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from __future__ import unicode_literals
import base64
import datetime
import hashlib
import json
import netrc
import os
import re
import socket
import sys
import time
import xml.etree.ElementTree
from ..compat import (
from ..utils import (
_NO_DEFAULT = object()
class InfoExtractor(object):
"""Information Extractor class.
Information extractors are the classes that, given a URL, extract
information about the video (or videos) the URL refers to. This
information includes the real video URL, the video title, author and
others. The information is stored in a dictionary which is then
passed to the YoutubeDL. The YoutubeDL processes this
information possibly downloading the video to the file system, among
other possible outcomes.
The type field determines the the type of the result.
By far the most common value (and the default if _type is missing) is
"video", which indicates a single video.
For a video, the dictionaries must include the following fields:
id: Video identifier.
title: Video title, unescaped.
Additionally, it must contain either a formats entry or a url one:
formats: A list of dictionaries for each format available, ordered
from worst to best quality.
Potential fields:
* url Mandatory. The URL of the video file
* ext Will be calculated from url if missing
* format A human-readable description of the format
("mp4 container with h264/opus").
Calculated from the format_id, width, height.
and format_note fields if missing.
* format_id A short description of the format
("mp4_h264_opus" or "19").
Technically optional, but strongly recommended.
* format_note Additional info about the format
("3D" or "DASH video")
* width Width of the video, if known
* height Height of the video, if known
* resolution Textual description of width and height
* tbr Average bitrate of audio and video in KBit/s
* abr Average audio bitrate in KBit/s
* acodec Name of the audio codec in use
* asr Audio sampling rate in Hertz
* vbr Average video bitrate in KBit/s
* fps Frame rate
* vcodec Name of the video codec in use
* container Name of the container format
* filesize The number of bytes, if known in advance
* filesize_approx An estimate for the number of bytes
* player_url SWF Player URL (used for rtmpdump).
* protocol The protocol that will be used for the actual
download, lower-case.
"http", "https", "rtsp", "rtmp", "rtmpe",
"m3u8", or "m3u8_native".
* preference Order number of this format. If this field is
present and not None, the formats get sorted
by this field, regardless of all other values.
-1 for default (order by other properties),
-2 or smaller for less than default.
< -1000 to hide the format (if there is
another one which is strictly better)
* language_preference Is this in the correct requested
10 if it's what the URL is about,
-1 for default (don't know),
-10 otherwise, other values reserved for now.
* quality Order number of the video quality of this
format, irrespective of the file format.
-1 for default (order by other properties),
-2 or smaller for less than default.
* source_preference Order number for this video source
(quality takes higher priority)
-1 for default (order by other properties),
-2 or smaller for less than default.
* http_method HTTP method to use for the download.
* http_headers A dictionary of additional HTTP headers
to add to the request.
* http_post_data Additional data to send with a POST
* stretched_ratio If given and not 1, indicates that the
video's pixels are not square.
width : height ratio as float.
* no_resume The server does not support resuming the
(HTTP or RTMP) download. Boolean.
url: Final video URL.
ext: Video filename extension.
format: The video format, defaults to ext (used for --get-format)
player_url: SWF Player URL (used for rtmpdump).
The following fields are optional:
alt_title: A secondary title of the video.
display_id An alternative identifier for the video, not necessarily
unique, but available before title. Typically, id is
something like "4234987", title "Dancing naked mole rats",
and display_id "dancing-naked-mole-rats"
thumbnails: A list of dictionaries, with the following entries:
* "id" (optional, string) - Thumbnail format ID
* "url"
* "preference" (optional, int) - quality of the image
* "width" (optional, int)
* "height" (optional, int)
* "resolution" (optional, string "{width}x{height"},
thumbnail: Full URL to a video thumbnail image.
description: Full video description.
uploader: Full name of the video uploader.
creator: The main artist who created the video.
timestamp: UNIX timestamp of the moment the video became available.
upload_date: Video upload date (YYYYMMDD).
