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Lazy load XT is a jQuery plugin for images, videos and other media
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README.md

Lazy Load XT jQuery plugin


Table of Contents

About

Mobile-oriented, fast and extensible jQuery plugin for lazy loading of images/videos with build-in support of jQueryMobile framework.

Currently tested in IE 10-11, Chrome 30-31, Firefox 24, Safari 5, Opera 12, Android 2.3 stock browser.

Usage

  1. Include jquery.lazyloadxt.min.js.

  2. Replace src attribute in your <img>es to data-src. Optionally add a placeholder src and a fallback image (in the latter case it's necessary to mark first image with class="lazy", see item 3 below):

    <img class="lazy" data-src="lazy.jpg" width="100" height="100">
    <noscript><img src="lazy.jpg" width="100" height="100"></noscript>

    It's recommended to keep the order of attributes in both <img> tags, such a code will be effectively gzipped.

  3. If you use fallback image, hide first image using CSS (otherwise browsers with disabled javascript will display both images):

    img.lazy {
      display: none;
    }

    Lazy Load XT plugin removes this class (classNojs option) at image initialization.

Options

The plugin is very extensible and supports a lot of options that are stored in $.lazyLoadXT object:

$.lazyLoadXT.extend({
  edgeY:  200,
  srcAttr: 'data-src'
});

You can either create this object before loading of jquery.lazyloadxt.js or extend it after loading (but before jQuery's ready event).

  • autoInit: auto initialization of the plugin, that is processing of all elements matching selector selector in jQuery's ready event, if it is disabled you have to do such initialization manually as explained in Advanced initialization section (default true)
  • selector: selector for elements that should be lazy-loaded (default 'img')
  • srcAttr: attribute containing actual src path, see example below in Hi-DPI (Retina) images section (default 'data-src')
  • classNojs: class name used to hide duplicated element (outside of <noscript> tag) in the case of disabled JavaScript in browser, the plugin removes this class to make images visible (default 'lazy')
  • blankImage: blank image for used until actual image is not loaded (default is transparent 1x1 gif image in data-uri format 'data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7')
  • edgeY: expand visible page area (viewport) in vertical direction by specified amount of pixels, so that elements start to load even if they are not visible, but will be visible after scroll by edgeY pixels (default 0)
  • edgeX: expand visible page area in horizontal direction by specified amount of pixels (default 0)
  • throttle: time interval (in ms) to check for visible elements, the plugin uses it to speed up page work in the case of flow of page change events (default 99)
  • visibleOnly: added for compatibility with original Lazy Load Plugin by Mika Tuupola, being disabled this option forces the plugin to check element position only, but not to check that it is actually visible (default true)
  • loadEvent: space-separated list of events when the plugin starts to found new elements matching selector (default 'pageshow' to check AJAX-loaded content in jQueryMobile and to support backward navigation in iPhone)
  • updateEvent: space-separated list of events when the plugin starts to check what elements are visible in current viewport (default 'load orientationchange resize scroll')
  • oninit: handler called when the plugin push elements into internal list of "lazy" elements, it may be either a function (DOM element is accessible using this object) or an object with addClass and/or removeClass properties (addClass is a space-separated list of class names that should be added to the elements, and removeClass contains class names that should be removed, removeClass has higher priority in the case of identical class names) (default null)
  • onshow: handler called when an element appears in viewport area, it may be either a function or an object by analogy to oninit handler, see example below in Spinner section (default null)
  • onload: handler called when element is successfully loaded, it may be either a function or an object by analogy to oninit handler (default null)
  • onerror: handler called when browser cannot load the element, it may be either a function or an object by analogy to oninit handler (default null)

Advanced initialization

Possible ways to initialize elements if auto initialization doesn't suit you:

  1. $(container).lazyLoadXT();
  2. $(container).lazyLoadXT(selector);
  3. $(img.selector).lazyLoadXT();

Events

Lazy Load XT plugin triggers following events for loading elements (just before call to corresponding handler in $.lazyLoadXT options):

  • lazyinit, the plugin push elements into internal list of "lazy" elements
  • lazyshow, element appears in viewport area
  • lazyload, element is successfully loaded
  • lazyerror, browser cannot load the element

Unlike global handlers $.lazyLoadXT, using these events it's possible to assign individual handlers for media elements.

More than images

Images are not the only page elements that may be lazy loaded. Though default value for $.lazyLoadXT.selector is 'img', you can append it by iframe to use lazy-loading for iframes, video for videos, etc. Full list of supported tags include all tags with src attribute: <audio>, <embed>, <frame>, <iframe>, <img>, <video>. Usage is the same: just rename 'src' attribute to 'data-src' (or what is specified in your $.lazyLoadXT.srcAttr) and add <noscript>ed version if necessary.

We distribute special "extra" version of the plugin with additional code for lazyloading of <video> elements and <iframe>ed YouTube videos. To use this version just load jquery.lazyloadxt.extra.js instead of jquery.lazyloadxt.js.

<iframe>-embedded Videos (YouTube, Vimeo, etc.)

