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/*
* H.264 MP4 to Annex B byte stream format filter
* Copyright (c) 2007 Benoit Fouet <benoit.fouet@free.fr>
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/

#include <string.h>

#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
#include "libavutil/mem.h"
#include "avcodec.h"

typedef struct H264BSFContext {
    uint8_t length_size;
    uint8_t first_idr;
    int extradata_parsed;
} H264BSFContext;

static int alloc_and_copy(uint8_t **poutbuf, int *poutbuf_size,
                          const uint8_t *sps_pps, uint32_t sps_pps_size,
                          const uint8_t *in, uint32_t in_size) {
    uint32_t offset = *poutbuf_size;
    uint8_t nal_header_size = offset ? 3 : 4;
    void *tmp;

    *poutbuf_size += sps_pps_size+in_size+nal_header_size;
    tmp = av_realloc(*poutbuf, *poutbuf_size);
    if (!tmp)
        return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
    *poutbuf = tmp;
    if (sps_pps)
        memcpy(*poutbuf+offset, sps_pps, sps_pps_size);
    memcpy(*poutbuf+sps_pps_size+nal_header_size+offset, in, in_size);
    if (!offset) {
        AV_WB32(*poutbuf+sps_pps_size, 1);
    } else {
        (*poutbuf+offset+sps_pps_size)[0] = (*poutbuf+offset+sps_pps_size)[1] = 0;
        (*poutbuf+offset+sps_pps_size)[2] = 1;
    }

    return 0;
}

static int h264_mp4toannexb_filter(AVBitStreamFilterContext *bsfc,
                                   AVCodecContext *avctx, const char *args,
                                   uint8_t **poutbuf, int *poutbuf_size,
                                   const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size,
                                   int keyframe) {
    H264BSFContext *ctx = bsfc->priv_data;
    int i;
    uint8_t unit_type;
    int32_t nal_size;
    uint32_t cumul_size = 0;
    const uint8_t *buf_end = buf + buf_size;
    int ret = AVERROR(EINVAL);

    /* nothing to filter */
    if (!avctx->extradata || avctx->extradata_size < 6) {
        *poutbuf = (uint8_t*) buf;
        *poutbuf_size = buf_size;
        return 0;
    }

    /* retrieve sps and pps NAL units from extradata */
    if (!ctx->extradata_parsed) {
        uint16_t unit_size;
        uint64_t total_size = 0;
        uint8_t *out = NULL, unit_nb, sps_done = 0, sps_seen = 0, pps_seen = 0;
        const uint8_t *extradata = avctx->extradata+4;
        static const uint8_t nalu_header[4] = {0, 0, 0, 1};

        /* retrieve length coded size */
        ctx->length_size = (*extradata++ & 0x3) + 1;

        /* retrieve sps and pps unit(s) */
        unit_nb = *extradata++ & 0x1f; /* number of sps unit(s) */
        if (!unit_nb) {
            goto pps;
        } else {
            sps_seen = 1;
        }

        while (unit_nb--) {
            void *tmp;

            unit_size = AV_RB16(extradata);
            total_size += unit_size+4;
            if (total_size > INT_MAX - FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE ||
                extradata+2+unit_size > avctx->extradata+avctx->extradata_size) {
                av_free(out);
                return AVERROR(EINVAL);
            }
            tmp = av_realloc(out, total_size + FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE);
            if (!tmp) {
                av_free(out);
                return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
            }
            out = tmp;
            memcpy(out+total_size-unit_size-4, nalu_header, 4);
            memcpy(out+total_size-unit_size, extradata+2, unit_size);
            extradata += 2+unit_size;
pps:
            if (!unit_nb && !sps_done++) {
                unit_nb = *extradata++; /* number of pps unit(s) */
                if (unit_nb)
                    pps_seen = 1;
            }
        }

        if(out)
            memset(out + total_size, 0, FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE);

        if (!sps_seen)
            av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_WARNING, "Warning: SPS NALU missing or invalid. The resulting stream may not play.\n");
        if (!pps_seen)
            av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_WARNING, "Warning: PPS NALU missing or invalid. The resulting stream may not play.\n");

        av_free(avctx->extradata);
        avctx->extradata = out;
        avctx->extradata_size = total_size;
        ctx->first_idr = 1;
        ctx->extradata_parsed = 1;
    }

    *poutbuf_size = 0;
    *poutbuf = NULL;
    do {
        ret= AVERROR(EINVAL);
        if (buf + ctx->length_size > buf_end)
            goto fail;

        for (nal_size = 0, i = 0; i<ctx->length_size; i++)
            nal_size = (nal_size << 8) | buf[i];

        buf += ctx->length_size;
        unit_type = *buf & 0x1f;

        if (buf + nal_size > buf_end || nal_size < 0)
            goto fail;

        /* prepend only to the first type 5 NAL unit of an IDR picture */
        if (ctx->first_idr && unit_type == 5) {
            if ((ret=alloc_and_copy(poutbuf, poutbuf_size,
                               avctx->extradata, avctx->extradata_size,
                               buf, nal_size)) < 0)
                goto fail;
            ctx->first_idr = 0;
        } else {
            if ((ret=alloc_and_copy(poutbuf, poutbuf_size,
                               NULL, 0,
                               buf, nal_size)) < 0)
                goto fail;
            if (!ctx->first_idr && unit_type == 1)
                ctx->first_idr = 1;
        }

        buf += nal_size;
        cumul_size += nal_size + ctx->length_size;
    } while (cumul_size < buf_size);

    return 1;

fail:
    av_freep(poutbuf);
    *poutbuf_size = 0;
    return ret;
}

AVBitStreamFilter ff_h264_mp4toannexb_bsf = {
    "h264_mp4toannexb",
    sizeof(H264BSFContext),
    h264_mp4toannexb_filter,
};
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