If not explicitly set, calculated from timestamp.
uploader_id: Nickname or id of the video uploader.
location: Physical location where the video was filmed.
subtitles: The available subtitles as a dictionary in the format
{language: subformats}. "subformats" is a list sorted from
lower to higher preference, each element is a dictionary
with the "ext" entry and one of:
* "data": The subtitles file contents
* "url": A url pointing to the subtitles file
automatic_captions: Like 'subtitles', used by the YoutubeIE for
automatically generated captions
duration: Length of the video in seconds, as an integer.
view_count: How many users have watched the video on the platform.
like_count: Number of positive ratings of the video
dislike_count: Number of negative ratings of the video
average_rating: Average rating give by users, the scale used depends on the webpage
comment_count: Number of comments on the video
comments: A list of comments, each with one or more of the following
properties (all but one of text or html optional):
* "author" - human-readable name of the comment author
* "author_id" - user ID of the comment author
* "id" - Comment ID
* "html" - Comment as HTML
* "text" - Plain text of the comment
* "timestamp" - UNIX timestamp of comment
* "parent" - ID of the comment this one is replying to.
Set to "root" to indicate that this is a
comment to the original video.
age_limit: Age restriction for the video, as an integer (years)
webpage_url: The url to the video webpage, if given to youtube-dl it
should allow to get the same result again. (It will be set
by YoutubeDL if it's missing)
categories: A list of categories that the video falls in, for example
["Sports", "Berlin"]
is_live: True, False, or None (=unknown). Whether this video is a
live stream that goes on instead of a fixed-length video.
Unless mentioned otherwise, the fields should be Unicode strings.
Unless mentioned otherwise, None is equivalent to absence of information.
_type "playlist" indicates multiple videos.
There must be a key "entries", which is a list, an iterable, or a PagedList
object, each element of which is a valid dictionary by this specification.
Additionally, playlists can have "title" and "id" attributes with the same
semantics as videos (see above).
_type "multi_video" indicates that there are multiple videos that
form a single show, for examples multiple acts of an opera or TV episode.
It must have an entries key like a playlist and contain all the keys
required for a video at the same time.
_type "url" indicates that the video must be extracted from another
location, possibly by a different extractor. Its only required key is:
"url" - the next URL to extract.
The key "ie_key" can be set to the class name (minus the trailing "IE",
e.g. "Youtube") if the extractor class is known in advance.
Additionally, the dictionary may have any properties of the resolved entity
known in advance, for example "title" if the title of the referred video is
known ahead of time.
_type "url_transparent" entities have the same specification as "url", but
indicate that the given additional information is more precise than the one
associated with the resolved URL.
This is useful when a site employs a video service that hosts the video and
its technical metadata, but that video service does not embed a useful
title, description etc.
Subclasses of this one should re-define the _real_initialize() and
_real_extract() methods and define a _VALID_URL regexp.
Probably, they should also be added to the list of extractors.
Finally, the _WORKING attribute should be set to False for broken IEs
in order to warn the users and skip the tests.
_ready = False
_downloader = None
def __init__(self, downloader=None):
"""Constructor. Receives an optional downloader."""
self._ready = False
def suitable(cls, url):
"""Receives a URL and returns True if suitable for this IE."""
# This does not use has/getattr intentionally - we want to know whether
# we have cached the regexp for *this* class, whereas getattr would also
# match the superclass
if '_VALID_URL_RE' not in cls.__dict__:
cls._VALID_URL_RE = re.compile(cls._VALID_URL)
return cls._VALID_URL_RE.match(url) is not None
def _match_id(cls, url):
if '_VALID_URL_RE' not in cls.__dict__:
cls._VALID_URL_RE = re.compile(cls._VALID_URL)
m = cls._VALID_URL_RE.match(url)
assert m
def working(cls):
"""Getter method for _WORKING."""
return cls._WORKING
def initialize(self):
"""Initializes an instance (authentication, etc)."""
if not self._ready:
self._ready = True
def extract(self, url):
"""Extracts URL information and returns it in list of dicts."""
return self._real_extract(url)
except ExtractorError:
except compat_http_client.IncompleteRead as e:
raise ExtractorError('A network error has occured.', cause=e, expected=True)
except (KeyError, StopIteration) as e:
raise ExtractorError('An extractor error has occured.', cause=e)
def set_downloader(self, downloader):
"""Sets the downloader for this IE."""
