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/*
* NuppelVideo decoder
* Copyright (c) 2006 Reimar Doeffinger
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include "libavutil/bswap.h"
#include "libavutil/common.h"
#include "libavutil/lzo.h"
#include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
#include "avcodec.h"
#include "dsputil.h"
#include "rtjpeg.h"
typedef struct {
AVFrame pic;
int codec_frameheader;
int quality;
int width, height;
unsigned int decomp_size;
unsigned char *decomp_buf;
uint32_t lq[64], cq[64];
RTJpegContext rtj;
DSPContext dsp;
} NuvContext;
static const uint8_t fallback_lquant[] = {
16, 11, 10, 16, 24, 40, 51, 61,
12, 12, 14, 19, 26, 58, 60, 55,
14, 13, 16, 24, 40, 57, 69, 56,
14, 17, 22, 29, 51, 87, 80, 62,
18, 22, 37, 56, 68, 109, 103, 77,
24, 35, 55, 64, 81, 104, 113, 92,
49, 64, 78, 87, 103, 121, 120, 101,
72, 92, 95, 98, 112, 100, 103, 99
};
static const uint8_t fallback_cquant[] = {
17, 18, 24, 47, 99, 99, 99, 99,
18, 21, 26, 66, 99, 99, 99, 99,
24, 26, 56, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
47, 66, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99
};
/**
* @brief copy frame data from buffer to AVFrame, handling stride.
* @param f destination AVFrame
* @param src source buffer, does not use any line-stride
* @param width width of the video frame
* @param height height of the video frame
*/
static void copy_frame(AVFrame *f, const uint8_t *src, int width, int height)
{
AVPicture pic;
avpicture_fill(&pic, src, PIX_FMT_YUV420P, width, height);
av_picture_copy((AVPicture *)f, &pic, PIX_FMT_YUV420P, width, height);
}
/**
* @brief extract quantization tables from codec data into our context
*/
static int get_quant(AVCodecContext *avctx, NuvContext *c, const uint8_t *buf,
int size)
{
int i;
if (size < 2 * 64 * 4) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "insufficient rtjpeg quant data\n");
return -1;
}
for (i = 0; i < 64; i++, buf += 4)
c->lq[i] = AV_RL32(buf);
for (i = 0; i < 64; i++, buf += 4)
c->cq[i] = AV_RL32(buf);
return 0;
}
/**
* @brief set quantization tables from a quality value
*/
static void get_quant_quality(NuvContext *c, int quality)
{
int i;
quality = FFMAX(quality, 1);
for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
c->lq[i] = (fallback_lquant[i] << 7) / quality;
c->cq[i] = (fallback_cquant[i] << 7) / quality;
}
}
static int codec_reinit(AVCodecContext *avctx, int width, int height,
int quality)
{
NuvContext *c = avctx->priv_data;
width = FFALIGN(width, 2);
height = FFALIGN(height, 2);
if (quality >= 0)
get_quant_quality(c, quality);
if (width != c->width || height != c->height) {
// also reserve space for a possible additional header
int buf_size = 24 + height * width * 3 / 2 + AV_LZO_OUTPUT_PADDING;
if (av_image_check_size(height, width, 0, avctx) < 0 ||
buf_size > INT_MAX/8)
return -1;
avctx->width = c->width = width;
avctx->height = c->height = height;
av_fast_malloc(&c->decomp_buf, &c->decomp_size,
buf_size);
if (!c->decomp_buf) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"Can't allocate decompression buffer.\n");
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
}
ff_rtjpeg_decode_init(&c->rtj, &c->dsp, c->width, c->height,
c->lq, c->cq);
return 1;
} else if (quality != c->quality)
ff_rtjpeg_decode_init(&c->rtj, &c->dsp, c->width, c->height,
c->lq, c->cq);
return 0;
}
static int decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, void *data, int *data_size,
AVPacket *avpkt)
{
const uint8_t *buf = avpkt->data;
int buf_size = avpkt->size;
NuvContext *c = avctx->priv_data;
AVFrame *picture = data;
int orig_size = buf_size;
int keyframe;
int size_change = 0;
int result;
enum {
NUV_UNCOMPRESSED = '0',
NUV_RTJPEG = '1',
NUV_RTJPEG_IN_LZO = '2',
NUV_LZO = '3',
NUV_BLACK = 'N',
NUV_COPY_LAST = 'L'
} comptype;
if (buf_size < 12) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "coded frame too small\n");
return -1;
}
// codec data (rtjpeg quant tables)
if (buf[0] == 'D' && buf[1] == 'R') {
int ret;
// skip rest of the frameheader.
