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/*
* LPCM codecs for PCM formats found in MPEG streams
* Copyright (c) 2009 Christian Schmidt
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/

/**
* @file
* PCM codecs for encodings found in MPEG streams (DVD/Blu-ray)
*/

#include "libavutil/audioconvert.h"
#include "avcodec.h"
#include "bytestream.h"

/*
* Channel Mapping according to
* Blu-ray Disc Read-Only Format Version 1
* Part 3: Audio Visual Basic Specifications
* mono M1 X
* stereo L R
* 3/0 L R C X
* 2/1 L R S X
* 3/1 L R C S
* 2/2 L R LS RS
* 3/2 L R C LS RS X
* 3/2+lfe L R C LS RS lfe
* 3/4 L R C LS Rls Rrs RS X
* 3/4+lfe L R C LS Rls Rrs RS lfe
*/

/**
* Parse the header of a LPCM frame read from a MPEG-TS stream
* @param avctx the codec context
* @param header pointer to the first four bytes of the data packet
*/
static int pcm_bluray_parse_header(AVCodecContext *avctx,
                                   const uint8_t *header)
{
    static const uint8_t bits_per_samples[4] = { 0, 16, 20, 24 };
    static const uint32_t channel_layouts[16] = {
        0, AV_CH_LAYOUT_MONO, 0, AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO, AV_CH_LAYOUT_SURROUND,
        AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_1, AV_CH_LAYOUT_4POINT0, AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_2, AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0,
        AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1, AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT0, AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT1, 0, 0, 0, 0
    };
    static const uint8_t channels[16] = {
        0, 1, 0, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0
    };
    uint8_t channel_layout = header[2] >> 4;

    if (avctx->debug & FF_DEBUG_PICT_INFO)
        av_dlog(avctx, "pcm_bluray_parse_header: header = %02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
                header[0], header[1], header[2], header[3]);

    /* get the sample depth and derive the sample format from it */
    avctx->bits_per_coded_sample = bits_per_samples[header[3] >> 6];
    if (!(avctx->bits_per_coded_sample == 16 || avctx->bits_per_coded_sample == 24)) {
        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "unsupported sample depth (%d)\n", avctx->bits_per_coded_sample);
        return -1;
    }
    avctx->sample_fmt = avctx->bits_per_coded_sample == 16 ? AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 :
                                                             AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32;
    if (avctx->sample_fmt == AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32)
        avctx->bits_per_raw_sample = avctx->bits_per_coded_sample;

    /* get the sample rate. Not all values are used. */
    switch (header[2] & 0x0f) {
    case 1:
        avctx->sample_rate = 48000;
        break;
    case 4:
        avctx->sample_rate = 96000;
        break;
    case 5:
        avctx->sample_rate = 192000;
        break;
    default:
        avctx->sample_rate = 0;
        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "reserved sample rate (%d)\n",
               header[2] & 0x0f);
        return -1;
    }

    /*
* get the channel number (and mapping). Not all values are used.
* It must be noted that the number of channels in the MPEG stream can
* differ from the actual meaningful number, e.g. mono audio still has two
* channels, one being empty.
*/
    avctx->channel_layout = channel_layouts[channel_layout];
    avctx->channels = channels[channel_layout];
    if (!avctx->channels) {
        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "reserved channel configuration (%d)\n",
               channel_layout);
        return -1;
    }

    avctx->bit_rate = avctx->channels * avctx->sample_rate *
                      avctx->bits_per_coded_sample;

    if (avctx->debug & FF_DEBUG_PICT_INFO)
        av_dlog(avctx,
                "pcm_bluray_parse_header: %d channels, %d bits per sample, %d kHz, %d kbit\n",
                avctx->channels, avctx->bits_per_coded_sample,
                avctx->sample_rate, avctx->bit_rate);
    return 0;
}

typedef struct PCMBRDecode {
    AVFrame frame;
} PCMBRDecode;

static av_cold int pcm_bluray_decode_init(AVCodecContext * avctx)
{
    PCMBRDecode *s = avctx->priv_data;

    avcodec_get_frame_defaults(&s->frame);
    avctx->coded_frame = &s->frame;

    return 0;
}

static int pcm_bluray_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, void *data,
                                   int *got_frame_ptr, AVPacket *avpkt)
{
    const uint8_t *src = avpkt->data;
    int buf_size = avpkt->size;
    PCMBRDecode *s = avctx->priv_data;
    GetByteContext gb;
    int num_source_channels, channel, retval;
    int sample_size, samples;
    int16_t *dst16;
    int32_t *dst32;

    if (buf_size < 4) {
        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "PCM packet too small\n");
        return -1;
    }

    if (pcm_bluray_parse_header(avctx, src))
        return -1;
    src += 4;
    buf_size -= 4;

    bytestream2_init(&gb, src, buf_size);