self._downloader = downloader
def _real_initialize(self):
"""Real initialization process. Redefine in subclasses."""
def _real_extract(self, url):
"""Real extraction process. Redefine in subclasses."""
def ie_key(cls):
"""A string for getting the InfoExtractor with get_info_extractor"""
return cls.__name__[:-2]
def IE_NAME(self):
return type(self).__name__[:-2]
def _request_webpage(self, url_or_request, video_id, note=None, errnote=None, fatal=True):
""" Returns the response handle """
if note is None:
elif note is not False:
if video_id is None:
self.to_screen('%s' % (note,))
self.to_screen('%s: %s' % (video_id, note))
return self._downloader.urlopen(url_or_request)
except (compat_urllib_error.URLError, compat_http_client.HTTPException, socket.error) as err:
if errnote is False:
return False
if errnote is None:
errnote = 'Unable to download webpage'
errmsg = '%s: %s' % (errnote, compat_str(err))
if fatal:
raise ExtractorError(errmsg, sys.exc_info()[2], cause=err)
return False
def _download_webpage_handle(self, url_or_request, video_id, note=None, errnote=None, fatal=True):
""" Returns a tuple (page content as string, URL handle) """
# Strip hashes from the URL (#1038)
if isinstance(url_or_request, (compat_str, str)):
url_or_request = url_or_request.partition('#')[0]
urlh = self._request_webpage(url_or_request, video_id, note, errnote, fatal)
if urlh is False:
assert not fatal
return False
content = self._webpage_read_content(urlh, url_or_request, video_id, note, errnote, fatal)
return (content, urlh)
def _webpage_read_content(self, urlh, url_or_request, video_id, note=None, errnote=None, fatal=True, prefix=None):
content_type = urlh.headers.get('Content-Type', '')
webpage_bytes =
if prefix is not None:
webpage_bytes = prefix + webpage_bytes
m = re.match(r'[a-zA-Z0-9_.-]+/[a-zA-Z0-9_.-]+\s*;\s*charset=(.+)', content_type)
if m:
encoding =
m ='<meta[^>]+charset=[\'"]?([^\'")]+)[ /\'">]',
if m:
encoding ='ascii')
elif webpage_bytes.startswith(b'\xff\xfe'):
encoding = 'utf-16'
encoding = 'utf-8'
if self._downloader.params.get('dump_intermediate_pages', False):
url = url_or_request.get_full_url()
except AttributeError:
url = url_or_request
self.to_screen('Dumping request to ' + url)
dump = base64.b64encode(webpage_bytes).decode('ascii')
if self._downloader.params.get('write_pages', False):
url = url_or_request.get_full_url()
except AttributeError:
url = url_or_request
basen = '%s_%s' % (video_id, url)
if len(basen) > 240:
h = '___' + hashlib.md5(basen.encode('utf-8')).hexdigest()
basen = basen[:240 - len(h)] + h
raw_filename = basen + '.dump'
filename = sanitize_filename(raw_filename, restricted=True)
self.to_screen('Saving request to ' + filename)
# Working around MAX_PATH limitation on Windows (see
if == 'nt':
absfilepath = os.path.abspath(filename)
if len(absfilepath) > 259:
filename = '\\\\?\\' + absfilepath
with open(filename, 'wb') as outf:
content = webpage_bytes.decode(encoding, 'replace')
except LookupError:
content = webpage_bytes.decode('utf-8', 'replace')
if ('<title>Access to this site is blocked</title>' in content and
'Websense' in content[:512]):
msg = 'Access to this webpage has been blocked by Websense filtering software in your network.'
blocked_iframe = self._html_search_regex(
r'<iframe src="([^"]+)"', content,
'Websense information URL', default=None)
if blocked_iframe:
msg += ' Visit %s for more details' % blocked_iframe
raise ExtractorError(msg, expected=True)
if '<title>The URL you requested has been blocked</title>' in content[:512]:
msg = (
'Access to this webpage has been blocked by Indian censorship. '
'Use a VPN or proxy server (with --proxy) to route around it.')
