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/*
* Copyright (c) 1998-2006 The TCPDUMP project
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that: (1) source code
* distributions retain the above copyright notice and this paragraph
* in its entirety, and (2) distributions including binary code include
* the above copyright notice and this paragraph in its entirety in
* the documentation or other materials provided with the distribution.
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND
* WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT
* LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
* FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
*
* Support for the IEEE Connectivity Fault Management Protocols as per 802.1ag.
*
* Original code by Hannes Gredler (hannes@juniper.net)
*/
#ifndef lint
static const char rcsid[] _U_ =
"@(#) $Header: /tcpdump/master/tcpdump/print-cfm.c,v 1.5 2007-07-24 16:01:42 hannes Exp $";
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif
#include <tcpdump-stdinc.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "interface.h"
#include "extract.h"
#include "ether.h"
#include "addrtoname.h"
#include "oui.h"
#include "af.h"
/*
* Prototypes
*/
const char * cfm_egress_id_string(register const u_char *);
int cfm_mgmt_addr_print(register const u_char *);
struct cfm_common_header_t {
u_int8_t mdlevel_version;
u_int8_t opcode;
u_int8_t flags;
u_int8_t first_tlv_offset;
};
#define CFM_VERSION 0
#define CFM_EXTRACT_VERSION(x) (((x)&0x1f))
#define CFM_EXTRACT_MD_LEVEL(x) (((x)&0xe0)>>5)
#define CFM_OPCODE_CCM 1
#define CFM_OPCODE_LBR 2
#define CFM_OPCODE_LBM 3
#define CFM_OPCODE_LTR 4
#define CFM_OPCODE_LTM 5
static const struct tok cfm_opcode_values[] = {
{ CFM_OPCODE_CCM, "Continouity Check Message"},
{ CFM_OPCODE_LBR, "Loopback Reply"},
{ CFM_OPCODE_LBM, "Loopback Message"},
{ CFM_OPCODE_LTR, "Linktrace Reply"},
{ CFM_OPCODE_LTM, "Linktrace Message"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
/*
* Message Formats.
*/
struct cfm_ccm_t {
u_int8_t sequence[4];
u_int8_t ma_epi[2];
u_int8_t md_nameformat;
u_int8_t md_namelength;
u_int8_t md_name[46]; /* md name and short ma name */
u_int8_t reserved_itu[16];
u_int8_t reserved[6];
};
/*
* Timer Bases for the CCM Interval field.
* Expressed in units of seconds.
*/
const float ccm_interval_base[8] = {0, 0.003333, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 60, 600};
#define CCM_INTERVAL_MIN_MULTIPLIER 3.25
#define CCM_INTERVAL_MAX_MULTIPLIER 3.5
#define CFM_CCM_RDI_FLAG 0x80
#define CFM_EXTRACT_CCM_INTERVAL(x) (((x)&0x07))
#define CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_8021 0
#define CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_NONE 1
#define CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_DNS 2
#define CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_MAC 3
#define CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_CHAR 4
static const struct tok cfm_md_nameformat_values[] = {
{ CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_8021, "IEEE 802.1"},
{ CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_NONE, "No MD Name present"},
{ CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_DNS, "DNS string"},
{ CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_MAC, "MAC + 16Bit Integer"},
{ CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_CHAR, "Character string"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
#define CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_8021 0
#define CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_VID 1
#define CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_CHAR 2