buf = &buf[12];
buf_size -= 12;
ret = get_quant(avctx, c, buf, buf_size);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
ff_rtjpeg_decode_init(&c->rtj, &c->dsp, c->width, c->height, c->lq,
c->cq);
return orig_size;
}
if (buf_size < 12 || buf[0] != 'V') {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "not a nuv video frame\n");
return -1;
}
comptype = buf[1];
switch (comptype) {
case NUV_RTJPEG_IN_LZO:
case NUV_RTJPEG:
keyframe = !buf[2];
break;
case NUV_COPY_LAST:
keyframe = 0;
break;
default:
keyframe = 1;
break;
}
retry:
// skip rest of the frameheader.
buf = &buf[12];
buf_size -= 12;
if (comptype == NUV_RTJPEG_IN_LZO || comptype == NUV_LZO) {
int outlen = c->decomp_size - AV_LZO_OUTPUT_PADDING, inlen = buf_size;
if (av_lzo1x_decode(c->decomp_buf, &outlen, buf, &inlen))
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "error during lzo decompression\n");
buf = c->decomp_buf;
buf_size = c->decomp_size - AV_LZO_OUTPUT_PADDING - outlen;
}
if (c->codec_frameheader) {
int w, h, q;
int res;
if (buf_size < RTJPEG_HEADER_SIZE) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Too small NUV video frame\n");
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
}
// There seem to exist two variants of this header: one starts with 'V'
// and 5 bytes unknown, the other matches current MythTV and is 4 bytes size,
// 1 byte header size (== 12), 1 byte version (== 0)
if (buf[0] != 'V' && AV_RL16(&buf[4]) != 0x000c) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unknown secondary frame header (wrong codec_tag?)\n");
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
}
w = AV_RL16(&buf[6]);
h = AV_RL16(&buf[8]);
q = buf[10];
res = codec_reinit(avctx, w, h, q);
if (res < 0)
return res;
if (res) {
buf = avpkt->data;
buf_size = avpkt->size;
size_change = 1;
goto retry;
}
buf = &buf[RTJPEG_HEADER_SIZE];
buf_size -= RTJPEG_HEADER_SIZE;
}
if ((size_change || keyframe) && c->pic.data[0])
avctx->release_buffer(avctx, &c->pic);
c->pic.reference = 3;
c->pic.buffer_hints = FF_BUFFER_HINTS_VALID | FF_BUFFER_HINTS_READABLE |
FF_BUFFER_HINTS_PRESERVE | FF_BUFFER_HINTS_REUSABLE;
result = avctx->reget_buffer(avctx, &c->pic);
if (result < 0) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "get_buffer() failed\n");
return -1;
}
c->pic.pict_type = keyframe ? AV_PICTURE_TYPE_I : AV_PICTURE_TYPE_P;
c->pic.key_frame = keyframe;
// decompress/copy/whatever data
switch (comptype) {
case NUV_LZO:
case NUV_UNCOMPRESSED: {
int height = c->height;
if (buf_size < c->width * height * 3 / 2) {
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "uncompressed frame too short\n");
height = buf_size / c->width / 3 * 2;
}
copy_frame(&c->pic, buf, c->width, height);
break;
}
case NUV_RTJPEG_IN_LZO:
case NUV_RTJPEG:
ff_rtjpeg_decode_frame_yuv420(&c->rtj, &c->pic, buf, buf_size);
break;
case NUV_BLACK:
memset(c->pic.data[0], 0, c->width * c->height);
memset(c->pic.data[1], 128, c->width * c->height / 4);
memset(c->pic.data[2], 128, c->width * c->height / 4);
break;
case NUV_COPY_LAST:
/* nothing more to do here */
break;
default:
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "unknown compression\n");
return -1;
}
*picture = c->pic;
*data_size = sizeof(AVFrame);
return orig_size;
}
static av_cold int decode_init(AVCodecContext *avctx)
{
NuvContext *c = avctx->priv_data;
avctx->pix_fmt = PIX_FMT_YUV420P;
c->pic.data[0] = NULL;
c->decomp_buf = NULL;
c->quality = -1;
c->width = 0;
c->height = 0;
c->codec_frameheader = avctx->codec_tag == MKTAG('R', 'J', 'P', 'G');
if (avctx->extradata_size)
get_quant(avctx, c, avctx->extradata, avctx->extradata_size);
ff_dsputil_init(&c->dsp, avctx);
if (codec_reinit(avctx, avctx->width, avctx->height, -1) < 0)
return 1;
return 0;
}
static av_cold int decode_end(AVCodecContext *avctx)
{
NuvContext *c = avctx->priv_data;
av_freep(&c->decomp_buf);
if (c->pic.data[0])
avctx->release_buffer(avctx, &c->pic);
return 0;
}
AVCodec ff_nuv_decoder = {
.name = "nuv",
.type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
.id = AV_CODEC_ID_NUV,
.priv_data_size = sizeof(NuvContext),
.init = decode_init,
.close = decode_end,
.decode = decode_frame,
.capabilities = CODEC_CAP_DR1,
.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("NuppelVideo/RTJPEG"),
};
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