block_msg = self._html_search_regex(
content, 'block message', default=None)
if block_msg:
msg += ' (Message: "%s")' % block_msg.replace('\n', ' ')
raise ExtractorError(msg, expected=True)
return content
def _download_webpage(self, url_or_request, video_id, note=None, errnote=None, fatal=True, tries=1, timeout=5):
""" Returns the data of the page as a string """
success = False
try_count = 0
while success is False:
res = self._download_webpage_handle(url_or_request, video_id, note, errnote, fatal)
success = True
except compat_http_client.IncompleteRead as e:
try_count += 1
if try_count >= tries:
raise e
self._sleep(timeout, video_id)
if res is False:
return res
content, _ = res
return content
def _download_xml(self, url_or_request, video_id,
note='Downloading XML', errnote='Unable to download XML',
transform_source=None, fatal=True):
"""Return the xml as an xml.etree.ElementTree.Element"""
xml_string = self._download_webpage(
url_or_request, video_id, note, errnote, fatal=fatal)
if xml_string is False:
return xml_string
if transform_source:
xml_string = transform_source(xml_string)
return xml.etree.ElementTree.fromstring(xml_string.encode('utf-8'))
def _download_json(self, url_or_request, video_id,
note='Downloading JSON metadata',
errnote='Unable to download JSON metadata',
json_string = self._download_webpage(
url_or_request, video_id, note, errnote, fatal=fatal)
if (not fatal) and json_string is False:
return None
return self._parse_json(
json_string, video_id, transform_source=transform_source, fatal=fatal)
def _parse_json(self, json_string, video_id, transform_source=None, fatal=True):
if transform_source:
json_string = transform_source(json_string)
return json.loads(json_string)
except ValueError as ve:
errmsg = '%s: Failed to parse JSON ' % video_id
if fatal:
raise ExtractorError(errmsg, cause=ve)
self.report_warning(errmsg + str(ve))
def report_warning(self, msg, video_id=None):
idstr = '' if video_id is None else '%s: ' % video_id
'[%s] %s%s' % (self.IE_NAME, idstr, msg))
def to_screen(self, msg):
"""Print msg to screen, prefixing it with '[ie_name]'"""
self._downloader.to_screen('[%s] %s' % (self.IE_NAME, msg))
def report_extraction(self, id_or_name):
"""Report information extraction."""
self.to_screen('%s: Extracting information' % id_or_name)
def report_download_webpage(self, video_id):
"""Report webpage download."""
self.to_screen('%s: Downloading webpage' % video_id)
def report_age_confirmation(self):
"""Report attempt to confirm age."""
self.to_screen('Confirming age')
def report_login(self):
"""Report attempt to log in."""
self.to_screen('Logging in')
# Methods for following #608
def url_result(url, ie=None, video_id=None):
"""Returns a url that points to a page that should be processed"""
# TODO: ie should be the class used for getting the info
video_info = {'_type': 'url',
'url': url,
'ie_key': ie}
if video_id is not None:
video_info['id'] = video_id
return video_info
def playlist_result(entries, playlist_id=None, playlist_title=None, playlist_description=None):
"""Returns a playlist"""
video_info = {'_type': 'playlist',
'entries': entries}
if playlist_id:
video_info['id'] = playlist_id
if playlist_title:
video_info['title'] = playlist_title
if playlist_description:
video_info['description'] = playlist_description
return video_info
def _search_regex(self, pattern, string, name, default=_NO_DEFAULT, fatal=True, flags=0, group=None):
Perform a regex search on the given string, using a single or a list of
patterns returning the first matching group.
