News Management System
Ruby CoffeeScript JavaScript
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README.rdoc

News Management System

This is a simple web application for managing news archive locally or manage and keep your online news before going online. Developed with ruby on rails and mongodb.

This web application is perfect for any printed mass media company(newspaper, magazines, etc) and any news websites company. which requires their journalists to work dynamicly. This application will enable them to manage and update their works anytime, anywhere via internet browser or smartphone devices(iPhone, iPad, android devices, blackberry devices, windows phones).

This web application is released under The MIT license.

Current Features

  1. Currently available in Bahasa Indonesia only.

  2. Users with manageable assigned roles(still in development).

  3. Manage news publishing with editor approval.

  4. Currently only allow 1 photo per news (and 1 auto-generated thumbnail version of the original photo).

  5. News Dashboard, News archive statistics based on category, yearly, monthly, and daily statistics, recent news, recent published news.

  6. Statistics on charts (to feast your eyes with some beautiful chart from MorrisJs).

  7. Web browser friendly (untested on Internet Explorer 6) :p.

  8. Responsive design, smartphone friendly (iPhone, iPad, all android devices, all blackberry devices, latest Windows phones).

Technology stacks

  1. Ruby V.1.9.3p327 (2012-11-10 revision 37606).

  2. Ruby On Rails V.3.2.9. An open-source web framework that doesn't hurt and keeps you happy. rubyonrails.org

  3. Mongodb-10gen V.2.2.3. A scalable, high-performance, open source NoSQL database. www.mongodb.org.

  4. Mongoid ORM(Object Relational Mapping). www.mongoid.org.

  5. Twitter bootstrap V.2.2.1(twitter-bootstrap-rails). Web front-end framework from twitter. twitter.github.com/bootstrap/.

  6. Devise. Authentication library for rails.

  7. MorrisJs. Some eye candy charts. www.oesmith.co.uk/morris.js/

  8. RaphaelJs. Javascript library for simplifying vector graphics on the web. raphaeljs.com.

How to install

Note: I highly recommend that you use Mac OS or linux(preferably ubuntu) platform for development and production server.

My development server is ubuntu.
  1. Install Ruby via rbenv. Follow instructions here github.com/sstephenson/rbenv/#installation

  2. Install Ruby gem. See instructions here. rubygems.org/pages/download

  3. Install Ruby On Rails(will automatically installed when running point no.. Look below for Ruby on rails introductions.

  4. Install Mongodb-10gen. Follow installation instructions on various platform here docs.mongodb.org/manual/installation/ Use homebrew on mac, on terminal console, run : homebrew install mongodb

  5. Go to your local web server(Apache, Nginx) development directory.

  6. Install Git(if you don't have it on your system). Install instructions. help.github.com/articles/set-up-git and git-scm.com/downloads.

  7. run this on that directory: git clone git://github.com/riandrea/nms.git

  8. change to the directory, on your terminal console, run: cd nms

  9. run bundle install to install and setup everything on the Gemfile: bundle install or sudo bundle install if needed(usually on linux environment).

  10. Please edit the database configuration on config/mongoid.yml in your local directory according to your settings.

  11. There is a posibility of an un-used controller(s) still exist. feel free to remove them.

  12. run this command to start the application on development server:

<tt>rails s</tt>
press ctrl+c if you want to stop the server.
<tt>rails c</tt> to open the ruby on rails console
  1. Open localhost:3000 on your browser. enjoy!

Attention!!

  • See The LICENSE : LICENSE.md.

  • Feel free to use, distribute, and please Fork to contribute. I'm always open to suggestions.

  • Probably thousands of high quality coffee beans have died and dozens of beer cans have been recycled in the creation of this application.

Installing Ruby On Rails

Rails is a web-application framework that includes everything needed to create database-backed web applications according to the Model-View-Control pattern.

This pattern splits the view (also called the presentation) into “dumb” templates that are primarily responsible for inserting pre-built data in between HTML tags. The model contains the “smart” domain objects (such as Account, Product, Person, Post) that holds all the business logic and knows how to persist themselves to a database. The controller handles the incoming requests (such as Save New Account, Update Product, Show Post) by manipulating the model and directing data to the view.

In Rails, the model is handled by what's called an object-relational mapping layer entitled Active Record. This layer allows you to present the data from database rows as objects and embellish these data objects with business logic methods. You can read more about Active Record in files/vendor/rails/activerecord/README.html.

The controller and view are handled by the Action Pack, which handles both layers by its two parts: Action View and Action Controller. These two layers are bundled in a single package due to their heavy interdependence. This is unlike the relationship between the Active Record and Action Pack that is much more separate. Each of these packages can be used independently outside of Rails. You can read more about Action Pack in files/vendor/rails/actionpack/README.html.

Getting Started

  1. At the command prompt, create a new Rails application:

    <tt>rails new myapp</tt> (where <tt>myapp</tt> is the application name)
  2. Change directory to myapp and start the web server:

    <tt>cd myapp; rails server</tt> (run with --help for options)
  3. Go to localhost:3000/ and you'll see:

    "Welcome aboard: You're riding Ruby on Rails!"
  4. Follow the guidelines to start developing your application. You can find

the following resources handy:

Debugging Rails

Sometimes your application goes wrong. Fortunately there are a lot of tools that will help you debug it and get it back on the rails.

First area to check is the application log files. Have “tail -f” commands running on the server.log and development.log. Rails will automatically display debugging and runtime information to these files. Debugging info will also be shown in the browser on requests from 127.0.0.1.

