResilientDB we also provide a seamless GUI display. This display generates a status log and also accesses Grafana to plot the results. Further details regarding the setup of GUI display are available in the dashboard folder.

Steps to Run and Compile through Docker

First, install docker and docker-compose:

Use the Script resilientDB-docker

 ./resilientDB-docker --clients=1 --replicas=4
 ./resilientDB-docker -d [default 4 replicas and 1 client]


  • The result will be printed on STDOUT and also res.out file. It contains the Throughputs and Latencies for the run and summary of each thread in replicas.


  • Using docker, all replicas and clients will be running on one machine as containers, so a large number of replicas would degrade the performance of your system

Steps to Run and Compile without Docker

We strongly recommend that first try the docker version, Here are the steps to run on a real environment:

  • First Step is to untar the dependencies:

      cd deps && \ls | xargs -i tar -xvf {} && cd ..
  • Create obj folder inside resilientdb folder, to store object files. And results to store the results.

      mkdir obj
      mkdir results
  • Create a folder named results inside resilientdb to store the results.

  • We provide a script to compile and run the code. To run ResilientDB on a cluster such as AWS, Azure or Google Cloud, you need to specify the Private IP Addresses of each replica.

  • The code will be compiled on the machine that is running the and send the binary files over the SSH to the resilientdb folder in all other nodes. the directory which contains the resilientdb in nodes should be set as home_directory in following files as :

    1. scripts/
    2. scripts/
    3. scripts/
  • change the CNODES and SNODES arrays in scripts/ and put IP Addresses.

  • Adjust the parameters in config.h such as number of replicas and clients

  • Run script as: ./scripts/ <number of servers> <number of clients> <batch size>

  • All the results after running the script will be stored inside the results folder.

What is happening behind the scenes?

  • The code is compiled using command: make clean; make
  • On compilation, two new files are created: runcl and rundb.
  • Each machine is going to act as a client needs to execute runcl.
  • Each machine is going to act as a replica needs to execute rundb.
  • The script runs each binary as: ./rundb -nid<numeric identifier>
  • This numeric identifier starts from 0 (for the primary) and increases as 1,2,3... for subsequent replicas and clients.

Relevant Parameters of "config.h"

* NODE_CNT			Total number of replicas, minimum 4, that is, f=1.  
* THREAD_CNT			Total number of threads at primary (at least 5)
* REM_THREAD_CNT		Total number of input threads at a replica (set it to 3)
* SEND_THREAD_CNT		Total number of output threads at a replica (at least 1)
* CLIENT_NODE_CNT		Total number of clients (at least 1).  
* CLIENT_THREAD_CNT		Total number of threads at a client (at least 1)
* CLIENT_REM_THREAD_CNT		Total number of input threads at a client (set it to 1)
* SEND_THREAD_CNT		Total number of output threads at a client (set it to 1)
* MAX_TXN_IN_FLIGHT		Multiple of Batch Size
* DONE_TIMER			Amount of time to run the system.
* WARMUP_TIMER			Amount of time to warmup the system (No statistics collected).
* BATCH_THREADS			Number of threads at primary to batch client transactions.
* BATCH_SIZE			Number of transactions in a batch (at least 10)
* ENABLE_CHAIN			Set it to true if blocks need to be stored in a ledger.
* TXN_PER_CHKPT			Frequency at which garbage collection is done.
* USE_CRYPTO			To switch on and off cryptographic signing of messages.
* CRYPTO_METHOD_RSA		To use RSA based digital signatures.
* CRYPTO_METHOD_ED25519		To use ED25519 based digital signatures.
* CRYPTO_METHOD_CMAC_AES	To use CMAC + AES combination for authentication.
* SYNTH_TABLE_SIZE		The range of keys for clients to select.
* EXT_DB MEMORY			To specify the type of memory storage (in-memory of SQLite)..
* BANKING_SMART_CONTRACT	To allow usage of smart contraacts instead of YCSB bechmarks.

  • There are several other parameters in config.h, which are unusable (or not fully tested) in the current version.


ResilientDB: A scalable permissioned blockchain fabric



Code of conduct





No packages published