In case of failure return a default value or raise a WARNING or a
RegexNotFoundError, depending on fatal, specifying the field name.
if isinstance(pattern, (str, compat_str, compiled_regex_type)):
mobj =, string, flags)
for p in pattern:
mobj =, string, flags)
if mobj:
if not self._downloader.params.get('no_color') and != 'nt' and sys.stderr.isatty():
_name = '\033[0;34m%s\033[0m' % name
_name = name
if mobj:
if group is None:
# return the first matching group
return next(g for g in mobj.groups() if g is not None)
elif default is not _NO_DEFAULT:
return default
elif fatal:
raise RegexNotFoundError('Unable to extract %s' % _name)
self._downloader.report_warning('unable to extract %s; '
'please report this issue on' % _name)
return None
def _html_search_regex(self, pattern, string, name, default=_NO_DEFAULT, fatal=True, flags=0, group=None):
Like _search_regex, but strips HTML tags and unescapes entities.
res = self._search_regex(pattern, string, name, default, fatal, flags, group)
if res:
return clean_html(res).strip()
return res
def _get_login_info(self):
Get the the login info as (username, password)
It will look in the netrc file using the _NETRC_MACHINE value
If there's no info available, return (None, None)
if self._downloader is None:
return (None, None)
username = None
password = None
downloader_params = self._downloader.params
# Attempt to use provided username and password or .netrc data
if downloader_params.get('username', None) is not None:
username = downloader_params['username']
password = downloader_params['password']
elif downloader_params.get('usenetrc', False):
info = netrc.netrc().authenticators(self._NETRC_MACHINE)
if info is not None:
username = info[0]
password = info[2]
raise netrc.NetrcParseError('No authenticators for %s' % self._NETRC_MACHINE)
except (IOError, netrc.NetrcParseError) as err:
self._downloader.report_warning('parsing .netrc: %s' % compat_str(err))
return (username, password)
def _get_tfa_info(self):
Get the two-factor authentication info
TODO - asking the user will be required for sms/phone verify
currently just uses the command line option
If there's no info available, return None
if self._downloader is None:
return None
downloader_params = self._downloader.params
if downloader_params.get('twofactor', None) is not None:
return downloader_params['twofactor']
return None
# Helper functions for extracting OpenGraph info
def _og_regexes(prop):
content_re = r'content=(?:"([^>]+?)"|\'([^>]+?)\')'
property_re = r'(?:name|property)=[\'"]og:%s[\'"]' % re.escape(prop)
template = r'<meta[^>]+?%s[^>]+?%s'
return [
template % (property_re, content_re),
template % (content_re, property_re),
def _og_search_property(self, prop, html, name=None, **kargs):
if name is None:
name = 'OpenGraph %s' % prop
escaped = self._search_regex(self._og_regexes(prop), html, name, flags=re.DOTALL, **kargs)
if escaped is None:
return None
return unescapeHTML(escaped)
def _og_search_thumbnail(self, html, **kargs):
return self._og_search_property('image', html, 'thumbnail url', fatal=False, **kargs)
def _og_search_description(self, html, **kargs):
return self._og_search_property('description', html, fatal=False, **kargs)
def _og_search_title(self, html, **kargs):
return self._og_search_property('title', html, **kargs)
def _og_search_video_url(self, html, name='video url', secure=True, **kargs):
regexes = self._og_regexes('video') + self._og_regexes('video:url')
if secure:
regexes = self._og_regexes('video:secure_url') + regexes
return self._html_search_regex(regexes, html, name, **kargs)
def _og_search_url(self, html, **kargs):
return self._og_search_property('url', html, **kargs)
def _html_search_meta(self, name, html, display_name=None, fatal=False, **kwargs):
if display_name is None:
display_name = name
return self._html_search_regex(
[^>]+?content=(["\'])(?P<content>.*?)\2''' % re.escape(name),
html, display_name, fatal=fatal, group='content', **kwargs)
