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/*
* VFW capture interface
* Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Ramiro Polla
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "libavformat/internal.h"
#include "libavutil/log.h"
#include "libavutil/opt.h"
#include "libavutil/parseutils.h"
#include <windows.h>
#include <vfw.h>
#include "avdevice.h"
/* Defines for VFW missing from MinGW.
* Remove this when MinGW incorporates them. */
#define HWND_MESSAGE ((HWND)-3)
/* End of missing MinGW defines */
struct vfw_ctx {
const AVClass *class;
HWND hwnd;
HANDLE mutex;
HANDLE event;
AVPacketList *pktl;
unsigned int curbufsize;
unsigned int frame_num;
char *video_size; /**< A string describing video size, set by a private option. */
char *framerate; /**< Set by a private option. */
};
static enum PixelFormat vfw_pixfmt(DWORD biCompression, WORD biBitCount)
{
switch(biCompression) {
case MKTAG('U', 'Y', 'V', 'Y'):
return PIX_FMT_UYVY422;
case MKTAG('Y', 'U', 'Y', '2'):
return PIX_FMT_YUYV422;
case MKTAG('I', '4', '2', '0'):
return PIX_FMT_YUV420P;
case BI_RGB:
switch(biBitCount) { /* 1-8 are untested */
case 1:
return PIX_FMT_MONOWHITE;
case 4:
return PIX_FMT_RGB4;
case 8:
return PIX_FMT_RGB8;
case 16:
return PIX_FMT_RGB555;
case 24:
return PIX_FMT_BGR24;
case 32:
return PIX_FMT_RGB32;
}
}
return PIX_FMT_NONE;
}
static enum AVCodecID vfw_codecid(DWORD biCompression)
{
switch(biCompression) {
case MKTAG('d', 'v', 's', 'd'):
return AV_CODEC_ID_DVVIDEO;
case MKTAG('M', 'J', 'P', 'G'):
case MKTAG('m', 'j', 'p', 'g'):
return AV_CODEC_ID_MJPEG;
}
return AV_CODEC_ID_NONE;
}
#define dstruct(pctx, sname, var, type) \
av_log(pctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, #var":\t%"type"\n", sname->var)
static void dump_captureparms(AVFormatContext *s, CAPTUREPARMS *cparms)
{
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "CAPTUREPARMS\n");
dstruct(s, cparms, dwRequestMicroSecPerFrame, "lu");
dstruct(s, cparms, fMakeUserHitOKToCapture, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, wPercentDropForError, "u");
dstruct(s, cparms, fYield, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, dwIndexSize, "lu");
dstruct(s, cparms, wChunkGranularity, "u");
dstruct(s, cparms, fUsingDOSMemory, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, wNumVideoRequested, "u");
dstruct(s, cparms, fCaptureAudio, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, wNumAudioRequested, "u");
dstruct(s, cparms, vKeyAbort, "u");
dstruct(s, cparms, fAbortLeftMouse, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, fAbortRightMouse, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, fLimitEnabled, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, wTimeLimit, "u");
dstruct(s, cparms, fMCIControl, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, fStepMCIDevice, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, dwMCIStartTime, "lu");
dstruct(s, cparms, dwMCIStopTime, "lu");
dstruct(s, cparms, fStepCaptureAt2x, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, wStepCaptureAverageFrames, "u");
dstruct(s, cparms, dwAudioBufferSize, "lu");
dstruct(s, cparms, fDisableWriteCache, "d");
dstruct(s, cparms, AVStreamMaster, "u");
}
static void dump_videohdr(AVFormatContext *s, VIDEOHDR *vhdr)
{
#ifdef DEBUG
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "VIDEOHDR\n");
dstruct(s, vhdr, lpData, "p");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwBufferLength, "lu");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwBytesUsed, "lu");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwTimeCaptured, "lu");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwUser, "lu");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwFlags, "lu");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwReserved[0], "lu");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwReserved[1], "lu");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwReserved[2], "lu");
dstruct(s, vhdr, dwReserved[3], "lu");
#endif
}
static void dump_bih(AVFormatContext *s, BITMAPINFOHEADER *bih)
{
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "BITMAPINFOHEADER\n");
dstruct(s, bih, biSize, "lu");
dstruct(s, bih, biWidth, "ld");
dstruct(s, bih, biHeight, "ld");
dstruct(s, bih, biPlanes, "d");
dstruct(s, bih, biBitCount, "d");
dstruct(s, bih, biCompression, "lu");
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, " biCompression:\t\"%.4s\"\n",