You can also log your own messages directly into the log file from your code using the Ruby logger class from inside your controllers. Example:

class WeblogController < ActionController::Base
  def destroy
    @weblog = Weblog.find(params[:id])
    @weblog.destroy
    logger.info("#{Time.now} Destroyed Weblog ID ##{@weblog.id}!")
  end
end

The result will be a message in your log file along the lines of:

Mon Oct 08 14:22:29 +1000 2007 Destroyed Weblog ID #1!

More information on how to use the logger is at www.ruby-doc.org/core/

Also, Ruby documentation can be found at www.ruby-lang.org/. There are several books available online as well:

These two books will bring you up to speed on the Ruby language and also on programming in general.

Debugger

Debugger support is available through the debugger command when you start your Mongrel or WEBrick server with –debugger. This means that you can break out of execution at any point in the code, investigate and change the model, and then, resume execution! You need to install ruby-debug to run the server in debugging mode. With gems, use sudo gem install ruby-debug. Example:

class WeblogController < ActionController::Base
  def index
    @posts = Post.all
    debugger
  end
end

So the controller will accept the action, run the first line, then present you with a IRB prompt in the server window. Here you can do things like:

>> @posts.inspect
=> "[#<Post:0x14a6be8
        @attributes={"title"=>nil, "body"=>nil, "id"=>"1"}>,
     #<Post:0x14a6620
        @attributes={"title"=>"Rails", "body"=>"Only ten..", "id"=>"2"}>]"
>> @posts.first.title = "hello from a debugger"
=> "hello from a debugger"

…and even better, you can examine how your runtime objects actually work:

>> f = @posts.first
=> #<Post:0x13630c4 @attributes={"title"=>nil, "body"=>nil, "id"=>"1"}>
>> f.
Display all 152 possibilities? (y or n)

Finally, when you're ready to resume execution, you can enter “cont”.

Console

The console is a Ruby shell, which allows you to interact with your application's domain model. Here you'll have all parts of the application configured, just like it is when the application is running. You can inspect domain models, change values, and save to the database. Starting the script without arguments will launch it in the development environment.

To start the console, run rails console from the application directory.

Options:

  • Passing the -s, --sandbox argument will rollback any modifications made to the database.

  • Passing an environment name as an argument will load the corresponding environment. Example: rails console production.

To reload your controllers and models after launching the console run reload!

More information about irb can be found at: http://www.rubycentral.org/pickaxe/irb.html

dbconsole

You can go to the command line of your database directly through rails dbconsole. You would be connected to the database with the credentials defined in database.yml. Starting the script without arguments will connect you to the development database. Passing an argument will connect you to a different database, like rails dbconsole production. Currently works for MySQL, PostgreSQL and SQLite 3.

Description of Contents

The default directory structure of a generated Ruby on Rails application:

|-- app
|   |-- assets
|       |-- images
|       |-- javascripts
|       `-- stylesheets
|   |-- controllers
|   |-- helpers
|   |-- mailers
|   |-- models
|   `-- views
|       `-- layouts
|-- config
|   |-- environments
|   |-- initializers
|   `-- locales
|-- db
|-- doc
|-- lib
|   `-- tasks
|-- log
|-- public
|-- script
|-- test
|   |-- fixtures
|   |-- functional
|   |-- integration
|   |-- performance
|   `-- unit
|-- tmp
|   |-- cache
|   |-- pids
|   |-- sessions
|   `-- sockets
`-- vendor
    |-- assets
        `-- stylesheets
    `-- plugins

app

Holds all the code that's specific to this particular application.

app/assets

Contains subdirectories for images, stylesheets, and JavaScript files.

app/controllers

Holds controllers that should be named like weblogs_controller.rb for
automated URL mapping. All controllers should descend from
ApplicationController which itself descends from ActionController::Base.

app/models

Holds models that should be named like post.rb. Models descend from
ActiveRecord::Base by default.

app/views

Holds the template files for the view that should be named like
weblogs/index.html.erb for the WeblogsController#index action. All views use
eRuby syntax by default.

app/views/layouts

Holds the template files for layouts to be used with views. This models the
common header/footer method of wrapping views. In your views, define a layout
using the <tt>layout :default</tt> and create a file named default.html.erb.
Inside default.html.erb, call <% yield %> to render the view using this
layout.

app/helpers

Holds view helpers that should be named like weblogs_helper.rb. These are
generated for you automatically when using generators for controllers.
Helpers can be used to wrap functionality for your views into methods.

config

Configuration files for the Rails environment, the routing map, the database,
and other dependencies.

db

Contains the database schema in schema.rb. db/migrate contains all the
sequence of Migrations for your schema.

doc

This directory is where your application documentation will be stored when
generated using <tt>rake doc:app</tt>

lib

Application specific libraries. Basically, any kind of custom code that
doesn't belong under controllers, models, or helpers. This directory is in
the load path.

public

The directory available for the web server. Also contains the dispatchers and the
default HTML files. This should be set as the DOCUMENT_ROOT of your web
server.

script

Helper scripts for automation and generation.

test

Unit and functional tests along with fixtures. When using the rails generate
command, template test files will be generated for you and placed in this
directory.

vendor

External libraries that the application depends on. Also includes the plugins
subdirectory. If the app has frozen rails, those gems also go here, under
vendor/rails/. This directory is in the load path.