def _dc_search_uploader(self, html):
return self._html_search_meta('dc.creator', html, 'uploader')
def _rta_search(self, html):
# See
r' content="RTA-5042-1996-1400-1577-RTA"',
return 18
return 0
def _media_rating_search(self, html):
# See
rating = self._html_search_meta('rating', html)
if not rating:
return None
'safe for kids': 0,
'general': 8,
'14 years': 14,
'mature': 17,
'restricted': 19,
return RATING_TABLE.get(rating.lower(), None)
def _family_friendly_search(self, html):
# See
family_friendly = self._html_search_meta('isFamilyFriendly', html)
if not family_friendly:
return None
'1': 0,
'true': 0,
'0': 18,
'false': 18,
return RATING_TABLE.get(family_friendly.lower(), None)
def _twitter_search_player(self, html):
return self._html_search_meta('twitter:player', html,
'twitter card player')
def _sort_formats(self, formats):
if not formats:
raise ExtractorError('No video formats found')
def _formats_key(f):
# TODO remove the following workaround
from ..utils import determine_ext
if not f.get('ext') and 'url' in f:
f['ext'] = determine_ext(f['url'])
preference = f.get('preference')
if preference is None:
proto = f.get('protocol')
if proto is None:
proto = compat_urllib_parse_urlparse(f.get('url', '')).scheme
preference = 0 if proto in ['http', 'https'] else -0.1
if f.get('ext') in ['f4f', 'f4m']: # Not yet supported
preference -= 0.5
if f.get('vcodec') == 'none': # audio only
if self._downloader.params.get('prefer_free_formats'):
ORDER = ['aac', 'mp3', 'm4a', 'webm', 'ogg', 'opus']
ORDER = ['webm', 'opus', 'ogg', 'mp3', 'aac', 'm4a']
ext_preference = 0
audio_ext_preference = ORDER.index(f['ext'])
except ValueError:
audio_ext_preference = -1
if self._downloader.params.get('prefer_free_formats'):
ORDER = ['flv', 'mp4', 'webm']
ORDER = ['webm', 'flv', 'mp4']
ext_preference = ORDER.index(f['ext'])
except ValueError:
ext_preference = -1
audio_ext_preference = 0
return (
f.get('language_preference') if f.get('language_preference') is not None else -1,
f.get('quality') if f.get('quality') is not None else -1,
f.get('tbr') if f.get('tbr') is not None else -1,
f.get('filesize') if f.get('filesize') is not None else -1,
f.get('vbr') if f.get('vbr') is not None else -1,
f.get('height') if f.get('height') is not None else -1,
f.get('width') if f.get('width') is not None else -1,
f.get('abr') if f.get('abr') is not None else -1,
f.get('fps') if f.get('fps') is not None else -1,
f.get('filesize_approx') if f.get('filesize_approx') is not None else -1,
f.get('source_preference') if f.get('source_preference') is not None else -1,
def _check_formats(self, formats, video_id):
if formats:
formats[:] = filter(
lambda f: self._is_valid_url(
f['url'], video_id,
item='%s video format' % f.get('format_id') if f.get('format_id') else 'video'),
def _is_valid_url(self, url, video_id, item='video'):
url = self._proto_relative_url(url, scheme='http:')
# For now assume non HTTP(S) URLs always valid
if not (url.startswith('http://') or url.startswith('https://')):
return True
self._request_webpage(url, video_id, 'Checking %s URL' % item)
return True
except ExtractorError as e:
if isinstance(e.cause, compat_HTTPError):
'%s URL is invalid, skipping' % item, video_id)
return False
def http_scheme(self):
""" Either "http:" or "https:", depending on the user's preferences """
return (
if self._downloader.params.get('prefer_insecure', False)
else 'https:')
def _proto_relative_url(self, url, scheme=None):
if url is None:
return url
if url.startswith('//'):
if scheme is None:
scheme = self.http_scheme()
return scheme + url
return url
def _sleep(self, timeout, video_id, msg_template=None):
if msg_template is None:
msg_template = '%(video_id)s: Waiting for %(timeout)s seconds'
msg = msg_template % {'video_id': video_id, 'timeout': timeout}
def _extract_f4m_formats(self, manifest_url, video_id, preference=None, f4m_id=None):
manifest = self._download_xml(