(char*) &bih->biCompression);
dstruct(s, bih, biSizeImage, "lu");
dstruct(s, bih, biXPelsPerMeter, "lu");
dstruct(s, bih, biYPelsPerMeter, "lu");
dstruct(s, bih, biClrUsed, "lu");
dstruct(s, bih, biClrImportant, "lu");
}
static int shall_we_drop(AVFormatContext *s)
{
struct vfw_ctx *ctx = s->priv_data;
const uint8_t dropscore[] = {62, 75, 87, 100};
const int ndropscores = FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(dropscore);
unsigned int buffer_fullness = (ctx->curbufsize*100)/s->max_picture_buffer;
if(dropscore[++ctx->frame_num%ndropscores] <= buffer_fullness) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"real-time buffer %d%% full! frame dropped!\n", buffer_fullness);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static LRESULT CALLBACK videostream_cb(HWND hwnd, LPVIDEOHDR vdhdr)
{
AVFormatContext *s;
struct vfw_ctx *ctx;
AVPacketList **ppktl, *pktl_next;
s = (AVFormatContext *) GetWindowLongPtr(hwnd, GWLP_USERDATA);
ctx = s->priv_data;
dump_videohdr(s, vdhdr);
if(shall_we_drop(s))
return FALSE;
WaitForSingleObject(ctx->mutex, INFINITE);
pktl_next = av_mallocz(sizeof(AVPacketList));
if(!pktl_next)
goto fail;
if(av_new_packet(&pktl_next->pkt, vdhdr->dwBytesUsed) < 0) {
av_free(pktl_next);
goto fail;
}
pktl_next->pkt.pts = vdhdr->dwTimeCaptured;
memcpy(pktl_next->pkt.data, vdhdr->lpData, vdhdr->dwBytesUsed);
for(ppktl = &ctx->pktl ; *ppktl ; ppktl = &(*ppktl)->next);
*ppktl = pktl_next;
ctx->curbufsize += vdhdr->dwBytesUsed;
SetEvent(ctx->event);
ReleaseMutex(ctx->mutex);
return TRUE;
fail:
ReleaseMutex(ctx->mutex);
return FALSE;
}
static int vfw_read_close(AVFormatContext *s)
{
struct vfw_ctx *ctx = s->priv_data;
AVPacketList *pktl;
if(ctx->hwnd) {
SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_VIDEOSTREAM, 0, 0);
SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT, 0, 0);
DestroyWindow(ctx->hwnd);
}
if(ctx->mutex)
CloseHandle(ctx->mutex);
if(ctx->event)
CloseHandle(ctx->event);
pktl = ctx->pktl;
while (pktl) {
AVPacketList *next = pktl->next;
av_destruct_packet(&pktl->pkt);
av_free(pktl);
pktl = next;
}
return 0;
}
static int vfw_read_header(AVFormatContext *s)
{
struct vfw_ctx *ctx = s->priv_data;
AVCodecContext *codec;
AVStream *st;
int devnum;
int bisize;
BITMAPINFO *bi = NULL;
CAPTUREPARMS cparms;
DWORD biCompression;
WORD biBitCount;
int ret;
AVRational framerate_q;
if (!strcmp(s->filename, "list")) {
for (devnum = 0; devnum <= 9; devnum++) {
char driver_name[256];
char driver_ver[256];
ret = capGetDriverDescription(devnum,
driver_name, sizeof(driver_name),
driver_ver, sizeof(driver_ver));
if (ret) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_INFO, "Driver %d\n", devnum);
av_log(s, AV_LOG_INFO, " %s\n", driver_name);
av_log(s, AV_LOG_INFO, " %s\n", driver_ver);
}
}
return AVERROR(EIO);
}
ctx->hwnd = capCreateCaptureWindow(NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, HWND_MESSAGE, 0);
if(!ctx->hwnd) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not create capture window.\n");
return AVERROR(EIO);
}
/* If atoi fails, devnum==0 and the default device is used */
devnum = atoi(s->filename);
ret = SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT, devnum, 0);
if(!ret) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not connect to device.\n");
DestroyWindow(ctx->hwnd);
return AVERROR(ENODEV);
}
SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_SET_OVERLAY, 0, 0);
SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW, 0, 0);
ret = SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_VIDEOSTREAM, 0,
(LPARAM) videostream_cb);
if(!ret) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not set video stream callback.\n");
goto fail;
}
SetWindowLongPtr(ctx->hwnd, GWLP_USERDATA, (LONG_PTR) s);
st = avformat_new_stream(s, NULL);
if(!st) {
vfw_read_close(s);
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
}
/* Set video format */
bisize = SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_GET_VIDEOFORMAT, 0, 0);
if(!bisize)
goto fail;
bi = av_malloc(bisize);
if(!bi) {
vfw_read_close(s);
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
}
ret = SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_GET_VIDEOFORMAT, bisize, (LPARAM) bi);
if(!ret)
goto fail;
dump_bih(s, &bi->bmiHeader);
ret = av_parse_video_rate(&framerate_q, ctx->framerate);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not parse framerate '%s'.\n", ctx->framerate);
goto fail;
}
if (ctx->video_size) {