#define CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_INT 3
#define CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_VPN 4
static const struct tok cfm_ma_nameformat_values[] = {
{ CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_8021, "IEEE 802.1"},
{ CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_VID, "Primary VID"},
{ CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_CHAR, "Character string"},
{ CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_INT, "16Bit Integer"},
{ CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_VPN, "RFC2685 VPN-ID"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
struct cfm_lbm_t {
u_int8_t transaction_id[4];
u_int8_t reserved[4];
};
struct cfm_ltm_t {
u_int8_t transaction_id[4];
u_int8_t egress_id[8];
u_int8_t ttl;
u_int8_t original_mac[ETHER_ADDR_LEN];
u_int8_t target_mac[ETHER_ADDR_LEN];
u_int8_t reserved[3];
};
static const struct tok cfm_ltm_flag_values[] = {
{ 0x80, "Use Forwarding-DB only"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
struct cfm_ltr_t {
u_int8_t transaction_id[4];
u_int8_t last_egress_id[8];
u_int8_t next_egress_id[8];
u_int8_t ttl;
u_int8_t replay_action;
u_int8_t reserved[6];
};
static const struct tok cfm_ltr_flag_values[] = {
{ 0x80, "Forwarded"},
{ 0x40, "Terminal MEP"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
static const struct tok cfm_ltr_replay_action_values[] = {
{ 1, "Exact Match"},
{ 2, "Filtering DB"},
{ 3, "MIP CCM DB"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
#define CFM_TLV_END 0
#define CFM_TLV_SENDER_ID 1
#define CFM_TLV_PORT_STATUS 2
#define CFM_TLV_INTERFACE_STATUS 3
#define CFM_TLV_DATA 4
#define CFM_TLV_REPLY_INGRESS 5
#define CFM_TLV_REPLY_EGRESS 6
#define CFM_TLV_PRIVATE 31
static const struct tok cfm_tlv_values[] = {
{ CFM_TLV_END, "End"},
{ CFM_TLV_SENDER_ID, "Sender ID"},
{ CFM_TLV_PORT_STATUS, "Port status"},
{ CFM_TLV_INTERFACE_STATUS, "Interface status"},
{ CFM_TLV_DATA, "Data"},
{ CFM_TLV_REPLY_INGRESS, "Reply Ingress"},
{ CFM_TLV_REPLY_EGRESS, "Reply Egress"},
{ CFM_TLV_PRIVATE, "Organization Specific"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
/*
* TLVs
*/
struct cfm_tlv_header_t {
u_int8_t type;
u_int8_t length[2];
};
/* FIXME define TLV formats */
static const struct tok cfm_tlv_port_status_values[] = {
{ 1, "Blocked"},
{ 2, "Up"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
static const struct tok cfm_tlv_interface_status_values[] = {
{ 1, "Up"},
{ 2, "Down"},
{ 3, "Testing"},
{ 5, "Dormant"},
{ 6, "not present"},
{ 7, "lower Layer down"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
#define CFM_CHASSIS_ID_CHASSIS_COMPONENT 1
#define CFM_CHASSIS_ID_INTERFACE_ALIAS 2
#define CFM_CHASSIS_ID_PORT_COMPONENT 3
#define CFM_CHASSIS_ID_MAC_ADDRESS 4
#define CFM_CHASSIS_ID_NETWORK_ADDRESS 5
#define CFM_CHASSIS_ID_INTERFACE_NAME 6
#define CFM_CHASSIS_ID_LOCAL 7
static const struct tok cfm_tlv_senderid_chassisid_values[] = {
{ 0, "Reserved"},
{ CFM_CHASSIS_ID_CHASSIS_COMPONENT, "Chassis component"},
{ CFM_CHASSIS_ID_INTERFACE_ALIAS, "Interface alias"},
{ CFM_CHASSIS_ID_PORT_COMPONENT, "Port component"},
{ CFM_CHASSIS_ID_MAC_ADDRESS, "MAC address"},
{ CFM_CHASSIS_ID_NETWORK_ADDRESS, "Network address"},
{ CFM_CHASSIS_ID_INTERFACE_NAME, "Interface name"},
{ CFM_CHASSIS_ID_LOCAL, "Locally assigned"},
{ 0, NULL}
};
int
cfm_mgmt_addr_print(register const u_char *tptr) {
u_int mgmt_addr_type;
u_int hexdump = FALSE;
/*
* Altough AFIs are tpically 2 octects wide,
* 802.1ab specifies that this field width
* is only once octet
*/
mgmt_addr_type = *tptr;
printf("\n\t Management Address Type %s (%u)",
tok2str(af_values, "Unknown", mgmt_addr_type),
mgmt_addr_type);
/*
* Resolve the passed in Address.