manifest_url, video_id, 'Downloading f4m manifest',
'Unable to download f4m manifest')
formats = []
manifest_version = '1.0'
media_nodes = manifest.findall('{}media')
if not media_nodes:
manifest_version = '2.0'
media_nodes = manifest.findall('{}media')
for i, media_el in enumerate(media_nodes):
if manifest_version == '2.0':
manifest_url = ('/'.join(manifest_url.split('/')[:-1]) + '/' +
(media_el.attrib.get('href') or media_el.attrib.get('url')))
tbr = int_or_none(media_el.attrib.get('bitrate'))
'format_id': '-'.join(filter(None, [f4m_id, 'f4m-%d' % (i if tbr is None else tbr)])),
'url': manifest_url,
'ext': 'flv',
'tbr': tbr,
'width': int_or_none(media_el.attrib.get('width')),
'height': int_or_none(media_el.attrib.get('height')),
'preference': preference,
return formats
def _extract_m3u8_formats(self, m3u8_url, video_id, ext=None,
entry_protocol='m3u8', preference=None,
formats = [{
'format_id': '-'.join(filter(None, [m3u8_id, 'm3u8-meta'])),
'url': m3u8_url,
'ext': ext,
'protocol': 'm3u8',
'preference': preference - 1 if preference else -1,
'resolution': 'multiple',
'format_note': 'Quality selection URL',
format_url = lambda u: (
if re.match(r'^https?://', u)
else compat_urlparse.urljoin(m3u8_url, u))
m3u8_doc = self._download_webpage(
m3u8_url, video_id,
note='Downloading m3u8 information',
errnote='Failed to download m3u8 information')
last_info = None
last_media = None
kv_rex = re.compile(
for line in m3u8_doc.splitlines():
if line.startswith('#EXT-X-STREAM-INF:'):
last_info = {}
for m in kv_rex.finditer(line):
v ='val')
if v.startswith('"'):
v = v[1:-1]
last_info['key')] = v
elif line.startswith('#EXT-X-MEDIA:'):
last_media = {}
for m in kv_rex.finditer(line):
v ='val')
if v.startswith('"'):
v = v[1:-1]
last_media['key')] = v
elif line.startswith('#') or not line.strip():
if last_info is None:
formats.append({'url': format_url(line)})
tbr = int_or_none(last_info.get('BANDWIDTH'), scale=1000)
f = {
'format_id': '-'.join(filter(None, [m3u8_id, 'm3u8-%d' % (tbr if tbr else len(formats))])),
'url': format_url(line.strip()),
'tbr': tbr,
'ext': ext,
'protocol': entry_protocol,
'preference': preference,
codecs = last_info.get('CODECS')
if codecs:
# TODO: looks like video codec is not always necessarily goes first
va_codecs = codecs.split(',')
if va_codecs[0]:
f['vcodec'] = va_codecs[0].partition('.')[0]
if len(va_codecs) > 1 and va_codecs[1]:
f['acodec'] = va_codecs[1].partition('.')[0]
resolution = last_info.get('RESOLUTION')
if resolution:
width_str, height_str = resolution.split('x')
f['width'] = int(width_str)
f['height'] = int(height_str)
if last_media is not None:
f['m3u8_media'] = last_media
last_media = None
last_info = {}
return formats
# TODO: improve extraction
def _extract_smil_formats(self, smil_url, video_id, fatal=True):
smil = self._download_xml(
smil_url, video_id, 'Downloading SMIL file',
'Unable to download SMIL file', fatal=fatal)
if smil is False:
assert not fatal
return []
base = smil.find('./head/meta').get('base')
formats = []
rtmp_count = 0
if smil.findall('./body/seq/video'):
video = smil.findall('./body/seq/video')[0]
fmts, rtmp_count = self._parse_smil_video(video, video_id, base, rtmp_count)
for video in smil.findall('./body/switch/video'):
fmts, rtmp_count = self._parse_smil_video(video, video_id, base, rtmp_count)
return formats
def _parse_smil_video(self, video, video_id, base, rtmp_count):
src = video.get('src')
if not src:
return ([], rtmp_count)
bitrate = int_or_none(video.get('system-bitrate') or video.get('systemBitrate'), 1000)
width = int_or_none(video.get('width'))
height = int_or_none(video.get('height'))
proto = video.get('proto')
if not proto:
if base:
if base.startswith('rtmp'):
proto = 'rtmp'
elif base.startswith('http'):
proto = 'http'
ext = video.get('ext')
if proto == 'm3u8':
return (self._extract_m3u8_formats(src, video_id, ext), rtmp_count)
elif proto == 'rtmp':
rtmp_count += 1
streamer = video.get('streamer') or base
