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/*
* gain code, gain pitch and pitch delay decoding
*
* Copyright (c) 2008 Vladimir Voroshilov
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#ifndef AVCODEC_ACELP_PITCH_DELAY_H
#define AVCODEC_ACELP_PITCH_DELAY_H
#include <stdint.h>
#include "dsputil.h"
#define PITCH_DELAY_MIN 20
#define PITCH_DELAY_MAX 143
/**
* @brief Decode pitch delay of the first subframe encoded by 8 bits with 1/3
* resolution.
* @param ac_index adaptive codebook index (8 bits)
*
* @return pitch delay in 1/3 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* with 1/3 resolution, 19 < pitch_delay < 85
* integers only, 85 <= pitch_delay <= 143
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_8bit_to_1st_delay3(int ac_index);
/**
* @brief Decode pitch delay of the second subframe encoded by 5 or 6 bits
* with 1/3 precision.
* @param ac_index adaptive codebook index (5 or 6 bits)
* @param pitch_delay_min lower bound (integer) of pitch delay interval
* for second subframe
*
* @return pitch delay in 1/3 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* with 1/3 resolution, -6 < pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) < 5
*
* @remark The routine is used in G.729 @@8k, AMR @@10.2k, AMR @@7.95k,
* AMR @@7.4k for the second subframe.
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_5_6_bit_to_2nd_delay3(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min);
/**
* @brief Decode pitch delay with 1/3 precision.
* @param ac_index adaptive codebook index (4 bits)
* @param pitch_delay_min lower bound (integer) of pitch delay interval for
* second subframe
*
* @return pitch delay in 1/3 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* integers only, -6 < pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) <= -2
* with 1/3 resolution, -2 < pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) < 1
* integers only, 1 <= pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) < 5
*
* @remark The routine is used in G.729 @@6.4k, AMR @@6.7k, AMR @@5.9k,
* AMR @@5.15k, AMR @@4.75k for the second subframe.
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_4bit_to_2nd_delay3(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min);
/**
* @brief Decode pitch delay of the first subframe encoded by 9 bits
* with 1/6 precision.
* @param ac_index adaptive codebook index (9 bits)
*
* @return pitch delay in 1/6 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* with 1/6 resolution, 17 < pitch_delay < 95
* integers only, 95 <= pitch_delay <= 143
*
* @remark The routine is used in AMR @@12.2k for the first and third subframes.
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_9bit_to_1st_delay6(int ac_index);
/**
* @brief Decode pitch delay of the second subframe encoded by 6 bits
* with 1/6 precision.
* @param ac_index adaptive codebook index (6 bits)
* @param pitch_delay_min lower bound (integer) of pitch delay interval for
* second subframe
*
* @return pitch delay in 1/6 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* with 1/6 resolution, -6 < pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) < 5
*
* @remark The routine is used in AMR @@12.2k for the second and fourth subframes.
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_6bit_to_2nd_delay6(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min);
/**
* @brief Update past quantized energies
* @param[in,out] quant_energy past quantized energies (5.10)
* @param gain_corr_factor gain correction factor
* @param log2_ma_pred_order log2() of MA prediction order
* @param erasure frame erasure flag
*
* If frame erasure flag is not equal to zero, memory is updated with
* averaged energy, attenuated by 4dB:
* max(avg(quant_energy[i])-4, -14), i=0,ma_pred_order
*
* In normal mode memory is updated with
* Er - Ep = 20 * log10(gain_corr_factor)
*
* @remark The routine is used in G.729 and AMR (all modes).
*/
void ff_acelp_update_past_gain(
int16_t* quant_energy,
int gain_corr_factor,
int log2_ma_pred_order,
int erasure);
/**
* @brief Decode the adaptive codebook gain and add
* correction (4.1.5 and 3.9.1 of G.729).