    /* There's always an even number of channels in the source */
    num_source_channels = FFALIGN(avctx->channels, 2);
    sample_size = (num_source_channels * (avctx->sample_fmt == AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 ? 16 : 24)) >> 3;
    samples = buf_size / sample_size;

    /* get output buffer */
    s->frame.nb_samples = samples;
    if ((retval = avctx->get_buffer(avctx, &s->frame)) < 0) {
        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "get_buffer() failed\n");
        return retval;
    }
    dst16 = (int16_t *)s->frame.data[0];
    dst32 = (int32_t *)s->frame.data[0];

    if (samples) {
        switch (avctx->channel_layout) {
            /* cases with same number of source and coded channels */
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO:
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_4POINT0:
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_2:
            samples *= num_source_channels;
            if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
#if HAVE_BIGENDIAN
                bytestream2_get_buffer(&gb, dst16, buf_size);
#else
                do {
                    *dst16++ = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                } while (--samples);
#endif
            } else {
                do {
                    *dst32++ = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                } while (--samples);
            }
            break;
        /* cases where number of source channels = coded channels + 1 */
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_MONO:
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_SURROUND:
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_1:
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0:
            if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
                do {
#if HAVE_BIGENDIAN
                    bytestream2_get_buffer(&gb, dst16, avctx->channels * 2);
                    dst16 += avctx->channels;
#else
                    channel = avctx->channels;
                    do {
                        *dst16++ = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    } while (--channel);
#endif
                    bytestream2_skip(&gb, 2);
                } while (--samples);
            } else {
                do {
                    channel = avctx->channels;
                    do {
                        *dst32++ = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    } while (--channel);
                    bytestream2_skip(&gb, 3);
                } while (--samples);
            }
            break;
            /* remapping: L, R, C, LBack, RBack, LF */
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1:
            if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
                do {
                    dst16[0] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[1] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[2] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[4] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[5] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[3] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16 += 6;
                } while (--samples);
            } else {
                do {
                    dst32[0] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[1] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[2] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[4] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[5] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[3] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32 += 6;
                } while (--samples);
            }
            break;
            /* remapping: L, R, C, LSide, LBack, RBack, RSide, <unused> */
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT0:
            if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
                do {
                    dst16[0] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[1] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[2] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[5] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[3] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[4] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[6] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16 += 7;
                    bytestream2_skip(&gb, 2);
                } while (--samples);
            } else {
                do {
                    dst32[0] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[1] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[2] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[5] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[3] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[4] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[6] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32 += 7;
                    bytestream2_skip(&gb, 3);
                } while (--samples);
            }
            break;
            /* remapping: L, R, C, LSide, LBack, RBack, RSide, LF */
        case AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT1:
            if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
                do {
                    dst16[0] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[1] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[2] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[6] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[4] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[5] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[7] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16[3] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
                    dst16 += 8;
                } while (--samples);
            } else {
                do {
                    dst32[0] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[1] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[2] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[6] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[4] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[5] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[7] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32[3] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
                    dst32 += 8;
                } while (--samples);
            }
            break;
        }
    }

    *got_frame_ptr = 1;
    *(AVFrame *)data = s->frame;

    retval = bytestream2_tell(&gb);
    if (avctx->debug & FF_DEBUG_BITSTREAM)
        av_dlog(avctx, "pcm_bluray_decode_frame: decoded %d -> %d bytes\n",
                retval, buf_size);
    return retval + 4;
}

AVCodec ff_pcm_bluray_decoder = {
    .name = "pcm_bluray",
    .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO,
    .id = AV_CODEC_ID_PCM_BLURAY,
    .priv_data_size = sizeof(PCMBRDecode),
    .init = pcm_bluray_decode_init,
    .decode = pcm_bluray_decode_frame,
    .capabilities = CODEC_CAP_DR1,
    .sample_fmts = (const enum AVSampleFormat[]){
        AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16, AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32, AV_SAMPLE_FMT_NONE
    },
    .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("PCM signed 16|20|24-bit big-endian for Blu-ray media"),
};
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