AutoValue Extension to add Gson De/Serializer support
Latest commit 5ced90a Feb 17, 2017 @hzsweers hzsweers committed on GitHub Merge pull request #116 from gabrielittner/master
set auto-service dependency to compileOnly

AutoValue: Gson Extension

Build Status

An extension for Google's AutoValue that creates a simple Gson TypeAdapterFactory for each AutoValue annotated object.


Simply include auto-value-gson in your project and add a public static method to your @AutoValue annotated class returning a TypeAdapter. You can also annotate your properties using @SerializedName to define an alternate name for de/serialization.

@AutoValue public abstract class Foo {
  abstract String bar();
  @SerializedName("Baz") abstract String baz();
  abstract int quux();
  abstract String with_underscores();

  // The public static method returning a TypeAdapter<Foo> is what
  // tells auto-value-gson to create a TypeAdapter for Foo.
  public static TypeAdapter<Foo> typeAdapter(Gson gson) {
    return new AutoValue_Foo.GsonTypeAdapter(gson)
      // You can set custom default values

Now build your project and de/serialize your Foo.

The TypeAdapter

To trigger TypeAdapter generation, you need include a non-private static factory method that accepts a Gson parameter and returns a TypeAdapter for your AutoValue type. From within this method you can instantiate a new GsonTypeAdapter which will have been generated as an inner class of your AutoValue generated implementation.

@AutoValue public abstract class Foo {
  // properties...

  public static TypeAdapter<Foo> typeAdapter(Gson gson) {
    return new AutoValue_Foo.GsonTypeAdapter(gson);

Generics support

If your annotated class uses generics, you'll have to modify your static method a little so AutoValue will know how to generate an appropriate adapter. Simply add a TypeToken parameter and pass it to the generated GsonTypeAdapter class.

To have support for fields with generic parameters (eg. List<B>) you need to upgrade your Gson dependency to at least 2.8.0, which introduces the helper TypeToken.getParameterized() see Gson Changelog.

@AutoValue public abstract class Foo<A, B, C> {

  abstract A data();
  abstract List<B> dataList();
  abstract Map<String, List<C>> dataMap();

  public static <A, B, C> TypeAdapter<Foo<A, B, C>> typeAdapter(Gson gson,
      TypeToken<? extends Foo<A, B, C>> typeToken) {
    return new AutoValue_Foo.GsonTypeAdapter(gson, typeToken);


Optionally, auto-value-gson can create a single TypeAdapterFactory so that you don't have to add each generated TypeAdapter to your Gson instance manually.

To generate a TypeAdapterFactory for all of your auto-value-gson classes, simply create an abstract class that implements TypeAdapterFactory and annotate it with @GsonTypeAdapterFactory, and auto-value-gson will create an implementation for you. You simply need to provide a static factory method, just like your AutoValue classes, and you can use the generated TypeAdapterFactory to help Gson de/serialize your types.

public abstract class MyAdapterFactory implements TypeAdapterFactory {

  // Static factory method to access the package
  // private generated implementation
  public static TypeAdapterFactory create() {
    return new AutoValueGson_MyAdapterFactory();


Then you simply need to register the Factory with Gson.

Gson gson = new GsonBuilder()

Compiler options

autovaluegson.defaultCollectionsToEmpty - If specified, maps/collections will default to their empty types (e.g. List -> Collections.emptyList()). Value is true or false.

apt {
 arguments {
   autovaluegson.defaultCollectionsToEmpty 'true'


Add a Gradle dependency to the apt and provided configuration.

apt ''
provided ''

(Using the android-apt plugin)

Snapshots of the latest development version are available in Sonatype's snapshots repository.

You will also need a normal runtime dependency for gson itself.

compile ''


Copyright 2015 Ryan Harter.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.