* @param dsp initialized dsputil context
* @param gain_corr_factor gain correction factor (2.13)
* @param fc_v fixed-codebook vector (2.13)
* @param mr_energy mean innovation energy and fixed-point correction (7.13)
* @param[in,out] quant_energy past quantized energies (5.10)
* @param subframe_size length of subframe
*
* @return quantized fixed-codebook gain (14.1)
*
* The routine implements equations 69, 66 and 71 of the G.729 specification (3.9.1)
*
* Em - mean innovation energy (dB, constant, depends on decoding algorithm)
* Ep - mean-removed predicted energy (dB)
* Er - mean-removed innovation energy (dB)
* Ei - mean energy of the fixed-codebook contribution (dB)
* N - subframe_size
* M - MA (Moving Average) prediction order
* gc - fixed-codebook gain
* gc_p - predicted fixed-codebook gain
*
* Fixed codebook gain is computed using predicted gain gc_p and
* correction factor gain_corr_factor as shown below:
*
* gc = gc_p * gain_corr_factor
*
* The predicted fixed codebook gain gc_p is found by predicting
* the energy of the fixed-codebook contribution from the energy
* of previous fixed-codebook contributions.
*
* mean = 1/N * sum(i,0,N){ fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] }
*
* Ei = 10log(mean)
*
* Er = 10log(1/N * gc^2 * mean) - Em = 20log(gc) + Ei - Em
*
* Replacing Er with Ep and gc with gc_p we will receive:
*
* Ep = 10log(1/N * gc_p^2 * mean) - Em = 20log(gc_p) + Ei - Em
*
* and from above:
*
* gc_p = 10^((Ep - Ei + Em) / 20)
*
* Ep is predicted using past energies and prediction coefficients:
*
* Ep = sum(i,0,M){ ma_prediction_coeff[i] * quant_energy[i] }
*
* gc_p in fixed-point arithmetic is calculated as following:
*
* mean = 1/N * sum(i,0,N){ (fc_v[i] / 2^13) * (fc_v[i] / 2^13) } =
* = 1/N * sum(i,0,N) { fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] } / 2^26
*
* Ei = 10log(mean) = -10log(N) - 10log(2^26) +
* + 10log(sum(i,0,N) { fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] })
*
* Ep - Ei + Em = Ep + Em + 10log(N) + 10log(2^26) -
* - 10log(sum(i,0,N) { fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] }) =
* = Ep + mr_energy - 10log(sum(i,0,N) { fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] })
*
* gc_p = 10 ^ ((Ep - Ei + Em) / 20) =
* = 2 ^ (3.3219 * (Ep - Ei + Em) / 20) = 2 ^ (0.166 * (Ep - Ei + Em))
*
* where
*
* mr_energy = Em + 10log(N) + 10log(2^26)
*
* @remark The routine is used in G.729 and AMR (all modes).
*/
int16_t ff_acelp_decode_gain_code(
DSPContext *dsp,
int gain_corr_factor,
const int16_t* fc_v,
int mr_energy,
const int16_t* quant_energy,
const int16_t* ma_prediction_coeff,
int subframe_size,
int max_pred_order);
/**
* Calculate fixed gain (part of section 6.1.3 of AMR spec)
*
* @param fixed_gain_factor gain correction factor
* @param fixed_mean_energy mean decoded algebraic codebook vector energy
* @param prediction_error vector of the quantified predictor errors of
* the four previous subframes. It is updated by this function.
* @param energy_mean desired mean innovation energy
* @param pred_table table of four moving average coefficients
*/
float ff_amr_set_fixed_gain(float fixed_gain_factor, float fixed_mean_energy,
float *prediction_error, float energy_mean,
const float *pred_table);
/**
* Decode the adaptive codebook index to the integer and fractional parts
* of the pitch lag for one subframe at 1/3 fractional precision.
*
* The choice of pitch lag is described in 3GPP TS 26.090 section 5.6.1.
*
* @param lag_int integer part of pitch lag of the current subframe
* @param lag_frac fractional part of pitch lag of the current subframe
* @param pitch_index parsed adaptive codebook (pitch) index
* @param prev_lag_int integer part of pitch lag for the previous subframe
* @param subframe current subframe number
* @param third_as_first treat the third frame the same way as the first
*/
void ff_decode_pitch_lag(int *lag_int, int *lag_frac, int pitch_index,
const int prev_lag_int, const int subframe,
int third_as_first, int resolution);
#endif /* AVCODEC_ACELP_PITCH_DELAY_H */
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