return ([{
'url': streamer,
'play_path': src,
'ext': 'flv',
'format_id': 'rtmp-%d' % (rtmp_count if bitrate is None else bitrate),
'tbr': bitrate,
'width': width,
'height': height,
}], rtmp_count)
elif proto.startswith('http'):
return ([{
'url': base + src,
'ext': ext or 'flv',
'tbr': bitrate,
'width': width,
'height': height,
}], rtmp_count)
def _live_title(self, name):
""" Generate the title for a live video """
now =
now_str = now.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M")
return name + ' ' + now_str
def _int(self, v, name, fatal=False, **kwargs):
res = int_or_none(v, **kwargs)
if 'get_attr' in kwargs:
print(getattr(v, kwargs['get_attr']))
if res is None:
msg = 'Failed to extract %s: Could not parse value %r' % (name, v)
if fatal:
raise ExtractorError(msg)
return res
def _float(self, v, name, fatal=False, **kwargs):
res = float_or_none(v, **kwargs)
if res is None:
msg = 'Failed to extract %s: Could not parse value %r' % (name, v)
if fatal:
raise ExtractorError(msg)
return res
def _set_cookie(self, domain, name, value, expire_time=None):
cookie = compat_cookiejar.Cookie(
0, name, value, None, None, domain, None,
None, '/', True, False, expire_time, '', None, None, None)
def get_testcases(self, include_onlymatching=False):
t = getattr(self, '_TEST', None)
if t:
assert not hasattr(self, '_TESTS'), \
'%s has _TEST and _TESTS' % type(self).__name__
tests = [t]
tests = getattr(self, '_TESTS', [])
for t in tests:
if not include_onlymatching and t.get('only_matching', False):
t['name'] = type(self).__name__[:-len('IE')]
yield t
def is_suitable(self, age_limit):
""" Test whether the extractor is generally suitable for the given
age limit (i.e. pornographic sites are not, all others usually are) """
any_restricted = False
for tc in self.get_testcases(include_onlymatching=False):
if 'playlist' in tc:
tc = tc['playlist'][0]
is_restricted = age_restricted(
tc.get('info_dict', {}).get('age_limit'), age_limit)
if not is_restricted:
return True
any_restricted = any_restricted or is_restricted
return not any_restricted
def extract_subtitles(self, *args, **kwargs):
if (self._downloader.params.get('writesubtitles', False) or
return self._get_subtitles(*args, **kwargs)
return {}
def _get_subtitles(self, *args, **kwargs):
raise NotImplementedError("This method must be implemented by subclasses")
def extract_automatic_captions(self, *args, **kwargs):
if (self._downloader.params.get('writeautomaticsub', False) or
return self._get_automatic_captions(*args, **kwargs)
return {}
def _get_automatic_captions(self, *args, **kwargs):
raise NotImplementedError("This method must be implemented by subclasses")
class SearchInfoExtractor(InfoExtractor):
Base class for paged search queries extractors.
They accept urls in the format _SEARCH_KEY(|all|[0-9]):{query}
Instances should define _SEARCH_KEY and _MAX_RESULTS.
def _make_valid_url(cls):
return r'%s(?P<prefix>|[1-9][0-9]*|all):(?P<query>[\s\S]+)' % cls._SEARCH_KEY
def suitable(cls, url):
return re.match(cls._make_valid_url(), url) is not None
def _real_extract(self, query):
mobj = re.match(self._make_valid_url(), query)
if mobj is None:
raise ExtractorError('Invalid search query "%s"' % query)
prefix ='prefix')
query ='query')
if prefix == '':
return self._get_n_results(query, 1)
elif prefix == 'all':
return self._get_n_results(query, self._MAX_RESULTS)
n = int(prefix)
if n <= 0:
raise ExtractorError('invalid download number %s for query "%s"' % (n, query))
elif n > self._MAX_RESULTS:
self._downloader.report_warning('%s returns max %i results (you requested %i)' % (self._SEARCH_KEY, self._MAX_RESULTS, n))
n = self._MAX_RESULTS
return self._get_n_results(query, n)
def _get_n_results(self, query, n):
"""Get a specified number of results for a query"""
raise NotImplementedError("This method must be implemented by subclasses")
def SEARCH_KEY(self):
return self._SEARCH_KEY
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