*/
switch(mgmt_addr_type) {
case AFNUM_INET:
printf(", %s", ipaddr_string(tptr + 1));
break;
#ifdef INET6
case AFNUM_INET6:
printf(", %s", ip6addr_string(tptr + 1));
break;
#endif
default:
hexdump = TRUE;
break;
}
return hexdump;
}
/*
* The egress-ID string is a 16-Bit string plus a MAC address.
*/
const char *
cfm_egress_id_string(register const u_char *tptr) {
static char egress_id_buffer[80];
snprintf(egress_id_buffer, sizeof(egress_id_buffer),
"MAC %0x4x-%s",
EXTRACT_16BITS(tptr),
etheraddr_string(tptr+2));
return egress_id_buffer;
}
void
cfm_print(register const u_char *pptr, register u_int length) {
const struct cfm_common_header_t *cfm_common_header;
const struct cfm_tlv_header_t *cfm_tlv_header;
const u_int8_t *tptr, *tlv_ptr, *ma_name, *ma_nameformat, *ma_namelength;
u_int hexdump, tlen, cfm_tlv_len, cfm_tlv_type, ccm_interval;
union {
const struct cfm_ccm_t *cfm_ccm;
const struct cfm_lbm_t *cfm_lbm;
const struct cfm_ltm_t *cfm_ltm;
const struct cfm_ltr_t *cfm_ltr;
} msg_ptr;
tptr=pptr;
cfm_common_header = (const struct cfm_common_header_t *)pptr;
TCHECK(*cfm_common_header);
/*
* Sanity checking of the header.
*/
if (CFM_EXTRACT_VERSION(cfm_common_header->mdlevel_version) != CFM_VERSION) {
printf("CFMv%u not supported, length %u",
CFM_EXTRACT_VERSION(cfm_common_header->mdlevel_version), length);
return;
}
printf("CFMv%u %s, MD Level %u, length %u",
CFM_EXTRACT_VERSION(cfm_common_header->mdlevel_version),
tok2str(cfm_opcode_values, "unknown (%u)", cfm_common_header->opcode),
CFM_EXTRACT_MD_LEVEL(cfm_common_header->mdlevel_version),
length);
/*
* In non-verbose mode just print the opcode and md-level.
*/
if (vflag < 1) {
return;
}
printf("\n\tFirst TLV offset %u", cfm_common_header->first_tlv_offset);
tptr += sizeof(const struct cfm_common_header_t);
tlen = length - sizeof(struct cfm_common_header_t);
switch (cfm_common_header->opcode) {
case CFM_OPCODE_CCM:
msg_ptr.cfm_ccm = (const struct cfm_ccm_t *)tptr;
ccm_interval = CFM_EXTRACT_CCM_INTERVAL(cfm_common_header->flags);
printf(", Flags [CCM Interval %u%s]",
ccm_interval,
cfm_common_header->flags & CFM_CCM_RDI_FLAG ?
", RDI" : "");
/*
* Resolve the CCM interval field.
*/
if (ccm_interval) {
printf("\n\t CCM Interval %.3fs"
", min CCM Lifetime %.3fs, max CCM Lifetime %.3fs",
ccm_interval_base[ccm_interval],
ccm_interval_base[ccm_interval] * CCM_INTERVAL_MIN_MULTIPLIER,
ccm_interval_base[ccm_interval] * CCM_INTERVAL_MAX_MULTIPLIER);
}
printf("\n\t Sequence Number 0x%08x, MA-End-Point-ID 0x%04x",
EXTRACT_32BITS(msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->sequence),
EXTRACT_16BITS(msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->ma_epi));
/*
* Resolve the MD fields.
*/
printf("\n\t MD Name Format %s (%u), MD Name length %u",
tok2str(cfm_md_nameformat_values, "Unknown",
msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_nameformat),
msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_nameformat,
msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_namelength);
if (msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_nameformat != CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_NONE) {
printf("\n\t MD Name: ");
switch (msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_nameformat) {
case CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_DNS:
case CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_CHAR:
safeputs((const char *)msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_name, msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_namelength);
break;
case CFM_CCM_MD_FORMAT_MAC:
printf("\n\t MAC %s", etheraddr_string(
msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_name));
break;
/* FIXME add printers for those MD formats - hexdump for now */
case CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_8021:
default:
print_unknown_data(msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_name, "\n\t ",
msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_namelength);
}
}
/*
* Resolve the MA fields.
