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MAINT: in integrate.ode, generate understandable error for f2py issue.

Closes ticket 1187.  Note that this cannot be tested without a warning message
being printed by vodemodule.c, even when redirecting stderr::

    import sys
    from scipy import integrate

    class RedirectStdStreams(object):
        def __init__(self, stdout=None, stderr=None):
            self._stdout = stdout or sys.stdout
            self._stderr = stderr or sys.stderr

        def __enter__(self):
            self.old_stdout, self.old_stderr = sys.stdout, sys.stderr
            self.old_stdout.flush(); self.old_stderr.flush()
            sys.stdout, sys.stderr = self._stdout, self._stderr

        def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_value, traceback):
            self._stdout.flush(); self._stderr.flush()
            sys.stdout = self.old_stdout

    y0, t0 = [1.0j, 2.0], 0
    def f(t, y, arg1):
        return (1j*arg1*y[0] + y[1], -arg1*y[1]**2)

    def jac(t, y, arg1):
        return [[1j*arg1, 1], [0, -arg1*2*y[1]]]

    with RedirectStdStreams():
        r = integrate.ode(f, jac).set_integrator('zvode', method='bdf', with_jacobian=True)
        r.set_initial_value(y0, t0).set_f_params(2.0).set_jac_params(2.0)
        t1 = 10
        dt = 1
        while r.successful() and r.t < t1:
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commit d567f7931d10c2880f0bf969c0547e63701fa625 1 parent a0c0a2a
@rgommers authored
Showing with 10 additions and 3 deletions.
  1. +10 −3 scipy/integrate/
13 scipy/integrate/
@@ -109,6 +109,7 @@ class ode(object):
f : callable ``f(t, y, *f_args)``
Rhs of the equation. t is a scalar, ``y.shape == (n,)``.
``f_args`` is set by calling ``set_f_params(*args)``.
+ `f` should return a scalar, array or list (not a tuple).
jac : callable ``jac(t, y, *jac_args)``
Jacobian of the rhs, ``jac[i,j] = d f[i] / d y[j]``.
``jac_args`` is set by calling ``set_f_params(*args)``.
@@ -376,9 +377,15 @@ def integrate(self, t, step=0, relax=0):
mth = self._integrator.run_relax
mth =
- self._y, self.t = mth(self.f, self.jac or (lambda: None),
- self._y, self.t, t,
- self.f_params, self.jac_params)
+ try:
+ self._y, self.t = mth(self.f, self.jac or (lambda: None),
+ self._y, self.t, t,
+ self.f_params, self.jac_params)
+ except SystemError:
+ # f2py issue with tuple returns, see ticket 1187.
+ raise ValueError('Function to integrate must not return a tuple.')
return self._y
def successful(self):
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