Most of video hostings allow to embed videos as <iframe>s (e.g. Youtube, Vimeo, DailyMotion, and even KickStarter) and they may be lazy loaded in the way similar to images (by replacing src attribute by data-src):

<script src="jquery.lazyloadxt.extra.js"></script>
<iframe width="420" height="315" data-src="//www.youtube.com/embed/uOzO9O15gwI?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

Support <video> tag

It is easy too, just replace src attribute by data-src and poster by data-poster (if exists).

<script src="jquery.lazyloadxt.extra.js"></script>
<video data-poster="/path/to/poster.jpg" width="320" height="240" controls>
  <source data-src="/path/to/video.mp4" type='video/mp4; codecs="avc1.42E01E, mp4a.40.2"'>
  <source data-src="/path/to/video.ogv" type='video/ogg; codecs="theora, vorbis"'>
</video>

<video data-src="/path/to/video2.mp4" width="320" height="240" controls>

Extendability

Lazy Load XT plugin may be easily extended using oninit, onshow, onload and onerror event. Some examples are listed below.

Spinner

To display animated spinner while image is loading, you can set/reset CSS class in onshow/onload events:

/* CSS */
.lazy-hidden {
  background:#eee url('/path/to/loading.gif') no-repeat 50% 50%;
}
/* JS */
$.lazyLoadXT.extend({
  onshow:  { addClass:    'lazy-hidden' },
  onload:  { removeClass: 'lazy-hidden' },
  onerror: { removeClass: 'lazy-hidden' }
});

Fade-in animation

To add fade-in animation you can use following sample of onload event and CSS rules:

/* CSS */
.lazy-hidden {
  opacity: 0;
}
.lazy-loaded {
  -webkit-transition: opacity 0.3s;
  -moz-transition: opacity 0.3s;
  -ms-transition: opacity 0.3s;
  -o-transition: opacity 0.3s;
  transition: opacity 0.3s;
  opacity: 1;
}
/* JS */
$.lazyLoadXT.extend({
  oninit: { addClass: 'lazy-hidden' },
  onload: { addClass: 'lazy-loaded', removeClass: 'lazy-hidden' }
});

Hi-DPI (Retina) images

The code below allows you to use data-src-3x attribute for screens with 3x density (e.g. Samsung Galaxy S4), data-src-2x for 2x density (e.g. iPhones 4+), and data-src-1.5x for 1.5x density (e.g. HTC Incredible S).

/* JS */
(function($, dpr) {
  if (dpr>1)
    $.lazyLoadXT.srcAttr = 'data-src-' + (dpr > 2 ? '3x' : (dpr > 1.5 ? '2x' : '1.5x'));
})(jQuery, window.devicePixelRatio || 1);

But in real world it's better to set srcAttr function and choose most suitable image path there.

AJAX

If you use jQuery-based AJAX navigation and don't like to change existing AJAX callbacks, you can apply lazy loading to new loaded content using ajaxComplete event. Note that $.lazyLoadXT.loadEvent = 'pageshow ajaxComplete'; may not work correctly because of content is not added to the page at the time of ajaxComplete event, that's why it's better to postpone initialization by setTimeout:

/* JS */
$(window).on('ajaxComplete', function() {
  setTimeout(function() {
    $(window).lazyLoadXT();
  }, 50);
});

Demo

Demo: ressio.github.io/lazy-load-xt

Example of page preparation in PHP

Instead of manipulating <img> tags directly (that is to replace src by data-src, add <noscript> fallback image, etc.), it's possible to do html page postprocessing using [your favorite] language. Here is example of how to do it using PHP:

/* PHP */
function addLazyLoading($html) {
    $dom = new DOMDocument();
    if(!@$dom->loadHTML('<?xml encoding="UTF-8">' . $html)) // trick to set charset
        return $html;
    foreach($dom->childNodes as $item)
        if($item->nodeType === XML_PI_NODE) {
            $dom->removeChild($item);
            break;
        }
    $dom->encoding = 'UTF-8';
    $images = $dom->getElementsByTagName('img');
    for($i = $images->length-1; $i >= 0; $i--) {
        $node     = $images->item($i);
        $clone    = $node->cloneNode();
        $noscript = $dom->createElement('noscript');
        $noscript->appendChild($clone);
        $node->parentNode->insertBefore($noscript, $node);
        $node->setAttribute('data-src', $node->getAttribute('src'));
        $node->setAttribute('src',      'data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7');
        $node->setAttribute('class',    trim($node->getAttribute('class') . ' lazy'));
    }
    $newHtml = $dom->saveHTML();
    if(!$newHtml)
        return $html;
    return $newHtml;
}

Download

Dev version: jquery.lazyloadxt.js / jquery.lazyloadxt.extra.js

Minified version: jquery.lazyloadxt.min.js / jquery.lazyloadxt.extra.min.js

Install and manage Lazy Load XT using Bower

$ bower install lazyloadxt

Install and manage using NPM

$ npm install lazyloadxt

If you have any feature to request or bug to report please use GitHub issues.

License

Lazy Load XT is licensed under the MIT license

Version History

  • 0.8.3 (10.12.2013): Speed up initialization, additional examples of extendability in /src directory
  • 0.8.2 (08.12.2013): Built-in support of videos in jquery.lazyloadxt.extra.js
  • 0.8.1 (06.12.2013): Add support of lazyinit, lazyshow, lazyload, and lazyerror events
  • 0.8.0 (05.12.2013): Initial release

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