*/
ma_nameformat = msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_name + msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_namelength;
ma_namelength = msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_name + msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_namelength + 1;
ma_name = msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_name + msg_ptr.cfm_ccm->md_namelength + 2;
printf("\n\t MA Name-Format %s (%u), MA name length %u",
tok2str(cfm_ma_nameformat_values, "Unknown",
*ma_nameformat),
*ma_nameformat,
*ma_namelength);
printf("\n\t MA Name: ");
switch (*ma_nameformat) {
case CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_CHAR:
safeputs((const char *)ma_name, *ma_namelength);
break;
/* FIXME add printers for those MA formats - hexdump for now */
case CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_8021:
case CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_VID:
case CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_INT:
case CFM_CCM_MA_FORMAT_VPN:
default:
print_unknown_data(ma_name, "\n\t ", *ma_namelength);
}
break;
case CFM_OPCODE_LTM:
msg_ptr.cfm_ltm = (const struct cfm_ltm_t *)tptr;
printf(", Flags [%s]",
bittok2str(cfm_ltm_flag_values, "none", cfm_common_header->flags));
printf("\n\t Transaction-ID 0x%08x, Egress-ID %s, ttl %u",
EXTRACT_32BITS(msg_ptr.cfm_ltm->transaction_id),
cfm_egress_id_string(msg_ptr.cfm_ltm->egress_id),
msg_ptr.cfm_ltm->ttl);
printf("\n\t Original-MAC %s, Target-MAC %s",
etheraddr_string(msg_ptr.cfm_ltm->original_mac),
etheraddr_string(msg_ptr.cfm_ltm->target_mac));
break;
case CFM_OPCODE_LTR:
msg_ptr.cfm_ltr = (const struct cfm_ltr_t *)tptr;
printf(", Flags [%s]",
bittok2str(cfm_ltr_flag_values, "none", cfm_common_header->flags));
printf("\n\t Transaction-ID 0x%08x, Last-Egress-ID %s",
EXTRACT_32BITS(msg_ptr.cfm_ltr->transaction_id),
cfm_egress_id_string(msg_ptr.cfm_ltr->last_egress_id));
printf("\n\t Next-Egress-ID %s, ttl %u",
cfm_egress_id_string(msg_ptr.cfm_ltr->next_egress_id),
msg_ptr.cfm_ltr->ttl);
printf("\n\t Replay-Action %s (%u)",
tok2str(cfm_ltr_replay_action_values,
"Unknown",
msg_ptr.cfm_ltr->replay_action),
msg_ptr.cfm_ltr->replay_action);
break;
/*
* No message decoder yet.
* Hexdump everything up until the start of the TLVs
*/
case CFM_OPCODE_LBR:
case CFM_OPCODE_LBM:
default:
if (tlen > cfm_common_header->first_tlv_offset) {
print_unknown_data(tptr, "\n\t ",
tlen - cfm_common_header->first_tlv_offset);
}
break;
}
/*
* Sanity check for not walking off.
