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optimise python code using staticness assertions

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Octocat-spinner-32 promise
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore
Octocat-spinner-32 ChangeLog.txt
Octocat-spinner-32 IDEAS.txt
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Octocat-spinner-32 MANIFEST.in
Octocat-spinner-32 README.txt
Octocat-spinner-32 setup.py
README.txt

  promise:  bytecode optimisation using staticness assertions.

This is a module for applying some simple optimisations to function bytecode.
By promising that a function doesn't do certain things at run-time, it's
possible to apply optimisations that are not legal in the general case.

As a simple example, it's possible to promise that a function doesn't modify
(or care if anyone else modifies) any builtin functions by decorating it thus:

    @promise.constant(__builtins__)
    def function():
        ...

Such a promise will allow the builtins to be stored as direct object references
in the function bytecode, avoiding name lookups during function execution.

As another example, it's possible to promise that a function is pure; i.e. that
it's a simple algorithm for mapping input values to an output value:

    @promise.pure()
    def calculate(a,b):
        return 2*a*a + 3*b + 7

If a pure function is then used by another function as a constant, it can be
directly inlined into the bytecode to avoid the overhead of a function call:

    @promise.constant(("calculate",))
    def aggregate(pairs):
        #  calculate() is a pure constant, so it will be inlined here.
        return sum(calculate(a,b) for (a,b) in pairs)

The currently available promises are:

    * invariant(names):  promise that variables having the given names will
                         not change value during execution of the function.

    * constant(names):   promise that variables having the given names will
                         always refer to the same object, across all calls
                         to the function.

    * pure():   promise that the function is a transparent mapping from inputs
                to outputs; this opens up the possibility of inling it directly
                into other functions.

    * sensible():   promise that the function is "sensibly behaved".  All
                    builtins and module-level functions are considered
                    constant; all other module-level names are considered
                    invariant.

Promise is built on Noam Raphael's fantastic "byteplay" module.  It used be
be bundled as part of promise because it needed some patches to work with
newer versions of Python; now it's just bundled for your convenience.
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