ret = av_parse_video_size(&bi->bmiHeader.biWidth, &bi->bmiHeader.biHeight, ctx->video_size);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Couldn't parse video size.\n");
goto fail;
}
}
if (0) {
/* For testing yet unsupported compressions
* Copy these values from user-supplied verbose information */
bi->bmiHeader.biWidth = 320;
bi->bmiHeader.biHeight = 240;
bi->bmiHeader.biPlanes = 1;
bi->bmiHeader.biBitCount = 12;
bi->bmiHeader.biCompression = MKTAG('I','4','2','0');
bi->bmiHeader.biSizeImage = 115200;
dump_bih(s, &bi->bmiHeader);
}
ret = SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_SET_VIDEOFORMAT, bisize, (LPARAM) bi);
if(!ret) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not set Video Format.\n");
goto fail;
}
biCompression = bi->bmiHeader.biCompression;
biBitCount = bi->bmiHeader.biBitCount;
/* Set sequence setup */
ret = SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_GET_SEQUENCE_SETUP, sizeof(cparms),
(LPARAM) &cparms);
if(!ret)
goto fail;
dump_captureparms(s, &cparms);
cparms.fYield = 1; // Spawn a background thread
cparms.dwRequestMicroSecPerFrame =
(framerate_q.den*1000000) / framerate_q.num;
cparms.fAbortLeftMouse = 0;
cparms.fAbortRightMouse = 0;
cparms.fCaptureAudio = 0;
cparms.vKeyAbort = 0;
ret = SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_SET_SEQUENCE_SETUP, sizeof(cparms),
(LPARAM) &cparms);
if(!ret)
goto fail;
codec = st->codec;
codec->time_base = av_inv_q(framerate_q);
codec->codec_type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO;
codec->width = bi->bmiHeader.biWidth;
codec->height = bi->bmiHeader.biHeight;
codec->pix_fmt = vfw_pixfmt(biCompression, biBitCount);
if(codec->pix_fmt == PIX_FMT_NONE) {
codec->codec_id = vfw_codecid(biCompression);
if(codec->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_NONE) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unknown compression type. "
"Please report verbose (-v 9) debug information.\n");
vfw_read_close(s);
return AVERROR_PATCHWELCOME;
}
codec->bits_per_coded_sample = biBitCount;
} else {
codec->codec_id = AV_CODEC_ID_RAWVIDEO;
if(biCompression == BI_RGB) {
codec->bits_per_coded_sample = biBitCount;
codec->extradata = av_malloc(9 + FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE);
if (codec->extradata) {
codec->extradata_size = 9;
memcpy(codec->extradata, "BottomUp", 9);
}
}
}
av_freep(&bi);
avpriv_set_pts_info(st, 32, 1, 1000);
ctx->mutex = CreateMutex(NULL, 0, NULL);
if(!ctx->mutex) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not create Mutex.\n" );
goto fail;
}
ctx->event = CreateEvent(NULL, 1, 0, NULL);
if(!ctx->event) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not create Event.\n" );
goto fail;
}
ret = SendMessage(ctx->hwnd, WM_CAP_SEQUENCE_NOFILE, 0, 0);
if(!ret) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not start capture sequence.\n" );
goto fail;
}
return 0;
fail:
av_freep(&bi);
vfw_read_close(s);
return AVERROR(EIO);
}
static int vfw_read_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
struct vfw_ctx *ctx = s->priv_data;
AVPacketList *pktl = NULL;
while(!pktl) {
WaitForSingleObject(ctx->mutex, INFINITE);
pktl = ctx->pktl;
if(ctx->pktl) {
*pkt = ctx->pktl->pkt;
ctx->pktl = ctx->pktl->next;
av_free(pktl);
}
ResetEvent(ctx->event);
ReleaseMutex(ctx->mutex);
if(!pktl) {
if(s->flags & AVFMT_FLAG_NONBLOCK) {
return AVERROR(EAGAIN);
} else {
WaitForSingleObject(ctx->event, INFINITE);
}
}
}
ctx->curbufsize -= pkt->size;
return pkt->size;
}
#define OFFSET(x) offsetof(struct vfw_ctx, x)
#define DEC AV_OPT_FLAG_DECODING_PARAM
static const AVOption options[] = {
{ "video_size", "A string describing frame size, such as 640x480 or hd720.", OFFSET(video_size), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str = NULL}, 0, 0, DEC },
{ "framerate", "", OFFSET(framerate), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str = "ntsc"}, 0, 0, DEC },
{ NULL },
};
static const AVClass vfw_class = {
.class_name = "VFW indev",
.item_name = av_default_item_name,
.option = options,
.version = LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT,
};
AVInputFormat ff_vfwcap_demuxer = {
.name = "vfwcap",
.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("VfW video capture"),
.priv_data_size = sizeof(struct vfw_ctx),
.read_header = vfw_read_header,
.read_packet = vfw_read_packet,
.read_close = vfw_read_close,
.flags = AVFMT_NOFILE,
.priv_class = &vfw_class,
};
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