*/
if (tlen <= cfm_common_header->first_tlv_offset) {
return;
}
tptr += cfm_common_header->first_tlv_offset;
tlen -= cfm_common_header->first_tlv_offset;
while (tlen > 0) {
cfm_tlv_header = (const struct cfm_tlv_header_t *)tptr;
/* Enough to read the tlv type ? */
TCHECK2(*tptr, 1);
cfm_tlv_type=cfm_tlv_header->type;
if (cfm_tlv_type != CFM_TLV_END) {
/* did we capture enough for fully decoding the object header ? */
TCHECK2(*tptr, sizeof(struct cfm_tlv_header_t));
cfm_tlv_len=EXTRACT_16BITS(&cfm_tlv_header->length);
} else {
cfm_tlv_len = 0;
}
printf("\n\t%s TLV (0x%02x), length %u",
tok2str(cfm_tlv_values, "Unknown", cfm_tlv_type),
cfm_tlv_type,
cfm_tlv_len);
/* sanity check for not walking off and infinite loop check. */
if ((cfm_tlv_type != CFM_TLV_END) &&
((cfm_tlv_len + sizeof(struct cfm_tlv_header_t) > tlen) ||
(!cfm_tlv_len))) {
print_unknown_data(tptr,"\n\t ",tlen);
return;
}
tptr += sizeof(struct cfm_tlv_header_t);
tlen -= sizeof(struct cfm_tlv_header_t);
tlv_ptr = tptr;
/* did we capture enough for fully decoding the object ? */
if (cfm_tlv_type != CFM_TLV_END) {
TCHECK2(*tptr, cfm_tlv_len);
}
hexdump = FALSE;
switch(cfm_tlv_type) {
case CFM_TLV_END:
/* we are done - bail out */
return;
case CFM_TLV_PORT_STATUS:
printf(", Status: %s (%u)",
tok2str(cfm_tlv_port_status_values, "Unknown", *tptr),
*tptr);
break;
case CFM_TLV_INTERFACE_STATUS:
printf(", Status: %s (%u)",
tok2str(cfm_tlv_interface_status_values, "Unknown", *tptr),
*tptr);
break;
case CFM_TLV_PRIVATE:
printf(", Vendor: %s (%u), Sub-Type %u",
tok2str(oui_values,"Unknown", EXTRACT_24BITS(tptr)),
EXTRACT_24BITS(tptr),
*(tptr+3));
hexdump = TRUE;
break;
case CFM_TLV_SENDER_ID:
{
u_int chassis_id_type, chassis_id_length;
u_int mgmt_addr_length;
/*
* Check if there is a Chassis-ID.
*/
chassis_id_length = *tptr;
if (chassis_id_length > tlen) {
hexdump = TRUE;
break;
}
tptr++;
tlen--;
if (chassis_id_length) {
chassis_id_type = *tptr;
printf("\n\t Chassis-ID Type %s (%u), Chassis-ID length %u",
tok2str(cfm_tlv_senderid_chassisid_values,
"Unknown",
chassis_id_type),
chassis_id_type,
chassis_id_length);
switch (chassis_id_type) {
case CFM_CHASSIS_ID_MAC_ADDRESS:
printf("\n\t MAC %s", etheraddr_string(tptr+1));
break;
case CFM_CHASSIS_ID_NETWORK_ADDRESS:
hexdump |= cfm_mgmt_addr_print(tptr);
break;
case CFM_CHASSIS_ID_INTERFACE_NAME: /* fall through */
case CFM_CHASSIS_ID_INTERFACE_ALIAS:
case CFM_CHASSIS_ID_LOCAL:
case CFM_CHASSIS_ID_CHASSIS_COMPONENT:
case CFM_CHASSIS_ID_PORT_COMPONENT:
safeputs((const char *)tptr+1, chassis_id_length);
break;
default:
hexdump = TRUE;
break;
}
}
tptr += chassis_id_length;
tlen -= chassis_id_length;
/*
* Check if there is a Management Address.
*/
mgmt_addr_length = *tptr;
if (mgmt_addr_length > tlen) {
hexdump = TRUE;
break;
}
tptr++;
tlen--;
if (mgmt_addr_length) {
hexdump |= cfm_mgmt_addr_print(tptr);
}
tptr += mgmt_addr_length;
tlen -= mgmt_addr_length;
}
break;
/*
* FIXME those are the defined TLVs that lack a decoder
* you are welcome to contribute code ;-)
*/
case CFM_TLV_DATA:
case CFM_TLV_REPLY_INGRESS:
case CFM_TLV_REPLY_EGRESS:
default:
hexdump = TRUE;
break;
}
/* do we want to see an additional hexdump ? */
if (hexdump || vflag > 1)
print_unknown_data(tlv_ptr, "\n\t ", cfm_tlv_len);
tptr+=cfm_tlv_len;
tlen-=cfm_tlv_len;
}
return;
trunc:
printf("\n\t\t packet exceeded snapshot");
}